Sustainable Development 101 - english


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These are the slides to the MGCY Capacity Building team's first webinar: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 101. They introduce "what is sustainable development" in a simple and friendly way which you can replicate!

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  • Note: 1. “Silent Spring” was a seminal book which recorded the effect chemicals, especially pesticides, were having on the environment. She showed how chemical corporations were carrying out such harmful practices.2. Kyoto Protocol: several attempts had been made by countries to tackle global warming by cutting carbon emissions. Kyoto was the most decisive and large-scale attempt, where 178 nation states converged to agree on a landmark outcome. The Kyoto Protocol basically called upon member states to agree to cut carbon emissions to pre-1990 levels. Its expiry date was 2012. In many ways, the Kyoto Protocol was viewed as inadequate. Firstly, developing countries were not expected to commit to reducing emissions. This included countries like China and India, which produced substantial amounts of emissions. Secondly, the USA pulled out in 2001, which was a massive blow to the Protocol as the USA produces about a quarter of the world’s emissions.3. The Millenium Development Goals were 8 universal targets that member states of the UN agreed upon. Goals such as eradicating hunger, curbing HIV/AIDS, ensuring water access, protecting the environment and promoting gender equality or education access were to be met by 2015.4. COP: Conference of the Parties. These are climate change negotiations. COP15 was hugely expected to deliver the successor to the Kyoto Protocol which was going to expire in 3 years (ie in 2012) but failed to produce any outcome.
  • Clearly introduce the idea that every action is linked – the concepts of international/interregional and intergenerational justice are very important.
  • The approach towards sustainable development should encompass all aspects and take into consideration the fact that everything is connected:Acrossgenerations and across countries (and communities etc)
  • The social dimension is often overlooked when we talk about sustainable development, but this pillar is very important too! When we talk about sustainable development, we also want people to be happy, safe, and to have access to opportunities. Thus, true sustainable development would also bring the following things:
  •  Sustainable development is about you! Earlier you saw “what needs to be developed” and “what needs to be enjoyed”. Pause for a moment and think—can you add to the list? What are the things which you think can be improved? What are the things which you think must be protected?
  • Present some quick facts here to help your audience! (eg – did you know that….?)
  • Sustainable Development 101 - english

    1. 1. Tweet with us !! #MGCYRiowebs @earthcharter @UNCSD_MGCY @EOTOWorldwhat issustainabledevelopment?UNCSD Major Group of Children and YouthIn collaboration with Earth Charter International and EOTO World
    2. 2. Welcome to the first webinar!This webinar will cover the following materials:• What is sustainable development• Why does it matter for young people?• What is my role in it?• How to create your own message and talk about sustainable development.After the webinar:• You will be equipped with knowledge of what sustainable development is• Be confident enough about the topic to do your own research• Be able to talk about it with other people and spread the message!
    3. 3. Before we start…One person can make a difference… …and everyone should try J F Kennedy
    4. 4. Will you? Youth are the most important actors in sustainable development. It’s about our future.
    5. 5. What is sustainable development? The term “sustainable development” has become commonplace in mainstream politics. However, not everyone is aware what sustainable development truly means because there is no fixed definition and politicians have used the term in various ways. What do YOU think sustainable development is?
    6. 6. The Brundtland Definition (1987) “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
    7. 7. A brief history of sustainable development 1972: Stockholm UN Conference on Human 1987: Brundtland 1962: Rachel Carson’s Development, first bringing Commission: “Our book “Silent Spring” together heads of state on Common Future”becomes the catalyst for a massive scale to addressmodern environmentalism the question of environment and development 1992: Earth Summit • Rio Declaration 2000: Millennium 1997: Kyoto • Agenda 21 Development Goals Protocol • CSD • CBD • UNFCCC2002: JohannesburgConference on 2009: COP15 CopenhagenSustainable Development 2010: COP16 Cancun And now…• Johannesburg Plan of 2011: COP17 Durban Rio+20… Implementation
    8. 8. Sustainable development is moreSociety than just caring about the environment, or generating money through economic growth. SustainableEconomy develop- ment It is the intersection of three pillars:Environme nt Environment, Economy, and Society.
