Ulusların Gerçek Zenginliği:İnsani Gelişmenin Yolları    İnsani Gelişme Raporu 2010      20’nci Yıldönümü Baskısı         ...
The Real Wealth of Nations:Pathways to Human DevelopmentHuman Development Report 2010      20th Anniversary Edition       ...
Human Development:  Sequence of Presentation• Human Development in the 21st Century• HD Concept• Pushing the frontiers of ...
Human Development:     The 21st Century• Challenges of the 21st Century in terms of the MDG’S•Pursuing Human Development a...
Affirming human development: 20 years on“People are the real wealth of a nation and humandevelopment is a process of enlar...
Calculation of HDIPrimary Data Sources•Life Expectancy at Birth•Expected years of Schooling•Mean Years of Schooling•Gross ...
HDRs: From past to the present   The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
Innovative measures offer new    insights• Refined HDI• HDI 2.0• Three new indices  –Inequality Adjusted HDI  –Gender Ineq...
Economic Progress and   Human DevelopmentWith a value of 0.679, Turkey is listed amongcountries in the high human developm...
Turkey’s Progress 1980-2010In 30 years,• Turkey’s most impressive  gains were made in Gross  National Income (GNI) per  ca...
Trends in HDI• Turkey’s 2010 HDI of 0.679  is below the average of  0.717 for countries in  Europe and Central Asia.• It i...
The Inequality Adjusted HDI     (IHDI)• The IHDI equals the HDI when there is no inequality  across people.• It represents...
The Gender Inequality Index• The new Gender Inequality Index (GII) reflects women’s  disadvantages in three dimensions – r...
The Multi-Dimensional Poverty    Index (MPI)• MPI identifies multiple deprivations in the same hhs  in education, health a...
Turkey in the HDI• With an increase in income of around 112%,  Turkey’s has made noteworthy gains in  economic growth;• Ne...
Beyond 2010: Looking ahead• The pathways to development are varied and specific to a country’s  historical, political and ...
The Real Wealth of Nations:Pathways to Human Development             Thank you!             Shahid Najam         UN Reside...
Ulusların Gerçek Zenginliği:İnsani Gelişmenin Yolları    İnsani Gelişme Raporu 2010      20’nci Yıldönümü Baskısı         ...
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Human Development Report 2010 and Turkey

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Human Development Report was launched in November 2010 in Ankara Turkey and then a university introductions tour followed. UN Turkey Coordinator and UNDP Turkey Representative Mr Shahid Najam introduced the report in almost 10 cities accross Turkey.

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Human Development Report 2010 and Turkey

