Influences• The music of Canada has many influences thathave shaped the country Aboriginals The French 17th Century The British 19th Century America; because their proximity and immigration between the two countries
Aboriginals Inuit and Dene Iroquois Blackfoot Innu and Mikmaq HuronWest CoastSalish andHaida
Instruments 2• In woodland areas, they made horns of birch bark
Instruments 3• drumsticks of carved antlers and wood sometimes covered with animal hide
Instruments 4gourds• Chanting was the most popular way of singing.• These musical instruments provide the background for songs and led to aboriginal dances.• For many years after Europeans came to Canada; first Nations and Inuit peoples were discouraged from practicing their traditional ceremonies.
• Canada and North America was temporarily and partially colonized by the French and “New France” was the name given by the French to this area during a period beginning with the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Spain and Great Britain in 1763. New France
French settlers and explorers to New France brought with them a greatlove of song, dance and fiddle playing. Beginning in the 1630s French and Aboriginal children at QuebecCity were taught to sing and play European instruments,like viols, violins, guitars, transverse flutes, drums, fifes and trumpets. Ecole des Ursulines and The Ursuline Convent are among North Americasoldest schools and the first institutions of learning for women in NorthAmerica. Both where founded in 1639 by French nunMarie de lIncarnation (1599–1672) and are the first Canadian institutions to have music as part of thecurriculum. Canada, New France first formal ball was given by Louis-ThéandreChartier de Lotbinière (1612–1688) on Feb 4 1667. Louis Jolliet (1645–1700) is on record as one of the firstclassically trained practicing musicians in New France.
The French and Indian Wars began and left the populationeconomically drainedprinting did not begin in Canadacultural pursuits Music publishing and and ill-equipped to develop until the 19thproperly.century. Historically, music was composed in Canadas colonies and Canadian composers were not able to focus on creating new music insettlements during the made their living of teaching and leadingthese years, most of them18th century, but very few works havesmall orchestras oreven published.survived or were choirs Canadas first wildly published sheet music are two operas written inlate 18th century by New France composer, poet, and playwright JosephQuesnel (1746–1809). In the late 18th century two new instruments “the diatonicharmonica” and “the button accordion” make their appearance in folk-music tradition. God Save the Queen has been sung in Canada sinceBritish rule and by the mid-20th century was, along with "OCanada", one of the countrys two de facto national anthems.
French yielded most part of New France to Spain and Great Britain in1763. with the Treaty of Utrecht.Then France ceded the rest of New France, except the islands of St.Pierre and Miquelon, to Great Britain and Spain at the Treaty of Paris,which ended the Seven Years War with the Indians. Britain received the lands east of the Mississippi River, and Spainreceived the territory to the west - the larger portion of Louisiana-.In 1800, Spain returned its portion of Louisiana to France under thesecret Treaty of San Ildefonso, but French leader NapoleonBonaparte sold it to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803,permanently ending French colonial efforts in North America.
(1880) "O Canada" was commissioned by The Great Migration to Canada from 1815Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, the the to 1850 by British and Scottish immigrants, broadened passage of the British North Canadian musical Canadian music1867,Honourable Théodore Robitaille (1834–1897), for considerably the On July 1, ensembles had culture.with started forming in greatAmerica Act, the Dominion of Canada wasDay ceremony. Calixa the 1880 St. Jean-Baptiste officially numbers, writing waltzes, quadrilles, pLavallée (1842–1891) wrote the music, established as a self-governing entity within the olkas and galops British Empire. Wich is celebrated as the Independence of Canada1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1890 Appeared the earliest musical societies Halifaxs "New Union Singing Society" of 1809 andIn the 1870s several conservatories opened their doors, Quebecs "Harmonic Society" of 1820 providing the opportunity for any class level of society to learn music. 1844 Samuel Nordheimer opened a music store in Toronto selling pianos and soon his store was among the first and the largest specialized music publisher in the Province of Canada
• Most recordings purchased by Canadians in the early 19’s were made by American and British performers,• Behind some of these international hits were Canadian songwriters. Robert Nathaniel Dett (one of the first Black Canadian composers during the early years of the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers)
• In 1925, the Canadian Performing Rights Society was formed to administer public performance and royalties for composers and lyricists.• It became known as the Composers, Authors and Publishers Association of Canada (CAPAC).• During the great depression in Canada, the majority of people listened to what today would be called swing (Jazz) just as country was starting its roots
1939 to 1959 appeared Canadian Rock and blues• 1958 first Canadian rock and roll idol Paul Anka went to New York City where he auditioned for ABC with the song, Diana.• This song brought Anka instant stardom as it reached number one on the US Billboard charts.
• US-born rockabilly pioneer Ronnie Hawkins came to Canada in 1958, where he became a key player in the Canadian blues and rock scene.• Ronnie was inducted into Canada’s Walk of Fame and his pioneering contribution to rockabilly has been recognized with induction into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame.
1960–1999Canadian artists were forced to turn toward the United States toestablish healthy long lasting careers during the 1960sOn January 18, 1971 regulations came into force requiring AMradio stations to devote 30 per cent of their musical selections toCanadian content which contributed to the development of anascent Canadian pop star systemThe Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences held thefirst Juno Award ceremony in 1975in 1984 and 1986, both English and French Canadian musicianshad outlets to promote all forms of music through video inCanadaCanadian women at the end of the 20th century enjoyed greaterinternational commercial success than ever before
21 st Century• The 1971 CRTC rules (30% Canadian content on Canadian radio) led to an explosion in the 21st century of Canadian pop musicians dominating the airwaves unlike any era before.• Shortly thereafter, the Internet allowed musicians to directly distribute their music, thus bypassing the selection of the old- fashioned "record label".• Canadas main stream music industry has suffered as a result of the internet and the boom of independent music.
• The drop in annual sales between 1999 – 2004 was $465 million.• Because Napsters unauthorized peer-to-peer file sharing service was launched• In 2007, Canada joined the controversial Anti- Counterfeiting Trade Agreement talks, whose outcome will have a significant impact on the Canadian music industry.• In 2010 Canada introduced new copyright legislation. The amended law makes hacking digital locks illegal, but enshrine into law the ability of purchasers to record and copy music from a CD to portable devices.