    9. 9. Systems approachWhen we think of sustainable development we must think of a system where the decisions taken ensure that every component of the system – man, trees, environment, society, wealth, is capable of flourishing without hindering the capacity of the other component to do so, whether in the present or in the future
    10. 10. THE PRINCIPLE IS TO LOOK AT EVERYTHING AS PART OFA WHOLE: THE ISSUES WHICH WE FACE ARE MULTIPLE,AND COMPLEX. WE NEED A HOLISTIC VISION, WHICHLOOKS AT THE WELLBEING OF MAN AND THE PLANETTOGETHER.The approach towards sustainable development shouldencompass all aspects and take into consideration thefact that everything is connected: across generationsand across countries (and communities etc)
    11. 11. How do we keep track of everything?This may seem daunting – how do we keep track ofeverything?But if we all understand the principles behind sustainabledevelopment: principles such as equality, green living,social progress, responsible consumption and so on, it iseasy to reach agreement about what sustainabledevelopment truly is, and what conditions are necessaryto achieve it. Can you list some principles for sustainable development?
    12. 12. To put it in context… Imagine what would happen if, for example, all the forests were to be destroyed for the sake of building an industry. Imagine if there were no trees at all on earth: would life be possible? … Imagine, on the other hand, if we based an economy which tried to protect those forests, make good use of them but keep them in good condition for the next generations, as well as dividing the profits equally among everyone involved. Thus, the wealth would grow, the people would have a fair share not only of the wealth, but also the access to those resources. That’s sustainable development. Check out this video called “Tragedy of the Commons,”
    13. 13. A look at the three pillars of SD:economic social environmental• opportunities for growth • Participation and inclusion of • Protection of ecosystems and• increased GDP and benefits biosphere everyone • increased quality of air, land, water• system stability and security• Green jobs and eradication of • eradication of poverty and • better management of waste and unemployment exclusion pollution• Prevention of practices which misuse • food security • respect and protection for all resources • equitable distribution of species - flora, fauna, marine• Regulation of over-exploitation and species resources harmful externalities • measures to ensure resource • better life chances and sustainability and harmony opportunities • Protection of marine resources • protection from exploitative practices
    14. 14. Sustainable development – the economic dimensionThe economic pillar is often made to be the strongest or even the only pillar in “development”. To ensure economic development and sustainability at the same time, we need to look at issues such as:• Fair trade• Debt eradication• Putting in place mechanisms which ensure that everyone gets their due reward• That corporations, industries and governments or Industries do not use up resources and put a strain on the environmentWe need mechanisms to “measure” sustainable development. This is why indicators are used. Oneof the current issues is that the indicator used, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is not appropriatefor measuring sustainable development. Firstly, it is based on money. Secondly, using GDP asmeasure does not reflect social inequality or resource overexploitation.WHAT IF WE USED HAPPINESS AS AN INDICATOR INSTEAD?
    15. 15. Sustainable development – the social dimension• Health: everyone having access to healthcare and leading healthy lifestyles, and diseases (such as HIV) being eradicated• Education: everyone, esp. girls and people from poor background having access to education• Equality: everyone should be equal, and not be discriminated against because they do not have the same resources or wealth as others, or because they are a girl or belong to a specific community etc.• Peace: many of us may take peace for granted; however, last year, over 30 conflicts and wars around the world were taking place and lack of security is a very real issue for a lot of youth.• Food security, technology and communication, equal opportunities etc
    16. 16. Sustainable development – the environmental dimension The environment pillar of sustainable development is crucial; once we understand that the resources that the planet offers are finite it becomes clear that current methods of consumption are using up more resources than the planet can afford. Examples of how human activities have altered the planet are:• Climate change and global warming Human activities and choices (esp use of fossil fuels!) have released huge amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere, which are naturally trapped by our ozone layer – thus contributing to the “greenhouse effect” and global warming. This has in turn led to changes in weather patterns, more dramatic and destructive natural occurrences, drying up of water resources and melting of polar icecaps – themselves contributing to the rise in sea levels.• Deforestation Humans have destroyed huge amounts of trees to make place for agriculture, construction, industry, and to use as resources eg for making paper or houses. This has had a huge impact on the planet as trees are not only a huge sink of the planet’s CO2, but they also provide “ecosystem services” such as preventing erosion, harbouring countless species and so on.• Loss of biodiversity Human activities have disrupted ecosystems and also led to the disappearance – extinction – of countless species of plants and animals.
