Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Open Data in Africa: Case Study of Cameroon/Essama Mekongo Pierette

86 views

Published on

Presentation during the 14th Association of African Universities (AAU) Conference and African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Research Data Alliance (RDA) Workshop in Accra, Ghana, 7-8 June 2017.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Open Data in Africa: Case Study of Cameroon/Essama Mekongo Pierette

  1. 1. OPEN DATA IN AFRICA: CASE STUDY OF CAMEROON Pierrette ESSAMA MEKONGO, Ph.D., Intellectual Property Management Expert Senior Lecturer in Law, Publications Officer, University of Yaounde 2, essamapierrette@yahoo.com
  2. 2. CONTENTS • Cameroon’s Research Landscape • Open Science/Open Data Policy • Open Science/Open Data infrastructure • Open Science/Open Data Capacity building • Open Science/Open Data Incentives that will account for any progress made, needs experienced and future expectations African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 2
  3. 3. Presentation of Cameroon • Central African country • Capital: Yaoundé • Member of UN, AU, ECCAS and CEMAC • 22 million inhabitants • Two official languages: English and French • Unitary State • 10 regions : 2 English Speaking and 8 French speaking African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 3
  4. 4. African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 4
  5. 5. Before we begin, Cameroon’s research landscape - 1 Ministries in charge of research: • The Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation • The Ministry of Higher Education • The Ministry of Public Health • The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 5
  6. 6. Cameroon’s research landscape - 2 • Universities: 8 Public Universities • University of Bamenda, Buea, Douala, Dschang, Maroua, Ngaoundéré, Yaounde 1 and Yaounde 2 • Research institutions • National Institute of Statistics (NIS) • Agricultural Development Research Institute (IRAD) • Chantal Biya International Research Centre (CIRCB) • Biotechnology Centre (BTC) belonging to the University of Yaounde 1 • Centre Pasteur du Cameroun African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 6
  7. 7. Open Science/Open Data Policy - 1 1) The state of the affairs • There is still no specific policy as to open data either at the national level (Ministries) or at public universities or research institutions • There is no such policy either at the National Ethics committee however, rules require that data and material sharing in collaborative research projects be the subject of DSA/MTA in its 2012 Standard Operating Procedures for Research Ethics Committees (RECs) • The Chantal Biya International Centre also has a DSA agreement template to be used for collaborative research projects it carries out. African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 7
  8. 8. Open Science/Open Data Policy - 2 • The Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation • The Ministry of Health and • The National Institute of Statistics are currently drafting some regulations relating to open data or at least data sharing. The Ministry of Health is concerned with data sharing in collaborative research; and The National Institute of Statistics is concerned with making their data openly accessible. African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 8
  9. 9. Open Science/Open Data Policy - 2 2) Needs • Need for Collaboration at the institutional level as there are multiple research authorities/institutions which are not taking joint action • Need for a clear policy for open science/open data stating the core principles • Need for sound research policy including ethics, privacy, and intellectual property issues in research institutions at the national level • Need for sound research management in institutions African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 9
  10. 10. Open Science/Open Data Infrastructure - 1 • 1) The state of the affairs Case study of: - the National Institute of Statistics (NIS) and - the Ministry of Higher Education African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 10
  11. 11. Open Science/Open Data Infrastructure - 2 • The National Institute of Statistics (NIS): • It has an internal data management system and runs a website that is updated with the results of surveys that they conduct. • http://www.statistics-cameroon.org/ African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 11
  12. 12. Open Science/Open Data Infrastructure - 3 • The National Institute of Statistics built some databases containing their research data and metadata. These include: African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 12
  13. 13. Open Science/Open Data Infrastructure - 4 • -L’Archive Nationale des Données (ANADOC) : National Archive of data which allows access to data and metadata held by the NIS from any surveys and censuses that it conducts; • -La base de données socioéconomique du Cameroun (CamSED) : (Cameroon’s socio- economic database) that gives access to socio-economic indicators for the follow-up of programmes such as the MDG and the National Strategic Document on Growth and Employment • -Page Nationale Récapitulative des Données (PNRD): (National Recapitulative Data Page) that gives access to the main macroeconomic and financial data on the General system of Ameliorated Data (SGDD-a). • -Plateforme Open Data de l'Institut National de la Statistique: (National Institute of Statistics Open Data Platform) that gives access to the main data generated by the NIS: http://nso.cameroon.opendataforafrica.org/data • -Messagerie professionnelle de l'INS : (NIS Professional Mailing System) that gives access to the professional mailing system and is only available to NIS personnel. African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 13
  14. 14. Open Science/Open Data Infrastructure - 5 • There is an ongoing project at the Ministry of Higher Education • The Ministry is currently working to develop terms of reference to build a central server with an interface for all departments within the Ministry where databases on higher education-related research data will be available on various topics. • It will be freely accessible to all staff of the Ministry but there is, as of now, no provision for individual researchers. • Yet, individual researchers may be allowed to access such databases upon authorisation • It is envisaged that universities may have access points to such databases using passwords African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 14
  15. 15. Open Science/Open Data Infrastructure - 6 • 2) Needs • Building sound databases and making them accessible on servers/platforms – Repositories • Making existing databases accessible. E.g. even all of the national Institute of Statistics databases are not available or complete or updated or in the required format for their transferability and reuse, etc… • Designing and putting in place data security and monitoring systems mechanisms African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 15
  16. 16. Open Science/Open Data Capacity Building – 1 1) The state of the affairs - The National Institute of Statistics has people running its infrastructures but this is not the case with all institutions. - There is a capacity building component in the Ministry of Higher Education‘s project that will enable all users and potential users to master the system along with the IT guys supporting the project. African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 16
  17. 17. Open Science/Open Data Capacity Building – 2 2) Needs • It is thus self-evident that there is a huge need for capacity building to get dedicated qualified Open Science and Open Data IT personnel in the various institutions given that some do not have IT guys at the moment. • And then, capacity building for infrastructure users African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 17
  18. 18. Open Science/Open Data Capacity Building – 3 3) Future expectations - AOSP/RDA assistance African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 18
  19. 19. Open Science/Open Data Incentives - 1 • At the moment, looking at the state of affairs, incentives are not discussed nor agreed upon, and neither implemented. • However, adhering and signing inernational open science and open data documents and principles would surely bring those to the fore. African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 19
  20. 20. Open Science/Open Data Incentives - 2 • Issues to be dealt with include: • Institutional incentives • Individual incentives They may be financial or in kind as well as reputational laying the ground for future funding and other opportunities African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 20
  21. 21. THE FUTURE – 1 • Adoption of relevant regulations and policies in the near future in ministries (Ministry of Public Health and Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation) and research institutions (National Institute of Statistics, Chantal Biya International Research Centre “CIRCB”) • Creation of databases servers and platforms (Ministry of Higher Education) • Creation of an Open Data Administrative Unit – whatever the form. African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 21
  22. 22. THE FUTURE - 2 Expectations are that AOSP/RDA/CODATA should help in raising awareness and providing assistance for: • Policy making; • Capacity building; and • In dealing with incentives in Cameroon. This could be done through: - one-to-one contacts with some Ministries and Public universities and research institutions; - Rectors and Vice-Chancellors network, Academy of Science meetings; and - in some researchers fora such as CARIMA’s National Chapter meeting that I may surely help arrange. African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 22
  23. 23. Looking forward to making open science and open data a reality in Cameroon and in Africa for the benefit of Africa and the world at large together with all of you, Thank you for your attention!!!! African Open Science Platform and Research Data Alliance Workshop, AAU Gen Con, Ghana, 5 -8 June 2017 23

×