Baroque Music• Between the early music of the Medieval and Renaissance periods. • Characterised by more elaborate musical ornamentation, changes in musical notation, new instrumental playing techniques and the rise of new genres such as opera.• The Baroque era in British music can be seen as one of an interaction of national and international trends.
Classical music • Musical composition, performance and training in the United Kingdom inherited the European classical traditions of the eighteenth century.• Romantic nationalism encouraged clear national identities and sensibilities. • Such composers as Arthur Sullivan, Gustav Holst, Edward Elgar, Hubert Parry, Ralph Vaughan Williams and Benjamin Britten.
Folk music• Each of the four countries of the United Kingdom has its own diverse and distinctive folk music forms.• There are numerous distinct and semi-distinct folk traditions brought by immigrants.• Folk music flourished until the era of industrialisation when it began to be replaced by new forms of popular music.
English folk music England has a long and diverse history of folk music dating back at least to the medievalperiod and including many forms of music, songand dance. Through two periods of revival from the late nineteenth century much of the tradition has been preserved and continues to be practiced.
Northern Irish musicIreland, including Northern Ireland, has vibrant folk traditions. The popularity of traditional instruments such as fiddles has remained throughout the centuries even as analogues inGreat Britain died out. Perhaps the most famous modern musician from Northern Ireland influenced by folk tradition is Van Morrison.
Scottish folk musicScottish folk music includes many kinds of songs, including ballads and laments, sung by a singlesinger with accompaniment by bagpipes, fiddles or harps. Traditional dances include waltzes, reels, strathspeys and jigs. Alongside the other areas of the United Kingdom, Scotland underwent a roots revival in the 1960s.
Welsh folk musicWales is a Celtic country that features folk music played at twmpathau (communal dances) and gwyl werin (music festivals). Welsh music also includes male voice choirs and songs accompanied by a harp. Having long beensubordinate to English culture, Welsh musicians in the late 20th century had to reconstruct traditional music when a roots revival began.
Early British popular music• British popular music can be seen to originate in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.• Arrival of the broadside ballad, which were sold cheaply and in great numbers until the nineteenth century.• Further technological, economic and social changes led to new forms of music in the nineteenth century.
Modern British popular music • Forms of popular music, including folk music, jazz, pop and rock music, have particularly flourished in Britain since the twentieth century.• Britain has had an impact on popular music disproportionate to its size, due to its linguistic and cultural links with many countries. • In the early-20th century, influences from the United States became most dominant in popular music, with young performers producing their own versions of American music.
Timeline of music of the United Kingdom and its preceding states