The Problem :
• Global investments in science, technology and innovation
are estimated at $1.2 trillion as of 2009. India’s R&D
investment is less than 2.5% of this and is currently under
1% of the GDP. Increasing gross expenditure in R&D to 2%
of the GDP has been a national goal for some time.¹
• Delhi metro project, totally dependent on Japan
technology. Its major contractors belong to countries like
Korea, Japan, Sweden, Germany, France etc.²
• Indian defense sector, well known for its excellence,
imports its major part of technology – armors, missiles,
jet planes and submarines from Russia.
• India spends a major part of dollar stock for buying the
technology from other countries.
• Outflow of Indian mindsparks, that are being utilized for
the development of other countries.
• “One-size-fits-all” strategies are being implemented
in all the sectors.
• We don’t have enough seats for higher education in
good, reputed colleges that, at best , may
accommodate 10 per cent of the applicant pool of
• Number of bills regarding upliftment of this sector
are pending in Parliament, such as The Protection
and Utilization of Public Funded Intellectual Property
Bill, 2008 .4
• Low social status of people engaged in such sectors.
• “Work to earn” attitude in youth of India.
• Liberalization of the norms in education sector , thus
enabling any person with riches to start an institution
as a business, thus degrading the quality education.
• It’ll produce cost effective technology
which would help us in the upcoming
• It can redefine everything - from products,
processes and services to individuals,
organizations, the public and private sector
• Conventional technology wastes energy
and is less efficient.
• Scientific research utilizes money to
generate knowledge and, by providing
solutions, innovation converts knowledge
into wealth and/or value.
• Identification of 100 Institutions across the
country. The basis for the selection of a
particular institution will be the available
resources within the institution and the
potential to grow up and emerge as a world
• Dividing the identified institutes in 5 zones, on
the basis of region, each consisting of 20
Upgrading the subsisting higher educational institutions to provide
the base for promoting research and innovation in India:
• Forming 5 zonal committees, each for the respected zone, for monitoring the infrastructure
and academicians within the institution, and submitting a report regarding it within 4
• Provide a model of the ideal institute and make a team for each of the 100 institutes,
comprising of 1 supervisor and 5 engineers, who would work to get the institute to the ideal
• Make a team of experts who would train the existing faculties for complying the revised
criteria for providing International standard education to their students (criteria may imply
norms such as minimum 3 years experience either in research or corporate).
• Decreasing the teacher-student ratio from 1:15 to 1:10, and hence for this, we have to recruit
faculty to bridge the gap, by attracting the Indians working abroad and researchers working
(Ministry of Human
Effectuation of plan:
• Faculty training panel will incorporate the personnel from
research sectors, corporate world, management field and
professors from world’s reputed universities.
• The zonal committees comprise of members from various
scopes, such as retired judicial, fellows from research
institutions, retired army chiefs, heads of NGOs and head of
Intended Expenditure (INR 3,500 crore):
• Allocate INR 500 crore for the development of infrastructure
(INR 5 crore per institute).
• INR 3000 crore for faculty payment .
A typical university has around 7000 students. At present teacher-
student ratio is 1:15 (about 470 faculty). To make it 1:10 we require
230 more faculty(700-470=230). An attractive pay for the newly
appointed faculty is INR 12 lakh p.a. So approximately we require 30
crore for one institute’s faculties.
Monetary Sources :
• Collaborating with corporate sector on symbiotic terms. They would invest on students for
performing research in their respected fields and then they are able to use that technology.
• Redistribution of monetary funds so as to cover the requirements of this sector.
• INR 65,867 crore has been allocated to the Ministry of Human Resource Development, an
increase of 17 percent over the RE of the current year.6
• Inviting underdeveloped and other developing nations to send their students for higher
studies in India on contract basis that they would provide us with the monetary requirements
and in response, would get their students educated by utilizing the resources available in
Upshots of the plan:
•Number of researches completed by the students per year.
•Researches being implemented in the industries.
•Number of patents filed yearly.
measurement of impact
of proposed solution
•Utilization of all the available resources in a sustainable
•Enriching the youth, and in turn, the country.
Sustainability of the
•The zonal committees appointed before should inspect the
institutions in its zone at regular intervals (say 6 months).
•Conducting regular surveys regarding facilities and resources
available to students.
Challenges: Mitigation of the challenges:
• Promoting awareness among people
towards the area of research.
• Fixed mind-set of people (parents as well
as students) that only Doctors and
Engineers are the only successful
• Increasing the fund allocated to this
sector. India’s R&D expenditure is about
0.9% of GDP.5
• Due to falling Indian economy, it would be
tough to attract foreign investors.
