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  1. 1. NANASIM AMINI Work Samples
  3. 3. 01 BID INTROVERTED, CENTRALIZED INVESTMENT DISCONNECTED CITY INTROVERTED BENEFIT of FEW RISK of BANKRUPTCY LESS DURABILITY MORE SECURITY In the CITY RENOVATING vacant shops RENTING spaces from residences CREATIVE CLASS new industry RE-ZONING change of regulations creating MIX-USE buildings BEAUTIFYING the streets improving ACCESSES BID + ORGANIZATION FUNDING + Regional Competitive Advantages of ARTS AND CULTURE + CREATIVE INDUSTRIES COLLECTIVE BENEFITS RELIABILITY & DURABILITY DIVERSE JOB MARKET CREATIVE CLASS CREATING NARRATIVES CHANGING the IMAGE of the CITY RESULTS RESULTS PROJECT BRIEF: New Rochelle has the potential of becoming a regional attraction and a lively community. To achieve this the city needstoreexamineitsassetsandits centralizeddevelopmentmodel.The Tactical Mutations Project creates integrated multifunctional districts with complimentary programs, representing the city’s historic entertainment culture. The districts aim to draw diverse demographics to the downtown area and create a more well distributed and vibrant development. New Rochelle has a long history of artistic and cultural activities. Along with many enthusiastic artists and local entrepreneurs who are very interested in growth of their city. While documenting the local activities, it is noticeable that the city is not taking full advantage of the strong identity it possesses. Additionally key revenue generating areas of downtown New Rochelle were weakened by a highly centralized and introverted city attraction, New Roc City, targeting a niche market of mostly young population. By utilizing the existing assets, local shops and businesses, we propose to create small districts in downtown area within walking distances from each other. The proposed strategy is to expand the existing pedestrian traffic from the New Roc City to the surrounding units. Furthermore, to strengthen therevenuegeneration,localartists, businesses and entrepreneurs are invited through incentives to participate in the development. The proposed development has a superior objective that is to create diversity in the area thus attracting greater demographics. The later phases concentrate on expanding the activities toward the north side, residential area, and the Hudson Park which is one of the few public accessleftalongthewaterfront. TACTICAL MUTATION 01 New Rochelle//NYC ASSET RE-EXAMINATION New Roc City is an asset to bring more visitors to retrofitted retails that are currently under minded as assets. RECONFIGURING THE INVESTMENT MODEL Gated Community Yacht Clubs Golf Clubs Reserve Parks INCOME RACE RECALIBRATING DEVELOPMENT MODELS STUDIO II // Fall Semester 2013 // Columbia University Supervised by: Lee Altman, Skye Duncan, Dongsei Kim, Sandro Marpillero Partners: Dimitra Papageorgiou, Joel Rios, Silvia Vercher and Yimeng Sun
  4. 4. 02 Downtown, suburbs and water- front will be connected by de- velopment of four new thematic districts. Strategically phased de- velopment decreases the level of financial risk for stakeholders. The firsttwophases,PhaseI:Entertain- ment District and Phase II: Theatre District, are the very first revenue generating units to revitalize the local economy and theatrical heritage of this area. The next two phases, Phase III: Waterfront Trail and Phase IV: Business District, will connect the waterfront area to thebusinessdistrict,thatislocated next to the train station. RECALIBRATING DEVELOPMENT MODELS Galleris, Studios & Housing for Performers & Artists Entertainment Center Apartments Offices Connecting Districts strategically through activated routes New RocCultural Center Marquee Outdoor Rooftop Cinema Vertical Garden Gallery Garden Library Green Park New Pavement Bicycle Lane Pedestrian Arteries Outdoor Sitting Area Renovated Restaurants Facing the Square Extended Pavement Retrofitted Store Fronts New Residential & Office Buildings Retrofitted Vacant Retails Retrofitted Store Fronts Extended Pavement IV: Business District I:EntertainmentDistrict III:WaterfrontTrailDistrictII: Theater District THEATER DISTRICT PHASING & IMPLEMENTATION PLAN ESTABLISHING NEW RELATIONS, CREATING COMPLIMENTARY DISTRICTS New Buildings Residential Studios Galleries I II III IV Pedestrian Beautification Pedestrian Green Rooftop SkatePlaza Outdoor Performance Drive-in Cinema Theaters Restaurants Elevated Parkinglots Cultural Center Elevated Parkinglots Residential Offices Studios Retail Performance Spaces Waterfront Recreation park Waterfront Gardens Rezoning& Increasing FAR Densified Residential Underused Buildings VacantRetail tobeusedfor DanceClasses Restaurants &Galleries Outdoor Galleries/Plaza StudyAreas &Outdoor Cinema Public Access Area Retrofitted Buildings Gardens and Vegetation CLUSTERS “The Tactical Mutations’ gradual phasing minimizes the investment’s risk and secures the project’s continuation.”
