Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Blood Borne Pathogen Training


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

Blood Borne Pathogen Training

  2. 2. Annual Bloodborne Pathogen Training <ul><li>Required by OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) </li></ul><ul><li>To protect employees in the workplace by decreasing the hazards of bloodborne pathogens </li></ul>
  3. 3. Universal Precautions <ul><li>When safeguards like gloves, training, and proper work practices are provided transmission can be decreased or eliminated and lives saved. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Points to Remember <ul><li>Bloodborne pathogens are disease causing organisms found in the blood or body fluids of an infected person. </li></ul><ul><li>People can feel and look fine and yet spread the pathogen without knowing they are infected. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to treat all blood and body fluids as if they are infected and protect yourself (universal precautions). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Diseases Caused by BBP <ul><li>Hepatitis B (HBV) </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis C (HCV) </li></ul><ul><li>HIV </li></ul>
  6. 6. HBV and HCV <ul><li>HBV Hepatits B </li></ul><ul><li>Greater risk for school employees because it is more easily transmitted </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccine available </li></ul><ul><li>HCV Hepatitis C </li></ul><ul><li>Some antiviral drugs have been effective for those with disease </li></ul><ul><li>No vaccine available </li></ul>
  7. 7. HBV and HCV both… <ul><li>Attack the liver </li></ul><ul><li>Have symptoms that can be mild or severe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>yellow skin and eyes (jaundice), fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be detected by a blood test </li></ul>
  8. 8. HIV … <ul><li>Attacks a person’s immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Destroys WBC and the body’s ability to fight infection </li></ul><ul><li>Can lead to AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Is diagnosed with a blood test </li></ul>
  9. 9. Current HIV Realities <ul><li>No cure </li></ul><ul><li>No vaccine </li></ul><ul><li>Number of those infected has decreased due to universal precautions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Facts About Transmission <ul><li>HIV,HBV, and HCV are all spread by contact with an infected person’s blood, body fluid containing visible blood or through sexual transmission </li></ul><ul><li>To actually get HIV, HBV,or HCV, the virus must get inside your body </li></ul><ul><li>In a school environment the chance of becoming infected is very small, but it could happen </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bloodborne Pathogens are NOT… <ul><li>Spread through the air like cold or the flu </li></ul><ul><li>Transmittable by working next to someone who is infected </li></ul><ul><li>Spread via drinking fountains, food, coughing or sneezing </li></ul>
  12. 12. Entering The Body
  13. 13. Pathogens can enter the body… <ul><li>When contaminated blood or body fluid gets into your eyes, nose, or mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Indirectly when you touch an infectious material and then touch your mouth, eyes, nose or open cut </li></ul>
  14. 14. Skin is a natural protective barrier against Blood borne Pathogens.
  15. 15. Bloodborne pathogens can get through the skin by… <ul><li>Cut/scratch </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing needles </li></ul><ul><li>Razor nick </li></ul><ul><li>Skin abrasion </li></ul><ul><li>Dermatitis/acne </li></ul>
  16. 16. Exposure Control Plan <ul><li>District 225 has an exposure control plan </li></ul><ul><li>It is a requirement of OSHA </li></ul><ul><li>It lists the potential hazards of the job and explains how to reduce the risk </li></ul><ul><li>Every person is considered a carrier of a bloodborne pathogen and all blood and body fluids are treated as if they were infected </li></ul>
  17. 17. Protecting Yourself from Exposure <ul><li>Every classroom has an emergency kit with gloves, paper towels, bandages </li></ul><ul><li>Kit is located in the acrylic holder next to the classroom door </li></ul><ul><li>Use gloves when necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Protect yourself and do not touch any blood directly </li></ul>
  18. 18. Classroom Example <ul><li>If a student has a nosebleed, instruct him or her to use a tissue and apply direct pressure to the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Send the student to the nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Call the maintenance department for necessary cleanup </li></ul>
  19. 19. Further Guidelines for Protection <ul><li>Always cover your own open cuts with a bandage before coming to work </li></ul><ul><li>A red biohazard bag is provided in the kit for any used gloves or towels, gauze… </li></ul><ul><li>Always wash hands before eating drinking handling contact lenses or applying cosmetics </li></ul>
  20. 20. What to Do if Exposed <ul><li>Do not panic! Being exposed to infectious material does not mean you will be infected </li></ul><ul><li>Wash skin with soap and water immediately </li></ul><ul><li>If infectious material gets into eyes, nose, or mouth flush with large amounts of water </li></ul><ul><li>Report incident to IS and school nurse </li></ul><ul><li>We will advise you regarding testing and follow up steps to take </li></ul><ul><li>Incident will be kept confidential </li></ul>
  21. 21. Review <ul><li>The risk of being exposed to bloodborne pathogens at school is low </li></ul><ul><li>Treat all blood and body fluids as if they were infected with bloodborne pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Wear gloves whenever you may be exposed to bloodborne pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands with soap and water </li></ul>
  22. 22. Finally… <ul><li>Take charge of your safety by following the guidelines you have learned in this presentation. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Resources <ul><li>Information adapted from: </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal Training Technologies Corp. </li></ul><ul><li>American Red Cross Bloodborne Pathogens Training: Instructor Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Images: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>BE SURE TO GO TO THE NEXT SLIDE </li></ul>
  24. 24. Resources <ul><li>Information adapted from: </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal Training Technologies Corp. </li></ul><ul><li>American Red Cross Bloodborne Pathogens Training: Instructor Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Images: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>BE SURE TO GO TO THE NEXT SLIDE </li></ul>
  25. 25. Return to your email that contained the link to this presentation to complete the final step.