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Antologia 8 ingles
Antologia 8 ingles
Antologia 8 ingles
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Antologia 8 ingles

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  • 1. UNIVERSIDAD ESTATAL A DISTANCIA COLEGIO NACIONAL DE EDUCACIÓN A DISTANCIA COORDINACIÓN ACADÉMICA INGLÉS OCTAVO CÓDIGO: 80007 2011
  • 2. ANTOLOGÍAS CONED El CONED agradece a MAIRENE DURÁN GARBANZO por la elección y presentación de los temas de la presente antología, así como el aporte a la educación secundaria a distancia. Las denominaciones empleadas en esta publicación y la forma en que aparecen presentados los datos, no implican de parte del CONED o la UNED juicio alguno sobre la condición jurídica de personas, países, territorios, ciudades o de autoridades. MATERIAL SIN FINES COMERCIALES PARA USO EXCLUSIVO DE ESTUDIANTES DEL COLEGIO NACIONAL DE EDUCACIÓN A DISTANCIA CONED Dirección General: Clara Vila Santo Domingo Coordinación Académica: Jéssica Ramírez Achoy Coordinación Administrativa: Jéssica Vega Barrantes Asistente Coordinación Académica: Jonathan Soto Coordinación Inglés: Olman Alfonso Cantillo Badilla Teléfonos 22-58-22-09 / 22-55-30-42 / 22-21-29-95 Página Web: http//www.coned.ac.cr © 2011, CONED. 2
  • 3. PRESENTACIÓN Descripción General Esta antología tiene como propósito general promover el desarrollo cognitivo del estudiante de octavo que necesita desarrollar habilidades y estrategias de aprendizaje con el modelo a distancia. Este aprendizaje se alcanza por medio del estudio y la interacción cognitiva que el estudiante desarrolle cuando trabaje los contenidos de cada unidad (de la 1 a la 9). Los ejercicios, las prácticas, y los proyectos de la antología fueron adaptados, ilustrados y tomados de recursos actuales con el fin de contextualizar el conocimiento resumido en las lecciones (A,B,C,D…). En las que se presenta el contenido práctico con situaciones y experiencias reales para que el estudiante procese el conocimiento de inglés de manera independiente, entretenida y significativa. Aprender con la Antología Los ejercicios, las prácticas y los proyectos de la antología están sistematizados resumidos, ordenados y diseñados para que el educando logre los objetivos del conocimiento: según Lennerberg “cuando el cerebro realiza conexiones de lo aprendido con lo nuevo por construir, las personas construyen conocimiento de forma natural” (8). Por eso el contenido de las unidades: los ejercicios, las prácticas y los proyectos de cada lección se deben realizar uno a uno para que el proceso cognitivo: natural, independiente, entretenido y significativo sea efectivo. Descripción Específica del Contenido La antología de inglés para octavo año está enfocada en el aprendizaje de vocabulario, expresiones, y la gramática relacionados con temas que describen situaciones reales del diario vivir tales como: identificación de los miembros de la familia, descripción y comparación física de las personas, medios de transporte, planes de viajes personales, aceptación y rechazo de servicios y mercadería, gusto, aversión y preferencia de las cosas, dar y seguir direcciones, y ocupaciones. El estudio de estos temas está enfocado en desarrollar en el cursante de octavo las destrezas integrales para adquirir el vocabulario, entender la gramática, y realizar los ejercicios de comprensión de lectura. 3
  • 4. TABLE OF CONTENTS UNIT 1 ..................................................................................................1 FAMILY ................................................................................................................ 1 Lesson1A. Introducing Family Members .............................................................. 1 Exercise 1. Matching (check your answers on page 141)....................................................... 3 Lesson1B. Conversation about Mary’s family....................................................... 4 Exercise 2. Reading comprehension (check your answers on page 141). ............................. 5 Lesson 1C. Identifying Community Places ........................................................... 7 Practice C1. Identify community places. ................................................................................. 8 The Project 1.1 .................................................................................................... 10 UNIT 2 ................................................................................................13 DESCRIPTION OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL APPEARANCE .............................. 13 Lesson 2A. Parts of the body .......................................................................... 13 Practice A2.1. Find the words below in the grid to the left. ................................................... 14 Lesson 2B. Adjectives to Describe Physical Appearance .................................. 15 Practice B2.1. Questions and Matching ................................................................................ 16 Practice B2.2. Write the corresponding number in each space ............................................ 16 Lesson 2C. Use has got to describe Physical appearance. ............................... 18 Practice C2.1. Family Description ......................................................................................... 19 Practice C2.2. Reading comprehension ................................................................................ 20 Practice C2. 3. Complete and Match..................................................................................... 21 Lesson 2D. Description Page ............................................................................. 22 Exercise 3 (check your answers on page 141). .................................................................... 22 Exercise 4 (check your answers on page 141 and 142). ...................................................... 23 The Project 2.1 .................................................................................................... 26 UNIT 3 ................................................................................................28 COMPARISON OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL FEATURES AND PERSONALITY .. 28 Lesson 3A. Comparative Adjectives … .............................................................. 28 Practice A3.1. Classifying adjectives ..................................................................................... 31 Lesson3B. What do you think? Compare men and women ............................... 32 Practice B3.1. Comparative Adjectives ................................................................................. 32 Exercise 5 (check your answers on page 142).. ................................................................... 33 Lesson 3C. Adjectives and adverbs with irregular comparatives ....................... 34 Practice C3.1. Relate pictures to complete sentences.......................................................... 35 Lesson 3D. Reading Comprehension ................................................................. 36 Exercise 6 (check your answers on page 142 and 143). ...................................................... 36 Practice D3.1.Comprehension Questions ............................................................................. 37 Practice D3.2.Comparatives/superlatives ............................................................................. 38 Practice D3.3 Adjective Comparative (er) and Superlative (est) space words ..................... 39 The Project 3.1 .................................................................................................... 40 4
