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The October Crisis December 5, 2007
Front de libération du Québec  <ul><li>Formed in the early 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Was a Marxist/Communist group who belie...
The Kidnappings <ul><li>One FLQ cell kidnaps James Cross, a British diplomat, on October 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Another FLQ c...
Government reaction <ul><li>Government calls in for army help to guard politicians and diplomats, especially in Ottawa, Mo...
The Arrests <ul><li>October 17 – Pierre Laporte is strangled to death and his body abandoned in the trunk of a car </li></...
<ul><li>Of the 497 people arrested, 435 are eventually released without charge </li></ul><ul><li>On December 3, FLQ member...
Legacy <ul><li>Was the government’s reaction to the crisis justified? </li></ul><ul><li>Was their an intelligence failure ...
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The October Crisis

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  • The FLQ manifesto was read out on live television during the middle of the crisis
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The October Crisis

  1. 1. The October Crisis December 5, 2007
  2. 2. Front de libération du Québec <ul><li>Formed in the early 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Was a Marxist/Communist group who believed that English Canada was oppressing French Canadians </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to overthrow Quebec’s government, separate Quebec from Canada, and form a French-Canadian workers’ society </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for 200 bombings and 5 deaths </li></ul><ul><li>By 1970, 23 members were in prison </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Kidnappings <ul><li>One FLQ cell kidnaps James Cross, a British diplomat, on October 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Another FLQ cell kidnaps Pierre Laporte, a Minister in the Quebec provincial government on October 10 </li></ul><ul><li>October 15 – 3000 students gather at a Montreal arena to show support for the FLQ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Government reaction <ul><li>Government calls in for army help to guard politicians and diplomats, especially in Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec City </li></ul><ul><li>On October 16, the Quebec premier asks Trudeau for emergency powers </li></ul><ul><li>Trudeau brings in the War Measures Act </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Arrests <ul><li>October 17 – Pierre Laporte is strangled to death and his body abandoned in the trunk of a car </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, police start arresting hundreds of suspected FLQ members and sympathizers </li></ul><ul><li>Held without charge and no legal rights </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Of the 497 people arrested, 435 are eventually released without charge </li></ul><ul><li>On December 3, FLQ members holding James Cross release him in exchange for being allowed to leave Canada for Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Later that month the people who murdered Laporte are found and arrested </li></ul>
  7. 7. Legacy <ul><li>Was the government’s reaction to the crisis justified? </li></ul><ul><li>Was their an intelligence failure by the police in this? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we handle terrorism any better now than we did then? </li></ul>

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