  5. 5. 03 Peripheral Scenery Show- case & Garden Outdoor & Indoor Theaters Artists’ Housing Galleries Studios Cafe Connecting the Area to Main St. Mom & Pop Stores Small Art Galleries Craft Shops Multi-Performance Spaces Vertical Expansion of Parking Cultural Center Retrofitted Vacant Retails Walkway Rehearsal Area Artists’ Lounge Multipurpose Rooms Artists’ GardenSkate Plaza Scenery Workshop Green Rooftop Bar Coffee Shops CulturalCenter Stores Classrooms Drive-in Cinema Gardens Administration Offices New Walkways Galleries Restau- rantsTowards New Roc Towards Waterfront towards Library Green & Train Station I. II. III. NEW ANCHOR I. Active Streetscape: Through BID and nonprofit organizations, retrofitting vacant retails along main street to create vibrant streetscape. II. Retrofitting under- used and under-performing properties: City funding and BID. III. 3. New Construction: A city funded cultural center and mix use buildings for visiting artists and performers with additional complementary programs. LAYERSOFPROGRAMSFORENTERTAINMENTANDTHEATERDISTRICTS ADDEDPROGRAMSANDAREASALONGWITHSTAKEHOLDERS CULTURALCENTER Pedestrian Zone Cultural Center Retail Bike Lane Mixed-Use High Rise Education Entertainment Public Space Multi-Storey Parking 23960 SF 42076 SF 42872 SF 38628 SF 63205 SF 10763 SF 61472 SF 5202835 SF 34541 SF 4% 7% 8% 14% 11% 2% 11% 36% 7% Location/ Downtown Area, NR. Project Area/ 558980 SF Gross Building Area/ 193460 SF Stakeholders/ NRCA/ NRAA/ City Council of New Rochelle/ Monroe College/ College of NR ENTERTAINMENT & THEATER DISTRICTS CONSOLIDATING THE EXISTING PROGRAMS
  6. 6. 04 Existing: Limited benefits 1 1 1 1 6 2 2 3 5 4 Proposed: Expanded benefits Cultural Center SUBURB & SHORE LINE MAIN ST. 37 minutes to Manhattan CEDAR ST. 21 minutes to WHITE PLAINS 32minutes toManhattan NORTH AVE. 17 minutestoYONKERS MEMORIALHIGHWAY HUGUENOT ST. Vacant Retail 15Unitsin DownTown Area,2013 Library Green Concerts & Events NEW ANCHOR CULTURAL CENTER MIX USE Parking Out-door Cinema Open Storage Event venue Elevated Gardens MIX USE Apartment Housing Galleries Shared Offices NEW ROC CITY 1.3 Million visitors per year currently OLD THEATERS -Loew’s Theaters -Proctorts Theater -Town Theater Existing Anchors Activated Areas Proposed Units Retrofitted units The design strategy intends to create walkable distances between different activities. In doing so the distances were measured and the longest walk from entertainment district to the theater district was estimated 9 minutes. From theatre district to the Hudson Park is 20 minutes by walk and 7 minutes by bicycle as we are proposing a bike path connecting all districts together. These careful measurements are used in order to stitch together the proposed and existing activities through pedestrian access. Additionally by beautifyingMainst.andotherroads connecting the districts together we promote the pedestrian traffic that will help bringing revenue for local businesses. Decentralization in the scale of the building, the case of new cultural center. Decentralization in the scale of district, the case of new entertainment district. EXPANDING THE EXTENT OF INFLUENCE THROUGH DECENTRALIZING PROGRAMS AND RECONSIDERING DISTANCES OVERALL VIEW OF THE TWO DISTRICT AND THEIR COMPLEMENTARY PROGRAMS View of Main Street 04
