Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Au Psy492 M7 A2 Vettel L

873 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Au Psy492 M7 A2 Vettel L

  1. 1. Psychopathy: Assessment and predicting recidivism<br />Lorelei Vettel<br />PSY492 Advanced General Psychology<br />Argosy University<br />August 16, 2010<br />
  2. 2. psychopathy<br />Affective:Interpersonal:Lifestyle:<br />Shallowness Grandiose Impulsiveness<br />Inability to form bonds Arrogance Ignoring norms<br />Short temperedness Deceptive Violating norms<br />Lack of empathy Dominant <br />Lack of remorse Manipulative <br /> Superficial<br /> Callous<br />
  3. 3. Psychopathy checklist-revised (pcl-r)<br />Factor One (F1)<br />Interpersonal: Affective:<br />Glibness Lack of remorse<br />Grandiose Shallow affect<br />Pathological lying Callousness<br />Manipulative Failure to accept<br /> responsibility<br />Factor Two (F2)<br />Lifestyle: Antisocial:<br />Need for stimulation Poor behavioral <br /> control<br />Parasitic lifestyle Early behavior <br /> problems<br />Lack of realistic Juvenile delinquency<br />Goals<br />Impulsivity Revocation of <br /> conditional release<br />Irresponsibility Criminal versatility<br />
  4. 4. Does the pcl-r predict recidivism?<br />Walters (2003) found F2 of the PCL-R correlated moderately well with recidivism.<br />Porter, Brinke, and Wilson (2009) found an association between psychopathy and increased instance of violent and non-violent offenses.<br />Walters and Duncan (2005) found F2 of the PCL-R successfully predicted recidivism.<br />Porter, Birt, and Boer (2001) found offenders scoring within the psychopathic range of the PCL-R (30 or higher), consistently committed more violent and non-violent offenses than those with low scores.<br />***Based on official criminal recidivism rates*** <br />
  5. 5. Recommendations<br />Find the cause of psychopathy<br />Find an effective treatment<br />Address the aspects of psychopathy responsible for the higher predictive efficacy of F2 of the PCL-R<br />
  6. 6. References<br />Brown, S. E., Esbensen, F., & Geis, G. (2007). Criminology: Explaining crime and its context <br /> (6th ed.). Southington, CT: Anderson Publishing.<br />Edens, J. F., Campbell, J. S., & Weir, J. M. (2006). Youth psychopathy and criminal recidivism:<br /> A meta-analysis of the psychopathy checklist measures. Law and Human Behavior, <br /> 31(1), 53-75.<br />Hare, R. D. (1999). Psychopathy as a risk for violence. Psychiatric Quarterly, 70(3), 181-195.<br />Hare, R. D. & Neumann, C. S. (2009). Psychopathy: Assessment and forensic implications. The<br /> Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(12), 791-802.<br />Porter, S., Birt, A. R., & Boer, D. P. (2001). Investigation of the criminal and conditional release<br /> Profiles of Canadian federal offenders as a function of psychopathy and age. Law and <br /> Human Behavior, 25(6), 647-661.<br />Porter, S., Brinke, L., & Wilson, K. (2009). Crime profiles and conditional release performance <br /> of psychopathic and non-psychopathic sexual offenders. Legal and Criminological <br /> Psychology, 14, 109-118.<br />Schmalleger, F. (2009). Criminal justice today: An introduction text for the 21st century<br />(10th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.<br />Thomas-Peter, B. & Jones, J. (2006). High-risk inferences in assessing high risk: Outstanding<br /> concerns in the clinical use of the PCL-R. The British Journal of Forensic Practice, 8(4), <br /> 3-19.<br />Walters, G. D. (2003). Predicting institutional adjustment and recidivism with the psychopathy <br /> Checklist factor scores: a meta-analysis. Law and Human Behavior, 27(5), 541-558.<br />Walters, G. D. & Duncan, S. A. (2005). Use of the PCL-R and PAI to predict release outcome in<br /> Inmates undergoing forensic evaluation. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 16(3), 459-476.<br />

×