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CLASSIFICATI
ON OF WHEAT
Amrin.S
2021031010
WHEAT : KING OF
CEREALS
Scientific name : Triticum aestivum
Chromosome no:2n = 42
Family : Poaceae
Origin : South West Asia,Turkey
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated
for its seed, a cereal grain that is a
worldwide staple food.
It is important food grain and
staple food.UP,Punjab,Haryana,MP,
Rajasthan,Bihar and Gujarat
CLASSIFICATI
ON
Emmer wheat (T. dicoccum)
Macaroni wheat (T.durum)
Common bread wheat (T. vulgari)
Indian dwarf wheat (T.spherococcum)
Bread wheat (T.aestivum)
EMMER
WHEAT
Triticum dicoccum (Tetraploid
n=4)
Maharashtra,TN and
Karnataka
Spain,Italy, Germany and
Russia
It was developed from T.dico
Coides koru.,a wild form.
MACARONI
WHEAT
Triticum durum(Tetraploid n=14)
It is drought tolerant and
cultivated in Punjab,MP,
Karnataka,TN ,Gujarat and West
bengal
It is used for suji preparation
They are descended from emmer
wheat
COMMON BREAD WHEAT
Triticum vulgare ( hexaploid n= 21)
Alluvial soils of Punjab, UP, Bihar
and Rajasthan
Bulk of Indian crop consists of this
type.
Most suited for chapathi and bakery
INDIAN DWARF WHEAT
T.spherococcum
Limited areas of MP,UP of India and
in Pakistan
They are very short, compact head
and shorter grains
Practically gone out of cultivation
due to low productivity
BREAD WHEAT
T.aestivum (hexaploid n= 21)
It is introduced in India by
Dr.N.E.Borlaug and as Mexican
dwarf wheat
Presently grown in India in almost
all the wheat growing zones
Principal of applicated entomology presentation

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