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INTRODUCTIONTO RESEARCHWESAM TALAL ABUZNADAH MD MED FRCS(C) RPVIASSISTANT PROFESSOR, CONSULTANT VASCULAR & ENDOVASCULAR SU...
GOALUnderstand the basic aspects of research and its conduction                                                           ...
OUTLINE Introduction and background to research. Why do research….? Strategies of inquiry. Research methodologies. St...
WHAT IS RESEARCH ??????                          5
RESEARCH IS……“DILIGENT ANDSYSTEMATIC INQUIRY ORINVESTIGATION INTO ASUBJECT IN ORDER TODISCOVER OR REVISEFACTS, THEORIES, A...
IN SIMPLE TERMS….RESEARCH IS FINDINGOUT WHAT YOU DON’TALREADY KNOW                      7
WHAT ARE THE GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OFRESEARCH?  ORGANIZED STRUCTURED                                          8
A WISEMAN ONCE SAID…..“IF YOU HAVENT LEARNEDMORE THAN YOUR AUDIENCEALREADY KNOWS, THERE ISNOTHING FOR YOU TOSHARE………………………...
WHY DO RESEARCH?                   10
WHY DO RESEARCH?• To get a degree• To get respectability• To serve society• To solve a problem• To face a challenge• To ge...
HISTORY          12
DEDUCTIVE REASONINGGeneralSpecific                      13
DEDUCTIVE REASONINGGreen vegetables are a source of fiberSpinach is a green vegetableSpinach is a source of fiber         ...
INDUCTIVE REASONINGSpecificGeneral                      15
INDUCTIVE REASONINGSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli are sources of fiberSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli prevent constipationF...
SCIENTIFIC METHODDeductive reasoningDevelop a theoryInductive reasoning(to support theory)                      17
SCIENTIFIC METHODFiber prevents constipationSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli are sources of fiberRice, bread, and pasta are ...
STRATEGIES OF INQUIRYGeneral procedures of research                                 19
STRATEGIES OF INQUIRY       Quantitative       Qualitative      Mixed Methods                        20
STRATEGIES OF INQUIRY Quantitative        Qualitative         Mixed                                        MethodsNon-expe...
METHODSDetailed procedures of data collection, analysis, and writing                                                      ...
Quantitative        Qualitative        Mixed Methods• Predetermined    • Emerging methods • Both                          ...
STUDY DESIGN               24
STUDY DESIGN•   Systematic review and meta-analysis•   Randomized controlled trial•   Cohort study•   Case-control study• ...
STEPS IN CONDUCTING RESEARCH                               26
DETERMINE A THEORY            27
PERFORM ALITERATURE  SEARCH             28
DEFINE THEVARIABLES             29
DEVELOP   THEHYPOTHESIS             30
SELECT YOURPARTICIPANTS               31
TEST YOURPARTICIPANTS           32
ANALYZE  THERESULTS          33
DETERMINE    THESIGNIFICANCE               34
COMMUNICATETHE RESULTS              35
REPLICATE            36
WHAT GOVERNS RESEARCH?                         37
QUESTIONS            38
THANK YOU            39
40
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Introduction to Research Research Summer School RSS 2012

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A simple introduction, a talk that i give to Research Summer School students.
A must have for beginners in research whether you are a medical or healthcare student, resident or practitioner

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  • Aristotle 300 BCGreek
  • Francis Bacon 1600Renascence era
  • IbnAlhaytham Muslim Scholar 1000Newton Modern Era 1700
  • Introduction to Research Research Summer School RSS 2012

