RSS 2012 Literature Searches


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A great Two part talk By Dr Taghreed Justaniah, this years director of the research summer school

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  • General descriptors: Anatomy More specific: Ankle
  • RSS 2012 Literature Searches

    1. 1. @kaimrc_edu1
    2. 2. Literature Searches 4th Research Summer School 12 June 2012 Taghreed Justinia Msc PhD Asst. Professor, Department of Health Informatics Asst. Director, Information & Communication Technology KSAU-HS, NGHA Tel. +966 2 6240000 ext 26217 / 26210 Email:
    3. 3. In this session… Choosing Search Terms Search strategy Worksheet Conducting the Search Concepts Applying Practical Screening Criteria PubMed Example 3
    4. 4. Steps in literature review writing Selecting the research questions Selecting the sources Choosing search terms Conducting the search Applying practical screening criteria Critically appraising the literature  Journals & Articles  Websites 4
    5. 5. Citation List Searching databases will result in a list of citations, which include the information needed to locate the articles in print journals and other sources 5
    6. 6. Choosing Search Terms 6
    7. 7. Bibliographic Databases Medicine  MEDLINE (PubMed or Ovid), EMBASE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO Multidisciplinary  Scopus  Web of Science Nursing and Allied Health  CINAHL 7
    8. 8. Break down the research question Select your database Break down the research question into concepts Identify subject headings for each concept Identify text words for each concept  Use a “target article” to help identify search terms (keywords)  Use a worksheet to keep track of your terms  Your database will determine your subject headings and operators (i.e., truncation symbols) 8
    9. 9. Different databases have different subject headings Database Subject HeadingsMedline/PUBMED MeSHEMBASE EMTREECINAHL CINAHL HeadingsCochrane Library MeSHPsycINFO Thesaurus of Psychological Index TermsScopus, Web of Science N/A Select subject headings that are the closest match for your concept General descriptors: Anatomy More specific descriptors: Ankle 9
    10. 10. Search Strategy WorksheetSearch Strategy Worksheet_________________________________________________Search statement: I am looking for articles about ___________________________________________________________________After writing out the search statement, underline the key concepts. Decide how the concepts will be combined together using theAND and OR Boolean operators. Concepts to be ANDed go across the grid and concepts to be ORed go down the grid.Fill in the grid with the key concepts and possible synonyms for each concept. AND AND AND ANDORORORORORORORDatabases to search:___________________________________________________________________________________________Limits to apply:_______________________________________________________________________________________________ 10
    11. 11. Key Operators in OVIDOperator Command Example * Find alternate endings to this nurs* [will find nurse, nursing, word nurses] .tw. Search for this term in the Title and Abstract fields adj Search for one term within x patient adj3 anxiety [will find number of terms from another patient within three words of anxiety]AND Find articles where both terms smoking AND cessation appear OR Find articles where either smoking OR tobacco term appears 11
    12. 12. Conducting the Search 12
    13. 13. Conducing the Search Start with your first concept  Search for the subject headings first  Then search text words  Combine these synonymous searches with OR using your search history Repeat for your second, third, and subsequent concepts Finally, combine large search results set with AND Example MeSH search: hypertenstion AND toxicity 13
    14. 14. ConceptsWhich concepts are contained in the question:Does hand washing prevent MRSA in the ICU?Hand washingPreventionMRSAICU 14
    15. 15. Does hand washing prevent MRSA in the ICU?Hand washing MRSA ICU Prevention 15
    16. 16. Getting the search resultsConcept 1 Concept 1SEARCH 1 SEARCH 6SEARCH 2 SEARCH 7SEARCH 3 SEARCH 8SEARCH 4 SEARCH 9SEARCH 5 = 1 OR 2 OR 3 OR 4 SEARCH 10 = 6 OR 7 OR 8 OR 9 SEARCH 11 = 5 AND 10 = RESULTS 16
    17. 17. Applying PracticalScreening Criteria 17
    18. 18. Limits Examples Date of publication  only studies conducted between 2005 and 2010 Participants or subjects  only children 6 to 12 years of age Publication language  only materials written in English or French Research design  only clinical trials 18
    19. 19. PubMed Demonstration 19
    20. 20. PubMed An example using MeSH terms MeSH = Medical Subject Heading Access the MeSH Database by choosing the option on the Pubmed homepage Click the search button without entering any search terms to go to the database homepage 20
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    28. 28. Combining MeSH Terms 28
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    30. 30. Search for MeSH Terms With the first search term (MRSA) entered in the PubMed search builder, we can continue to use the MeSH Database to find terms and build our PubMed search 30
    31. 31. Combining Concepts We want to find articles that include both the concept of MRSA AND the concept of Hand washing. So we added our second term to the search builder with the default AND Both terms have been added and we can now click the Search PubMed button. 31
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    34. 34. Good Search Results! This search yielded a good number of articles on out topic We can continue to build more MeSH terms and narrow down the search 34
    35. 35. Useful References Fink, A. (2005). Conducting Research Literature Reviews. London: Sage. Greenhalgh, T. (2006). How to read a paper (3rd ed.). London: BMJ Publishing Group. Sackett, D., Straus, S., & Richardson, W. (2000). Evidence-based medicine (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. Wilson, P. (2002). How to find the good and avoid the bad or ugly. A short guide to tools for rating quality of health information on the internet. BMJ, 324, 598-602. 35
    36. 36. Useful Sites NHS Solutions for Public Health CADTH. Grey Matters: a practical search tool for evidence-based medicine - Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews and Interventions - IOM (Institute of Medicine). Finding what works in health care: standards for systematic reviews - 36
    37. 37. Questions? 37