Revitalisasi Industri Kehutanan dan Peran Pasar Kayu      Domestik di Kalimantan Timur (Berau dan Kutai Timur)   Timber in...
Contents1. About CIFOR2. CIFOR Mission3. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) objectives4. Indonesian forestry sector5. Forestry s...
1. About CIFOR International Research Organisation – focusing on  tropical forest resources One of 15 CGIAR research cen...
2. CIFOR Mission Provide scientific input for sustainable and equitable  use of tropical forest resources at the global, ...
3. FGD objectives Get a better understanding of the conditions in the    forestry sector in Kaltim – forest management & ...
4. Indonesian forestry sectorProduction capacity of major timber products industry in Indonesia                    Item   ...
4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont)  Production of sawn timber 2000‐2010                                Kayu gergajian (m...
4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont)    Production of plywood 2000‐2010                                   Kayu lapis (m3)7...
4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont)    Production of veneer 2000‐2010                                        Veneer (m3)5...
4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont)  Production of wood chips 2000‐2010                                                  ...
4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont)                          Production of pulp and paper 2000‐2010                      ...
4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont)Contribution of the forestry sector to national GDP (Trilliun Rupiah)                 ...
4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont)   Forestry sector employment                                     Employment in 1000 e...
5. Forestry sector in Kaltim                                          HPH                                                 ...
5. Forestry sector in Kaltim (cont)   HTI in 2009                                          HTI                          H...
5. Forestry sector in Kaltim (cont) IPK timber utilization permits (2010): 57   •   Area: 105,000 ha   •   Production: 63...
5. Forestry sector in Kaltim (cont)   Produksi Kayu Olahan di Kaltim 2009                      Sawn Timber               ...
6. Key points   HPH logging is down   Timber supply is down   Wood processing is down   Employment down   Pulp and fu...
7. Timber market opportunities EU: strong demand for high end hardwoods, furniture,  plywood, pulp Asia:   • 2020 India ...
8. Global & regional trends in timber                     and tradeSource: FAO 2009                                 THINKI...
8. Global & regional trends in timber                and trade (cont)Source: FAO 2009                                THINK...
8. Global & regional trends in timber                 and trade (cont)Source: FAO 2009                                 THI...
8. Global & regional trends in timber                and trade (cont)                                    Wood Fibre       ...
9. National Forestry Master Plan                 2030 Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Kehutanan,  2006-2025   • PDB se...
10. Market entry requirements All markets will require TLAS (timber legality    assurance system)   In Indonesia this me...
11. Main Questions How to take advantage of emerging market    opportunities?   What are the implications of SVLK for fo...
12. Discussion & collaboration Seek input from government officials and private    sector on burning issues   Comments o...
www.cifor.cgiar.org                      THINKING beyond the canopy
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Timber industry revitalisation and the role of the domestic timber market in East Kalimantan (Berau and East Kutai)

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The main concern for wood processing industries in Berau and East Kutai Districts (and in East Kalimantan as a whole) is uncertainty over supplies of legal timber. While most wood processing units struggle in meeting their raw material demand, this is not due to scarcity of timber. The problem lies in deficient legal framework to enable the utilisation of these resources by local industries.

This presentation by CIFOR scientist Krystof Obidzinski gives an overview of the forestry sector in Indonesia and in Kaltim, and then outlines questions and points about revitalising the timber industry that need discussion. He gave this presentation at a district-level Focus Group Discussion (FGD) held on 12 April 2012 in Berau District, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, as part of research activities under the PROFORMAL Project (www.cifor.org/pro-formal).

