Re-invention of Education System for National and GlobalGood Governance and Social and Economic DevelopmentINTRODUCTION   ...
Re-invention of Education System for National and Global Good Governance and Social and Economic DevelopmentTHE PUROPSEThe...
INTRODUCTIONDefinition of Education & its ApplicationIf education is carefully defined asa step by step process of acquiri...
System of GovernanceThere are two players in a Systemof Governance – those who govern                           People(Pub...
Four Major Delivery Targets of a System of GovernanceEducation for the development ofa country’s human resourcesEmployment...
Aligning Education System with Delivery TargetsThe Four Delivery Targets clearlyindicate that a system of civil andcorpora...
Conclusion & SolutionCONCLUSIONIt can be safely concluded that EducationSystem and its properly engineeredintegrated Media...
Existing Education SystemThis chart prepared by Dr. Ishrat Hussain, formerGovernor State Bank of Pakistan and one of theco...
Existing Education SystemSOME IMPORTANT QUESTIONS1.   How to make our education system coincide     with our country’s soc...
The Challenges and the Way-OutFROM WHERE DO THE EDUCATION PLANNERS HAVETO BEGIN?A National and Global Vision has to be emp...
The Challenges and the Way-OutHOW TO DO IT?1. Focus on scientifically balanced creation of   an Education System based on ...
The Challenges and the Way-OutNEED FOR BALANCING THE DELIVERY ANDRECEIVING ENDS:An individual in his personal capacity or ...
The Challenges and the Way-OutWHAT IS MISSING?Four important and essentialelements of modern education aremissing:1.   Ali...
The Challenges and the Way-OutTHE PURPOSE OF EDUCATION                                       Make student a               ...
The Challenges and the Way-OutTHE FOUR ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OFALLIGNMENT OF PURPOSE1.    to synthesize research on issues   ...
The Challenges and the Way-OutMANAGEABLE HANDICAPS1.   Does this National Contextual     Education Landscape exist?2.   Do...
The Challenges and the Way-OutA STEP FORWARD TOCONCEPTUAL COUNTRYSPECIFIC PROGRAMNow it’s time to move a step forward andc...
Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?A Brief Backgrounder                                         FROM A...
Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?A Brief Backgrounder                                FROM AGE OF DIS...
Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?A Brief Backgrounder                          THE BEGINNING OF THE ...
Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?A Brief Backgrounder                           THE BEGINNING OF THE...
Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?DIAGNOSIS OF THE SYSTEM…- THE CYCLE OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMICEVILS AND...
Prescription to cure the systemNow it is time to re-visit Dr. Ishrat Hussain’s chart to see how it needs to be re-drawn?DR...
Prescription to cure the education systemIS THE TREATMENT THAT EASY AS ITAPPEARS IN THE CHART?The treatment is not that ea...
Prescription to cure the education systemVISIBLE CORE DIFFERENCES1.   Pakistan is a conglomerate of provincial     ethnic ...
Prescription to cure the education systemISSUES THAT NEED TO BE RESOLVED1.    Differences on national and global contextua...
Prescription to cure the education systemHOW TO REMOVE THE HANDICAPSThe best way to remove the handicaps is touse a set of...
The Last Word and the ConclusionTHE LAST WORDThe only best way-out is to focus on acombination of Specialized and WorkInte...
