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Asi Sl Casm Partnerships Presentation Final Sent To Wb


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Asi Sl Casm Partnerships Presentation Final Sent To Wb

  1. 1. Partnerships to Restore Minerals Policy and Institutions in a Post Conflict Country Sierra Leone
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Brief introduction to the project </li></ul><ul><li>Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>The origins of the project </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of artisanal mining in Sierra Leone </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints to the restoration of policy and institutions </li></ul><ul><li>What have the partnerships achieved? </li></ul><ul><li>What more do we intend to achieve? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Two-year DFID funded project in Sierra Leone to provide technical assistance to the Ministry of Mineral Resources (MMR) </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: To strengthen the efficiency and capacity of the MMR to achieve its mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Activities include day-to-day management support, policy development, legal and regulatory reform, strengthening functions </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on implementation and not analysis/theory </li></ul>
  4. 4. Our perspective?
  5. 5. Our perspective
  6. 6. Sierra Leone top performer in West Africa
  7. 7. Sierra Leone <ul><li>Small country in West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Gained independence from Britain 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Abundant natural resources include rutile, diamonds, bauxite, gold, iron ore, platinum </li></ul><ul><li>Security and stability a major success following end of war in 2002 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Origins of the project <ul><li>Management and Functional Review of MMR conducted by Public Sector Reform Unit (PSRU) </li></ul><ul><li>DFID Diamond Sector Project </li></ul><ul><li>DFID Security Sector Project </li></ul><ul><li>DFID support to United Mineworkers Union (UMU) </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic and Environmental Assessment (Gary McMahon, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Request from previous President for an expatriate Director General </li></ul>
  9. 9. Partnerships Government: MMR, PSRU, HRMO, Office of the President, GDO, NRA Donors: DFID, World Bank, EC, UNDP, USAID Membership organisations: United Mineworkers Union, Chamber of Mines
  10. 10. Artisanal mining <ul><li>Artisanal licenses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2006: 2,184 licences; 2007: 1,968 licences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only available to Sierra Leoneans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated to be 2,000 unlicensed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Estimated to be 150,000 to 300,000 artisanal miners (grassroot diggers) </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006 artisanal miners produced approximately 80% of the country’s diamonds </li></ul><ul><li>Artisanal licenses are not having the desired effect on the market </li></ul><ul><li>Most grassroots diggers living in poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of engagement between large-scale mining companies and communities and artisanal miners </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes confusion between LSM, exploration and prospecting licenses and ASM licenses </li></ul>
  11. 11. Constraints to restoration of policy and institutions <ul><li>The loss of technical expertise across the organisation but particularly within the Mines Division </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of policy implementation: Core Mineral Policy, Strategic and Environmental Assessment (Gary McMahon, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Weak or lack of regulations </li></ul><ul><li>The weak linkages between the regional offices and headquarters </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective monitoring and compliance of precious mineral trading </li></ul>
  12. 12. Realising potential requires: <ul><li>Government organisations with capacity to attract and retain professional, technical staff </li></ul><ul><li>Public servants with the incentives required to govern the sector better </li></ul><ul><li>A separation of policy from implementation </li></ul><ul><li>A clear legal and regulatory framework with the capacity to enforce </li></ul><ul><li>Mining companies meeting their social and environmental obligations </li></ul><ul><li>Government organisations willing to engage and respond to stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Mining communities seeing tangible benefits of mineral production </li></ul>
  13. 13. What have the partnerships achieved so far? <ul><li>Major institutional reform proposals being debated by Cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>Review of mineral rights is a transparent process </li></ul><ul><li>MMR mindset is shifting away from fire-fighting and towards economic and social policy </li></ul><ul><li>MMR communicating better with civil society </li></ul><ul><li>Improved communication between MDA’s involved in minerals governance </li></ul><ul><li>Chamber of Mines established </li></ul><ul><li>Diamond Area Community Development Fund “unblocked” </li></ul><ul><li>United Mineworkers Union on path to becoming sustainable </li></ul>
  14. 14. Better stakeholder engagement
  15. 15. What else do we intend to achieve? <ul><li>Policy implementation </li></ul><ul><li>New legislation </li></ul><ul><li>New regulatory framework including new artisanal mining and trading regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional reforms approved and implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry has capacity to perform functions </li></ul><ul><li>4 points above have had positive and sustainable impact on artisanal mining </li></ul><ul><li>Test of partnership effectiveness = CASM 2009 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Thank you