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It is believed that HERVs are the result of ancient viral infections. A number of HERVs have maintained some functionality and still contain intact open reading frames (ORF’s) which code for fully functional proteins. HERV-W is one of these endogenous retroviruses. Over the last few years several research projects have suggested that HERV-W may be involved with multiple sclerosis, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, autism, and various tumors. The presence of HERV-W RNAs, proteins, and virions has been detected in association with these diseases. This power point presentation was created to be used in conjunction with the associated paper.