Keep thinking what, how and when you will do something about it?                        Thank You
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THE PUROPSE

The purpose of this paper presentation is to:

Re-define education

Describe how it applies to system of governance and its four core delivery targets and

What needs to be done for aligning education system with the delivery targets

How to re-invent education system

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Re invention of education systen-pdf presentation

  1. 1. Re-invention of Education System for National and GlobalGood Governance and Social and Economic DevelopmentINTRODUCTION WHY AN INTEGRATED NATIONAL AND GLOBAL VISION?Purpose - From Age of Discovery to Age of InformationDefinition of Education and its application The beginning of fragmented and segmented education systemSystem of Governance Diagnosis of the systemFour Major Delivery Targets of a System of GovernanceAligning Education System with Delivery Targets PRESCRIPTION TO CURE THE SYSTEMConclusion & Solution The treatment is not that easy as it appearsEXISTING EDUCATION SYSTEM Visible Core Differences Issues that need to be resolvedWhat does it show? How to remove the handicaps?Some important questions Will the process of reform end here? The only way out is a combination of specialized and WILTHE CHALLENGES AND THE WAY OUT CONCLUSIONFrom where the education planners have to begin?How to do it?The need for balancing the Delivery and Receiving EndsWhat is missing?The purpose of educationFour essential elements of alignment of purposeManageable Handicaps and the conditions for the integrationof national education perspectiveA step forward to Country-Specific Conceptual Plan
  2. 2. Re-invention of Education System for National and Global Good Governance and Social and Economic DevelopmentTHE PUROPSEThe purpose of this paper presentation is to: Re-define education Describe how it applies to system of governance and its four core delivery targets and What needs to be done for aligning education system with the delivery targets How to re-invent education system
  3. 3. INTRODUCTIONDefinition of Education & its ApplicationIf education is carefully defined asa step by step process of acquiringknowledge, then outcome of thatknowledge depends on its natureand quality of application in anycivil and corporate initiative.Civil initiative encompasses eachand every aspect of life in a countryand corporate initiative isrestricted to only economic aspectdirectly but every other aspect ofhuman activity indirectly.Consequently, education and itsapplication play an important rolein Civil and Corporate Systems ofGovernance.
  4. 4. System of GovernanceThere are two players in a Systemof Governance – those who govern People(Public Representatives and Public at theServants known as politicians and Receiving Endbureaucrats respectively) and those Public Public Servantswho are governed (The People). Representatives at the at the Delivering EndThe governing and governed Delivering Endplayers are at the delivering andreceiving ends respectively. Thegoverning players are given the Systemtask to plan for and manage the offollowing Four Major Delivery GovernanceTargets
  5. 5. Four Major Delivery Targets of a System of GovernanceEducation for the development ofa country’s human resourcesEmployment for an individual’sprosperity and a country’s overalldevelopment and growth throughplanned use of its economicresources in agricultural, industrialand service sectors Education Employment Justice Law & OrderJustice for interpretation andapplication of law to redress thegrievances of citizens andSecurity for maintaining law andorder
  6. 6. Aligning Education System with Delivery TargetsThe Four Delivery Targets clearlyindicate that a system of civil andcorporate governance that does notcreate job opportunities proportion-ate to the number of post graduates,graduates and pre-graduation dropouts according to their respectiveeducational qualifications graduallywidens the gap between humanresource potential and humanresource utilization. Consequently,the natural resources of the countryeither remain un-explored, under-explored, un-developed or under-developed with obvious negativeimpact on its real economic growthpotential and actual performance.The negative impact gradually turnsinto an unbreakable Cycle of NineSocial and Economic Evils with aclearly visible sequence beginningwith Illiteracy and Ignorance andending at Sectarianism andTerrorism.
  7. 7. Conclusion & SolutionCONCLUSIONIt can be safely concluded that EducationSystem and its properly engineeredintegrated Media Mix is the only way outof today’s social unrest, politicalleadership crisis, economic mess,diplomatic stale-mate and militaryconfusion.SOLUTIONThe purpose of this paper is to discussthe salient features of an InnovativeEducation System and its IntegratedMix that not only repairs the visible Conclusion Solutiondamages to the State ManagementSystem popularly known as the System ofGovernance but ensures the maximumutilization of natural and humanresources for social justice, economicprosperity, political stability, diplomaticconsensus and military strength also.
  8. 8. Existing Education SystemThis chart prepared by Dr. Ishrat Hussain, formerGovernor State Bank of Pakistan and one of thecountry’s top scholars, gives a clear idea about thefragmentation and segmentation of education systemin Pakistan.WHAT DOES IT SHOW?1. Two (madrasa and modern) education systems2. Four (regular, religious, English, Urdu) media of education at primary level in three (religious, private and public) spheres.3. At secondary education level our education system offers four social and economic status based education modules4. At higher education level there are five broad categories for specialization
  9. 9. Existing Education SystemSOME IMPORTANT QUESTIONS1. How to make our education system coincide with our country’s social, economic, political, diplomatic and military needs simultaneously addressing the demands and pressures of out of control and challenging globalization?2. Does our country have a human and natural resource map that fits in the regional and global natural and human resource maps?3. How does our Ministry of Education and its concerned departments estimate the needs for education in different disciplines coinciding with the needs of the country in a globalized world?4. Is there an answer to above question also at any level?