  7. 7. 05 MARIA -60 YRS ENHANCING THE COMMERCIAL ZONE COURTYARD SUPPORT SYSTEM Inclusionary Policies Social economic Enterprise Interdependency OptionsforwomenofKisumu Start having savings Adult schooling Children stay in school Kondele Market Chief’s House Manyatta Primary School Kibos Rd MARIA - 30 YRS Work Education Discretionary Time FamilyChores Work Education Personal Time FamilyHousehold Chores WOMEN’SCOLLECTIVESTODAY 2015 2014 2020 2030 2045 PROJECT BRIEF: Women in Manyatta have suffered from socio- political marginalization and limited access to formal jobs. Infact the whole community is missing out on many oportunities due to this gender segregation. However, women have been able to carve out a formidable position for themselves in the informal sector. Our research highlights that womenarethemaindrivingforceofthe micro-economy in Manyatta, making themcriticaldriversforsocio-economic development in Kisumu. Critical to the growingrecognitionandacceptanceof womenassocio-economiccontributors and generators are current facts that place women as 75% of Kisumu’s informal workforce which, in turn, constitutes 20% of the city’s GDP. As Manyatta responds to Kisumu’s increasedurbanization,thereisacritical window of opportunity in which it is possible to empower women who can develop the entire community. This opportunitycanensurethatthepeople and government of Kisumu begin to view women as key socio-economic contributorstothecity’sworkforce.This projectproposesputtingwomenasthe centerofredesigningthedevelopment ofsocialspaces,housingtypologiesand the public policies that will define the socio-economic identity of Manyatta’s future. GENDER INCLUSIONARY DEVELOPMENT Kisumu//Kenya OCCUPANCY-BASED OWNERSHIP AS A MEAN FOR SOCIAL TRANSGRESSION STUDIO III // Spring Semester 2014 // Columbia University Supervised by: Geeta Mehta, Richard Plunz, Petra Kempf, Kate Orff, Victor F. Body-Lawsom, Michael Conard Partners: Juliana Azem, Priscila Coli and Sunjana Thirumala Sridhar 02 INFORMAL ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT POLICIES FORMAL ECONOMY KEY TO SOCIO- ECONOMIC DENSIFICATION OF MANYATTA TOMORROWYESTERDAY TODAY
  8. 8. 06 From the smallest scale of space [the interstitial area between houses] to the larger commercial spaces on and along the road, we have observed women selling, cooking, taking care of children etc. While women account for control over two-thirds of the market, they do not have the facilities to improve or enhance their business. A predominant proportion of their merchandise consists of perishable products, and with limited or no access to storage, which often results in wasted products/inefficient selling methods. Additionally their access to training, formal capital and credit is limited and this gap is heightened by a lack of organization in procurement and selling. In most low-income households, the “women’s work” (childbearing and caring responsibilities) guarantees the maintenance and reproduction of the formal and informal labour force. Women of Manyatta are often found carrying out their household chores in the open spaces. However, while they use thesamespace,theyperformtheir duties independently, without cooperation and organization. ASPIRATIONAL OBJECTIVES his project has identified a unique dynamic between women, land occupation and the socioeco- nomic conditions. By reallocating the time spent by women, modify- ing the existing cycle of business and combining this with the new constitution laws can lead to the development of Kisumu - socially, economically and physically. DISCOVERING THE CRITICAL DYNAMIC WOMEN ECONOMY LAND Land supports economic activities but lacks infrastructure to generate more value Women are individually in charge of daily chores Women: 75% of the informal jobs The most visible occupants of the various scales of space in Manyatta are its women. Economics occupancyIntimate occupancy Social occupancy