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Timber industry revitalisation and the role of the domestic timber market in East Kalimantan (Berau and East Kutai)

  1. 1. Revitalisasi Industri Kehutanan dan Peran Pasar Kayu Domestik di Kalimantan Timur (Berau dan Kutai Timur) Timber industry revitalisation and the role of the domestic timber market in East Kalimantan (Berau and East Kutai) Obidzinski K., Komarudin H., Andrianto A. Dermawan A.THINKING beyond the canopy 12 April, 2012, Tanjung Redeb
  2. 2. Contents1. About CIFOR2. CIFOR Mission3. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) objectives4. Indonesian forestry sector5. Forestry sector in Kaltim6. Key points7. Timber market opportunities8. Global & regional trends in timber and trade9. National Forestry Master Plan 203010.Market entry requirements11.Main Questions12.Discussion & collaboration THINKING beyond the canopy
  3. 3. 1. About CIFOR International Research Organisation – focusing on tropical forest resources One of 15 CGIAR research centers Headquartered in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia Hosted in Indonesia by Ministry of Forestry (MoF) Regional offices in Africa and Latin America More than 50 research staff and 250 partner collaborators in tropical forest countries THINKING beyond the canopy
  4. 4. 2. CIFOR Mission Provide scientific input for sustainable and equitable use of tropical forest resources at the global, national and local level: • Governance (kebijakan, trade & investment) • Environmental services (Jasa Lingkungan) • Livelihoods (Penghidupan Lokal) THINKING beyond the canopy
  5. 5. 3. FGD objectives Get a better understanding of the conditions in the forestry sector in Kaltim – forest management & wood processing Discuss challenges and opportunities facing the forestry sector in Kaltim (Berau/Kutim) How to take advantage of the emerging timber market opportunities? (especially domestic) SVLK (Sistem verifikasi legalitas kayu - timber legality verification system) – is it a help or barrier? Identify areas/topics for EC-supported research on enabling conditions for SVLK, especially in small and medium enterprises THINKING beyond the canopy
  6. 6. 4. Indonesian forestry sectorProduction capacity of major timber products industry in Indonesia Item 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Individual (non integrated) mills, in millions m3/year Plywood (KL) 2.35 2.58 2.61 2.84 2.65 Sawnwood (KG) 1.31 1.49 1.75 2.54 2.82 Veneer (VS) 0.23 0.65 0.94 1.00 1.01 Wood Chips (WC) 1.31 2.74 4.42 8.87 9.03Integrated mills, in millions m3/year KL + KG 6.44 7.24 7.42 8.08 8.52 KL + VS 0.60 0.27 0.27 0.18 0.27 KL + LVL 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 WC + Pellet (PK) 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.42 2.42 KL + KG + VS 0.96 0.74 1.17 2.02 2.36 KL + VS + LVL 0.23 0.23 0.28 0.40 0.42 KL + KG + WC 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.90 Sources:  MOF  KG + VS 0.20 0.48 0.13 0.58 0.74 KG + WC 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.16 0.44 (2011), APKI  KG + LVL 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 (2007, 2011);  KL + KG + VS + LVL 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.28 KL + KG + WC + LVL 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 APKI (2007); Total production capacity of KG, KL, VS 15.34 18.14 20.86 30.81 32.68 calculated by B. ,LVL, WC, and PK, in 1000 m3/yearTotal production capacity of pulp, in Simangungsong   6.45 6.48 6.48 7.19 7.90million tonnes/yearTotal production capacity of paper, in 10.51 11.03 11.03 11.96 12.90million tonnes/year THINKING beyond the canopy
  7. 7. 4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont) Production of sawn timber 2000‐2010 Kayu gergajian (m3) 3,000,000 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 Source: B.  Simangungsong  500,000 2012 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Source:  CIFOR analysis  based MoF data THINKING beyond the canopy
  8. 8. 4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont) Production of plywood 2000‐2010 Kayu lapis (m3)7,000,0006,000,0005,000,0004,000,000 Source: B. 3,000,000 Simangungsong  20122,000,0001,000,000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Source:  CIFOR analysis  based MoF  THINKING beyond the canopydata
