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FDI Qualities Indicators Launch October 2019


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This report presents a new set of indicators that measure the sustainable development impacts of foreign direct investment (FDI) in host countries. The new metrics focus on five clusters derived from the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): productivity and innovation; employment and job quality; skills; gender equality; and, the carbon footprint. This study is an important element of the OECD Action Plan on the SDGs. It complements the OECD’s longstanding interest and expertise in shaping the policy environment to improve the social impact of private investment, including through the OECD Policy Framework for Investment and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

The report was launched on 23 October 2019 at the OECD in Paris, France.

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Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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FDI Qualities Indicators Launch October 2019

  1. 1. Launch of the FDI Qualities Indicators report Roundtable on Investment and Sustainable Development Paris, OECD Auditorium, 23 October 2019 Gabriela Ramos, OECD Chief of Staff and G20 Sherpa
  2. 2. Productivity and innovation Employment and job quality Skills Gender equality Carbon footprint 2 Focus on SDG-based FDI Qualities
  3. 3. 3 Foreign firms enjoy a productivity premium – but to strong varying degrees -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 MEX GRC TUR CHL SWE IDN COD KEN BRA MOZ THA IND PER NGA GHA BLR RUS SLV ETH AZE UZB ZAF COL CRI VNM JOR CHN PHL UKR EGY MMR KHM TUN MYS OECD Non-OECD Source: FDI Qualities Indicators Do foreign firms enjoy higher average labour productivity than their domestic peers? (yes if value > 0; no if value < 0)
  4. 4. 4 Foreign firm productivity premia translate to better paid jobs but not to a full extent and not for all workers Source: FDI Qualities Indicators -1 0 1 2 3 4 CHL MEX GRC SWE TUR COD GHA BRA ARG MOZ IND RUS IDN NGA KEN PER ETH COL BLR ZAF CHN UZB CRI SLV MMR EGY TUN PHL THA VNM UKR JOR KHM MYS OECD Non-OECD Wage premium avg. productivity premium avg. wage premium Do foreign firms offer higher average wages than their domestic peers? (yes if value > 0; no if value < 0)
  5. 5. 5 In the OECD, on-the-job training occurs less in FDI- intensive sectors -0.9 -0.7 -0.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.3 FRA NOR SVK SWE IRL AUT BEL USA CAN NLD ITA KOR DEU NZL FIN SVN LTU EST JPN GBR GRC DNK TUR POL CHL ESP CZE ISR Source: FDI Qualities Indicators Is greenfield FDI concentrated in sectors with higher shares of trained workers? (yes if value > 0; no if value < 0)
  6. 6. 6 FDI is concentrated in sectors with lower female employment -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 MEX LUX LTU GRC PRT IRL HUN CHE TUR FRA CZE SVK KOR JPN EST DNK CHL GBR SVN USA ISR ISL POL ITA FIN NLD DEU SWE ESP BEL AUT AUS NOR OECD -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 DZA KGZ NGA IDN KHM ARM MDA TUN VNM TZA SLV THA MAR MMR PHL GTM MYS ECU KEN BLR PAN PER ZAF UKR RUS CRI URY GEO COL AZE GHA IND ARG SAU EGY non-OECD Is greenfield FDI concentrated in sectors with higher shares of female employees? (yes if value > 0; no if value < 0) Source: FDI Qualities Indicators
  7. 7. 7 FDI in renewables relative to fossil fuels has significantly increased Source: FDI Qualities Indicators Share of renewables in total greenfield FDI flows in the energy sector
  8. 8. Ana Novik, Head of Investment Division, Stephen Thomsen, Head of Investment Policy Reviews, Martin Wermelinger, Project Manager, FDI Qualities, Thank you! For further informationContacts Policy Framework for Investment Investment Policy Reviews FDI Qualities MNE Guidelines 8