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Urban Renewal Transportation


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This is a presentation I worked on which proposed to create a Urban Renewal and Transportation District in Fort Collins, Colorado.

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Urban Renewal Transportation

  1. 1. Towards a Sustainable Fort Collins: Urban Renewal and Integrated Transportation         By: Group 1: Tommasina Miller, Kate Belford, David Wood, T. Coleson Breen, Jen Perez, Elise Anderson, Clay Beisel, Michael Young, Ben Short
  2. 2. Goal/Mission <ul><li>To reduce sprawl and increase efficiency in transportation and land use by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improving environmental quality by reducing auto emissions with integrated transportation, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creating high to medium density development, and  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increasing a sense of &quot;community&quot; and integration of the Fort Collins' civil society.    </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Initial Steps - Urban Renewal <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Improves and revitalizes specific areas of the city by: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth Overlay: Review and recommend further infill efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-zoning:  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Re-zone the planned Mountain Vista Expansion for open    space </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase density of all areas within urban growth              overlay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Re-zone specific urban renewal areas for mixed-use commercial/residential purposes with high, medium and low income housing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Actual plans - Urban Renewal <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Improves and revitalizes specific areas of the city with: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Renewal Areas: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drake and Horsetooth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two Lakes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spring Creek </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Re-development Regulations  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum LEED Bronze certification for buildings (efficient use of all resources: building materials, energy, space, and water) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Green roofs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed car-free zones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public art </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open areas with wildlife connectivity corridors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Urban Renewal Areas: Three Regions <ul><li>(Outlined in black) </li></ul><ul><li>- Drake/Horsetooth </li></ul><ul><li>- Two Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>- Spring Creek </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 7. Plans - Transportation <ul><li>Integration of the Poudre School District buses with public transportation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase accessibility to urban renewal development areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve sense of community through integration of students and other community members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Transfort operation by augmenting funding from two sources: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poudre School District </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased ridership </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-training of PSD bus drivers in preparation for Transfort employment  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully incorporate PSD bus drivers to prevent job loss </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 8. Logistics:  Poudre School District and Transfort <ul><li>Goal : </li></ul><ul><li>-To make a single public bussing system that combines school bus routes and Fort Collins Transfort routes </li></ul><ul><li>Plan : </li></ul><ul><li>-Initially, only high school participation </li></ul><ul><li>-Students will be required to carry school IDs on bus </li></ul><ul><li>-Students will only be allowed to be dropped off at necessary school during school start times </li></ul><ul><li>-A parent volunteer/retired bus driver will be on busses during times of pick-up in the morning and drop-offs in the afternoon to monitor </li></ul><ul><li>-If successful with high school and parent approval, integrate all grade levels </li></ul>
  8. 9. Policy <ul><ul><li>Urban Renewal: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growth Overlay: Binding Public Policy  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Re-zoning Mountain Vista Expansion: Binding Public Policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Renewal Areas:  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Binding Public Policy (re-zoning) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary/Market Driven (tax incentive for business to relocate in urban renewal areas) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation Integration: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Phases: Binding Public Policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Final Stage: Market-Driven </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>     </li></ul><ul><li>     </li></ul>
  9. 10. Funding <ul><ul><li>Tax Increment Financing: A portion of sales and, or, property tax is used strictly for the development of that area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Utilities additive fee: Small fee increase added to utilities which could then be allocated for development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  Federal and State grants and tax incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poudre School District reallocation of funds to Transfort </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Implications: Government <ul><li>Increase in transportation and re-zoning will benefit many citizens of Fort Collins. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimizes tax increases by working within city's </li></ul></ul><ul><li>     current buget. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases administrative load as businesses seek incentives for urban renewal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps meet Clean Air Act standards on ozone, particulates and other pollutants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases sales and property tax returns in the long term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces consumption of social services (i.e. welfare, police force) through benefits of integrated community </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Implications: Public Business <ul><li>Transfort: Integration of transportation allows for a more comprehensive transportation system.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aligns with PSD sustainability mission statement to be responsible with natural resources.  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An likely property tax increase from limiting sprawl will increase funds for certain sectors.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>     Health District: Limiting sprawl gives Fort Collins public business sector a more fixed population to efficiently provide for. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poudre Valley REA/Utilities: A more manageable and predictable growth rate paves the way future energy provision plans.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  12. 13. Implications: Private Business <ul><ul><li>Improved transportation offers better employee and consumer access to businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban renewal provides business tax incentives  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban renewal projects would provide many jobs to local construction companies  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These projects would also be able to support local suppliers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New mixed-use buildings and districts would provide many opportunities for new local businesses to start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas with more character would also create a tourist attraction bringing more businesses and families to Fort Collins </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Implications: Social Concerns <ul><ul><li>Increases mobility for elderly, disabled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhances sense of community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates construction jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed areas to include community centers, English language centers, after-school programs (beneficial to at-risk youth, immigrant population) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings on transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain percentage of buildings to include low cost housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better air quality, better health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cons: Restrictions on the town's growth may drive away developers (jobs) in the short term. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cons: Leaving open spaces also limits town growth. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Implications: Environmental Concerns <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy: Increased ridership improves the effectiveness of public transportation. Increased density decreases the transmission loss of electricity in URAs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife: Greater density allows for more open space for wildlife.  Wildlife corridors and established refuges would further protect wildlife. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water and Air: A larger population will strain the water supply and most likely pollute the air.  Regulations at all levels can work on better management of air and water quality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution/ Waste Management: Again, regulations are key. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Land Use and Conservation: Open space is a part of the plan </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Environmental Pillar <ul><ul><li>Urban Renewal is a responsible use of resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development concentration is on building up, rather than out, ultimately reigning in urban sprawl and land usage.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More open space is left for wildlife and recreational use.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of having to extend energy provision further away from city's center, the city's energy and utilities providers can work to create effective ways to provide energy for a smaller area.  </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Economic Pillar <ul><ul><li>Existing areas will see new business as population/market grows in higher density areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Previously existing businesses will likely see the rise of a larger consumer market.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient use of public transportation funding through a more streamlined process. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreased fuel usage saves money for both the city and individual travelers.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy efficient smart growth buildings save energy costs.  </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Social Pillar <ul><ul><li>Urban Renewal areas are proven to reduce crime, retain and create jobs, rehabilitate old homes, improve neighborhood streets and infrastructure, plan parks.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation plan will improve community integration and accessibility for elderly and those without access to other transportation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed income housing offers options in new development areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility to buildings benefits disabled persons.  </li></ul></ul>