AWS Webcast - How to Architect and Deploy a Multi-Tier SharePoint Server Farm on AWS


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Please join as an AWS Solution Architect discusses the steps and available tools necessary to design, setup, and deploy infrastructure for running a multi-server, Microsoft SharePoint Server Farm on AWS. In this webinar we will also cover how to architect for high availability and provision the relevant AWS services and resources to run SharePoint Server workloads at scale on the AWS Cloud. We shall also review available content and tools, such as AWS CloudFormation Templates and a new Advanced Implementation Guide that will help you quickly customize and implement a scalable, enterprise-class SharePoint Server farm on AWS.

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AWS Webcast - How to Architect and Deploy a Multi-Tier SharePoint Server Farm on AWS

  1. 1. How to Architect & Deploy a Multi-Tier SharePoint 2013 Farm in AWS Presented by Jason Miller & Wayne Saxe 1
  2. 2. Agenda • Introductions • SharePoint 2013 challenges and CloudFormation • Microsoft workloads on AWS • Typical SharePoint 2013 architectures • SharePoint 2013 in AWS • Migration approaches • High availability considerations • Questions 2
  3. 3. Wayne Saxe - Ecosystem Solutions Architect • 10+ years of technology industry experience • Focus on empowering the enterprise with the AWS Cloud • Developing reference architectures to showcase the Microsoft platform within AWS
  4. 4. Jason Miller - Senior Consultant • MCSE, MCSA + Messaging, MCP, MCITP, MCTS • 18+ years of technology industry experience • 2 years at Summit 7 Systems • Prior: Chief Engineer for NASA Exchange consolidation project • Originally a theater major • Loves all aspects of tech • Hates vanity slides • @s7JasonM 4
  5. 5. Enterprise IT Challenges Meeting business growth Data center limitations Inflexible architecture Disaster recovery & high availability Finding/retaining talent
  6. 6. Benefits of the AWS Cloud • No up-front investment • Low ongoing cost • Flexible capacity • Speed and agility • Apps not ops • Global reach 6
  7. 7. AWS Cloud Layers 7
  8. 8. AWS Global Infrastructure 9 Regions 25 Availability zones Continuous expansion 8
  9. 9. Key AWS Services 9
  10. 10. AWS “Virtual Private Cloud” • Launch AWS resources in a virtual network you define • Environment closely resembles traditional network • Control over IP address ranges, subnets, routes, gateways and security settings • Create encrypted VPN connections 10
  11. 11. Extending Your Data Center 11
  12. 12. Microsoft Platform on AWS • Microsoft “License Mobility through Software Assurance” gives Microsoft Volume Licensing customers the flexibility to deploy Windows Server applications with active Software Assurance (SA) on Amazon Web Services • Partnership to support running Windows Server-based workloads on AWS • Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) with Windows Server and SQL Server today that were jointly developed by Microsoft and AWS • General info on AWS and License Mobility for a variety of MS server products: SharePoint Server and other Microsoft server products can be licensed to run on AWS Detail on AWS and License Mobility with SQL Server: 12
  13. 13. SharePoint 2013 Challenges: On-Premises • High availability is expensive • Licensing can be expensive • Hardware and support agreements • Skilled personnel to develop and operate • Office client harmony 13
  14. 14. SharePoint 2013 Challenges: Cloud • Licensing (maybe!) • Some third party solutions may be difficult to implement • Data privacy and security • Network throughput • Office client harmony 14
  15. 15. SharePoint Common Workloads • Enterprise collaboration, content management and team/project sites • Web applications: • ASP.NET++ documents/team, SharePoint services, social computer workflow, backend connectivity, web-part personalization, etc. • Search services - SharePoint Search Server • MS Office services: Excel, Word, etc. 15