    17. 17. Many conflicting views of sustainable development believe that it is actually anti-growth and anti-wealth. On the contrary, SD is about balance and a holistic approach to development. This means that some things need to be preserved and sustained while others should be given the incentive to be developed. ~What more could be added to this list?~ ~What can be improved? What things need to be protected?~ What needs to be What needs to be sustained developed. • People and cultures • Quality of life • Natural Resources • Justice and social equality • Equal opportunity • Biodiversity • Institutions • Environment and • Culture of sustainability Ecosystems • Fair income • Dialogue and Communication
    18. 18. What is my role in sustainable development (SD)? Sustainable development requires the active involvement of all stakeholders: governments, NGOs, private sector but also civil society. It is not just politicians, or policy makers, who decide what SD should be like. The most important stakeholder in SD is YOU! You have to remind policy-makers to make decisions which protect your future: you can remind them that you want better jobs, cleaner cities, more equitable resource distribution, and above all, a guarantee that your future is secure, full of opportunities, a pleasant world to live in and a healthy planet.
    19. 19. And for young people? Sustainable development is especially important for young people! The implementation of sustainable development policies going into effect now will determine the future which we will inherit tomorrow! Because it is youth who will inherit this planet, by advocating for sustainable development, and adopting sustainable practices, you are actively participating in shaping your own future.
    20. 20. Making those decisions… The challenge is to devise policies which balance economic growth, environmental protection, and social equality and which look at the long term, but as long as you stick to the core principles, this is possible! Established Indicators must be used to measure progress of sustainable development policies, so you can evaluate if more needs to be done! Thus, you need to think outside the box, and think about others, and view your contribution as part of a system, where you are helping SD policies achieve goals that are beneficial to everyone including the planet.
    21. 21. And now, the practical part of this webinar! How to talk about sustainable development and Rio+20 –develop your own message
    22. 22. Talking about sustainability can feel intimidating at first, but once you get the hang of it, itbecomes easier. Perhaps the best part about talking about sustainability is that you do nothave to be an expert to spread the word. After all, sustainability affects all of us, so relatingyour cause to that of others is already easier than you think! First, know some quick facts about sustainable development and Rio+20! 1. People participate in Rio+20 through the 9 Major Groups. Our group, the UNCSD Major Group of Children and Youth (MGCY) focuses on engaging youth in the Rio process. 2. Sustainability is not just about climate change, it includes how to conserve and replenish in ways that are helpful for future generations, in all that we do! 3. You can count on the MGCY as the official voice for youth at the Rio+20 conference, so keep in touch so we can work together!
    23. 23. 4. There are seven critical issues that are going to center discussions at the conference. These are: Jobs, Oceans, Energy, Water, Food, Cities and Disasters. (Note: we have a 7 issues explanation graphic which explains the importance of each issue. You can even use it as a handout! If you’re interested in receiving this graphic along with other materials, please leave your email addresses here)
    24. 24. Next, know where to direct people for more information. Everyone processes information differently, and having a clear way to access resources is always helpful. The best place to direct people with Internet access is the Rio +20 official website for Children and Youth: If Internet access is not available, share the country overview drafted by outreach team leaders about the issues instead.
    25. 25. Getting the message across: what you need to remember· Do your homework—learn a bit more about the topic so that you feel more confident· Know WHO your audience is· Know WHERE your audience is located (find out their background)· Know WHAT your audience already knows· Make it interesting! Sustainability does not have to be formal or boring!
    26. 26. Are you familiar with quick facts about sustainabledevelopment and Rio+20? Do you know where to directpeople for further information? You can start to develop astrategy for how to talk to people about sustainabledevelopment and Rio+20. Key elements you should thinkof are: WHO is your audience? WHERE is your audience located? WHAT does your audience already know?
    27. 27. Where is your audience located?• Eg it may not be necessary to talk about consuming less in a place where there is not enough for people to consume• Instead, it may be more appropriate to speak about how to deal with waste or ways which are easier on the earth• You decide the information you want to use to open up the dialogue; you know best what makes the most sense in your area of the worldWho is your audience?• Be ready to give more, or less information, depending on who you are talking to! This is where knowing where to direct people for additional information comes in handy!• You do not have to be an expert. Just talk about what you know.• People become interested in what you believe in. So speak about SD from your own experience and perspective. This will make you more comfortable speaking about it.What does your audience already know?• One way to open up a conversation is to start by talking about what information you found interesting• Talking about SD does not have to be discussed formally, just speak as you would with friends, comfortably, in a language which you all understand
    28. 28. Questions? Thoughts? Comments?The MGCY capacity building team: UN CSD Major Group of Children and Youth: Facebook: EARTH CHARTER INTERNATIONAL Website: Facebook: Twitter: @earthcharter EOTO WORLD Website: Facebook: Twitter: @EOTOWorldThank you for joining us! Now go and spread the word, youthful sustainability leaders!