• Political pressures on the executing
committees regarding their selfish
• Delay in timely execution of the proposed
• To generate awareness, make a
reputed personality as the
ambassador for this program.
• Invoking the working abroad
Indians’ morality to work for the
• Organizing seminars and
counseling sessions for the
students as well as parents.
• Finance Ministry has to take
proper steps to strengthen the
• MHRD has to work without
being influenced by the political
1. Science, Technology and Innovation Policy 2013, Government of India, Ministry of Science and Technology,
3. STRATEGY PAPER, MARCH 2011, Office of Adviser to the Prime Minister, Public Information Infrastructure
7. Possible Synergies between CII and National Innovation Council (NInC), Confederation of Indian Industry.
8. Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, 2013, Government of India, Ministry of Science & Technology,
9. The Protection and Utilization of Public Funded Intellectual Property Bill, 2008, http://www.prsindia.org/
10. The Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research Bill, 2008, http://www.prsindia.org/
11. Research and Innovation Policy Guidelines for 2011–2015, The Research and Innovation Council of Finland
12. Promoting EU-India Research & Innovation Collaboration, Awareness Raising and Information Campaign
in India, 10-28 September 2012
13. PROMOTING INNOVATIONS IN INDIVIDUALS, START-UPs and MSMEs (PRISM), Department of Scientific and
Industrial Research, Government of India.
14. THE PATENTS ACT, 1970, http://www.ipindia.nic.in/ipr/patent/patAct1970-3-99.html
15. TOWARDS A MORE INCLUSIVE AND INNOVATIVE INDIA, STRATEGY PAPER MARCH 2011, Office of Adviser to
the Prime Minister, Public Information Infrastructure & Innovations
A letter to convince the Indians working abroad and in private sector, invoking in them, their
moral responsibility to work for their nation.
Rarely has a nation of multi-crore population would be so desolate; rarely has such a proud country been
brought down to such an abysmal state that it may need alms. It is the same nation, the same India, which
fought with valor and pride to rise above slavery and bondage. Yet ironically today, it needs the help of its sons
and daughters serving abroad in the interest of other nations and lands.
This letter is, but, only a ripple on the surface, a glimpse of demons plaguing our country. In our 66th year of
independence, the stark truth is that our country is in dire need for help. This is not a listening of problems, but
bringing them to the forefront of our combine analysis and solutions. Poverty, the root from which every other
malaise springs forth is televised as a false broadcast of hope and a developing nation when the actuality is
that a million people are homeless, countless children forced on the streets to beg, dwell in slums, subjected
to malnutrition and short lived miserable lives. Severe lack of indigenous practices and over-dependence on
foreign investment has not only set us back on the development scale but also made a joke of the self-
sufficient and self-reliant boasts of our leaders.
Former suicides and loss of livelihoods of so many rural families who find themselves at a loss of any help is yet
another bane from which we suffer. Tagore has envisioned a nation “where the head is held high and the mind
is without fear”. But contrary to that vision, women today walk the streets with bowed heads and terror of
being attacked at any moment. Fear prowls everywhere and crimes against women are shamelessly and
rampantly committed. Poverty may be the biggest deconstruction but we but we believe that inequality in
education and illiteracy are the real harbingers of doom on our nation. If opportunities for education are
limited only to a privileged, few then that’s not the kind of diversity or inequality we are proud of. If 4 out of
every 5 children become street laborers, then that’s not the kind of nation builder’s we have in mind. The
architecture and ideals that guided our country have been twisted and warped to such a degree that they no
longer serve the people, but only those in power. It is not as if there aren’t people amongst us who are fighting
for change and betterment but the best ideologies often find themselves at logger heads with the corrupt
Our motherland is crippled and in her twilight years, she needs your help. We need you to help same and
rebuild the nation that helped to groom and shape your own lives. Many of you have brought pride to this
nation but more than that it needs you and your abilities at the moment. The vast resources at your disposal,
be it either financial acumen capital. They are the tools that are needed to strip away the weakened foundation
and reconstruct. We need you to infuse a lease of life into the frail bones of our burdened nation. It is neither
duty nor service, but a sense of giving back to the country that gave us and you everything.
We don’t need the headlines stating that “so many thousand crores proposed for so and so development
project”. Instead we want the news to read “foreign return venture capitalist(s) opened primary schools,
women rehabilitation centers, old age homes, or rural electrification projects”. So, we aren’t asking you to
change the system, the system is beyond our help. We need your help to transform the people because these
are the problems of the people and the people in essence are the nation.
We urge you to heed this call for help and return to help your nation, return to give back what it has lost and
together create a new India.