Something that happenedIn Of Mice and Men Free Powerpoint Templates
Learning ObjectivesWe are learning to...• Understand the structure of the novel• Explain how this meaning S4L: Self control Free Powerpoint Templates Page 2
“Why not play the FUN new game everyone’s talking about...” Am I a FATALIST?A. Certain things are B. My destiny is aninevitable – there open meadow ofisn’t much I can do endless possibility – Iabout them? fully shape my future.
How’d you score?Mostly As – Congratulations, you’re a FATALIST.You believe that individual humans have little control over their inevitable destiny (things just happen).Mostly Bs – Too Bad! You have Free Will. Better luck next time ...... Oh wait, the world is inevitable ... So – actually, it’ll probably be just the same next time. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 4
In which column would you put:•George•Lennie•Candy•Curley’s Wife•SlimDoes it change at different times in the novel?
So – Is John Steinbeck a fatalist?The clues arein his style!!
What makes a ‘well written’ story? A Masterpiece is any text where the style and the themes are absolutely connected – the one informs and energises the other.
Something that HappenedThe original title of the novelwas Something that Happened.This emotionally detachedstatement helps us tounderstand Steinbeck’sintentions and the WAY hewrites (the style).
So – how might we describe Steinbeck’s style?- A third person narrator.- Unemotional and detached.- Non-judgemental – the narrator never gives an opinion.- Objective (uninvolved) – a dispassionate report.- Highly precise – carefully laying out the details.- Stark and Cold – lacking human warmth.- Determinist – the characters’ lives appear to be determined by circumstances beyond their control.- Lyrical and Poetic – occasionally using beautiful metaphorical language and images.
Why Write Like This?The sparse simplicity ofSteinbeck’s writing reflectsthe stark reality of the GreatAmerican Depression.
“To a Mouse” (Robert Burns) (click for reading) Wee, sleeket, cowran, timrous beastie,O, what panics in thy breastie!Thou need na start awa sae hasty,Wi bickering brattle!I wad be laith to rin an chase thee,Wi murdring pattle!
Im truly sorry Mans dominionHas broken Natures social union,An justifies that ill opinion,Which makes thee startle,At me, thy poor, earth-born companion,An fellow-mortal!
I doubt na, whyles, but thou may thieve;What then? poor beastie, thou maun live!A daimen-icker in a thrave S a sma request:Ill get a blessin wi the lave,An never misst!
Thy wee-bit housie, too, in ruin!Its silly was the wins are strewin!An naething, now, to big a new ane,O foggage green!An bleak Decembers winds ensuin,Baith snell an keen
Thou saw the fields laid bare an wast,An weary Winter comin fast,An cozie here, beneath the blast,Thou thought to dwell,Till crash! the cruel coulter pastOut thro thy cell.
That wee-bit heap o leaves an stibble,Has cost thee monie a weary nibble!Now thous turnd out, for a thy trouble,But house or hald.To thole the Winters sleety dribble,An cranreuch cauld!
Fatalism!!!!But Mousie, thou are no thy-lane,In proving foresight may be vain:The best laid schemes o Mice an Men,Gang aft agley,An leae us nought but grief an pain,For promisd joy! Pessimism
Still, thou art blest, compard wi me!The present only toucheth thee:But Och! I backward cast my ee,On prospects drear!An forward, tho I canna see,I guess an fear!
So – “How does the POEM help us to prove / disprove our hypothesis that Steinbeck is a Fatalist?”
Why Write Like This?The Novel was an experiment – thefirst in a series for Steinbeck of tryingto write a novel in a play form.The characters rarely (if ever) discuss theiremotions with each other – so it would bestrange for the narrator to do so. Theycommunicate through actions, bravado orsilence – Steinbeck simply presents these to usand lets us make our own assumptions.
The essentials of the narrative are presented through bothdetailed character descriptions and vivid dialogue.There are NO chapters – just six sections which reflect thesix scenes of a play.Numerous chapters would break up the growing sense oftension and climax.The main action takes place in either the bunkhouse or thebarn – which maintains a dramatic focus on the characters.This emphasises the feeling of claustrophobia in the text.
Why Write Like This?The Narrative Structure The novel is aggressively chronological – the events follow a simple, yet inevitable structure that gradually builds towards the tragic climax. Looking back over the novel – could it have ended any other way? Steinbeck’s style suggests “No”.
How does the structure of the novel contribute to the feeling of loneliness in the novel?the limb is worn smooth by menwho have sat on it