Ht&m h&s-2012.ppt


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Ht&m h&s-2012.ppt

  1. 1. Safety Office HT&M – Management Health and Safety Awareness
  2. 2. Safety Office Outline of session  Who are we  Outcomes of session  Why health and safety?  Safety law  Safety management  Risk assessment  Dark arts
  3. 3. Safety Office Who are we? • Newcastle University Health and Safety Office • A team of health and safety professionals • We have seen the effects of getting it wrong – Serious Injuries – Prosecutions – Notices – Publicity • We want you to get it right
  4. 4. Safety Office Outcomes of session  By the end of the session you should have a basic awareness of the Health and Safety issues of managing a museum or other attraction.  And an indication of where to go for more information and assistance
  5. 5. Safety Office Outcomes of session  This session contributes towards the module aims to: • be familiar with the requirements of health and safety legislation in the public and private areas of a museum, gallery or heritage site • be familiar with the issues relating to children and volunteers in the heritage sector • have begun to understand the importance of training • be familiar with the concept of strategic planning • be aware of the importance of developing policies, procedures and good practice in the management of people, including communications, involvement and motivation
  6. 6. Safety Office Why Health and Safety 1 A Roman Perspective  Lead miners were known to die early  Slaves were sent to the mines as a punishment  Finally link between lead and ill health established  Lead is now recognized as a neuro-toxin and poison More recently in the USA it was proposed that only old people work with asbestos as they won‟t have time to die from asbestosis
  7. 7. Safety Office Development of UK Legislation  Mid C19th the first Factories Acts  Various other industry specific safety Acts  The Flixborough Disaster  The Robens Commission  1974 The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act  Risk Assessed regulation as the new „fashion‟
  8. 8. Safety Office Why Health and Safety 3 Motivations The four main motivations are:  Economic benefit Reduced losses – accidents cost a lot – mostly uninsurable  Moral Imperative Seen to be bad to kill people – Clapham Junction  Legal imperative Not good for business to get prosecuted  Institutional drive Organisation wants to ensure it knows what it is doing and why – so establishes rules and policies
  9. 9. Safety Office Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA)  Covers all work activities  Requires Safety Policies (all but smallest Co‟s.)  “So far as is reasonably practicable”  Applies to the Self Employed  Uses Regulations and Approved Codes of Practice for the details.
  10. 10. Safety Office HASAWA S2 “It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees.” Especially by: - Maintenance of plant - Safe handling of materials - Instruction and training - Safe and Healthy workplaces
  11. 11. Safety Office HASAWA S3 Employers must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that persons not in their employment are not exposed to risks to their health and safety. E.g. members of the public, children, contractors etc.
  12. 12. Safety Office Museum Prosecuted !  Geological samples on show  Some samples radioactive  Courts - a danger to public  HASAWA S 3(1) and Ionising Radiations Regulations prosecution
  13. 13. Safety Office HASAWA S7 “It shall be the duty of every employee while at work”  to take reasonable care for the health and safety of himself and of other persons who may be affected by his acts or omissions at work;  to co-operate with his employer so far as is necessary to enable that duty to be complied with.
  14. 14. Safety Office HASAWA S8 “No person shall intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse anything provided in the interests of health, safety or welfare in pursuance of any of the relevant statutory provisions.” Use of fire extinguishers to hold open fire doors – is it illegal?
  15. 15. Safety Office Statute/Criminal Law  HSWA and Regulations  Breaches are criminal offences  Purpose is preventative and punishment  Penalties are fines (not insured) and prison (rare)  Enforced by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
  16. 16. Safety Office Common/Civil Law  Based on a general duty of care and negligence  Derived from judicial precedent  Purpose is compensation (insured costs)  Action taken by an individual (civil court)  Employers are vicariously liable for employee actions  Maybe contributory negligence by employee
  17. 17. Safety Office The Costs of Failure  Failure to manage health and safety can result in: • prosecution, fines and imprisonment • compensation claims • loss of output or service • replacement costs • loss of reputation
  18. 18. Safety Office Hypothetical Case Story  Member of public trips on stairs, is the museum liable?  Does it change it if the carpet is loose?  What if the stairs were outside?  What if the lights had failed?  What other factors could be in play?
  19. 19. Safety Office Safety Management  The Safety Policy – Required by HASAWA  The Risk Assessment – Required by the “Management Regulations” 1999  Emergency Plans – Required for some instances – e.g. fire evacuation, – especially for disabled persons
  20. 20. Safety Office Safety Management  Imperative for good business management  Public enquiry‟s continually identify failure of safety management as the prime cause of disasters. Herald of Free Enterprise / Costa Concordia Bradford Fire / Hillsbrough Hatfield/ Clapham rail crashes Piper Alpha  Risk Assessment is main driver for all new safety legislation worldwide
  21. 21. Safety Office Risk Assessment Risk Assessments identify  Main hazards  Who is at risk  Probability of event happening  How to protect against the event  What is “reasonably practicable”  What records need to be kept Easy method for Risk Assessment is provided by the HSE and called the “5 Steps” method. See HSE website at and look in the free leaflets section. See See
  22. 22. Safety Office What Risk Assessments are needed here?
  23. 23. Safety Office Risk Assessment – Further Assistance HSE website links are particularly good – especially An Introduction to health and safety Five Steps to Risk Assessment The University Safety Office website IOSH (Institution of Occupational Safety and Health) (IOSH is one of the worlds bodies for safety professionals)
  24. 24. Safety Office The Dark Arts Examples of things to look at. How safe are your electrics?
  25. 25. Safety Office How do you change the light bulb? Can „little Jim‟ fall between the balustrades?
  26. 26. Safety Office What risks are present here – and how are they controlled? Look at : Falls from height, Access (DDA), Egress, Security, Lighting, Falling objects, Smoke and Fire control.
  27. 27. Safety Office Fire and Emergency Escape issues • How do you know to leave if your deaf? • How does the wheelchair user evacuate? • Who uses the Evac chair and are they trained for it? • If there is a fire where do you go? • How do I raise the alarm?
  28. 28. Safety Office How good is that glass?  This glass was measured at 2mm thick.  So what are you going to do about it?
  29. 29. Safety Office Now where do I go next? No apologies for the picture quality.
  30. 30. Safety Office Violence at Work How are the staff going to be protected against violence e.g. theft of the takings?
  31. 31. Safety Office Little Jim likes the Rhino – the horn is nice and sharp and his baby brother sits in front just right to push…
  32. 32. Safety Office Now Little Jim still likes the Rhino – but cannot get to climb on the horn because the shrubs are sharp …
  33. 33. Safety Office Who looks after the maintenance?  All that roofline and windows.  “Work at Height Regulations” So if you are not to use ladders how do you clean windows?  Don‟t forget you also have a duty to the contractors.
  34. 34. Safety Office Conclusions  Safety management is necessary but need not be hard  Look for problems Look for solutions  Get advice and assistance when you need it  Don’t Panic !