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Emotion Regulation of car drivers by physical and psychological parameters of music

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  1. 1. Emotion Regulation of Car Drivers by Physical and Psychological Paramters of Music Rainer Höger, Sabine Wollstädter, Sabine Eichhorst, & Laura Becker Leuphana University of Lüneburg/Germany
  2. 2.  Emotions in car driving  Anger and aggressive driving  Dimensional description of emotions  Study I: Musical preference and anger regulation in driving  Study II: Musical tempo and anger regulation in driving  Conclusions Agenda
  3. 3. Emotions in car driving 0 10 20 30 40 50 Relativefrequency Relative frequencies of emotions in traffic episodes (adapted from Roidl et al. 2013)
  4. 4. Anger and aggressive driving  About 56% of all motor vehicle accidents in the US included at least one aggressive action of one of the participants (American Automobile Association Foundation of Traffic Safety, 2009)  Idea of the study: Accident prevention by downsizing driving anger.  Anger develops when driving goals are blocked  The consequences of anger in car driving are – in some cases – aggressive driving acts (e.g. blocking or chasing other drivers)
  5. 5. Dimensional description of emotions Valence/arousal circumplex model of emotional moods (Russell, 1980)
  6. 6. Anger regulation by valence of music Valence Anger Music ‚surface emotion‘ latent dimension + - Valence + - Dimensional description of emotions
  7. 7. Study I: Musical preference and anger regulation  Study in the driving simulatior
  8. 8. Study I: Musical preference and anger regulation  3 anger inducing situations Traffic jam Slow moving car Tailgater
  9. 9.  3 musical conditions: - without music - with preferred music (positive valence) Study I: Musical preference and anger regulation - with disliked music (negative valence)  Measurement of anger intensity by a 7-step anger intensity scale at 6 measuring times
  10. 10. Experimental order of events Study I: Musical preference and anger regulation
  11. 11.  3 Minutes free driving after each anger inducing scene  The order of the anger inducing sences was randomly changed between the participants  Musical preference was individually determined  Music was presented at a comfortable sound level  43 participants with driving licence (aged between 18 and 37) took part in the experiment Study I: Musical preference and anger regulation
  12. 12. Mean rated intensity of anger, type of music, and music presentation Study I: Musical preference and anger regulation
  13. 13. Study II: Musical tempo and anger regulation Anger regulation by musical tempo Arousal Anger musical tempo ‚surface emotion‘ latent dimension + - Arousal slow fast
  14. 14.  Simulator study, same anger inducing scenes as in study I  3 musical tempo conditions: - without any music - with low musical tempo (low arousal) - with high musical tempo (high arousal)  Only preferred music was used  Musical tempo was determined by counting the beats/min low musical tempo: less than 90 beats/min high musical tempo: more than 120 beats/min Study II: Musical tempo and anger regulation
  15. 15.  Measurement of anger intensity by a 7-step anger intensity scale at 6 measuring times  Same order of events as in study I  Order of scenes were randomly changed between the participants  57 participants with driving licence (aged between 18 and 40) took part in the experiment Study II: Musical tempo and anger regulation
  16. 16. Amount of anger reduction and musical tempi Study II: Musical tempo and anger regulation
  17. 17. Conclusions  Valence as a psychological attribute of music is able to influence the intensity of anger: Positive evaluated music leads to a reduction of anger, Negative evaluated music leads to an enhancement of anger  Musical tempo as a physical attribute is also able to influence the intensity of anger: Low musical tempo leads to a downsizing of anger whereas the effect high musical tempo is not quite clear
  18. 18.  In general it can be assumed that the latent dimensions of emotions (valence and arousal) can be supplied with data from different sources  Whether the musical attributes valence and arousal influence driving behaviour via the regulation of anger couldn‘t be observed in the studies presented Conclusions
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention! Prof. Dr. Rainer Höger Institut für Experimentelle Wirtschaftspsychologie Wilschenbrucher Weg 84 D-21335 Lüneburg/Germany email: hoeger@leuphana.de

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