  9. 9. 07 CATALYST: INDIVIDUAL BENEFITTHROUGH COLLECTIVE IMPACT + BUILD UP ASSETS TRAINING/ INFORMATION WOMEN’S COLLECTIVE Market catalyst Kondelle market Women’s collective Who and benefits Catalyst expansion Kisumu markets Seeds Commercial zone Membership Collective enterprise Governance structure Shared resources Social capital Flexibility of activities Degree of formality WOMEN WORKERS 2| FORM WOMEN’S COLLECTIVE STRATEGIC POSITION Kondelle Market Catalyst - 2/3 women WOMEN COLLECTIVE Commercial Zone CREATE WOMEN’S COLLECTIVE + DISSEMINATE INFORMATION CATALYST Foster economic collaboration in business process FOUR STRATEGIES AS A RESULT OF THE MAIN DYNAMIC 1| GENDER INCLUSIONARY DEVELOPMENT POLICY 10% of the ground floor of new developments is owned and maintained by the women’s collective. This policy intends to bridge the gap between access to land, economy by women and the new constitution.
  10. 10. 08 COMMERCIAL ZONE Commercial + Production + Support •Reinforce the commercial corridor • Expand infrastructure • Support social/community institutions PRODUCTION ZONE Commercial + Production + Support • Secondary commercial corridor • Promote production • Extend the commercial zones SUPPORT ZONE Production + Support • Interior sites • Support activities, e.g.: day-cares • Integrate economic and social activities 4| CREATE INCLUSIONARY SOCIO-ECONOMIC ZONE Commercial+Production+Support Women Collective Kisumu County Government National Housing Corporation Millennium Cities Initiative UN Habitat KENSUP KIWASCOCORDAID Landowners Business Persons STAKEHOLDERS SELF-HELP GROUPS GOVERNMENT INVESTORS INDIVIDUALS 3| LAND TRANSFORMATION Land pool + Build infrastructure + connect social spaces INFRASTRUCTURE,TAX INCENTIVES, INCLUSIONARY POLICY Enhance Public Space,Trigger Economic Growth, Create space for Infrastructure GOVERNMENT 10% OF LAND TO GOVERNMENT + 10% TO THE WOMEN’S COLLECTIVE Loans, Infrastructure, Legal Recognition LANDOWNERS FUNDING Interest, Property INVESTORS ADMINISTRATE AND MAINTAIN SPACE, GENERATE INCOME (SoCCs) Collective Land ownership Existing Public Space Open Private Space Private Proposed Public Space Semi-Public Space Private Open Private Space
  11. 11. 09 THE FRAMEWORK: COMMUNITY CENTRIC FORM-BASED ZONING LC LARGE COURTYARD 24-44 families compound =courtyard 15% of building mass area PC PUBLIC COURTYARD Shading and sitting areas,commerce and services on surrounding ground level UNIT SIZETRANSFORMING THE TRADITIONAL COMPOUND BUILDING MASS COMBINATIONS SC SINGLE COMMERCIAL Mix use expansion to the courtyard; shaded arcade facing the streets CR COMMERCIAL ROAD Bike lane 1,5m | Sidewalk 5m Buildings 2m setback Sidewalk 3m Buildings 2m setback PS PEDESTRIAN STREET 6m Expandable modules: 3x3m 2,5m RH RESIDENTIAL COURTYARD Ground level housing units to be expandable up to 3m Men Family 2x x SECTION 4 - INTERNAL COURTYARD sr + lc + pp + sc 3x SECTION 3 - PUBLIC COURTYARD PP + sr + cr + sc 2x SECTION 1 - COMMERCIAL COURTYARD cC + cr + RP x SECTION 2 - PRODUCTION COURTYARD SC + sr + rp FORM-BASED ZONING APPLIED TO THE SITE 2 1 3 4
  13. 13. 11 Commercial road TEST SITE // COMMERCIAL ZONE Itisproposedthatexistingcommercial corridors in Manyatta be enhanced for increased visibility of commercial spaces and ease of access by multiple transportmodes[boda-bodastations, unloading stations, pedestrian movement etc]. Improved design of spaces where women sell and work can increase productivity, promote a healthier and economically strengthened lifestyle, and provide an environment for women families and thecommunityatlarge. ENHANCED FACILITIES IN THE STREET ENHANCED COMMERCE Expanding Market Store Fronts and Sidewalks Shared by Multiple Business Owners Additional Spaces for the Vendors Bicycle Roads for ease of Transportation Stations for Different Modes of Transportation Facilitating the Ground Surface