  10. 10. The Challenges and the Way-OutFROM WHERE DO THE EDUCATION PLANNERS HAVETO BEGIN?A National and Global Vision has to be emphasized forrationalizing human and natural resource planning both atnational and international levels focusing on a followingfour point agenda:1. Evaluation of first national, then regional and ultimately global natural and human resource potential. At present, it is partially and inaccurately done by international organizations at individual country levels without its global integration.2. Scientifically acceptable measurement of difference between natural and human resource potential, performance and utilization in the same sequence.3. Drawing of national, regional and global inward and outward flow of natural and human resource maps from and to a country, a region and the world.4. Creation of national, regional and global education and training of human and exploration, development and distribution hubs of national resources turning them into global resources.
  11. 11. The Challenges and the Way-OutHOW TO DO IT?1. Focus on scientifically balanced creation of an Education System based on original National Contextual Diversity .2. Integrate it with far more complicated Global Diversity in a rapidly Globalized World to create an environment of practical functional synergy.3. Draw a National Activity Map consisting of social, economic, political, diplomatic and military territories.4. Each thematic territory needs a leader and leadership failure in any one or more than one of the thematic territories on National Activity Map results in nothing but social unrest.Does our present Education System addresssocial cohesion and economic exclusion the wayit is supposed to?
  12. 12. The Challenges and the Way-OutNEED FOR BALANCING THE DELIVERY ANDRECEIVING ENDS:An individual in his personal capacity or as member of afamily , as a social unit, is socially either at theDELIVERING or the RECEIVING END.The purpose of Education System, therefore, is to createand maintain a sustainable balance between deliveringand receiving ends for strengthening social cohesion andeliminating economic exclusion through highly educatedManagers of the System of Civil and CorporateGovernance at the DELIVERY END.Such a balance is necessary for a country’s growth andconsequent prosperity.The present social and economic imbalances arestagnating or declining growth and consequent socialunrest and economic uncertainty nationally andglobally.Is this the failure of the delivery system or the failure ofthe education system?
  13. 13. The Challenges and the Way-OutWHAT IS MISSING?Four important and essentialelements of modern education aremissing:1. Alignment of the purpose of education with the country’s tangible and intangible elements of national power2. A single education medium3. Consensus on a uniform syllabus4. Focus on national, regional and global contexts; and Integration of fragmented and segmented education media tools.
  14. 14. The Challenges and the Way-OutTHE PURPOSE OF EDUCATION Make student a …a responsible …after assessment good human citizen… of his aptitude… being…Alignment of the purpose of acountry’s education system with itstangible and intangible elementsof national power directly linkedwith globally interconnected …preparing himeconomy and its multiple …social and …for shaping his for a leadership economic status… personality…dimensions. role…This is totally missing in oureducation system. …making him …in a globally ...and its multiple aware of national inter connected interactiveHow it is being aligned in challenges… economy... dimensions.developed countries?
  15. 15. The Challenges and the Way-OutTHE FOUR ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OFALLIGNMENT OF PURPOSE1. to synthesize research on issues related to improving leadership in schools;2. to identify innovative and successful policy initiatives and practices;3. to facilitate exchanges of lessons and policy options among countries; and4. to identify policy options for governments to consider.”SOURCE:“School leadership development strategies: Building leadershipcapacity in Victoria, Australia:”A case study report for the OECD activity – improving schoolleadership
  16. 16. The Challenges and the Way-OutMANAGEABLE HANDICAPS1. Does this National Contextual Education Landscape exist?2. Do the developing countries have the requisite expertise and the skilled manpower to do that?3. Can the expertise and skill of such manpower be of any help in developing a genuinely original blueprint for doing the needful?The teachers, lecturers andprofessors of the developingcountries are actively involved inacademic research andimprovement of education deliverysystems in almost all majordeveloped countries in the world.
