BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS
CHILDCARE AND GUIDANCE
PRESENTED BY:
LIANNE DIAS and Sonal Jani.
BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS
MEANING:
The term ‘behavior problem’ is used to designate a
deviation in behavior from the one expecte...
POINTS (OR MANTRAS) TO REMEMBER WHILE
DEALING WITH CHILDREN:
•What you consider as “problem behavior” may actually be a
no...
•Disciplining children should be explanation- based not the fear-
based.
•Praise/ reward the child when he does not make a...
BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS
FEAR:
MEANING: Fear is an unpleasant emotion caused by the threat
of danger, pain or harm. Fear stimul...
HANDLING: (FEAR)
1. Do not force the child to do something that is scary to him.
Convey that you understand the child.
2. ...
ENURESIS (BED WETTING):
MEANING:
The uncontrolled or involuntary discharge of urine by children 3 years+. It is a
common d...
HANDLING: (ENURESIS)
1. Let sleep time begin as a relaxed activity. Make the child feel
comfortable.
2. Instill proper bla...
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Behavior problems

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Behavior problems

  1. 1. BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS CHILDCARE AND GUIDANCE PRESENTED BY: LIANNE DIAS and Sonal Jani.
  2. 2. BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS MEANING: The term ‘behavior problem’ is used to designate a deviation in behavior from the one expected or approved by the group. CAUSES OF BEHAVIORAL PROBLEM: •A genetic weakness or defect. •Conflict between child’s basic drives and a forbidding environment, i.e. faulty interpersonal reaction between the child and environment. •Learned behavior. •A consequence of inability or failure to meet cultural demands.
  3. 3. POINTS (OR MANTRAS) TO REMEMBER WHILE DEALING WITH CHILDREN: •What you consider as “problem behavior” may actually be a normal characteristic of that particular age group. •Behavior, if at all a problem, is so due to some environment. •Correction therefore is required within the environment. •Try to find the underlying cause of the behavior. •When you approve of certain behavior and you want it repeated often, rewards are required. •When you disapprove of certain behavior and you don‟t want it repeated, punishments are required. •Threats, ridiculing, scolding and physical abuse are not effective punishments. •If we do need to teach the child that certain behavior of his will not be tolerated, it has to be done immediately after the act, not after some time lapse.
  4. 4. •Disciplining children should be explanation- based not the fear- based. •Praise/ reward the child when he does not make a mistake. •Understand the difference between rewards and bribes. •Respect the individuality of each child. •Give positive and concrete commands. •Be consistent in your approach towards children. •Listen to your children. •Every problem has to be handled with care, concern, understanding and affection. •„Preaching‟ what is right has never worked – children will not understand why they are not being allowed to do what they want to do. They can be made to understand through role plays and stories, where the central character benefits out of the desired behavior. •Children outgrow most problems; But if the problem persists despite of efforts, don‟t hesitate to consult a counselor, for professional help.
  5. 5. BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS FEAR: MEANING: Fear is an unpleasant emotion caused by the threat of danger, pain or harm. Fear stimuli occur suddenly and unexpectedly, where the child does not get a chance to adjust to them. CAUSES: 1. Children experience fear when faced with something threatening. It is a normal defense mechanism. It is harmful only when exaggerated to cause anxiety. 2. by watching another child acting scared. 3. fear of being separated from his/her parents. 4. common fears are darkness, fear of being alone and dreams. RESPONSES: Small children cry, hide and try to escape from the scary situation. As children grow, overt responses are curbed by social pressure and indirect responses become visible as in nervous mannerisms like nail biting.
  6. 6. HANDLING: (FEAR) 1. Do not force the child to do something that is scary to him. Convey that you understand the child. 2. Do not tease or ridicule the child. Do not say, “There is nothing to be afraid of.” But say, “See, bobby is enjoying playing with the puppy. 3. Set up counter resources and skills that are helpful in meeting the fearful situation. Give the child something that help him feel stronger and having some power over the fear. 4. Promote familiarity with the feared object without forcing. 5. Allow child to observe others who show no fear in the feared situation. 6. Directly recondition – praise/reinforce fearless behavior. BRIGHT TIP: Let the child feel reassured that it is wise to be afraid of safety hazards like speeding cars, fire, sharp instruments etc. he need not feel ashamed of experiencing fear in legitimate situations.
  7. 7. ENURESIS (BED WETTING): MEANING: The uncontrolled or involuntary discharge of urine by children 3 years+. It is a common developmental disorder. IT CAN BE OF TWO TYPES: •Primary: When child has not learnt to be dry ever. •Secondary: It comes after a learnt dry period. 11/2 to 41/2 years is the critical period for learning bladder control. If the child faces any emotional disturbance during this time, learning control may be difficult. CAUSES: Primary enuresis may show because of: •Delayed maturation of nervous system or organic defect. •Inconsistent training. •Feeling of insecurity. •Strict discipline/toilet training. Secondary enuresis may be due to: •Stress/anxiety caused by maternal separation. •Birth of a sibling. •Hospitalization of mother figure. •Punishment at school.
  8. 8. HANDLING: (ENURESIS) 1. Let sleep time begin as a relaxed activity. Make the child feel comfortable. 2. Instill proper bladder training in the child. Let the child form a habit of going to the toilet just before going to bed. 3. Don’t treat failures with scolding, shame or punishment. 4. Make the child feel wanted, not neglected. 5. Praise the child when accidents don’t occur. 6. Reduce stress in the child’s life. Create a happy, relaxed atmosphere free from scolding and threats. 7. Avoid excitement and scary stories before bedtime. 8. Avoid giving liquids a few hours before bedtime. 9. Reassure the child that the problem is temporary and that this isn’t an abnormality. 10. Don’t say, “Don’t wet the bed again tonight!” – Say, “I’m there if you need me in the night!” BRIGHT TIP: Remember bedwetting is not the child’s intentional act. He needs your comforting and reassuring presence.

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