  14. 14. 12 PROJECT BRIEF: The Athalassa Park is the largest, most important green ground of greater Nicosia. Nevertheless, due to lack of proper planning, few parts of the park are actually used. A belt of residential surrounds Athalassa, housing middle-income class while little facilities is provided in the park for the families living close by. Through REVIVING THROUGH DEPENDENCIES Nicosia//Cyprus IDENTIFYING POSSIBILITIES finding connection between existing elements and opportunities within and outside of the park, this project aimsatrevitalizingthearea. First challenge was to manage the great scale of the park and find a centralcharacterforit.Afteraseriesof investigation, it was discovered that a good opportunity for the park was to house some of the activities from UN Nicosiadogshelterandprivatesectors such as Nicosia rehabilitation center. Theseorganizationswereallinneedof openspacesandnaturalenvironment and are currently located in central part of the city with high real estate value.Oncethepossiblecollaborators were identified sub-areas, connected byactivepathswerecreatedtohouse thenewprograms. STUDIO // Fall & Spring Semester, Sustainable Unit 2010 // University of Nicosia Supervised by: Dr. Petros Lapithis & Anna Papadopoulou RestingPath Dense/talltrees Shorttrees/shrubberiesTalltrees/shrubberies PrivatelandsCampingarea Trainingarea Dogpark RehabilitationCenterTrainingguidedogs AnimalClinic 03
  15. 15. 13 I // JOURNEY AS DESTINATION The connecting paths are all facilitated with simple features for shading, resting and fencing, making them a flexible element connecting visually and physically the subareas together. Local materials and simple construction technique was also an important part of designing the connecting paths. Vine leaves are used as additional shading element since thesoilinthespecificareawasvery appropriate for such plantation. Natural ventilation, shading in summer time and defuse sun in winter time is provided through the morphology of the elements Sitting area Shaded area Covered Diffused Light Exposed area Fences Longitudinal Section of the pathway structure RESTING PATH
  16. 16. 14 The second area to be developed was the animal clinic. Similar to the resting path, this structure was also designed out of prefabricated parts, easilyerectable,allowingformaximum flexibility of spaces. Additionally the specific design of the units allows for natural ventilation in summer and use ofsolarheatinwinter.Alltheunitsofthe clinic are connected through the main canopywhichisaresultofprefabricated unitsthatincludes louvers,Photovoltaic elements, ETFE sheets and custom designsconnections. II // COMPONENTS VS. STATIC OBJECTS Multiple probability of arrangement June 21st Sept 21st Bioclimatic concept, presenting the performance of the louvers for natural heating and cooling system Longitudinal Section of one of the possible arrangement PREFABRICATED STRUCTURE ELEMENTS 1. ETFE Sheeting 2. Photovoltaic Elements 3. Steel Section 50 x 4 mm Membranes Steel frame Units Columns Steel mesh Floor frame ANIMAL CLINIC