  17. 17. The Challenges and the Way-OutA STEP FORWARD TOCONCEPTUAL COUNTRYSPECIFIC PROGRAMNow it’s time to move a step forward andcome up with a plan that is conceptually • Cycle of Ninecountry-specific and practically fulfills • National and REPLACE Social andthe global integration criteria too. Global Global Economic Evilsintegration does not refer to O, A EducationCambridge system here. For that three Visionbroad areas have been already identifiedearlier and those are: • Failed Segmented1. A National and a Global Vision and ENVISION Fragmented BREAK1. Failure of the fragmented and Education segmented education system across System the globe including developed countries of the world2. Creation of the Cycle of Nine Social and Economic Evils
  18. 18. Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?A Brief Backgrounder FROM AGE OF DISCOVERY TO1. The first description of the AGE OF INFORMATION – world and world map created by the Arab geographer, Muhammad Al-Idrisi in 1154 that remained the most accurate map for the next three centuries2. Age of Discovery and Exploration starting in the early 15th century and continuing to the 17 th century when the Europeans explored Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceana. The Age of Discovery triggered the early modern Tabula Rogiana, World’s First Description & Map by Muhammad Al-Idrisi period, worldly curiosity and scientific intellectual inquiry.
  19. 19. Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?A Brief Backgrounder FROM AGE OF DISCOVERY TO1. Direct communication between Western AGE OF INFORMATION – Europe and East Asia was blocked2. Sub-Saharan Africa was a little in touch with Europe but did not have access to South and East Asia3. Slaves from Africa mined silver in Americas for sale to China4. Spanish merchants waited impatiently for the latest shipments of Asian silk and porcelain for Mexico5. Dutch sailors traded cowry shells from the Maldives Islands in the Indian Ocean for human beings in Angola on the Atlantic coast.Permanent European Occupation inAmericas set the stage for globalization
  20. 20. Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?A Brief Backgrounder THE BEGINNING OF THE FRAGMENTED1. The “galleon trade” linked Asia, AND SEGMENTED EDUCATION SYSTEM Europe, the Americas, and, less directly, Africa.2. Never before so much of the planet had been bound in a single network of exchange - every populous area on earth, every habitable continent except Australia.This was the beginning of globalization.One may call it the birth of twins – Globaltrade and globalization. That was the timeto globalize education but it was notglobalized intentionally due to the greedof colonial powers for the maximizationof the benefits of the Age of Explorationand Discovery in connivance with the eliteclasses of the colonies to their advantage.
  21. 21. Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?A Brief Backgrounder THE BEGINNING OF THE FRAGMENTED1. This was the time when exploitative AND SEGMENTED EDUCATION SYSTEM fragmented and segmented system of education reflected in Dr. Ishrat Hussain’s chart was actually forced upon colonies – an international system of education for the rulers and their local accomplices in exploitation and a fragmented and segmented purely religious, poorly administered public and an expansive unaffordable private national system of the education for the ruled.2. The privileged classes of the colonies continued the colonial system of education even after the departure of their colonial masters to perpetuate to perpetuate their hold on the social, economic, political, diplomatic and military structures of the de- colonized countries.
  22. 22. Why an Integrated National and Global Education Vision?DIAGNOSIS OF THE SYSTEM…- THE CYCLE OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMICEVILS AND HOW TO BREAK IT?1. The perpetuation of the hold of educated elite class on Five Territories on National Activity Map very slowly and gradually created and cemented the previously invisible but now clearly visible Cycle of Nine Social and Economic Evils. A careful study and analysis of the Cycle’s formation clearly indicates that first evil illiteracy and ignorance plays an important role in the formation and adds eight more evils.1. The ultimate scientifically established conclusion is that a de-colonized uniform system of education can help in eliminat- ing the remaining eight evils in the Cycle of Nine Social and Economic Evils automatically.
