SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 4
Download to read offline
Adolescent
Mental Health
The Responsibilities of
our School System
Increasing amounts of children are suffering needlessly because the
very institutions and systems that were created to take care of them are
not meeting their emotional, behavioral, and developmental needs.
According to the Surgeon General’s 1999 report on Mental Health,
“One in five children and adolescents experiences the signs and
symptoms of a DSM-IV disorder during the course of a year”. The
document reports that an estimated 6 to 9 million youngsters with
serious emotional disturbances are not receiving the help they need-
especially from low-income families. The reality for many large urban
schools is that well-over 50% of their students manifest significant
learning, behavior and emotional problems. The report warns of the
inadequacies of the current mental health system and that the situation
will worsen because of swelling demographics that are resulting in
more older Americans and children and adolescents with MH-related
concerns. Promoting Healthy Minds for Safer Communities Act of
2014 (S.2872) amends the Public Health Service Act to strengthen and
improve intervention efforts. This bill will require the U.S. Secretary of
Health and Human Services to establish a program to award grants to
expand mental health crisis assistance programs. I personally implore
you, Arne Duncan, and the U.S. Department of Education to support
this legislation.
I. Executive Summary
Arne Duncan
U.S. Secretary of Education
Department of Education
Mental Health in
Schools & S.2872
Alexandra Rupp
California State University,
Northridge
Master of Social Work Program
To
From
December 1, 2014
2 lorem ipsum :: [Date]
Should public school systems
provide mental health services
to students?
1
The Facts
§ 52 million students in the U.S.A
(SSWAA, 2013)
§ 25% of children and adolescents
experience depression, anxiety
or substance abuse disorders in
a given year (CHHCS, 2013)
§ 1 in 5 students (ages 9 to 17) are
seen as experiencing the signs
and symptoms of a DSM-IV
disorder during the course of a
year (ACA, 2013)
§ 2.4 million youths report using
illegal drugs within a given year
§ 50% of students at large urban
schools are manifesting
significant behavior, learning,
and emotional problems (SMHP,
2014)
§ 4 out of 5 students don’t receive
the mental health services and
help they need! (SMHP, 2014)
§ 13-20% of children living in the
U.S. experience a mental illness
and surveillance over the past
two decades has shown the
prevalence of these
The Reality of these trends: the
mental health problems of most
youngsters are not rooted in
internal pathology. Many
troubling symptoms would not
develop if environmental
circumstances were
appropriately different!
2
II. Statement
of the Issue
III. Background
In order for students to succeed and schools to function
satisfactorily, mental health concerns must be addressed!
Mentally healthy children and adolescents develop the
ability to experience a range of emotions in appropriate and
constructive ways: possess positive self-esteem and a
respect for others; and harbor a deep sense of security and
trust in themselves and the world. Mentally healthy
children and adolescents are able to function in
developmentally appropriate ways in the contexts of self,
family, peers, school, and community. Building on a
foundation of personal interaction and support, mentally
healthy children and adolescents develop the ability to
initiate and maintain meaningful relationships and learn to
function productively in the world (National Center for
Education in Maternal and Child Health, 2012).
Mental health services for children and youth must be
accessible. Schools are ideal settings to provide mental
health services to children and youth. Virtually every
community has a school and most youngsters spend six
hours a day there with trained, caring professionals
(SSWAA, 2014).
The school environment is:
• Tailored to learning and development
• A natural context for prevention and intervention
