Managing Forests for Food SecurityIUCN
World
Conservation
CongressSaturday,
8
September
2012Jeju,
Korea
Smallholder management of forests        has been “invisible”• For
millennia
forests
and
other
non‐agricultural  ecosystem...
purma
vieja                                            chacra
nueva                                                       ...
Managed Forests in Amazonia                   THINKING beyond the canopy
Expansion
of
municipalities
producing
acai
fruit,
1985‐2004                   according
to
IBGE                           ...
Acai palm (Euterpe oleracea)           raquiles                                                                   broom   ...
Terrain preparationCrops: Annuals                                                        Unmanaged                  Select...
Average
no
sacks

of
açai
(~48
kg
fruit/sack)
produced
permonth
by
36
sample
households
in
Mazagao
(2000
–
2011) ! &! %!  ...
Management for Multiple Products
Smallholder management of forests        has been “invisible”• Is
working
with
smallholder
forest
management  (rather
than...
Please visit us at www.cifor.org
Managing forests for food security
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Managing forests for food security

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The management of acai (Euterpe oleraceae) forests in the estuary of the Amazon River in Brazil provides an important example of locally-developed forest management systems that preserve many ecosystem services (including biodiversity conservation) while also contributing food and other economic products to households. Production of acai fruit has recently expanded greatly as use of the fruit has moved beyond the borders of Amazonia. Local smallholder farmers have responded to the new opportunities by expanding and intensifying cultivation and management of the palm. Such smallholder-developed forest management systems have yet to be recognised by either the conservation or development communities.

CIFOR scientist Christine Padoch gave this presentation on 8 September 2012 at the IUCN World Conservation Congress in Jeju, South Korea, during a session co-hosted by CIFOR titled ‘Managing wild species and systems for food security’.

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Managing forests for food security

  1. 1. Managing Forests for Food SecurityIUCN
World
Conservation
CongressSaturday,
8
September
2012Jeju,
Korea
  2. 2. Smallholder management of forests has been “invisible”• For
millennia
forests
and
other
non‐agricultural ecosystems
have
been
managed
to
better
satisfy
a variety
of
human
and
societal
needs,
including
the need
for
food• However,
these
traditional
forms
of
management
have remained
mostly
invisible
to
researchers• We
need
to
focus
on
identifying,
understanding
and evaluating
their
realities,
potentials,
and
the
trade‐offs they
demand.
  3. 3. purma
vieja chacra
nueva platano chacra purma
vieja chacra
en
produccion chacra
en
produccion frutal platano platano yucal
y
platanal frutal THINKING beyond the canopypurma huerta
  4. 4. Managed Forests in Amazonia THINKING beyond the canopy
  5. 5. Expansion
of
municipalities
producing
acai
fruit,
1985‐2004 according
to
IBGE 2004 ~1985*Brondizio, E. S. 2008. The Amazonian Caboclo and the Acai Palm: Forest farmers in the Global Market. New York: THINKING beyond the canopyNew York Botanical Garden Press.
  6. 6. Acai palm (Euterpe oleracea) raquiles broom dye fruit juice domestic
animal
fodder smoke
rubber
(coagulate) fruit fertilizer roof
cover leaves “poguega”
shrimp
bait wrap “peconha”
climbing
belt general
covers leaves/ crownshaft heart
of
palm leaflets hat paper
pulp construction
beams foundation
for
general trunk trunk construction floor
boards fences walls bridges “cacuri”
fixed
fishing
trap Construction
of
raised
plant bed roots Medicine
for
stomach Figure
courtesy
of
E.
Brondizio problems
  7. 7. Terrain preparationCrops: Annuals Unmanaged Selective clearing Unmanaged forest Clearing & leveling Papaya bi-annuals Acai Banana Lemon grass  Pineapple Thinning & Sowing  Inter-cropping Intensive Managed Acai plantation Transplanting in rows Acai over bananas Pruning acai clumpsPerennials Acai monoculture Acai agroforestry Acai agroforestry Figure
courtesy
of
E.
Brondizio
  8. 8. Average
no
sacks

of
açai
(~48
kg
fruit/sack)
produced
permonth
by
36
sample
households
in
Mazagao
(2000
–
2011) ! &! %! +,-./0/ $! +122,3/ 4,5/.671-8.9 #! "! ! !! !" !# !$ !% !& ! !( !) !* "! "" #! #! #! #! #! #! #! #! #! #! #! #!
  9. 9. Management for Multiple Products
  10. 10. Smallholder management of forests has been “invisible”• Is
working
with
smallholder
forest
management (rather
than
teaching
farmers
conventional
forestry practices)
a
promising
way
for
assuring
food,
incomes, and
sustainable
landscapes?
  11. 11. Please visit us at www.cifor.org

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