Agriculture and Forest Plantations - Bracelpa

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Presented during the XIV Brazil-Japan Joint Economic Committee Meeting, that took place in the city of Salvador, in Brazil, during august 9th and 10th of 2011.

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Agriculture and Forest Plantations - Bracelpa

  1. 1. Agriculture andForest Plantations August 10th, 2011
  2. 2. Well-Managed ForestsPlantations are considered a tree agriculture 2
  3. 3. Forests CertificationBrazil promotes the best Intensively-Managed Planted Forests (IMPF) Majority of plantations are certified by CERFLOR/PEFC and FSC 3
  4. 4. Forest Plantations respect the Brazilian Forest LegislationReforestation in Permanent Preserved Areas Plantation Neighbor 4 4
  5. 5. Forest and Agriculture IntegrationPlanning and Implementation of Agroforestry Systems 5
  6. 6. Forest and Agriculture Integration Wheat 6
  7. 7. Forest and Agriculture Integration Sunflower 7
  8. 8. Forest and Agriculture Integration Corn and Eucalyptus 8
  9. 9. Forest and Agriculture Integration Cattle Breeding 9
  10. 10. Plantations provide wood and other services• Renewable products • Recyclable products• CO2 sequestration • Soil and watershed protection• Reduces climate change • Biodiversity conservation 10 10
  11. 11. CO2 Sequestration Brazilian Plantations 7.0 million hectares metallurgy | wood pulp and paper 1 billion tons of CO2/year 11 11Source: ABRAF
  12. 12. Origin of our Paper100% of the pulp and paper manufactured in Brazil originates from plantations. 25 12 12
  13. 13. Use of Land in Brazil Millions of ha - 2009 % of the Total Brazil 851 Land Total of Preserved Areas and Other Uses * 529 62.2% Total Arable Land 315 37.0% - Arable land per crop 72 8.5% Soybean 22 2.6% Corn 14 1.7% Sugarcane 9 1.0% Coffee 2 0.2% Cotton 1 0.1% Orange 1 0.1% - Pasture 172 20.2% - Available land 71 8.3% Plantations 7 0.8%* These areas include: the Amazon Forest, environmental protection zones, preservation areas, cities, lakes and rivers. Source: IBGE, CAN, Conab, Min. of Agriculture and the Brazilian Association of Forest Plantation Producers (ABRAF) 13
  14. 14. Social Contribution by the Forest Plantations Sector • Jobs generated in the economy: 4.7 million jobs − 640 thousand direct jobs; − 1,453 thousand indirect jobs; − 2,602 thousand revenue effect. • Promote forest fostering: 14,863 properties, in 377 thousand hectares • Motivate economic and social development in regions far from urban centers • Invest in projects and initiatives in Education, Health and Environmental responsibility areasSource: ABRAF/Pöyry/Bracelpa 12 14 14
  15. 15. Key Pulp and Paper Producers Worldwide - 2009 PULP PAPER Country 1,000 tons Country 1,000 tons 1. USA 48,329 1. China 86,391 2. China 20,813 2. USA 71,613 3. Canada 17,079 3. Japan 26,279 4. Brazil * 13,315 4. Germany 20,902 5. Sweden 11,463 5. Canada 12,857 6. Finland 9,003 6. Sweden 10,933 7. Japan 8,506 7. Finland 10,602 8. Russia 7,235 8. South Korea 10,481 9. Indonesia 5,971 9. Brazil * 9,428 10. Chile 5,000 10. Indonesia 9,363 11. India 3,803 11. India 8,693 12. Germany 2,542 12. Italy 8,449 Other 24,898 Other 84,696TOTAL WORLD 177,957 TOTAL WORLD 370,687Source: RISI 15* Source: Bracelpa
  16. 16. Industry Trade Balance US$ Million FOB % 2009 2010 10/09EXPORT 5.001 6.770 35,4 .Pulp 3.315 4.762 43,7 .Paper 1.686 2.008 19,1IMPORT 1.339 1.900 41,9 .Pulp 242 360 48,8 .Paper 1.097 1.540 40,4BALANCE 3.662 4.870 33,0 .Pulp 3.073 4.402 43,2 .Paper 589 468 -20,5Source: SECEX 16
  17. 17. Cenibra - A Japanese Investment in the Brazilian Pulp and Paper Sector• Cenibra was founded in 1973 in the State of Minas Gerais.• Since 2001, the company is controlled by Japan Brazil Paper and Pulp Resources Development (JBP).• Cenibra operates in 54 municipalities where develops a great number of socio environmental projects.• The total managed forest area of the company is 257 thousand hectares: 60% for eucalyptus plantations and 40% for preservation (Legal Reserve and Permanent Protection Areas).• Production capacity of 1.2 million tonnes per year of BHKP which represents 12% of Brazilian market pulp total production.• Large part of exports are made through the Portocel port located in Barra do Riacho (ES) and represents 14% of total market pulp exported.• Nowadays, Asia is the mainly imported market. 17
  18. 18. Future Trends and ChallengesForest Carbon Trade The Climate Change and Rio+20 Conferences should create a mechanism to trade Forest Carbon Credits. The P&P industry is discussing with the government and global players additionality and time-based criteria for forest carbon. Brazil sold forest carbon credits pursuant to the Kyoto Protocol for the first time in 2010. Plantations for charcoal, avoiding the use of mineral coal. 18
  19. 19. Forest Technology1960 2010 19
  20. 20. Soil Investigation and Plants Nutrition 20 20
  21. 21. Plantations Yield Comparison Forest Competitiveness Genetic and technological development tsa/ha/ano 21Fonte: Poyry e Fibria
  22. 22. Why use Biotechnology?• Several countries are eager to begin dialogue regarding tree biotechnology• Plantations will continue increase their participation in the world wood market.• A process-based approach of forest productivity is needed to establish the BMP (Best Management Practices) for Plantations.• Forest productivity can be easily harmed for innumerous pests and diseases.• New silvicultural, genetic and protection technologies to sustain or enhance forest productivity need to be continuously investigated.• Forest education and extension need to be improved.• Biotechnology will allow to produce more in less area and use less resources for instance water. 22
  23. 23. Thankswww.bracelpa.org.br 23 23

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