• Connected to community resources
• Familiar and accessible to students and parents
• Designed to promote communication between home
and school
3 lorem ipsum :: [Date]
“ The United States of
America has no greater
responsibility than
safeguarding the well-
being of our children.
Ensuring safe schools
and communities is
paramount to this
responsibility” (SSWAA,
2013).
The U.S. Department of Education needs to advocate/integrate research-
based public policies and programs that improve academic and social
outcomes for children and youth.
IV. Pre-existing Policies
The following represents policy actions toward effective mental
health services in schools by the state of California:
• Early Mental Health Initiative
School funding provided by the state to support early
intervention and prevention programs regarding mental
health
• Mental Health in Schools Act of 2013
Amends the Public Health Service Act to revise a
community children and violence program to assist local
communities and schools in applying a public health
approach to mental health services
All children and
adolescents should
have consistent, equal
access to mental health
services in a school
setting.
The Big issue
Although steps have been taken by policy makers to
implement mental health services as a public school
obligation, but the number of children who do not receive the
psycho, emotional, and behavioral health they need is still
dangerously high!
4 lorem ipsum :: [Date]
123
1) Increase access to mental health services and supports
in school.
Increased access to MH services and supports in schools,
including the infusion of social-emotional learning in our
classroms, is vital to improving the physical and psychological
safety of our students and schools, as well as academic
performance and problem solving skills. Opposing arguments
might impose that funding for these services will take away from the financial implications of a
school’s main function to provide adequate education. Although, MH support is necessary for a
student to be academically succesful.
2) Develop safe and supportive schools and implement initiatives that consider both
psychological and physical safety.
Maintain safe school environments that promote learning, psychological health, and student
success. We need to ensure that adquate learning supports and policies are present to provide a
continuum of services that respond to the needs of all students.
3) Establish trained school safety and crisis teams
Training should encompass ongoing prevention and early intervention as well as response and
recoveryin the even the unpreventable occurs. The primary goal should be to reinforce learning as
well as safety.
V. A Call to
Action
VI. Recommendation
By supporting S.2872, the U.S. Department of Education will aid in providing the titles
called into action as listed above. Strengthening and improving intervention efforts is a
tiered process rooted in educating parents, teachers, professionals, and the community.
Early intervention is crucial in the resiliency of our youth and the U.S. Department of
Education plays a vital role in student success.
References
Adelman, H., Taylor, L., Weist, M., Adelsheim, S., Freeman, B. (1999). Mental health in schools: A federal initiative. Children's
Services, 2(2), 95-115. Retrieved November 9, 2014 from
http://web.a.ebscohost.com.libproxy.csun.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=9d2bac20-fb7e-4995-b0f3-
5ebf6a067839%40sessionmgr4001&vid=1&hid=4104
CHHCS (2013). The Center for Health and Health Care in Schools. Retrieved November 10, 2014 from www.healthinschools.org.
Moses-Zirkes, S., Hurley, C. M., Wrobel, G. (1997). From Compass to Road Map: Developing Comprehensive Policy for
Delivering Mental Health Services in Schools. National Association of School Psychologists. Retrieved November 9, 2014
from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED423474.pdf.
SAMHSA (2014). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved November 20, 2014 from
www.samhsa.gov.
SSWAA (2013). School Social Work Association of America. Retrieved November 9, 2014 from www.sswaa.org.