  1. 1. Ulusların Gerçek Zenginliği:İnsani Gelişmenin Yolları İnsani Gelişme Raporu 2010 20’nci Yıldönümü Baskısı Tanıtım Etkinliği 5 Mayıs 2011, Istanbul Üniversitesi /undpturkiye /undpturkiye
  2. 2. The Real Wealth of Nations:Pathways to Human DevelopmentHuman Development Report 2010 20th Anniversary Edition Shahid Najam UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Turkey 5 May 2011, Istanbul
  3. 3. Human Development: Sequence of Presentation• Human Development in the 21st Century• HD Concept• Pushing the frontiers of measurement and New HDI• Turkey’s Human Development• Achievements of Turkey in 30 years,• Other new indices introduced this year• Message of the report
  4. 4. Human Development: The 21st Century• Challenges of the 21st Century in terms of the MDG’S•Pursuing Human Development approach•New vulnerabilities requiring innovative public policies•Mimicking the past achievements not sufficient•Resisting general prescriptions•Contemporary challenges
  5. 5. Affirming human development: 20 years on“People are the real wealth of a nation and humandevelopment is a process of enlarging people’s choices.” (1990)“Human Development is the expansion of people’sfreedoms to live long, healthy and creative lives; toadvance other goals they have reason to value; and toengage actively in shaping development equitably andsustainably on a shared planet. People are both thebeneficiaries and the drivers of human development,as individuals and in groups.” (2010) The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  6. 6. Calculation of HDIPrimary Data Sources•Life Expectancy at Birth•Expected years of Schooling•Mean Years of Schooling•Gross National Income Per Capita
  7. 7. HDRs: From past to the present The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  8. 8. Innovative measures offer new insights• Refined HDI• HDI 2.0• Three new indices –Inequality Adjusted HDI –Gender Inequality Index –Multidimensional Poverty Index The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  9. 9. Economic Progress and Human DevelopmentWith a value of 0.679, Turkey is listed amongcountries in the high human developmentcategory, ranking 83rd out of 169 countries,according to the 2010 Human DevelopmentIndex (HDI).The rank puts Turkey behind all EU memberstates as well as EU candidate countries, andplaces it below the OECD average. The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  10. 10. Turkey’s Progress 1980-2010In 30 years,• Turkey’s most impressive gains were made in Gross National Income (GNI) per capita, increasing by 112% between 1980 and 2010.• Turkey’s life expectancy at birth increased by almost 12 years,• Mean years of schooling increased by close to 4 years and expected years of schooling increased by almost 5 years. The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  11. 11. Trends in HDI• Turkey’s 2010 HDI of 0.679 is below the average of 0.717 for countries in Europe and Central Asia.• It is also below the average of 0.717 for high human development countries.• Turkey’s 2010 “HDI neighbours”, Serbia and Azerbaijan, rank 60th and 67th respectively. The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  12. 12. The Inequality Adjusted HDI (IHDI)• The IHDI equals the HDI when there is no inequality across people.• It represents the actual level of human development.• When inequality enters the equation, Turkey’s HDI value falls to 0.518, losing 24% of its original HDI rank.• The loss for Bulgaria is only half that value with 11.3% while Romania also loses 12.1% of its initial HDI value, because of inequalities. The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  13. 13. The Gender Inequality Index• The new Gender Inequality Index (GII) reflects women’s disadvantages in three dimensions – reproductive health, empowerment, and economic activity• In Turkey, 9% of parliamentary seats are held by women, and 27% of adult women have a secondary or higher level of education compared to 47% of their male counterparts.• For every 100,000 live births, 44 women die from pregnancy related causes; and the adolescent fertility rate is 39 births per 1000 live births.• Female participation in the labour market is 27% compared to 75% for men. The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  14. 14. The Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index (MPI)• MPI identifies multiple deprivations in the same hhs in education, health and standard of living.• Individuals living above the income poverty line may still suffer deprivations in education, health and other living conditions.• In Turkey, multidimensional poverty headcount is 5% points higher than income poverty.• Following Peru and Colombia, Turkey and Brazil have the highest MPI value among high human development countries The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  15. 15. Turkey in the HDI• With an increase in income of around 112%, Turkey’s has made noteworthy gains in economic growth;• Need for more focus on health, education, raising the life expectancy at birth and mean years of adult education. The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  16. 16. Beyond 2010: Looking ahead• The pathways to development are varied and specific to a country’s historical, political and institutional conditions• Future public policy orientation: • Think of principles first (equity, poverty, inclusiveness, analysis etc.,) • Context specificity (state capacity, political constraints, institutions) • Global governance connectivity: ( numerous challenges: trade, investment, migration, inclusion of LDCs in governance)• Research – A new economics of human development – Incorporate broader dimensions of HD People are the Real Wealth of Nations The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, HDRO-UNDP –2010
  17. 17. The Real Wealth of Nations:Pathways to Human Development Thank you! Shahid Najam UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Turkey /undpturkiye /undpturkiye
  18. 18. Ulusların Gerçek Zenginliği:İnsani Gelişmenin Yolları İnsani Gelişme Raporu 2010 20’nci Yıldönümü Baskısı Tanıtım Etkinliği hdr.undp.org 5 Mayıs 2011, Istanbul Üniversitesi

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