  16. 16. SharePoint Scenarios • Enterprise internal deployment of SharePoint • • • All or partial deployment of corporate SharePoint infrastructure on AWS Intranet-only: user experience identical to running on-premise SharePoint Public-accessible Web Application/Website • Web-based application built on SharePoint server • For instance: customer service portal 16
  17. 17. Intranet SharePoint on AWS • Enterprise (Intranet) SharePoint farm: • • • Completely or partial (hybrid) hosted in AWS Extension of enterprise infrastructure into AWS Key points: • Typically for corporate group collaboration, content sharing, team sites • Internal only: access only from within corporate • Active Directory on-premises: authenticate using corporate credentials 17
  18. 18. Typical SharePoint 2013 Architectures: Intranet 18
  19. 19. Typical SharePoint 2013 Architectures: Public Website • Public Website • • • Hosted public website/application on AWS Leverage SharePoint Server capabilities for web- based application (content, workflow) Key points: • Complete solution deployed within AWS – Accessible via public internet • DMZ for threat management 19
  20. 20. Typical SharePoint 2013 Architectures: Public Website 20
  21. 21. Considerations for Multi-Functional Farms • Search farms • • Workflow Manager • • Lots of content? Consider a separate search farm High availability requires minimum of three servers Office Web Apps • OWA are independent of SharePoint 2013 farms 21
  22. 22. SharePoint 2013 in AWS Sequential approach similar to a setup on-premises: 1. Create foundational infrastructure: • Network, Routing, Security • 2nd Datacenter for High Availability (2nd AWS Availability Zone) 2. Setup AD, Sites, Subnets, Site links 3. Set up MS SQL Server – primary, secondary, (witness) 4. Set up Application Servers 5. Set up Web Front End (WFE) servers 6. Network load balancing 7. SSL/DNS, etc. 22
  23. 23. SharePoint 2013 in AWS • Consider VPC and public IP’s carefully • RDS is not supported because it is SQL authentication only • Automate deployment with CloudFormation templates • Consider use of availability zones • Understand AWS high availability features very thoroughly! 23
  24. 24. SharePoint 2013 in AWS: Intranet 24
  25. 25. SharePoint 2013 in AWS: Public Site 25
  26. 26. Bonus: SharePoint 2013 Hybrid • Many hybrid implementation considerations • Intranet/AWS: Use AWS VPC and Direct Connect to get two farms running • • • Publish/consume farm services where required Leverage the flexibility of cloud and security of data simultaneously Hybrid farms: 26
  27. 27. Active Directory in AWS • Active Directory setup in VPC to provide user authentication for SharePoint farm on AWS • • • For the intranet scenario, AWS AD contents are replicated from the AD on-premises via VPN (periodic refresh) For website scenario, users are created and maintained in AWS AD If on-premises alternate directory exists (LDAP etc), then ADFS should be considered to federate those with SharePoint 27
  28. 28. Active Directory in AWS: Intranet 28
  29. 29. Active Directory in AWS: Public Site 29
  30. 30. Search in AWS • Used to be FAST Search for SharePoint 2010 • SharePoint 2013 Search can be integrated into an existing farm or broken out into a separate service • For larger deployments, Microsoft recommends building a separate search farm • Publish the search service, consume on the user farms • Read many different content sources on farms or federated search 30
  31. 31. SharePoint 2013 Workflow Services • SharePoint 2013 introduces a new Workflow Manager service (for 2013 workflows) • Separate install from SharePoint 2013 - not installed automatically • Entire separate farm for SharePoint 2013 Workflow Manager can be used that is not on the user-facing servers • Or hook up to Windows Azure for processing workflows 31
  32. 32. SharePoint 2013 Workflow Services • Workflow Manager focus areas: • High Density & Multi-tenancy • Elastic Scale • Activity / Workflow Artifact Management • Tracking and Monitoring • Instance Management • Fully Declarative Authoring • REST and Service Bus Messaging 32