  23. 23. Prescription to cure the systemNow it is time to re-visit Dr. Ishrat Hussain’s chart to see how it needs to be re-drawn?DR. ISHRAT HUSSAIN’S CHART SHOWING THE FRAGMENTED THIS IS HOW A DE-FRAGMENTED EDUCATION SYSTEM LOOKSAND SEGMENTED EDUCATION SYSTEM: LIKE:
  24. 24. Prescription to cure the education systemIS THE TREATMENT THAT EASY AS ITAPPEARS IN THE CHART?The treatment is not that easy as itappears because the replacement of themedium of education from religious tomodern, from Urdu to English or Englishto Urdu and switching over from theoptions of Religious, Matric andCambridge Systems to either uniformMatric or Cambridge System will triggera debate on the following issues:1. Ethnic and religious differences on provincial and national contextual- ization of syllabus2. Clash between national and global concepts of contextualization3. Anticipated disagreement on provincial and national contextual syllabus and its negative impact on requisite integration with ongoing global contextual initiatives4. Non-availability of qualified teachers, lecturers and professors at primary, secondary and higher levels
  25. 25. Prescription to cure the education systemVISIBLE CORE DIFFERENCES1. Pakistan is a conglomerate of provincial ethnic groups with powerful sub-ethnic segments in the four provinces and Ethnic their divisions and districts, FATA, Concerns Tribal Areas and Azad Jammu and Kashmir.2. These differences are compounded by religious and ideological differences making the task of creating and sustaining consensus on contextual outline of the first provincial and then Political CORE DIFFERENCES Religious national syllabus. Orientation Concerns3. The distinct cultural diversity of each ethnic group is so prominent that it is easily exploited by different political and religious groups.An attempt was made immediately after the Culturalcountry’s independence to declare Urdu as a Diversitynational language but strong protest fromEast Pakistan forced the government todrop the idea.
  26. 26. Prescription to cure the education systemISSUES THAT NEED TO BE RESOLVED1. Differences on national and global contextual issues2. Non-availability of qualified teaching staff and the way-out3. Private schools, colleges and universities have tremendously contributed in increasing the percentage enrolment in almost all prevailing systems of education lacking in two areas:i. Improving the quality of teaching through collaboration with corporate sector and ministry of education for setting up a significantly extended chain of high- standard teachers training institutes within Pakistan proportionate to the increase in percentage enrolment.ii. Development of comprehensive plan for the exchange of teachers, lecturers and professors on semester-to-semester basis in consultation with the managements of the affiliated schools, colleges and universities.
  27. 27. Prescription to cure the education systemHOW TO REMOVE THE HANDICAPSThe best way to remove the handicaps is touse a set of options on “take-it-or-leave-it”basis for addressing the ethnic, religiousand political differences by upgrading thealready existing religious educationalinstitutions, madrasas, model schools andcolleges of repute in excellence andequipping them with the most moderneducation related technologies, pre-testingcontextual syllabus there and providing anopportunity to trained teachers forapplying and documenting theirobservations, experiences and outcome oftheir modern teaching skills for theirnationwide expanded application.WILL THE PROCESS OF REFORM ENDHEREActually this is the zero point from wherethe actual reform process will be initiatedand expanded at national level throughaligning the education system with theelements of national power and itsintegration with National and GlobalVision translated into an Overall NationalResource Map and a set of Natural andHuman Resource Maps covering each andevery aspect of the Five Territories on theNational Activity Map. On completion ofthese maps the next phase will be tointegrate them with Global Natural andHuman Resource Flow Maps.
  28. 28. The Last Word and the ConclusionTHE LAST WORDThe only best way-out is to focus on acombination of Specialized and WorkIntegrated LearningAfter studying almost all systems of education,my personal preference is Work IntegratedLearning that is the best way-out-of presentmess in education system that is clearlyreflected in ongoing social unrest, politicalchaos, economic uncertainty, diplomaticconfusion and military tensions.CONCLUSIONThe following proposed alternate chart of Dr.Ishrat Hussain’s chart of fragmented andsegmented education is the only possible way toreform Pakistan’s Education Model. Once theconsensus is built on the proposed model ofalternate education system only then anythingelse will be worthy of any fruitful discussion.Otherwise the social, economic, political,diplomatic and military polarization will furtherdeteriorate the quality of almost dysfunctionalsystem of governance risking the very survival of ORIGINAL CONCEPTUAL IMPROVEMENT BY ZAHID HUSSAIN KHALIDthe country.
  29. 29. Keep thinking what, how and when you will do something about it? Thank You

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