More Related Content

What's hot

Mental Health Awareness Training Courses
Mental Health Awareness Training Courses Mental Health Awareness Training Courses
Mental Health Awareness Training Courses The Pathway Group
 
School Mental Health Teacher Training
School Mental Health Teacher TrainingSchool Mental Health Teacher Training
School Mental Health Teacher TrainingTeenMentalHealth.org
 
Mental Health Awareness
Mental Health AwarenessMental Health Awareness
Mental Health AwarenessMark Dept
 
Drug & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription...
Drug  & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription...Drug  & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription...
Drug & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription...OrnellaRN
 
Mental Health Presentation
Mental Health PresentationMental Health Presentation
Mental Health PresentationShadman Shakib
 
Mental Health In School Systems
Mental Health In School SystemsMental Health In School Systems
Mental Health In School SystemsChris Kelly
 
Mental health ppt.
Mental health ppt.Mental health ppt.
Mental health ppt.gusto80
 
Chapter 16 Prevention Of Substance Abuse
Chapter 16   Prevention Of Substance AbuseChapter 16   Prevention Of Substance Abuse
Chapter 16 Prevention Of Substance AbuseJustin Gatewood
 
Lack of Mental Health Awareness In The Workplace
Lack of Mental Health Awareness In The Workplace Lack of Mental Health Awareness In The Workplace
Lack of Mental Health Awareness In The Workplace TherapistTee
 
Mental health disorders in students
Mental health disorders in studentsMental health disorders in students
Mental health disorders in studentsMegan Seaich
 
Substance use and misuse
Substance use and misuseSubstance use and misuse
Substance use and misuseAhlam Sundus
 

What's hot (20)

Mental illness[1]
Mental illness[1]Mental illness[1]
Mental illness[1]
 
Mental Health 1
Mental Health 1Mental Health 1
Mental Health 1
 
World Mental Health Day 2017
World Mental Health Day  2017World Mental Health Day  2017
World Mental Health Day 2017
 
Mental Health Awareness Training Courses
Mental Health Awareness Training Courses Mental Health Awareness Training Courses
Mental Health Awareness Training Courses
 
School Mental Health Teacher Training
School Mental Health Teacher TrainingSchool Mental Health Teacher Training
School Mental Health Teacher Training
 
Mental health of students
Mental health of studentsMental health of students
Mental health of students
 
Mental Health Awareness
Mental Health AwarenessMental Health Awareness
Mental Health Awareness
 
Drug & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription...
Drug  & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription...Drug  & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription...
Drug & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription...
 
Psychosocial Support
Psychosocial Support Psychosocial Support
Psychosocial Support
 
Mental Health Presentation
Mental Health PresentationMental Health Presentation
Mental Health Presentation
 
Mental Health In School Systems
Mental Health In School SystemsMental Health In School Systems
Mental Health In School Systems
 
Mental Health Care Policy Ppt 1[1]
Mental Health Care Policy Ppt 1[1]Mental Health Care Policy Ppt 1[1]
Mental Health Care Policy Ppt 1[1]
 
Mental health ppt.
Mental health ppt.Mental health ppt.
Mental health ppt.
 
Mental health lecture ppt
Mental health lecture pptMental health lecture ppt
Mental health lecture ppt
 
Chapter 16 Prevention Of Substance Abuse
Chapter 16   Prevention Of Substance AbuseChapter 16   Prevention Of Substance Abuse
Chapter 16 Prevention Of Substance Abuse
 
Drugs and alcohol
Drugs and alcoholDrugs and alcohol
Drugs and alcohol
 
Lack of Mental Health Awareness In The Workplace
Lack of Mental Health Awareness In The Workplace Lack of Mental Health Awareness In The Workplace
Lack of Mental Health Awareness In The Workplace
 
Mental health disorders in students
Mental health disorders in studentsMental health disorders in students
Mental health disorders in students
 
Substance use and misuse
Substance use and misuseSubstance use and misuse
Substance use and misuse
 
25 Ways to Nurture Children's Mental Health
25 Ways to Nurture Children's Mental Health25 Ways to Nurture Children's Mental Health
25 Ways to Nurture Children's Mental Health
 

Viewers also liked

Viewers also liked (8)

2016 Central Coast Mental Health and Schools Conference
2016 Central Coast Mental Health and Schools Conference2016 Central Coast Mental Health and Schools Conference
2016 Central Coast Mental Health and Schools Conference
 
Mental health and mental ill-health in young people
Mental health and mental ill-health in young peopleMental health and mental ill-health in young people
Mental health and mental ill-health in young people
 
Health policy brief powerpoint final 2013
Health policy brief powerpoint final  2013Health policy brief powerpoint final  2013
Health policy brief powerpoint final 2013
 
Presentation of health policies
Presentation of health policiesPresentation of health policies
Presentation of health policies
 