  17. 17. 15 III // EXCHANGING SENSES FIRST OFFICIAL DOG PARK IN NICOSIA v v v v t t k k 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 Another important part of the park was the first official dog park for Nicosia. The main concept of the park was based on dog’s five senses and the possibilities of owners to experience these senses similar to how their pets do. After creating a north-south grid for the area, strategic locations were selected for five pavilions, based on the natural environment of the area and the density of vegetation. Additionally observationtowerswerealsocreated to enhanced the experience. All the pavilions are designed based on manipulating a basic cube of 3x3x3 m, created out of a grid of 1x1x1 m steelframe. Panoramic pavilion Sound pavilion Digging pavilion Mirror pavilion Smelling pavilion Orientation pavilion Toilets Toilet Orientation pavilion Food kiosk Mirror pavilion Digging pavilion Sound pavilion Food kiosk
  18. 18. 16 Outdoor exhibition and plazaPlaygroundUnits open to the main covered access The rehabilitation center has a direct connection to the changes of the season in the area. This concept was mainly achieved through breaking down the main volumeofthebuildingintosmaller units. Additionally all parts of the structure are design to be moved and readjusted based on views, weather condition and density of vegetation in different seasons. The closed units are more fixed compare to previous structures. Nevertheless all the wall units and windows can be gathered in core areas between units in order to create maximum exposure and expansiontotheoutdoorarea.The building units are elevated and individually located on columns and the whole area is connected through the main canopy and the elevated floor platform. IV // GOING THROUGH THE MOTIONS REHABILITATION CENTER Minimizing damages to the landscape Movable layers of wall components allows the closed spaces to open up on both sides to the existing natural environment Breaking down the volumes Elevated floor platform Steel grid flooring Programmatic units Vertical structures Movable membranes/ Canopy Membrane canopy steel grid Louvers, double membranes
  19. 19. 17 ADDING AND DEDUCTING Nicosia//Cyprus CYPRUS NEWS AGENCY PLUG-INSYSTEM,ADDINGANDDEDUCTINGOFFICEUNITS The main requirement for the competitionwastocreateprivateand public offices for the new building of Cyprus News Agency. The issue of adding and deducting offices was very critical for the development of the main concept. During the schematic design process, the group explored many possibilities for the structure to allow for arrangement flexibilitywhileestablishingrelations between different programs with in the building. The result was to createanaccesscorridorasthemain structural core, connecting units to both sides. Another part of the concept was to allow the exterior of the building to represent the activities happening inside the, thus individual façade design for each unit became very important. For the largestunitofthebuilding,thenews room, a mesh façade was designed to maximize natural light without disturbance for the users inside whilecreatinganinterestinglighting effectforthestreetview. Professional work // 2010 // M.C. Phocas Architects-Engineers Team members: M. C. Phocas, Maria Matheou & Giorgos Kyriazis Axonometricviewofthemainskeleton Plug-insystemoftheunits 04
  20. 20. 18 FABRICATION Detailofthepointswerepiecesofthefacadeconnecttooneanother. Detailoftheinnovativefacadedesignedforfrontofficesfacingsouth. Longitudinal Section showing visual connections through different hanging unitswithingroundleveloffices. Longitudinal North Elevation showing facades defining different units of activities.
