Locating the Mobile: Researching the 2 nd iteration of mobile media — possibilities & limitations Larissa Hjorth, RMIT University
Locating the Mobile: W ith the uneven rise of smartphones and locative media (i.e. GPS, Google maps, foursquare) becoming part of everyday practice, this is impacting upon how we study mobile media. In particular, we are seeing the emergent visualities and cartographies as camera phone images are overlaid onto geographic locations in new ways.
Locating the Mobile: While some of the earlier models for studying mobile media (like SCOT approaches such as domestication) can still be applied, current locative media practices are requiring more dynamic models as we move from “ networked visualities ” to “ emplaced ” (Pink 2010) visual cartographies.
1 st GENERATION CAMERA PHONE STUDIES OR “ NETWORKED VISUALITY ” : 1. Ito & Okabe 3 s ’ s: sharing, storing, saving: creating ambient co-presence 2. Koskinen/Lee/ Mørk Petersen : defined by a common “ banality ” that evokes the mundane through analogue genres mimicry while, at the same, heralding in new forms of affective, ‘ produser ’ (Bruns) culture and ‘ vernacular creativity ’ (Burgess) in communities like Filckr. 2 ND GENERATION CAMERA PHONE STUDIES CONTINUE THIS “ NETWORKED VISUALITY ” THROUGH “MULTISENSORIAL”, “ EMPLACED VISUALITY ” (PINK) AND GEOSPATIAL SOCIALITY : While they further extend spectres of the analogue through an explosion of retro filters, 2 nd generation camera phone images also depart dramatically by deploying these sharing practices through locative media services. This not only shifts the relationship between content and context but also creates new questions about users, data and place-making. CAMERA PHONE PRACTICES: FROM NETWORKED VISUALITIES TO EMPLACED VISUALITIES
Locating the Mobile: More recently, data mining has gained interest and currency. However, there are still many things that can ’ t be tracked. This requires us to revise older methods in light of newer ones. One model which is particularly of relevant for locative media is “ ethno-mining ” (Anderson et al. 2009). As combination of ethnography and data-mining, “ ethno-mining ” incorporates the quantitative with the qualitative.