  9. 9. 4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont) Production of veneer 2000‐2010 Veneer (m3)5,000,0004,500,0004,000,0003,500,0003,000,0002,500,0002,000,0001,500,0001,000,000 Source: B.  Simangungsong  500,000 2012 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Source:  CIFOR analysis  based MoF  THINKING beyond the canopydata
  10. 10. 4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont) Production of wood chips 2000‐2010 Woodchip (m3) 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000Source:  CIFOR  200,000analysis  based  0MoF data 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 THINKING beyond the canopy
  11. 11. 4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont) Production of pulp and paper 2000‐2010 Pulp (ton)8,000,0007,000,0006,000,0005,000,0004,000,0003,000,0002,000,0001,000,000 0 Source: B.  2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Simangungsong Source:  CIFOR  2012analysis  based MoF data THINKING beyond the canopy
  12. 12. 4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont)Contribution of the forestry sector to national GDP (Trilliun Rupiah) Gross Domestic Product Year Forest sector contribution Forest industry contribution Total Amount % Amount % 1994 382 16 4.2% 9.1 2.4% 1995 455 18 3.9% 10.5 2.3% 1996 533 21 3.9% 12.6 2.4% 1997 628 25 3.9% 14.7 2.3% 1998 956 31 3.2% 19.1 2.0% 1999 1,100 32 3.0% 18.7 1.7% 2000 1,390 57 4.1% 40.3 2.9% 2001 1,646 68 4.1% 50.8 3.1% 2002 1,822 71 3.9% 53.7 2.9% 2003 2,014 76 3.8% 57.7 2.9% 2004 2,296 83 3.6% 62.3 2.7% 2005 2,774 92 3.3% 69.1 2.5% 2006 3,339 114 3.4% 84.2 2.5% 2007 3,951 136 3.5% 100.3 2.5% Source: B.  2008 4,949 165 3.3% 125.1 2.5% Simangungsong  2009 5,604 186 3.3% 141.2 2.5% 2012 2010 6,423 THINKING beyond the canopy
  13. 13. 4. Indonesian forestry sector (cont) Forestry sector employment Employment in 1000 employees 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Sawnwood industry Plywood industry Pulp and paper industrySource: B. Simangungsong 2012 THINKING beyond the canopy
  14. 14. 5. Forestry sector in Kaltim HPH  Forest resources still large:Kabupaten Jumlah Perusahaan Luas (ha) • 9.7 million ha HPPaser 4 135,950 • 4.6 million ha HPT Kutai Barat 23 1,498,988Kutai Kartanegara 2 76,635 HPH concessions decline in numberKutai Timur 15 1,184,615 and area, but still significantBerau 14 855,631  Log production: 1 million m3 (2010)Malinau 9 909,461Bulungan 6 598,825Nunukan 4 237,940Penajam Paser Utara 0 0Tana Tidung 0 0 Source:  Dinas Balikpapan 0 0 Kehutanan Samarinda 0 0 Provinsi Tarakan 0 0 Kalimantan Timur Bontang 0 0 (2010)Jumlah 77 5,498,045Tahun 2009 84 6,146,319 THINKING beyond the canopy
  15. 15. 5. Forestry sector in Kaltim (cont) HTI in 2009 HTI  HTI plantations on the riseKabupaten Jumlah Perusahaan Luas (ha)  HTI timber plantations permits: 28Paser 3 97,259 in 2010Kutai Barat 7 158,085 • Area: 1,344,000 haKutai KartanegaraKutai Timur 6 6 478,545 146,376 • Production: 950,000 m3Berau 3 208,016Malinau 0 0Bulungan 3 251,514Nunukan 0 0Penajam Paser Utara 1 16,475Tana Tidung 0 0Balikpapan 1 16,521 Source:  Dinas  Kehutanan Samarinda 0 0 Provinsi Tarakan 0 0 Kalimantan Timur Bontang 0 0 (2010)Jumlah 30 1,372,791Tahun 2009 39 1,585,678 THINKING beyond the canopy
  16. 16. 5. Forestry sector in Kaltim (cont) IPK timber utilization permits (2010): 57 • Area: 105,000 ha • Production: 633,000 m3 • Due to oil palm plantation development • As well as mining concessions THINKING beyond the canopy
  17. 17. 5. Forestry sector in Kaltim (cont)  Produksi Kayu Olahan di Kaltim 2009 Sawn Timber  (m3) Block Board (m3) Chip Wood (ton) Moulding (m3) MDF (m3) Lain‐lainKabupaten 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Paser 19,938.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Kutai Barat 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Kutai Kartanegara 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 82.22Kutai Timur 7,409.