  21. 21. 19 Isometricsectionshowingthenaturalwindcirculationinthebuilding BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN Winter March Summer One of the most important aspect of the building was to be sustainable. Since the offices used in the main ground level area were to be active 24 hours a day, it was very essential to lower the cost for heating and cooling in order to maintain the low budget policy that the company follows.Bylocatingthemaincorridor in the direction of summer wind, natural ventilation can occur during summer time. Double facade was used on south side of the building to collect heat in winter and release heat in summer. Additionally the windows facing south are shaded for summer sun and are exposed for winter sun. In the process of design, in-depth analysis was done on the materials and lighting conditions to make sure that the offices can provide a comfortable condition for users all year long without having to usevastamountofelectricity. Sun-pathdiagramshowingtheshadedareaduringwinter,summerandmarch. Analysis of the natural lighting level Distribution of the temperature level Analysis of the thermal comfort level
  22. 22. 20 INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR VIEWS Interiorviewoftheunitshangingfromtheceiling Exteriorviewofthemeshfacade Interior view of the main corridor, open to the groundflooroffices Theviewofthefacadeatnighttime Backsideofthebuildingshowingtheprivateofficeunits
  23. 23. 21 Urban voids Industrial areas Residential area Mix residential/commercial Most active area (mix use) ALL IS FLUX, NOTHING STAYS STILL REGENERATING LARNACA THROUGH RE-EXAMINING URBAN STRATEGIES Larnaca//Cyprus Howcancertaindesignorstrategybe site specific and yet flexible enough to respond to the ever changing contextofthecity?ThecityofLarnaca has gone through many changes in the last two decades. Most efforts were in the direction of vitalizing the city and bringing back the social life the city use to offer to the locals. Nevertheless most projects did not fulfill this task and in fact added to the existing issue of seasonality if activities in the city. The initial research started from the impact of city planning on coastal cities such asLarnaca,withspecialemphasison the realization of possible strategies, in order to activate the city for locals and outsiders throughout the entire year. The study reviews the need for the redevelopment of the city based on the analysis of three main factors; overall planning strategy, relationship of the locals with the city fabric and the connection between land and water. By doing so, important factors that need to beconsideredaspartofanyrelevant urban strategy for such coastal cities, are addressed. Subsequently a testing site, which in this case is the industrial area, is selected to determine the list of design factors, leading to possible suggestions for the specific site. The proposed strategies and design possibilities discussed in Larnaca’s case can be relevant to other small historic cities in the Mediterranean Basin as well. Through empirical observations, theoretical research and series of interviews with local residents and officials, the main strategy was to expand activities from the only publicly used area of the costal zone alongtheseashore.Additionalsteps wastocreateperpendicularaccesses to the coastal zone, reconnecting thecityto thesea.Threemainscales were considered for analysis, The city scale, neighborhood scale and a testingsitealongtheindustrialshore line. Later on a design proposal was madefortheindustrialsite. FINAL THESIS DIPLOMA WORK // 2010-2011 // University of Nicosia Supervised by: Mrs. Maria Hadjisoteriou, Ms. MarkellaMenikou, Mr. Yiorgos Hadjichristou & Dr. Marios C. Phocas Process of Reactivating the city Forgotten activities of the coastal area; Sunday walk of the locals and market days on the coastal zone. The growth of the city in relation to natural morphology of the coastal zone, man- made industrial areas and salt lake on south side of the city. 05
  24. 24. 22 Pipes Walls along the coastal zone Commercial beach Artificial edges for boats WHAT SHAPES THE EDGES? What is left today... Abandoned factories Graffiti by the Youth Organization Boundaries in all forms Old industrial areas Crowded only in summer time Coastal erosion Summer resorts During the last 50 years, the city of Larnaca went through excessive developments, nevertheless mostly in a direction pleasant to the benefit of private investors. The growth of the city has been out of proportion since there was many changes in the policies selected for the development. As a result not only the city itself scattered vastly into theoutskirtbutalsothecoastalarea went through series of changes not beneficial to the natural and social environment.Forexampleasaresult of newly developed marine area, many old neighborhoods along the coastal zone, faced major erosions. Also the accesses along the coastal zone, especially for pedestrians, are interrupted constantly by boundaries, disconnecting the city from the sea. Due to these sensitive issues, analysis were done mostly on the coastal zone, to evaluate the physical and social factors, shaping thearea.