    1. 1. 1
    2. 2. INTRODUCTIONTO RESEARCHWESAM TALAL ABUZNADAH MD MED FRCS(C) RPVIASSISTANT PROFESSOR, CONSULTANT VASCULAR & ENDOVASCULAR SURGERYHEAD, RESEARCH PROMOTION& EDUCATIONKING ABDULLAH INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTERKING SAUD BIN ABDULAZIZ UNIVERSITY FOR HEALTH SCIENCESKING ABDULAZIZ MEDICAL CITY -JEDDAH 2
    3. 3. GOALUnderstand the basic aspects of research and its conduction 3
    4. 4. OUTLINE Introduction and background to research. Why do research….? Strategies of inquiry. Research methodologies. Steps in conducting research. 4
    5. 5. WHAT IS RESEARCH ?????? 5
    6. 6. RESEARCH IS……“DILIGENT ANDSYSTEMATIC INQUIRY ORINVESTIGATION INTO ASUBJECT IN ORDER TODISCOVER OR REVISEFACTS, THEORIES, APPLICATIONS, ETC.” 6
    7. 7. IN SIMPLE TERMS….RESEARCH IS FINDINGOUT WHAT YOU DON’TALREADY KNOW 7
    8. 8. WHAT ARE THE GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OFRESEARCH? ORGANIZED STRUCTURED 8
    9. 9. A WISEMAN ONCE SAID…..“IF YOU HAVENT LEARNEDMORE THAN YOUR AUDIENCEALREADY KNOWS, THERE ISNOTHING FOR YOU TOSHARE………………………….THUS YOU DO RESEARCH” 9
    10. 10. WHY DO RESEARCH? 10
    11. 11. WHY DO RESEARCH?• To get a degree• To get respectability• To serve society• To solve a problem• To face a challenge• To get intellectual joy 11
    12. 12. HISTORY 12
    13. 13. DEDUCTIVE REASONINGGeneralSpecific 13
    14. 14. DEDUCTIVE REASONINGGreen vegetables are a source of fiberSpinach is a green vegetableSpinach is a source of fiber 14
    15. 15. INDUCTIVE REASONINGSpecificGeneral 15
    16. 16. INDUCTIVE REASONINGSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli are sources of fiberSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli prevent constipationFiber prevents constipation 16
    17. 17. SCIENTIFIC METHODDeductive reasoningDevelop a theoryInductive reasoning(to support theory) 17
    18. 18. SCIENTIFIC METHODFiber prevents constipationSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli are sources of fiberRice, bread, and pasta are poor sources of fiberSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli prevent constipationRice, bread, and pasta do not prevent constipationFiber containing foods prevent constipation morethan foods which are a poor source of fiber 18
    19. 19. STRATEGIES OF INQUIRYGeneral procedures of research 19
    20. 20. STRATEGIES OF INQUIRY Quantitative Qualitative Mixed Methods 20
    21. 21. STRATEGIES OF INQUIRY Quantitative Qualitative Mixed MethodsNon-experimental Narratives Sequentialdesigns Phenomenologies ConcurrentExperimentaldesigns Ethnographies Grounded theory 21
    22. 22. METHODSDetailed procedures of data collection, analysis, and writing 22
    23. 23. Quantitative Qualitative Mixed Methods• Predetermined • Emerging methods • Both predetermined• Instrument based • Open-ended and emerging questions questions methods• Performance • Interview data, • Both open- and data, observation data, closed-ended observational document data & questions data, audiovisual data and census data • Multiple forms of • Text and image data drawing on all• Statistical analysis possibilities analysis • Statistical & text analysis 23
    24. 24. STUDY DESIGN 24
    25. 25. STUDY DESIGN• Systematic review and meta-analysis• Randomized controlled trial• Cohort study• Case-control study• Cross sectional survey• Case report/series 25
    26. 26. STEPS IN CONDUCTING RESEARCH 26
    27. 27. DETERMINE A THEORY 27
    28. 28. PERFORM ALITERATURE SEARCH 28
    29. 29. DEFINE THEVARIABLES 29
    30. 30. DEVELOP THEHYPOTHESIS 30
    31. 31. SELECT YOURPARTICIPANTS 31
    32. 32. TEST YOURPARTICIPANTS 32
    33. 33. ANALYZE THERESULTS 33
    34. 34. DETERMINE THESIGNIFICANCE 34
    35. 35. COMMUNICATETHE RESULTS 35
    36. 36. REPLICATE 36
    37. 37. WHAT GOVERNS RESEARCH? 37
    38. 38. QUESTIONS 38
    39. 39. THANK YOU 39
    40. 40. 40

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