Mental health
Mental healthMental health
Mental health
 
introduction-to-health-policy
introduction-to-health-policyintroduction-to-health-policy
introduction-to-health-policy
 
Mental health
Mental healthMental health
Mental health
 
Understanding Mental Health and Mental Illness
Understanding Mental Health and Mental IllnessUnderstanding Mental Health and Mental Illness
Understanding Mental Health and Mental Illness
 

Similar to Mental Health in Schools: A Policy Brief

Promote children's social emotional and behavioral health
Promote children's social emotional and behavioral healthPromote children's social emotional and behavioral health
Promote children's social emotional and behavioral healthlimiacorlin
 
Insure All Children Toolkit
Insure All Children ToolkitInsure All Children Toolkit
Insure All Children ToolkitLindsay McManus
 
Mentor_submission to the Education Committee inquiry on PSHE and SRE
Mentor_submission to the Education Committee inquiry on PSHE and SREMentor_submission to the Education Committee inquiry on PSHE and SRE
Mentor_submission to the Education Committee inquiry on PSHE and SREJamila Boughelaf
 
The Effectiveness of Early Childhood DevelopmentProgramsA .docx
The Effectiveness of Early Childhood DevelopmentProgramsA .docxThe Effectiveness of Early Childhood DevelopmentProgramsA .docx
The Effectiveness of Early Childhood DevelopmentProgramsA .docxcherry686017
 
mental health reviewd file
mental health reviewd filemental health reviewd file
mental health reviewd fileSurojit Saha
 
ECJ_p54-62_6 Mental Health-Identifying good mental health
ECJ_p54-62_6 Mental Health-Identifying good mental healthECJ_p54-62_6 Mental Health-Identifying good mental health
ECJ_p54-62_6 Mental Health-Identifying good mental healthLouise Kinnaird
 
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docxCHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docxwalterl4
 
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docxCHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docxketurahhazelhurst
 
infant ec mh paper full document
infant ec mh paper full documentinfant ec mh paper full document
infant ec mh paper full documentCarla Denner, LCSW
 
Part One Part One Background Intro.docx
Part One Part One Background Intro.docxPart One Part One Background Intro.docx
Part One Part One Background Intro.docxgertrudebellgrove
 
Part One Part One Background Intro.docx
 Part One Part One Background Intro.docx Part One Part One Background Intro.docx
Part One Part One Background Intro.docxgertrudebellgrove
 
From Uganda to Lebanon: Experiences with Integrating Early Childhood Developm...
From Uganda to Lebanon: Experiences with Integrating Early Childhood Developm...From Uganda to Lebanon: Experiences with Integrating Early Childhood Developm...
From Uganda to Lebanon: Experiences with Integrating Early Childhood Developm...CORE Group
 
Supporting Wellness in Children with Mental Illness
Supporting Wellness in Children with Mental IllnessSupporting Wellness in Children with Mental Illness
Supporting Wellness in Children with Mental IllnessHouse of New Hope
 
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final PrintFidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final PrintWhitney Slightham
 
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final PrintFidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final PrintMatt Schubert
 
Pdhpe rational 3
Pdhpe rational 3Pdhpe rational 3
Pdhpe rational 3lrn89m
 
Pdhpe rational
Pdhpe rationalPdhpe rational
Pdhpe rationallrn89m
 

Similar to Mental Health in Schools: A Policy Brief (20)

Promote children's social emotional and behavioral health
Promote children's social emotional and behavioral healthPromote children's social emotional and behavioral health
Promote children's social emotional and behavioral health
 
Insure All Children Toolkit
Insure All Children ToolkitInsure All Children Toolkit
Insure All Children Toolkit
 
Mentor_submission to the Education Committee inquiry on PSHE and SRE
Mentor_submission to the Education Committee inquiry on PSHE and SREMentor_submission to the Education Committee inquiry on PSHE and SRE
Mentor_submission to the Education Committee inquiry on PSHE and SRE
 