  33. 33. Server Setup • Map Microsoft guidance for on-premises and virtualized SharePoint Server setups to EC2 • For each distinct server type/role: • Select (or create/derive) AMI for the role – Windows, MS SQL, etc. • Select EC2 Instance Type – pivot around CPU, RAM, storage, and networking performance • Serves as an initial starting point for sizing/testing • Test/tweak against your metrics and usage patterns, e.g. number of concurrent users, type and amounts of content, etc 33
  34. 34. SharePoint Server Scaling Tier/Role Scenario Processor RAM Hard disk Web/App Tier All 64-bit, 4 core 12 GB 80 GB Database Small deployment 64-bit, 4-core 8 GB 80 GB Database Medium deployment 64-bit, 8 core 16 GB 80 GB Domain Controller All 64-bit, 4 core 8 GB 80 GB Tier EC2 Instance and Range AMI to Use Web Front End Extra large: m1.xlarge Windows 2012 or 2008 R2 App Server Extra large: High Memory Quad Extra Large (m2.xl– m2.4xl) Windows 2012 or 2008 R2 Database Server High Memory Quadruple Extra Large (m2.4xl) Win2012 + SQL 2012 Domain Controller Extra large: m1.xlarge Windows 2012 or 2008 R2 34
  35. 35. High Availability in AWS • Core Concepts of AWS High Availability • Multiple Regions • Availability Zones • Elastic Load Balancers (ELB) • Rapid Provisioning and De-provisioning of Servers • CloudWatch and Auto Scaling 35
  36. 36. High Availability in AWS 36
  37. 37. High Availability for SharePoint • Before you Design, Plan! • Characteristics of High Availability for SharePoint • • Failover Events should have minimal Effects • • Reduce Single Points of Failure Farm Continues to Function Build Redundancy into each component of the Farm 37
  38. 38. High Availability for SharePoint Stretched Farms • Use Two or More Availability Zones • Use Private Subnets for Each Tier • • Database Mirroring for SQL • 38 Control Ingress and Eagress with Security Groups Synchronous vs. Asynchronous
  39. 39. High Availability for SharePoint SQL 2012 Always on Availability Groups • HA solution provides alternative to Database Mirroring • Provides Automatic Failover almost Instantaneously • Builds on SQL Availability Groups • • 39 Doesn't Require Shared Disk Storage Very Similar to Deploying in an on-premise environment
  40. 40. Deployment Tools • AWS CloudFormation • Specify creation and configuration of AWS resources in a JSONbased template • Deploy template using AWS CloudFormation to create a ‘stack’ of running resources • Integrates with other deployment scripts/tools • Private AMI Creation • Windows PowerShell • Execute on instance at provisioning time via instance Metadata • Use PowerShell to orchestrate CloudFormation template launches 40
  41. 41. Migration Strategies • Existing SharePoint 2013 on-premises deployment project • • Detach and copy to AWS • • Set content databases to read-only Attach content database Third party utilities to hot-migrate data • • AvePoint DocAve • • Dell Migration Manager Metalogix Migration project whitepaper: 41
  42. 42. Advanced Implementation • Available in pdf format: • Comprehensive guide detailing all of the components of the AWS CloudFormation templates, AMI and instance configuration, parameters that can be varied, etc • Walks through ALL of the AWS CloudFormation details, PowerShell scripts, cfn-init details, etc • Targeted to customers and systems integrators that want to understand all the details, to customize, extend, etc
  43. 43. More Reading Web Pages Whitepapers Microsoft on AWS Microsoft SharePoint Server on AWS: Reference Architecture SharePoint on AWS Secure Microsoft Applications on AWS Implementing Microsoft Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) and SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn Availability Groups in the AWS Cloud Windows on AWS (includes pricing) Amazon EC2 Windows Guide Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 in the AWS Cloud: Planning & Implementation Guide Microsoft AMIs for Windows and SQL Server Windows &selection=ami_provider_id%2Bplatform Microsoft License Mobility 43
  44. 44. Contact us! Microsoft (general) SharePoint 44