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PowerPoint Presentation on Multimedia for Bentley College's IT101-013 class.

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  • Multimedia

    1. 1. Multimedia Multimedia is the use of several different media to convey information (text, audio, graphics, animation, video, and interactivity). -- (accessed 12/05/2005
    2. 2. Graphics and Multimedia Software Discovering Computers: 2005. Shelly Cashman Vermaat 2005 p. 150 Fig. 3-21
    3. 3. PIXEL <ul><li>Images are made up of pixels </li></ul><ul><li>“ Short for Pic ture El ement, a pixel is a single point in a graphic image. Graphics monitors display pictures by dividing the display screen into thousands (or millions) of pixels, arranged in rows and columns . The pixels are so close together that they appear connected. The number of bits used to represent each pixel determines how many colors or shades of gray can be displayed…” - </li></ul><ul><li>Higher the resolution, better the quality </li></ul>
    4. 4. Color Depth (Pixel Depth) <ul><li>The amount of information per pixel is known as the color depth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monochrome (1 bit of information per pixel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gray-scale (8 bits of information per pixel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Color (8 or 16 bits of information per pixel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>True color (24 or 32 bits of information per pixel) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Examples of Color Depth 1-bit depth 16-bit depth 8-bit depth 4-bit depth
    6. 6. Data Compression <ul><li>Lossless – after a file is compressed, every single piece of information stays (e.g. GIF) </li></ul><ul><li>Lossy – actually loses data in the conversion (e.g. JPEG, MPEG, MP3) </li></ul>,,sid44_gci214453,00.html (accessed on 12/05/05)
    7. 7. Graphic Compression <ul><li>.bmp </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bit-mapped files – every pixel stored </li></ul></ul><ul><li>. gif </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lossless compression – 8 bit color, good for clip art </li></ul></ul><ul><li>.jpg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lossy compression – 24 bit color, good for photos, decreases quality </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. GIF/JPEG GIF: 856 kb jpeg: 571 kb
    9. 9. GIF/JPEG <ul><li>Advantages of GIF files </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GIF is the most widely supported graphics format on the Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIFs of diagrammatic images look better than JPEGs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages of JPEG images </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge compression ratios mean faster download speeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JPEG produces excellent results for most photographs and complex images </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Sound Formats Media that is processed and played as it is downloaded Requires installing RealAudio, known as streaming RealAudio Limited to synthesizers and music files. Much smaller than other files. Stores instructions, not samples. MIDI Primarily used for video clips, very effective compression algorithm allowing whole music recordings to be transferred - .mp3 is recent standard MPEG Developed for Unix, 8 bit resolution, mono, 8 bit sampling rates AU Developed for Macintosh, 8 or 16 bit resolution, stereo or mono, wide range of sampling rates AIFF, AIF Developed for Windows, 8 or 16 bit resolution, stereo or mono, wide range of sampling rates, requires Microsoft Media Player on system WAV Description Format
    11. 11. Multimedia on Web <ul><li>Animation </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Streaming Audio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.rm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Download movies ( Movielink ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>video compression – mpeg2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Streaming Video </li></ul>
    12. 12. Plug-Ins <ul><li>An add-on for the visitors browser that allows the browser to display additional types of content. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Rules of Thumb: Creating Smart Art <ul><li>Use ready-made graphics (clip art) when available and appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Honor copyright laws (buy protected work or use copyright-free clip art) </li></ul><ul><li>Protect your own work by including the copyright symbol  </li></ul>