Whole child makingthecase[1]
Whole child makingthecase[1]Whole child makingthecase[1]
Whole child makingthecase[1]
 
The Effectiveness of Early Childhood DevelopmentProgramsA .docx
The Effectiveness of Early Childhood DevelopmentProgramsA .docxThe Effectiveness of Early Childhood DevelopmentProgramsA .docx
The Effectiveness of Early Childhood DevelopmentProgramsA .docx
 
mental health reviewd file
mental health reviewd filemental health reviewd file
mental health reviewd file
 
Children's Plan
Children's PlanChildren's Plan
Children's Plan
 
Shonkoff
ShonkoffShonkoff
Shonkoff
 
ECJ_p54-62_6 Mental Health-Identifying good mental health
ECJ_p54-62_6 Mental Health-Identifying good mental healthECJ_p54-62_6 Mental Health-Identifying good mental health
ECJ_p54-62_6 Mental Health-Identifying good mental health
 
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docxCHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
 
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docxCHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
CHAPTER 1Overview of Early Care and Education and Program Admini.docx
 
infant ec mh paper full document
infant ec mh paper full documentinfant ec mh paper full document
infant ec mh paper full document
 
Part One Part One Background Intro.docx
Part One Part One Background Intro.docxPart One Part One Background Intro.docx
Part One Part One Background Intro.docx
 
Part One Part One Background Intro.docx
 Part One Part One Background Intro.docx Part One Part One Background Intro.docx
Part One Part One Background Intro.docx
 
From Uganda to Lebanon: Experiences with Integrating Early Childhood Developm...
From Uganda to Lebanon: Experiences with Integrating Early Childhood Developm...From Uganda to Lebanon: Experiences with Integrating Early Childhood Developm...
From Uganda to Lebanon: Experiences with Integrating Early Childhood Developm...
 
Supporting Wellness in Children with Mental Illness
Supporting Wellness in Children with Mental IllnessSupporting Wellness in Children with Mental Illness
Supporting Wellness in Children with Mental Illness
 
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final PrintFidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
 
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final PrintFidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
FidelityEHR Care Coordination eBook Final Print
 
Pdhpe rational 3
Pdhpe rational 3Pdhpe rational 3
Pdhpe rational 3
 
Pdhpe rational
Pdhpe rationalPdhpe rational
Pdhpe rational
 

More from Alexandra Rupp

Child Sexual Exploitation of Children, CSEC Advocacy Project
Child Sexual Exploitation of Children, CSEC Advocacy ProjectChild Sexual Exploitation of Children, CSEC Advocacy Project
Child Sexual Exploitation of Children, CSEC Advocacy ProjectAlexandra Rupp
 
Student Wellness Newsletter-- The Chill (4th Ed.): Gender and Self-Esteem
Student Wellness Newsletter-- The Chill (4th Ed.): Gender and Self-EsteemStudent Wellness Newsletter-- The Chill (4th Ed.): Gender and Self-Esteem
Student Wellness Newsletter-- The Chill (4th Ed.): Gender and Self-EsteemAlexandra Rupp
 
The chill #3 healthy relationships
The chill #3 healthy relationshipsThe chill #3 healthy relationships
The chill #3 healthy relationshipsAlexandra Rupp
 
The Chill: Identity (2nd Ed.)
The Chill: Identity (2nd Ed.)The Chill: Identity (2nd Ed.)
The Chill: Identity (2nd Ed.)Alexandra Rupp
 
The Chill: Wellness Newsletter for Students
The Chill: Wellness Newsletter for StudentsThe Chill: Wellness Newsletter for Students
The Chill: Wellness Newsletter for StudentsAlexandra Rupp
 
First year internship presentation
First year internship  presentationFirst year internship  presentation
First year internship presentationAlexandra Rupp
 

More from Alexandra Rupp (6)