  25. 25. 23 2011 2015 2013 2017 After selecting two of the proposed accesses perpendicular to the coastal zone, an in-depth analysis was done on the possible activities that could happen in easch area. To create a better understanding of future prototypes, a comparison was done between two extremely different areas; Industrial zone and old city center to define certain principles for that would possibly shape the design. The followings conditions came across as essential consideration: -Adaptability of the structural elements to changes of activities & seasons -Modularity and lightness of the structural components -Possibilities of open/semi-open/ outdoor/ fully enclosed spaces -Permanent activation of platforms throughcombiningseasonal,every day and event activities NEW WAYS OF BEING SITE SPECIFIC // MOVING BETWEEN SCALES ELEMENTS THAT SHAPES THE DESIGN Industrialsite//Availablespaces,noteasilyaccessible ONEPOSSIBLEWAYOFPROGRESSION COMPARINGTHETWOSITESALONGTHECOASTALZONE: OLDCITYANDINDUSTRIALLAND Historical site // limitation in number of available spaces A B Industrial Zone Historical site
  26. 26. 24 Once some of the principles for the design was clear, series of experimentations were done on finalizing the structural system. Platforms of activities are the main concept selected for the structure allowingforcreationofpublicspaces without differentiating when inside ends and outside starts. A series of sectional information , Meta cards, weregatheredfromthecityandused as references for the movements of theplatforms. META CARDS from/for the city Inserting the units in between platforms, creating privately occupied spaces SECTIONAL FORMATION THE PLATFORMS
  27. 27. 25 A table of conditions was made to create a catalogue for typology of spaces and the experiences they can provide. A possible combination of platforms was made to be tested on the side in regard to the existing context and the relationship of the platformstooneanother. ONE POSSIBLE COMBINATION SPATIAL CONDITIONS
  28. 28. 26 Based on different desired spatial conditions , kinetic mechanisms were design to provide variety of movements for the platforms. The result is a flexible structural system that can be rearrange in many ways toaccommodatedifferentactivities. The lightness of the structure was a critical factor in allowing individual to modify the spaces. Additionally the scale of modification varies from asittingarrangement toacomplete modification of the enclosed spaces andcirculationelements. THE PROTOTYPE
  29. 29. 27 ALL IS FLUX, NOTHING STAYS STILL Adjustable canopies with sliding PVCfabric The system for adjusting the angleofstairsandramps The system for adjusting the angleofcanopies The connection between grids of thefloorlevels Adjustablecolumns,theedgesof themaingrid Adjustablecolumnsforthemain gridofthegroundlevel CREATING MAXIMUM FLEXIBILITY U160 U160U120 Pneumatic element Modular green ele- ments 2.5m/2.5m/15cm 4 cm 9 cm
  30. 30. 28 CONNECTING BACK TO THE SEA Throughthedesignoftheplatforms, a series of pathways are created along and perpendicular to the sea Thefoldingplatformswerearranged in ways to respond to the duration and type of activities to ensure the activation of the area all year long rather than seasonal activation which is the current condition of the site. The combination created here is just one possible way of using the structuralelementsalongthecost. line, constantly framing the views while creating different spatial experiences. 1 1 2 3 2 3 THEMAINELEMENTSOFTHEDESIGN Everyday Activities Canopies Roof Gardens Enclosed Units Vertical Structures Gardens Water Features Bicycle Paths Secondary Paths Main Accesses Folding Platforms Entertaining Areas (Event) Educational Areas
  31. 31. 29 MOMENTS IN BETWEEN THE PLATFORMS 3. The areas in-between the platforms are used for out-door event and everyday use such as camping, exhibitions, exercise areas etc 2. The wall of one platform is the screen of another platform’s out-door Cinema 1. View of the coastal zone from the roof gardens 3 2 1
  32. 32. 30 ALWAYS IN USE, EVEN FROM FIRST PHASES STAGESOFAPPLICATION Due to the typology of the structure the site can be immediately use by the locals even if all the elements are not applied yet. In past, there were cases in Larnaca where such public space projects would take years to be completed and by the timetheprojectwasdone,thedesignwas no longer adequate. Phase two, Stage 3