Last lesson we looked language associated with women and menThe language associated with women, both negative and positive, is often about sex appeal.For women, there is a paradox between being sexually alluring and available and not having too much sex or too many sexual partners.Language associated with men is often reductive (synecdoche), reducing him to an organ (female or male), but plays little attention to sexual propriety. In fact, sexual experience is often held in high regard.
Learning Objectives To understand and analyse the article on Feminism in the Critical Anthology To understand and analyse the article about Feminist Critics in the Critical Anthology To select the most pertinent concepts from the articles
Feminism and gender Feminism can be linked to Marxism in that both schools of thought see socio-economic ideas at the heart of their thinking While Marxism sees working people as historically disadvantaged, it has traditionally failed to take much notice of another group who have been significantly disadvantaged through history, namely, women
Literature helps construct views ofwomen Marxist ‘takes’ on literature have tended to see how literature reflects the social world. Feminism, by contrast, has tended to take a stronger line Feminism says that literature helps to construct views of women that are unfair. This is why the difference between sex and gender is so important, even though the words are often confused in everyday use. (See definitions)
Men too were potentiallydisadvantaged As ideas around feminism developed, it became clear that men too were potentially disadvantaged They were also expected to perform within stereotypical roles that create their own problems As gender studies developed, they have tended to look at the notions of masculinity, and the way it is represented, as well as femininity.
Précis... Each paragraph to a sentence Each paragraph to a word The article to a sentence The article to a word
Reading from the critical anthology After reading, make sure you can say something about the following points: Why literature is associated with social and historical circumstances. The 1970s and Kate Millet’s book Why the private sphere is bound up with the political What stereotypes existed, according to feminist literary critics? Good Why are female characters in literature considered to be a 1. Have a clear comment on the point linked to constructions? about Feminism quoteBetter 2. Have a detailed evaluative comment that embeds supportive references from the text