Child Sexual Exploitation of Children, CSEC Advocacy Project
Child Sexual Exploitation of Children, CSEC Advocacy ProjectChild Sexual Exploitation of Children, CSEC Advocacy Project
Child Sexual Exploitation of Children, CSEC Advocacy Project
 
Student Wellness Newsletter-- The Chill (4th Ed.): Gender and Self-Esteem
Student Wellness Newsletter-- The Chill (4th Ed.): Gender and Self-EsteemStudent Wellness Newsletter-- The Chill (4th Ed.): Gender and Self-Esteem
Student Wellness Newsletter-- The Chill (4th Ed.): Gender and Self-Esteem
 
The chill #3 healthy relationships
The chill #3 healthy relationshipsThe chill #3 healthy relationships
The chill #3 healthy relationships
 
The Chill: Identity (2nd Ed.)
The Chill: Identity (2nd Ed.)The Chill: Identity (2nd Ed.)
The Chill: Identity (2nd Ed.)
 
The Chill: Wellness Newsletter for Students
The Chill: Wellness Newsletter for StudentsThe Chill: Wellness Newsletter for Students
The Chill: Wellness Newsletter for Students
 
First year internship presentation
First year internship  presentationFirst year internship  presentation
First year internship presentation
 

Recently uploaded

Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfTechSoup
 
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxMillenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxJanEmmanBrigoli
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSJoshuaGantuangco2
 
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxPresentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxRosabel UA
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfPatidar M
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxTEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxruthvilladarez
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfJemuel Francisco
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxYOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxFINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
 
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxMillenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
 
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxPresentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxTEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
 

