Erik Piil, Digital Archivist, Anthology Film ArchivesCURATEcamp AVPres, April 9th, 2013, WITNESS.ORG (Basecamp)Email: erik...
Format (35mm, 16mm, 9.5mm, Super8, 8mm, etc.)Polarity (Positive, Negative)Perforation Type (BH, KS, etc.)Perforation Pitch...
Base Type (Nitrate, Acetate, Polyester, etc.)Color (Color, BW)GranularityProjection Speed (fps) (16, 18, 24, etc.)Film Win...
Shrinkage, StretchingBrittlenessFerrotypingDye FadingMoldResidue from AdhesivesSplicesDust, DirtScratches (Emulsion and/or...
Logarithmic versus Linear Dynamic RangeWet-gate vs. dry-gate technologyViewing environment for QC/QALUTs (Look Up Tables)T...
File Format (image): DPX, Version 2Resolution: 4K (4096 pixels horizontally) Color Space/Subsampling: R’G’B’/ 4:4:4Quantiz...
File Format (image): DPX, Version 2Resolution: 2K (2048 pixels horizontally) Color Space/Subsampling: R’G’B’/ 4:4:4Quantiz...
File Format (image): DPX, Version 2Resolution: 2K (2048 or 1440 pixels horizontally) Color Space/Subsampling: R’G’B’/ 4:4:...
-JPEG 2000 (MXF)-MP4 (MOV or AVI container)*Frame rate and resolution of target formats should be preserved, ifpossible. C...
Harm Jan Triemstra, Tom de Smet. Film Scanning Considerations. Published byPrestoCentre, www.prestocentre.euReto.ch AudioV...
Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org	Questions?
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Target Formats for Film Digitization

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Presentation at CURATEcamp AVPres, April 9th, 2013

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Target Formats for Film Digitization

  1. 1. Erik Piil, Digital Archivist, Anthology Film ArchivesCURATEcamp AVPres, April 9th, 2013, WITNESS.ORG (Basecamp)Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org Target Formats for Film Digitization
  2. 2. Format (35mm, 16mm, 9.5mm, Super8, 8mm, etc.)Polarity (Positive, Negative)Perforation Type (BH, KS, etc.)Perforation Pitch (Short, Long)Aspect Ratio (1.33:1, 1.37:1, 1.66:1, 1.85:1, etc.)Sound (Silent, Variable Area, Variable Density, Magnetic Stripe, etc.)Standards and Systems of Motion Picture Film Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  3. 3. Base Type (Nitrate, Acetate, Polyester, etc.)Color (Color, BW)GranularityProjection Speed (fps) (16, 18, 24, etc.)Film Wind (A-Wind, B-Wind)Stock Manufacturer (Eastman Kodak, DuPont, Fuji, etc.)Edge Information (+▲,  batch numbering, barcodes, manufacturer’s logo, etc.)Characteristics of Motion Picture Film Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  4. 4. Shrinkage, StretchingBrittlenessFerrotypingDye FadingMoldResidue from AdhesivesSplicesDust, DirtScratches (Emulsion and/or Base)Characteristics of Motion Picture Film (cont.) Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  5. 5. Logarithmic versus Linear Dynamic RangeWet-gate vs. dry-gate technologyViewing environment for QC/QALUTs (Look Up Tables)Target exhibition / access environments (e.g. SD, HD, Digital Cinema, etc.)Intra/extra-frame scanning (edge-to-edge, frame-only, etc.)Key Concepts/Considerations Prior to Digitization Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  6. 6. File Format (image): DPX, Version 2Resolution: 4K (4096 pixels horizontally) Color Space/Subsampling: R’G’B’/ 4:4:4Quantization: 10,16-bit Logarithmic, LinearFile Format (audio): BWAV, PCMBit depth: 24-bit, Sampling Rate: 48kHzTarget Formats and Specifications – 35mm Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  7. 7. File Format (image): DPX, Version 2Resolution: 2K (2048 pixels horizontally) Color Space/Subsampling: R’G’B’/ 4:4:4Quantization: 10, 16-bit Logarithmic, LinearFile Format (audio): BWAV, PCMBit depth: 24-bit, Sampling Rate: 48kHzTarget Formats and Specifications – 16mm Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  8. 8. File Format (image): DPX, Version 2Resolution: 2K (2048 or 1440 pixels horizontally) Color Space/Subsampling: R’G’B’/ 4:4:4Quantization: 10, 16-bit, Logarithmic, LinearFile Format (audio): BWAV, PCMBit depth: 24-bit, Sampling Rate: 48kHzTarget Formats and Specifications – 8mm, S8 Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  9. 9. -JPEG 2000 (MXF)-MP4 (MOV or AVI container)*Frame rate and resolution of target formats should be preserved, ifpossible. Color space should be mapped accordingly, based on displayenvironment. Derivative Formats Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  10. 10. Harm Jan Triemstra, Tom de Smet. Film Scanning Considerations. Published byPrestoCentre, www.prestocentre.euReto.ch AudioVisual Preservation http://avpres.net/de/Digitalisierung_8.htmlDigital Film Technology Weiterstadt, What resolution is needed to scan motion picture film:4K, or higher? Resources for Motion Picture Film Digitization Target Formats for Film DigitizationCURATEcamp AVPres, 9 April 2013Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org
  11. 11. Email: erik@anthologyfilmarchives.org Questions?

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