Volunteer Safety        What You Can’t See Will Kill You...           Veronica Bonales, M.D.Redwood Memorial Hospital, Pre...
Bloodborne Pathogens are...    a. Dangerous germs that live everywhere    b. Microorganisms that are present in human bloo...
How can HIV, HBV, and HCV be spread?    a. Casual contact, such as shaking hands or hugging    b.Through saliva not contam...
What is the primary way HIV and HBV are spread?    a. Sexual contact    b. Providing First Aid care    c. Cleaning up a bl...
Standard Precautions means to...    a. Be concerned with only blood as possibly infectious    b. Wear gloves for people wh...
Each work place must have an ______________ in writing which describesinfection control practices.    a.!Emergency Plan fo...
Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is based on...    a. The possible presence of any type of body fluids    b. Per...
______________ is the most important means to control transmission ofbloodborne pathogens.    a.!    Reviewing the person’...
Which of the following are considered hazardous waste?    a. OPIM (Other Potentially Infectious Materials)    b. Gloves   ...
HIV, HBV, and HCV are spread by casual contact such as shakinghands, hugging, toilets, swimming pools, etc...    a. False ...
What should you do if you have been potentially exposed to bloodbornepathogens?    a. Get a medical evaluation first, then...
Bloodborne Pathogens
Bloodborne:Bodily fluids,              amniotic fluid (Uterus)                            pericardial fluid (Heart)especia...
Sexual contact is the primary mode of transmissionfor Bloodborne Pathogens, however the risk ofexposure does exist while p...
Hepatitis CHepatitis BHIVNot Bloodborne
Hepatitis CVirusAffects the liver   Acute   Chronic (80%)No vaccination orcure
Hepatitis CCauses cirrhosisCan cause cancerNeedle stick, IV druguse, unprotected sex,tattoos, mother toinfant, transfusion...
Hepatitis BVirusAffects the liver100x easier to getthan HIV   Can live 7 days   outside of the   bodyVaccine available
Hepatitis BUnprotected sex,mother to infant,sharing needles,needlestick injury3 shots/6 months10% chronic - maylead to can...
HIVVirus - best studiedAttacks immunesystem --> AIDSEarly symptoms:fever, fatigue, wt.loss, rashDisease not active foryears
HIVUnprotected sex,mother to infantduring birth orbreast-feeding, IVdrug use<1% to health careworkersVaccine in theworks, ...
Not BloodborneInfluenza, Measles, Chicken Pox, Shingles   Viruses spread by respiratory dropletsPertussis, Tuberculosis   ...
Germophobia
Systems CheckAn adequate number      A mode ofof pathogens, or        transmission from thedisease-causing         source ...
STANDARD PRECAUTIONS**TREAT ALL BODY FLUIDS FROM ALLPERSONS AS POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS**PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)...
Protect YourselfOne Hand method of recapping needlesDiscard sharps in proper containersDon’t put anything in your mouth or...
Cleaning UpOther Potentially Infectious Material(afterbirth, pieces of tissue, clots, etc)Place in biohazard bags and disp...
How to Remove GlovesLet’s practice!
If exposed...!DecontaminateReport incidentSeek medical attention
Questions...?
Follow Standard PrecautionsUse PPE’s for every patient encounterDecontaminate, report, seek medical care
VeronicaBonales, M.D.www.slideshare.net/docmontey   docmontey@yahoo.com         Facebook
Bloodborne Pathogens
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Bloodborne Pathogens