Mental Health in Schools: A Policy Brief

  • 1. Adolescent Mental Health The Responsibilities of our School System Increasing amounts of children are suffering needlessly because the very institutions and systems that were created to take care of them are not meeting their emotional, behavioral, and developmental needs. According to the Surgeon General’s 1999 report on Mental Health, “One in five children and adolescents experiences the signs and symptoms of a DSM-IV disorder during the course of a year”. The document reports that an estimated 6 to 9 million youngsters with serious emotional disturbances are not receiving the help they need- especially from low-income families. The reality for many large urban schools is that well-over 50% of their students manifest significant learning, behavior and emotional problems. The report warns of the inadequacies of the current mental health system and that the situation will worsen because of swelling demographics that are resulting in more older Americans and children and adolescents with MH-related concerns. Promoting Healthy Minds for Safer Communities Act of 2014 (S.2872) amends the Public Health Service Act to strengthen and improve intervention efforts. This bill will require the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish a program to award grants to expand mental health crisis assistance programs. I personally implore you, Arne Duncan, and the U.S. Department of Education to support this legislation. I. Executive Summary Arne Duncan U.S. Secretary of Education Department of Education Mental Health in Schools & S.2872 Alexandra Rupp California State University, Northridge Master of Social Work Program To From December 1, 2014
  • 2. 2 lorem ipsum :: [Date] Should public school systems provide mental health services to students? 1 The Facts § 52 million students in the U.S.A (SSWAA, 2013) § 25% of children and adolescents experience depression, anxiety or substance abuse disorders in a given year (CHHCS, 2013) § 1 in 5 students (ages 9 to 17) are seen as experiencing the signs and symptoms of a DSM-IV disorder during the course of a year (ACA, 2013) § 2.4 million youths report using illegal drugs within a given year § 50% of students at large urban schools are manifesting significant behavior, learning, and emotional problems (SMHP, 2014) § 4 out of 5 students don’t receive the mental health services and help they need! (SMHP, 2014) § 13-20% of children living in the U.S. experience a mental illness and surveillance over the past two decades has shown the prevalence of these The Reality of these trends: the mental health problems of most youngsters are not rooted in internal pathology. Many troubling symptoms would not develop if environmental circumstances were appropriately different! 2 II. Statement of the Issue III. Background In order for students to succeed and schools to function satisfactorily, mental health concerns must be addressed! Mentally healthy children and adolescents develop the ability to experience a range of emotions in appropriate and constructive ways: possess positive self-esteem and a respect for others; and harbor a deep sense of security and trust in themselves and the world. Mentally healthy children and adolescents are able to function in developmentally appropriate ways in the contexts of self, family, peers, school, and community. Building on a foundation of personal interaction and support, mentally healthy children and adolescents develop the ability to initiate and maintain meaningful relationships and learn to function productively in the world (National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, 2012). Mental health services for children and youth must be accessible. Schools are ideal settings to provide mental health services to children and youth. Virtually every community has a school and most youngsters spend six hours a day there with trained, caring professionals (SSWAA, 2014). The school environment is: • Tailored to learning and development • A natural context for prevention and intervention • Connected to community resources • Familiar and accessible to students and parents • Designed to promote communication between home and school
  • 3. 3 lorem ipsum :: [Date] “ The United States of America has no greater responsibility than safeguarding the well- being of our children. Ensuring safe schools and communities is paramount to this responsibility” (SSWAA, 2013). The U.S. Department of Education needs to advocate/integrate research- based public policies and programs that improve academic and social outcomes for children and youth. IV. Pre-existing Policies The following represents policy actions toward effective mental health services in schools by the state of California: • Early Mental Health Initiative School funding provided by the state to support early intervention and prevention programs regarding mental health • Mental Health in Schools Act of 2013 Amends the Public Health Service Act to revise a community children and violence program to assist local communities and schools in applying a public health approach to mental health services All children and adolescents should have consistent, equal access to mental health services in a school setting. The Big issue Although steps have been taken by policy makers to implement mental health services as a public school obligation, but the number of children who do not receive the psycho, emotional, and behavioral health they need is still dangerously high!
  • 4. 4 lorem ipsum :: [Date] 123 1) Increase access to mental health services and supports in school. Increased access to MH services and supports in schools, including the infusion of social-emotional learning in our classroms, is vital to improving the physical and psychological safety of our students and schools, as well as academic performance and problem solving skills. Opposing arguments might impose that funding for these services will take away from the financial implications of a school’s main function to provide adequate education. Although, MH support is necessary for a student to be academically succesful. 2) Develop safe and supportive schools and implement initiatives that consider both psychological and physical safety. Maintain safe school environments that promote learning, psychological health, and student success. We need to ensure that adquate learning supports and policies are present to provide a continuum of services that respond to the needs of all students. 3) Establish trained school safety and crisis teams Training should encompass ongoing prevention and early intervention as well as response and recoveryin the even the unpreventable occurs. The primary goal should be to reinforce learning as well as safety. V. A Call to Action VI. Recommendation By supporting S.2872, the U.S. Department of Education will aid in providing the titles called into action as listed above. Strengthening and improving intervention efforts is a tiered process rooted in educating parents, teachers, professionals, and the community. Early intervention is crucial in the resiliency of our youth and the U.S. Department of Education plays a vital role in student success. References Adelman, H., Taylor, L., Weist, M., Adelsheim, S., Freeman, B. (1999). Mental health in schools: A federal initiative. Children's Services, 2(2), 95-115. Retrieved November 9, 2014 from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.libproxy.csun.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=9d2bac20-fb7e-4995-b0f3- 5ebf6a067839%40sessionmgr4001&vid=1&hid=4104 CHHCS (2013). The Center for Health and Health Care in Schools. Retrieved November 10, 2014 from www.healthinschools.org. Moses-Zirkes, S., Hurley, C. M., Wrobel, G. (1997). From Compass to Road Map: Developing Comprehensive Policy for Delivering Mental Health Services in Schools. National Association of School Psychologists. Retrieved November 9, 2014 from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED423474.pdf. SAMHSA (2014). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved November 20, 2014 from www.samhsa.gov. SSWAA (2013). School Social Work Association of America. Retrieved November 9, 2014 from www.sswaa.org.