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Africa Trend of deep
processing in timber industry
Wang Lei
WWF China
16-Nov-16 / 1
China imports of Africa timber—LOG
中国进口非洲木材-原木
Unit	m3
0
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2,500,000
3,000,000
3,500,0...
China imports of Africa timber—Sawn timber
中国进口非洲木材-锯木
Unit	m3
0
100,000
200,000
300,000
400,000
500,000
600,000
700,000
2...
4
16-Nov-16 / 5
COUNTRY PRODUCT	SCOPE
CURRENT	
STATUS
SOURCE
AFRICA
Cameroon
Log	export	ban	on	more	than	20	
species	of	raw	...
Status of industrialization and further timber processing in Africa
非洲木材加工产业发展和工业化现状
Primary processing :Sawn wood, Peelin...
7
Ø Technically are	antiquated.	技术落后
Ø Low efficiency	rate. 加工利用率较低。
Ø The	poor	quality	of	equipment	 设备质
量较差
Ø transporta...
Main constraints by country to further processing
各国主要限制条件
Constraints	 Country	
1	Serious	supply	difficulties	for	log-pro...
Proposed strategies
建议性措施
Ø The establishment of a favorable economic, taxation and institutional
climate for industrial i...
10
– Bridge dialogue between governmental
agencies and private sector in order to
address common issues
– Capacity buildin...
12家加蓬中资企业(拥有500万公顷森
林)
12 China forest companies managed
500 Million ha in Gabon
2014年6月20日承诺:保护野生动物,
改善员工林区生产生活条件
June 20...
• 承诺:开展负责任的森林经营,“依照《指南
》的要求:
ü 遵守法律法规公约;
ü 引入产品追踪体系;
ü 杜绝和防范非法采伐和造成森林退化的风
险;
ü 注重当地文化和风俗,积极参与社区建设
、扶危济困和助学等公益和慈善事业;
ü 担负起企...
从合规到可持续:建立新型合作模式, 加蓬森林保护初见成果
From Legal to Sustainable: Partnership approaches
beginning to bear fruit in Gabon’s forests
...
Presentation to Company name 16-Nov-16 / 14
工业园
Industry	
park
资源配套
Resource
深加工
Deep
processing
提高利用率
Raises
utilization
...
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Africa trends of deep processing in timber industry

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This bilingual English-Chinese presentation by Ms Wang Lei, WWF China, describes the trend of deep processing in the timber industry in Africa.

The presentation was made at the third event of the China-Africa Forest Governance Learning Platform, held in Beijing 24-25 October 2016.

The event explored how China can help sustain Africa’s forests with a focus on the role of private sector actors and Chinese stakeholders in working with African stakeholders to promote pro-poor and sustainable investments and trade in Africa’s forests.

More details: www.iied.org/mists-china-africa-forests

Published in: Environment
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Africa trends of deep processing in timber industry