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  • Bloodborne Pathogens

    1. 1. Volunteer Safety What You Can’t See Will Kill You... Veronica Bonales, M.D.Redwood Memorial Hospital, Pre-Hospital Care M.D. CEPAmerica Emergency Medicine
    2. 2. Bloodborne Pathogens are... a. Dangerous germs that live everywhere b. Microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans c. Harmless germs d. Bacteria that live everywhere in the body that can cause severe sickness
    3. 3. How can HIV, HBV, and HCV be spread? a. Casual contact, such as shaking hands or hugging b.Through saliva not contaminated with blood c. By getting infected blood on your normal intact skin d. By getting infected blood into a mucus membrane
    4. 4. What is the primary way HIV and HBV are spread? a. Sexual contact b. Providing First Aid care c. Cleaning up a blood spill d. Needlesticks
    5. 5. Standard Precautions means to... a. Be concerned with only blood as possibly infectious b. Wear gloves for people who look sick c. Treat all body fluids as potentially infectious d. Wear goggles and a gown to treat all people
    6. 6. Each work place must have an ______________ in writing which describesinfection control practices. a.!Emergency Plan for Bloodborne Pathogens b. Infection Action Plan c.!Internal Communication Document d.!Exposure Control Plan
    7. 7. Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is based on... a. The possible presence of any type of body fluids b. Personal preference c. The types of body fluids that can be recognized d. Whether or not the person looks sick
    8. 8. ______________ is the most important means to control transmission ofbloodborne pathogens. a.! Reviewing the person’s medical history b.! Getting the Hepatitis B vaccine c.! Wearing gloves for patient treatment d. Practicing Standard Precautions
    9. 9. Which of the following are considered hazardous waste? a. OPIM (Other Potentially Infectious Materials) b. Gloves c. Needles d. Both A and C
    10. 10. HIV, HBV, and HCV are spread by casual contact such as shakinghands, hugging, toilets, swimming pools, etc... a. False b. True c. Only if the infected person has both HIV and HBC d. Only if your bare skin touches the infected person
    11. 11. What should you do if you have been potentially exposed to bloodbornepathogens? a. Get a medical evaluation first, then report to your supervisor b. Decontaminate, report incident to supervisor, and receive medical evaluation immediately c. Get a medical evaluation after you finish working your shift d. Notify your supervisor first then decontaminate
    12. 12. Bloodborne Pathogens
    13. 13. Bloodborne:Bodily fluids, amniotic fluid (Uterus) pericardial fluid (Heart)especially those peritoneal fluid (Abdomenvisibly Semencontaminated vaginal secretionswith blood Blood cerebrospinal fluid (Brain) any body fluid contaminated with blood synovial fluid (Joints) body fluids that cannot be pleural fluid (Lungs) recognized
    14. 14. Sexual contact is the primary mode of transmissionfor Bloodborne Pathogens, however the risk ofexposure does exist while providing medical or firstaid careWhen a contaminated sharp object cuts or puncturesthe skin. (Parenteral examples: needle stick, illegaldrug usage, cut from broken glass, bite)When an infected body fluid gets into an open cut ormucous membrane (inside eyes, mouth, ears or nose)When a contaminated object touches inflamed skin,acne, or skin abrasion
    15. 15. Hepatitis CHepatitis BHIVNot Bloodborne
    16. 16. Hepatitis CVirusAffects the liver Acute Chronic (80%)No vaccination orcure
    17. 17. Hepatitis CCauses cirrhosisCan cause cancerNeedle stick, IV druguse, unprotected sex,tattoos, mother toinfant, transfusionor transplant
    18. 18. Hepatitis BVirusAffects the liver100x easier to getthan HIV Can live 7 days outside of the bodyVaccine available
    19. 19. Hepatitis BUnprotected sex,mother to infant,sharing needles,needlestick injury3 shots/6 months10% chronic - maylead to cancer
    20. 20. HIVVirus - best studiedAttacks immunesystem --> AIDSEarly symptoms:fever, fatigue, wt.loss, rashDisease not active foryears
    21. 21. HIVUnprotected sex,mother to infantduring birth orbreast-feeding, IVdrug use<1% to health careworkersVaccine in theworks, no cure
    22. 22. Not BloodborneInfluenza, Measles, Chicken Pox, Shingles Viruses spread by respiratory dropletsPertussis, Tuberculosis Bacteria spread by coughing/sneezingScabies, Lice Prolonged contact with skin
    23. 23. Germophobia
    24. 24. Systems CheckAn adequate number A mode ofof pathogens, or transmission from thedisease-causing source to the host.organisms. An entrance throughA reservoir or source which the pathogenthat allows the may enter the host.pathogen to surviveand multiply (e.g., A susceptible host (i.e.,blood). one who is not immune)
    25. 25. STANDARD PRECAUTIONS**TREAT ALL BODY FLUIDS FROM ALLPERSONS AS POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS**PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) Gloves, shields, masks, goggles, gowns Know what they are, where they are, and how to use them
    26. 26. Protect YourselfOne Hand method of recapping needlesDiscard sharps in proper containersDon’t put anything in your mouth or onyour face if there’s a potential BBPexposure
    27. 27. Cleaning UpOther Potentially Infectious Material(afterbirth, pieces of tissue, clots, etc)Place in biohazard bags and disposeproperly1/4 cup bleach to gallon of water toclean, but FIRST put on PPE!!
    28. 28. How to Remove GlovesLet’s practice!
    29. 29. If exposed...!DecontaminateReport incidentSeek medical attention
    30. 30. Questions...?
    31. 31. Follow Standard PrecautionsUse PPE’s for every patient encounterDecontaminate, report, seek medical care
    32. 32. VeronicaBonales, M.D.www.slideshare.net/docmontey docmontey@yahoo.com Facebook

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