Successfully reported this slideshow.
You’ve unlocked unlimited downloads on SlideShare!
This operation is problematic, however, because it depends upon the definition of the individual. Some people might be subjected to a mild annoyance, and become slightly angry, but describe themselves as "extremely angry," whereas others might be subjected to a severe provocation, and become very angry, but describe themselves as "slightly angry."
Operationalization of variables
Allama Iqbal Open University,
Operationalization of Variables
Presented to: Sir Zia ur Rehman
Presented by: Mateen Altaf
Class: MBA (B&F) 5th semester
Subject: Advance Research Methods (8535)
First of all thanks to ALLAH, Who is most beneficent & the
most merciful, Whose blessings are abundant & favors are
It’s my pleasure to acknowledge the guidance and support
of my subject teacher Mr. “Zia ur Rehman” for his endless
Operationalization is a process of defining the measurement
of a phenomenon that is not directly measurable, though its
existence is indicated by other phenomena.
The Process whereby a researcher defines
how to measure a variable.
In Social Sciences:
A researcher may wish to measure the concept "anger.“ Its
presence, and the depth of the emotion, cannot be directly
measured by an outside observer because anger is
intangible. If researcher wants to measure the depth of
Are you angry?
How angry are you?
Some factors that might measure the depth of “Anger” are:
Loudness of voice
Operational Definition of a variable is a statement
of specific dimensions and elements through which a
concept will become measurable
Operational Definition of a variable
Operationalization (Scientific Research Procedure)
If you decided to use a survey to study attitudes about
Child Labor in Pakistan.
Choice of Research Method
Population and Sampling