Plagiarism… from an Editor’s perspective      Ginny Barbour, Chair, COPE        www.publicationethics.org             @gin...
An editor’s perspective• What is plagiarism in 2012?• Where does COPE come in?• Challenges for the future
Plagiarism in academicpublications has many forms…PLOS’ experience in 2012 of submitted papers• Minor plagiarism – around ...
…and self plagiarism
Iain Chalmers: Intentional self-plagiarismI have suggested previously in The Lancet that forms of scientific misconductsho...
Detection is better but ≠ solution
Education, education…
Where COPE comes in• Education of editors• Advice to member editors• Facilitate and lead debate on publishing ethics
COPE structure• Run by an elected international Council• Current officers are: Ginny Barbour (Chair), Charlotte Haug,  (Vi...
COPE members in 2012...• More than 7500 members• International in scope and fully inclusive in subject  matter - all acade...
COPE : advice and guidance to          members"Few journals have the internal resources to deal with  all the complex ethi...
COPE in action• Website – www.publicationethics.org  • Flowcharts  • Cases  • Newsletter• Forum meetings• Seminars• Discus...
COPE in action:        www.publicationethics.org Flowcharts (also available translated into select languages –  more bein...
The flowcharts cover:•   Redundant (duplicate) publication•   Plagiarism•   Fabricated data•   Changes in authorship•   Gh...
COPE in action: cases• All cases are entered into online database  on the website• Searchable by keyword• Used in e-learning
COPE Forum meetings• Member benefit• Quarterly meetings• Most held in London but members can take part  via tele-conferenc...
•
Challenges for the future• How do we deal with blogs, tweets … other  academic activity• Technology is only a diagnostic t...
“Dear editors,What is your estimate of overlap?http://spore.vbi.vt.edu/xxxx<http:/**/spore.vbi.vt.edu/dejavu/**yyyAre all ...
This is the world that we live in….                              http://retractionwatch.wordpress.                        ...
Education is key
CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 COPE Plagiarism Virginia Barbour
CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 COPE Plagiarism Virginia Barbour
CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 COPE Plagiarism Virginia Barbour
CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 COPE Plagiarism Virginia Barbour
CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 COPE Plagiarism Virginia Barbour
CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 COPE Plagiarism Virginia Barbour
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CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 COPE Plagiarism Virginia Barbour

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CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 COPE Plagiarism Virginia Barbour

  1. 1. Plagiarism… from an Editor’s perspective Ginny Barbour, Chair, COPE www.publicationethics.org @ginnybarbour #crossref12 November 14, 2012
  2. 2. An editor’s perspective• What is plagiarism in 2012?• Where does COPE come in?• Challenges for the future
  3. 3. Plagiarism in academicpublications has many forms…PLOS’ experience in 2012 of submitted papers• Minor plagiarism – around 5-10%• Major plagiarism – less than 1%
  4. 4. …and self plagiarism
  5. 5. Iain Chalmers: Intentional self-plagiarismI have suggested previously in The Lancet that forms of scientific misconductshould be ranked by their potential for doing harm to patients: biasedreporting of research, for example, has more serious consequences forpatients than undeserved authorship and plagiarism.2 This sentence is anexample of intentional self-plagiarism. I have reused words used in aprevious publication because they help me to challenge the Editorialsimplication.The Editorial characterises self-plagiarism in review or opinion papers as “anattempt to deceive editors and readers”, and that, at best, it “constitutesintellectual laziness”. Most of my recent publications are “opinion” papers, soI resent this ex cathedra judgment, unsupported by any references toempirical evidence.I reuse my previously used words intentionally in my repeated attempts topersuade readers and editors to take serious problems seriously. The Lancet, Volume 374, Issue 9699, Page 1422, 24 October 2009
  6. 6. Detection is better but ≠ solution
  7. 7. Education, education…
  8. 8. Where COPE comes in• Education of editors• Advice to member editors• Facilitate and lead debate on publishing ethics
  9. 9. COPE structure• Run by an elected international Council• Current officers are: Ginny Barbour (Chair), Charlotte Haug, (Vice Chair), Margaret Rees and André van Steirteghem(Co- Secretaries), and Chris Graf (Treasurer)• Council members are trustees of COPE as a charity and directors of COPE as a limited company• Day-to-day management of COPE’s business affairs is the responsibility of : – Operations Manager (Natalie Ridgeway) – Administrator (Linda Gough) – Web Manager (Cynthia Clerk)
  10. 10. COPE members in 2012...• More than 7500 members• International in scope and fully inclusive in subject matter - all academic disciplines and fields are now covered, eg: – Pure and applied sciences – Biomedicine – Engineering and technology – Arts, humanities and social sciences
  11. 11. COPE : advice and guidance to members"Few journals have the internal resources to deal with all the complex ethical and procedural issues that arise from misbehaviour by a small minority of authors. Fortunately, COPE provides a supportive community of experienced editorial staff ready to offer useful advice and share lessons learned from dealing with similar problems. Decisions can be made with much greater confidence knowing that they are supported by ones peers.” Philip Steer, British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  12. 12. COPE in action• Website – www.publicationethics.org • Flowcharts • Cases • Newsletter• Forum meetings• Seminars• Discussion documents
  13. 13. COPE in action: www.publicationethics.org Flowcharts (also available translated into select languages – more being added) Sample letters for handling common problems Retraction guidelines Presentations Other guidance (eg, for editorial boards) An eLearning course aimed at new editors (members only)• A Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guide for Journal Editors• A Code of Conduct for Publishers
  14. 14. The flowcharts cover:• Redundant (duplicate) publication• Plagiarism• Fabricated data• Changes in authorship• Ghost, guest or gift authorship• Conflicts of interest• General suspected ethical concerns• Reviewer misconduct• How COPE deals with complaints
  15. 15. COPE in action: cases• All cases are entered into online database on the website• Searchable by keyword• Used in e-learning
  16. 16. COPE Forum meetings• Member benefit• Quarterly meetings• Most held in London but members can take part via tele-conference• First virtual forum planned for 2013• Also have forum meetings before seminarsFormat • General discussion and advice of cases • Case, advice & follow up published on website • Now recorded and the audio published with a summary of the case on the website
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Challenges for the future• How do we deal with blogs, tweets … other academic activity• Technology is only a diagnostic tool, not a solution• We need an informed debate and acceptance of increased scrutiny
  19. 19. “Dear editors,What is your estimate of overlap?http://spore.vbi.vt.edu/xxxx<http:/**/spore.vbi.vt.edu/dejavu/**yyyAre all the patients new between thestudies?”“Dear editors,What is your evidence of overlap?http://spore.vbi.vt.edu/xxxxWhy is the writing so similar? Why are thetitles differently formulated?”
  20. 20. This is the world that we live in…. http://retractionwatch.wordpress. com/
  21. 21. Education is key

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