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LoRaWAN roaming

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Discover how Actility enables LoRaWAN network of networks through standardized roaming.

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LoRaWAN roaming

  1. 1. Copyright ©Actility LoRaWAN Roaming Alper Yegin Director of Standards and Advanced Technology Development, Actility Technical Committee Co-chair and Vice-Chair, LoRa Alliance
  2. 2. Copyright ©Actility • Use cases • Types of roaming • Implementation • LoRa Alliance activities • ThingPark & roaming • Q&A Content 2
  3. 3. Copyright ©Actility 3 Alliance Member Public Networks Other LoRaWAN Deployment Network Operators83 ~100 Countries with LoRaWAN Deployments We have been building IoT Networks….
  4. 4. Copyright ©Actility 4 LoRa Alliance Member Public Networks Other LoRaWAN Deployment Network Operators83 ~100 Countries with LoRaWAN Deployments We have been building IoT Networks…. Now is time to build Network of Networks!
  5. 5. Copyright ©Actility 5 Applications crossing borders (e.g., tracking)? Multi-national customers? Densify the network w/o additional CAPEX? ⇒ Network collaboration (technically known as Roaming)
  6. 6. Copyright ©Actility Coverage Extension 6 Public or private/enterprise networks Home NS JS AS Visited NS Geographically adjacent or disjoint AS: Application Server JS: Join Server NS: Network Server GW: Gateway GWs
  7. 7. Copyright ©Actility Coverage Extension 7 Public or private/enterprise networks Geographically adjacent or disjoint AS: Application Server JS: Join Server NS: Network Server GW: Gateway Always roaming Home NS JS AS Visited NS GWs
  8. 8. Copyright ©Actility Coverage Extension not Needed? 8 Home NS JS GWs AS
  9. 9. Copyright ©Actility Coverage Densification 9 Macrodiversity! (several receivers) ⇒ Closer GWs ⇒ Higher data rate, lower power (ADR!) ⇒ Less interference (win-win) ⇒ More battery life ⇒ More GWs ⇒ Better TDOA/RSSI geoloc accuracy ADR: Adaptive Data Rate TDOA: Time Difference of Arrival RSSI: Received Signal Strength Indicator Home NS JS Visited NS AS
  10. 10. Copyright ©Actility Coverage Densification 10 Macrodiversity! (several receivers) ⇒ Closer GWs ⇒ Higher data rate, lower power (ADR!) ⇒ Less interference (win-win) ⇒ More battery life ⇒ More GWs ⇒ Better TDOA/RSSI geoloc accuracy ADR: Adaptive Data Rate TDOA: Time Difference of Arrival RSSI: Received Signal Strength Indicator Home NS JS Visited NS AS Very unique mode of roaming: • Not available to NB-IoT, Wi-SUN (tech limitation) • Not available to SigFox (business model limitation)
  11. 11. Copyright ©Actility Coverage Densification 11 Simultaneous roaming with multiple networks ⇒ Even closer GWs ⇒ Even more GWs Home NS JS Visited NSs AS
  12. 12. Copyright ©Actility Types of Roaming 12 Passive Roaming Handover Roaming Visited NS GW controller Home NS JS Anchor L2 controller GW controller No Roaming AS Home NS JS Anchor L2 controller AS Visited NS GW controller Home NS JS Anchor L2 controller AS
  13. 13. Copyright ©Actility Passive vs Handover Roaming 13 Criteria Passive Roaming Handover Roaming Applicability All devices (transparent) LoRaWAN 1.1 devices Macrodiversity Yes No Channel plan overlap Minimum level of overlap needed Radio configuration exchange among networks Needed Not needed L2 control In home network (home may favor for better device management) In visited network (visited may favor for better radio network management)
  14. 14. Copyright ©Actility Handover + Passive Roaming 14 JS Home NS (anchor) Serving NS (L2 controller) Forwarding NSs (GW controller) AS Handover Roaming Passive Roaming Initial implementation & deployments are using Passive Roaming. Handover Roaming will come later (dependency on LoRaWAN 1.1 devices).
  15. 15. Copyright ©Actility Step 1: Implement the Specs 15 End- device Network Server (home) ED-NS Application Server Join Server hNS-JS AS-hNS JS-AS Network Server (serving) Network Server (forwarding) Radio Gateway hNS-sNS vNS-JS fNS-sNS • LoRa Alliance Technical Committee standard specs: • LoRaWAN 1.0.x (Passive Roaming) • LoRaWAN 1.1 required for Handover Roaming • Backend Interfaces 1.0 vNS-JS
  16. 16. Copyright ©Actility Step 2: Get a NetID 16 32bit DevAddr Fixed Prefix NwkID NwkAddr Identifies your network, when your devices send uplinks in visited networks NwkID is a scarce resource (limited # of bits) NwkID generated from NetID NetIDs assigned to LoRa Alliance members (help@lora-alliance.org) Sponsors Contributors Adopters/Institutionals
  17. 17. Copyright ©Actility Avoid Mistakes 17 Random DevAddr or JoinEUI/AppEUI ⇒ Device loses home while roaming DevAddr Fixed Prefix NwkID NwkAddr Identifies your network, when your devices send uplinks in visited networks JoinEUI/AppEUI DevEUI DevNonceJoin-request Identifies Join Server, that helps visited network discover the home of an activating device
  18. 18. Copyright ©Actility Step 3: Partner up! 18 Public Networks Private Networks Not only a “necessity” but also a “strength” for LoRaWAN Treat collaboration/roaming as ”default” choice roaming +Your network
  19. 19. Copyright ©Actility LoRa Alliance Technical Committee 19 • Backend Interfaces 1.1 (work-in-progress) • Geoloc for roaming • Bug fixes/clarifications • Roaming WG • Interop • Accounting • Roaming hub • LoRaWAN-DNS
  20. 20. Copyright ©Actility 20 IoT network business enabler Data analytics and control framework IoT connectivity platform Geolocation and tracking of IoT devices B2B e-commerce hub for IoT IoT ecosystem digital services IoT market enablers Developer support and go-to-market accelerator Smart grid, flexibility market & energy efficiency Core network management solution For public IoT networks & service providers Powering IoT connectivity solutions dedicated to enterprise applications • Leading LoRaWAN system vendor • Over half of national public networks globally powered by ThingPark platform • Most comprehensive product/service portfolio • LoRa Alliance leadership • Founding member, Alliance Vice-chair, Board Member, Technical Committee Co-chair, Developer Community WG Chair, and active across all groups • Developer network • 1000+ registered members • B2B marketplace • 150+ sellers
  21. 21. Copyright ©Actility
  22. 22. Copyright ©Actility 22 • Standard spec development • Implementation • Interop • Deployments • KPN-Orange • Proximus-Objenious • … & Roaming
  23. 23. Copyright ©Actility 23 Proxy Network/Join Server ThingPark Exchange Policy control Accounting Network Servers Join Servers Actility Platforms Non-Actility Platforms Public Networks Private Networks
  24. 24. Copyright ©Actility Questions? www.actility.com

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