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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Vettel L


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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Vettel L

  1. 1. Psychopathy: Assessment and predicting recidivism<br />Lorelei Vettel<br />PSY492 Advanced General Psychology<br />Argosy University<br />August 16, 2010<br />
  2. 2. psychopathy<br />Affective:Interpersonal:Lifestyle:<br />Shallowness Grandiose Impulsiveness<br />Inability to form bonds Arrogance Ignoring norms<br />Short temperedness Deceptive Violating norms<br />Lack of empathy Dominant <br />Lack of remorse Manipulative <br /> Superficial<br /> Callous<br />
  3. 3. Psychopathy checklist-revised (pcl-r)<br />Factor One (F1)<br />Interpersonal: Affective:<br />Glibness Lack of remorse<br />Grandiose Shallow affect<br />Pathological lying Callousness<br />Manipulative Failure to accept<br /> responsibility<br />Factor Two (F2)<br />Lifestyle: Antisocial:<br />Need for stimulation Poor behavioral <br /> control<br />Parasitic lifestyle Early behavior <br /> problems<br />Lack of realistic Juvenile delinquency<br />Goals<br />Impulsivity Revocation of <br /> conditional release<br />Irresponsibility Criminal versatility<br />
  4. 4. Does the pcl-r predict recidivism?<br />Walters (2003) found F2 of the PCL-R correlated moderately well with recidivism.<br />Porter, Brinke, and Wilson (2009) found an association between psychopathy and increased instance of violent and non-violent offenses.<br />Walters and Duncan (2005) found F2 of the PCL-R successfully predicted recidivism.<br />Porter, Birt, and Boer (2001) found offenders scoring within the psychopathic range of the PCL-R (30 or higher), consistently committed more violent and non-violent offenses than those with low scores.<br />***Based on official criminal recidivism rates*** <br />
  5. 5. Recommendations<br />Find the cause of psychopathy<br />Find an effective treatment<br />Address the aspects of psychopathy responsible for the higher predictive efficacy of F2 of the PCL-R<br />
  6. 6. References<br />Brown, S. E., Esbensen, F., & Geis, G. (2007). Criminology: Explaining crime and its context <br /> (6th ed.). Southington, CT: Anderson Publishing.<br />Edens, J. F., Campbell, J. S., & Weir, J. M. (2006). Youth psychopathy and criminal recidivism:<br /> A meta-analysis of the psychopathy checklist measures. Law and Human Behavior, <br /> 31(1), 53-75.<br />Hare, R. D. (1999). Psychopathy as a risk for violence. Psychiatric Quarterly, 70(3), 181-195.<br />Hare, R. D. & Neumann, C. S. (2009). Psychopathy: Assessment and forensic implications. The<br /> Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(12), 791-802.<br />Porter, S., Birt, A. R., & Boer, D. P. (2001). Investigation of the criminal and conditional release<br /> Profiles of Canadian federal offenders as a function of psychopathy and age. Law and <br /> Human Behavior, 25(6), 647-661.<br />Porter, S., Brinke, L., & Wilson, K. (2009). Crime profiles and conditional release performance <br /> of psychopathic and non-psychopathic sexual offenders. Legal and Criminological <br /> Psychology, 14, 109-118.<br />Schmalleger, F. (2009). Criminal justice today: An introduction text for the 21st century<br />(10th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.<br />Thomas-Peter, B. & Jones, J. (2006). High-risk inferences in assessing high risk: Outstanding<br /> concerns in the clinical use of the PCL-R. The British Journal of Forensic Practice, 8(4), <br /> 3-19.<br />Walters, G. D. (2003). Predicting institutional adjustment and recidivism with the psychopathy <br /> Checklist factor scores: a meta-analysis. Law and Human Behavior, 27(5), 541-558.<br />Walters, G. D. & Duncan, S. A. (2005). Use of the PCL-R and PAI to predict release outcome in<br /> Inmates undergoing forensic evaluation. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 16(3), 459-476.<br />