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Berau 660.78 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Malinau 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Bulungan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Nunukan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Penajam Paser Utara 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00Tana Tidung 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Source:  Dinas Balikpapan 16,712.62 0.00 304,860.02 0.00 0.00 72,463.01 Kehutanan Samarinda 27,130.96 0.00 0.00 9,564.71 0.00 4,351.28Tarakan 45,753.34 6,971.79 64,150.00 1,276.12 0.00 0.00 Provinsi Bontang 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Kalimantan Timur Jumlah 117,605.83 6,971.79 369,010.02 10,840.83 0.00 76,896.51 (2010)Tahun 2008 148,901.94 8,808.67 49,343.62 135,507.00Tahun 2007 286,117.04 11,523.63 404,924.96 33,258.07 15,464.61 15,345.86Tahun 2006 402,777.48 46,637.75 525,662.04 23,956.86 119,206.50 238,964.21Tahun 2005 276,667.99 76,194.90 THINKING beyond the canopy
  18. 18. 6. Key points HPH logging is down Timber supply is down Wood processing is down Employment down Pulp and furniture production up BUT there is potential for a turnaround: • EU market • Asian market (India, China, Middle East) • Indonesia’s domestic market THINKING beyond the canopy
  19. 19. 7. Timber market opportunities EU: strong demand for high end hardwoods, furniture, plywood, pulp Asia: • 2020 India will overtake China as the largest construction site – USD 800-900 billion • Saudi Arabia and UAE USD 1 trillion construction through 2030 Indonesia’s domestic market:  US$70 Billion construction investment boom over the next 5 years  Demand for office and residential construction doubled over the last 3 yrs  Construction sector expected to grow by over 10%/yr THINKING beyond the canopy
  20. 20. 8. Global & regional trends in timber and tradeSource: FAO 2009 THINKING beyond the canopy
  21. 21. 8. Global & regional trends in timber and trade (cont)Source: FAO 2009 THINKING beyond the canopy
  22. 22. 8. Global & regional trends in timber and trade (cont)Source: FAO 2009 THINKING beyond the canopy
  23. 23. 8. Global & regional trends in timber and trade (cont) Wood Fibre  demand in the  Asia‐PacificSource: FAO 2009 THINKING beyond the canopy
  24. 24. 9. National Forestry Master Plan 2030 Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Kehutanan, 2006-2025 • PDB sektor kehutanan naik 3 kali lebih besar dari PDB sektor kehutanan tahun 2005 (1,3%). Rencana Kehutanan Tingkat Nasional (RKTN) 2011-2030 • By 2030, HTI dan HR mencapai 14,5 juta ha dan mampu memproduksi 362,5 juta m3 kayu per tahun • By 2030 plywood production menjadi 37,2 juta m3, sawn timber 41,25 juta m3, woodworking dan furniture masing- masing 21,8 juta m3 dan 3,4 juta m3. Can these targets be achieved? Given the history of HTI and HTR, it is doubtful Therefore, the role of the natural forest (HPH, industry) still important THINKING beyond the canopy
  25. 25. 10. Market entry requirements All markets will require TLAS (timber legality assurance system) In Indonesia this means SVLK SVLK sufficient to meet EU Timber Legality Regulation Also sufficient to meet Lacey Act requirements in the US SVLK to come into effect for trade to EU in January 2013 For other markets by January 2015 (tentative) THINKING beyond the canopy
  26. 26. 11. Main Questions How to take advantage of emerging market opportunities? What are the implications of SVLK for forest management and industry? • Economic (costs?) • Operational (additional systems?) • Social (employment?) • Environmental (additional practices?) How can small/medium timber enterprises (in particular) manage these requirements? How to overcome the implementation problems? THINKING beyond the canopy
  27. 27. 12. Discussion & collaboration Seek input from government officials and private sector on burning issues Comments on & collaboration in research Research scope: 1. Current state of forest management and timber industry sectors (WP1) 2. Forest management practice requirements under SVLK (WP3) 3. Economic (cost) and social (employment) implications of SVLK (WP4) 4. Institutional and legal requirements of SVLK (WP5) 5. Closing the gap? Enabling conditions (WP5) THINKING beyond the canopy
  28. 28. www.cifor.cgiar.org THINKING beyond the canopy

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