Overview Of Developmentally Disabled

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Overview Of Developmentally Disabled

  1. 1. Overview of Developmental Disabilities TPS Core Competency Training
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>Developmental Disability means a severe, chronic disability caused by mental or physical impairment (or combination) appearing before age 22. The disability is likely to continue indefinitely and causes “substantial functional limitation” in at least 3 of the following life activities: </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>Self-care </li></ul><ul><li>Receptive and expressive language </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Living </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Self-direction </li></ul><ul><li>Economic self-sufficiency </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition <ul><li>People with a developmental disability, as defined by N.C., “need a combination and sequence of special interdisciplinary, or generic care, treatment, or other services” that last a long time (or a lifetime) and are planned just for the person. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Definition <ul><li>In addition, the state of N.C. includes persons with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) if the resulting disability is significant enough. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, if someone older than 21 has a head injury resulting in disabilities substantial enough to qualify , that person is eligible to receive services from the DD service system. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of developmental disabilities <ul><li>Mental Retardation </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebral Palsy </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic syndromes (like Downs) </li></ul><ul><li>Autism </li></ul><ul><li>Epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>Rhett’s disorder </li></ul>
  7. 7. Causes <ul><li>Causes of developmental disabilities can be grouped into three categories, as happening: </li></ul><ul><li>Before Birth </li></ul><ul><li>During Birth </li></ul><ul><li>or, After Birth </li></ul>
  8. 8. Causes - Before Birth <ul><li>Illness </li></ul><ul><li>General health of the mother </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal smoking, drinking, or drug use </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Individual chromosome problems </li></ul>
  9. 9. Causes - During Birth <ul><li>Lack of oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Low birth weight </li></ul><ul><li>Premature birth </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult deliveries </li></ul>
  10. 10. Causes - After Birth <ul><li>Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Lead, or other, chemical poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>Poor nutrition </li></ul>
  11. 11. Causes - continued <ul><li>Sometimes the cause of a developmental disability is not known. </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental disabilities can happen in any family. </li></ul><ul><li>No one exactly fits any one type of disability, and some people fit into more than one. </li></ul>
  12. 12. People with Mental Retardation <ul><li>learn more slowly </li></ul><ul><li>have difficulty remembering what’s been learned </li></ul><ul><li>have difficulty taking what’s been learned in one place to new or different settings </li></ul><ul><li>think in more concrete ways </li></ul><ul><li>continue to learn/develop all through life </li></ul>
  13. 13. Levels of Mental Retardation <ul><li>Mild </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate </li></ul><ul><li>Severe </li></ul><ul><li>Profound </li></ul><ul><li>Different levels mean different types of assistance needed </li></ul><ul><li>MR is not mental illness </li></ul><ul><li>But some people do have MR and MI </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cerebral Palsy <ul><li>Injury to the part of the brain that controls physical movement </li></ul><ul><li>Can happen before, during, or after birth </li></ul><ul><li>Is not a disease </li></ul><ul><li>Often results in awkward movements, poor balance, and/or unusual walk and speech </li></ul>
  15. 15. Autism <ul><li>The causes of autism are not understood, some studies show it may be genetic. </li></ul><ul><li>People with autism have a hard time making friends, communicating, and accepting changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people with autism also have mental retardation and/or mental illness. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Epilepsy <ul><li>Occurs when there is a change in how the electrical system in the brain works. </li></ul><ul><li>These changes are called seizures. Any brain irritation can cause a seizure, but for most people who have had a seizure (2/3), only one will occur throughout life. </li></ul><ul><li>Recurring seizures define the condition called epilepsy. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Epilepsy <ul><li>Some people with mental retardation, cerebral palsy, or autism may also have epilepsy. </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures have many forms - altered consciousness, confusion, sensations of smell, taste, or vision. </li></ul><ul><li>Convulsions can be scary, caused by strong jerking/spasms of muscles. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Remember... <ul><li>We are hired to assist people to be - </li></ul><ul><li>Independent ... to choose and do what they wish, with whomever, wherever they wish. </li></ul><ul><li>Productive ...as a worker, citizen, partner. </li></ul><ul><li>Included ...in work, social, political, religious and family networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated ...into the regular fabric of life. </li></ul><ul><li>-no matter the type or extent of disability. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Move on to Defensive Driving End Show

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