  1. 1. Africa Trend of deep processing in timber industry Wang Lei WWF China 16-Nov-16 / 1
  2. 2. China imports of Africa timber—LOG 中国进口非洲木材-原木 Unit m3 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 3,500,000 4,000,000 4,500,000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Congo, Rep. Gabon Mozambique Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Nigeria Benin Ghana Congo, Dem. Rep. The rest
  3. 3. China imports of Africa timber—Sawn timber 中国进口非洲木材-锯木 Unit m3 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Gabon Mozambique Cameroon Congo, Rep. Benin Ghana Tanzania Congo, Dem. Rep. The rest
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 16-Nov-16 / 5 COUNTRY PRODUCT SCOPE CURRENT STATUS SOURCE AFRICA Cameroon Log export ban on more than 20 species of raw logs excluding Ayous. 1999 - Present Décret no. 99/781 PM du 13 Octobre 1999. Republic of Cameroon. Cote d'Ivoire A ban on the export of logs, including teak. 1999 - Present Maldonado and Louppe. 2000. Gabon Export ban on logs, boules and through cut logs. 2010 - Present Hance. 2010. Ghana The log export ban was introduced for high value species and extended to all species since 1994. 1979 - Present VERIFOR. 2006. Madagascar Export ban on unworked wood of valuable species such as palissandra and voamboana followed by periodic exceptions; Adopted a decree to stop the export of precious timber from October 2000 for three years (decree N. 11832 / 2000). Undetermined (first enacted 1975) Oldfield. 1988; Schuurman and Lowry. 2009. Mozambique An export ban on raw logs. 2007 - Present Hubert. 2014. Nigeria Log export ban. 1976 - Present FAO. 2001.
  6. 6. Status of industrialization and further timber processing in Africa 非洲木材加工产业发展和工业化现状 Primary processing :Sawn wood, Peeling, and Slicing 初级加工:锯木,旋切,切片 Most countries only use a small proportion of their established industrial capacity. Gabon uses about 70% of its established capacity, Cameroon 75% and Nigeria 62%。 很多国家只使用它们工业产能的一小部分。 加蓬仅利用了其70%的产能,喀麦隆是 75%,尼日利亚为62%。
  7. 7. 7 Ø Technically are antiquated. 技术落后 Ø Low efficiency rate. 加工利用率较低。 Ø The poor quality of equipment 设备质 量较差 Ø transportation cost is high. 运输成本较 高。 Ø No sufficient skills of machine operators. 技术工人能力不足 Status of industrialization and further timber processing in Africa 非洲木材加工产业发展和工业化现状
  8. 8. Main constraints by country to further processing 各国主要限制条件 Constraints Country 1 Serious supply difficulties for log-processing units Ghana, Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, Cameroon 2 Equipment in disrepair CAR, DRC, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Congo 3 Inadequate transport infrastructure and poor services CAR, Congo, DRC, Gabon 4 Political instability and social conflicts DRC, Congo, CAR, Côte d’Ivoire, Angola 5 Lack of concerted and coherent national strategy for forest industry development or non-implementation of existing strategies Gabon, Cameroon, CAR, Congo, Nigeria, Angola 6 Absence of adequate financing mechanisms for the further-processing industry DRC, Congo, CAR, Côte d’Ivoire, Angola 7 Multinational company strategies based on intra- enterprise transfers DRC, Congo, CAR, Côte d’Ivoire, Cameroon, Gabon 8 Lack of qualified and experienced personnel in further-processing planning, management and product marketing Ghana, Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, Cameroon, CAR, Gabon, DRC, Congo 9 Limited domestic further-processed product market and foreign imports Gabon, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, CAR 10 Non-compliance with legal processing rates by operators Gabon, CAR, Congo 数据来源WRI
  9. 9. Proposed strategies 建议性措施 Ø The establishment of a favorable economic, taxation and institutional climate for industrial investment. 建立良好的经济、税收和制度环境, 为工业投资创造条件。 Ø Securing infrastructure and basic services (energy, transport, communication) for the development of further-processing industrie;为进 一步加工行业的发展提供基础设施和基本服务(能源、交通、通信) Ø Integrating the forest-sector industrialization plan into the general development plan of each country: forest industrialization frameworks and master plans will need to be developed while ensuring their integration into national development plans ;各国应总体规划开发森林产业化的框架, 同时确保同国家总体发展方案保持一致。 Ø Securing supply for primary processing units established in the country ,Promoting forest management and forest product certification ;保证该国已建立的初级加工产业的原料供应,推进森 林经营和森林产品认证 。
  10. 10. 10 – Bridge dialogue between governmental agencies and private sector in order to address common issues – Capacity building to raise the awareness on legal and sustainable timber production and trade of Chinese enterprises. – Building responsible market linkages as an incentive to tackling illegal logging and trade – Advance South-South Cooperation to improve the forest governance and local timber processing capacity – Innovate Ways on Timber Sector Transformation,industry park. WWF-Key activities in Gabon and Mozambique WWF在加蓬和莫桑比克的主要活动
  11. 11. 12家加蓬中资企业(拥有500万公顷森 林) 12 China forest companies managed 500 Million ha in Gabon 2014年6月20日承诺:保护野生动物, 改善员工林区生产生活条件 June 20,2015: Protect wildlife and improve the working environment and conditions for local employees 2016年6月17日承诺:开展负责任森林 经营 June 17,2016: Develop responsible forest management 加蓬中资林业企业的两次承诺 Two Commitment– Chinese forest companies in Gabon
  12. 12. • 承诺:开展负责任的森林经营,“依照《指南 》的要求: ü 遵守法律法规公约; ü 引入产品追踪体系; ü 杜绝和防范非法采伐和造成森林退化的风 险; ü 注重当地文化和风俗,积极参与社区建设 、扶危济困和助学等公益和慈善事业; ü 担负起企业社会责任”。
  13. 13. 从合规到可持续:建立新型合作模式, 加蓬森林保护初见成果 From Legal to Sustainable: Partnership approaches beginning to bear fruit in Gabon’s forests 2010-2015,中国企 业获得长期经营许可 证的林地面积从 818,932 公顷增加到 3,964,249 公顷。
  14. 14. Presentation to Company name 16-Nov-16 / 14 工业园 Industry park 资源配套 Resource 深加工 Deep processing 提高利用率 Raises utilization 可持续经营 Sustainable management 技术工人能 力建设 Capacity building 社区建设 Community cooperation 提高就业率 Raises the employment rate
  15. 15. Thank you!

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