  • 5. UNIT 4 ................................................................................................42 RELEVANT CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION ... 42 Lesson 4A. How do you hit the road – with your car, bike or scooter? .............. 42 Practice A41. Questions about means of transportation ....................................................... 43 Practice A4. 2. Means of Transportation. .............................................................................. 47 Practice A4.3 .......................................................................................................................... 48 Means of Transportation ........................................................................................................ 48 Lesson 4B. Vocabulary ....................................................................................... 49 Lesson 4C.Transportation in Costa Rica ............................................................ 50 Exercise 7 (check your answers on page 143). .................................................................... 50 Practice C4.1. Bus Schedule ................................................................................................. 52 The Project 4.1 .................................................................................................... 52 UNIT 5 ................................................................................................56 PERSONAL TRAVEL PLANS ............................................................................ 56 Lesson 5A. Reading on Vacation and Activities ................................................. 56 Exercise 8 (check your answers on page 143). .................................................................... 58 Lesson 5B. What are these people going to do in their Vacations? ................... 59 Practice B5. Some problems and situation at the airport. ..................................................... 60 The Project 5.1. Plan your dream vacation........................................................ 62 UNIT 6 ................................................................................................64 ACCEPTANCE AND REFUSAL OF GOODS AND SERVICES .......................... 64 Lesson 6A. Goods & Services ............................................................................ 64 Lesson 6B. The Odd One Out Game ................................................................. 65 Exercise 9 (check your answers on page 144). .................................................................... 65 Lesson 6C. Vocabulary ....................................................................................... 67 Practice C6.1. Instructions: write the correct word (from the list on the right) to complete each sentence/description: .................................................................................................... 67 Practice C6.2. Instructions: write the correct word ................................................................ 69 Lesson 6D Getting out on the Town ................................................................... 70 Exercise 10. Looking for information (check your answers on page 144). ........................... 71 Exercise11. (check your answers on page 145). .................................................................. 73 The Project 6.1....................................................................................................... 74 UNIDAD 7 ..........................................................................................79 LIKES, DISLIKES AND PREFERENCES ........................................................... 79 Lesson 7A. Actions Words .................................................................................. 79 Practice A7.1: identify each picture with each ...................................................................... 79 Lesson 7B. Action/Verb Reading ........................................................................ 80 Exercise 12: reading comprehension (check your answers on page 146)l .......................... 80 Exercise 13 (check your answers on page 146). .................................................................. 81 Practice B7.1. Matching action verbs .................................................................................... 81 5
  • 6. Lesson 7C. English Translated to Spanish Expressions .................................... 82 Practice C7.1.Expressing likes and dislikes (affirmative, negative, interrogative) ................ 83 Practice C7.2. Use your dictionary ........................................................................................ 84 Lesson 7D. Expressing likes and dislikes (+ /-/?) ............................................... 85 Lesson 7E. Reading comprehension ................................................................. 91 Practice E7.1. Mixed questions and exercises ...................................................................... 91 Lesson 7F. Adverbs of frequency ....................................................................... 98 Practice F7.1. Position of adverbs of frequency .................................................................... 98 Practice F7.2. Use of adverbs ............................................................................................. 101 Exercise 14. Frequency Adverbs (check your answers on page 146). ............................... 102 The project 7.1. Read and answer the questions. ............................................ 105 UNIDAD 8 ........................................................................................107 GIVE AND FOLLOW DIRECTIONS.................................................................. 107 Lesson 8A. Community places ......................................................................... 107 Practice A8. 1. Complete the chart with the Information from the building above. ............. 108 Lesson 8B. Understanding Directions .............................................................. 109 Practice B8.1. Following and Giving Directions .................................................................. 110 Exercise 15 (check your answers on page 147). ................................................................ 111 Exercise 16 (check your answers on page 147). ................................................................ 111 Lesson 8C. Asking for and giving directions ..................................................... 113 Practice C8.1. Direction conversation ................................................................................. 113 The project 8.1. Reading Comprehension ........................................................ 117 UNIT 9 ..............................................................................................118 OCCUPATIONS ............................................................................................... 118 Lesson 9A. Identifying Occupations ................................................................. 118 Practice A9.1. Items classification ....................................................................................... 119 Lesson 9B. Community Helpers Vocabulary List & Definitions ........................ 120 Lesson 9C. Community Helpers Creative Writing ............................................ 122 Practice C9.1. Composition ................................................................................................. 122 Practice C9.2. Describing what people do .......................................................................... 123 Lesson 9D. Finding out about jobs ................................................................... 124 Exercise 17 (check your answers on page 148). ................................................................ 125 Practice 9D.1. Complete the following exercises ................................................................ 125 Lesson 9E. Jobs suffixes .................................................................................. 132 Practice E9.1. Match the words from left with the words. ................................................... 132 Exercise18 ( check your answers on page 148). ............................................................... 133 The Project 9.1 .................................................................................................. 138 GUÍA DE RESPUESTAS .................................................................140 ANSWERS UNIT 1 ........................................................................................... 140 Exercise 1 ............................................................................................................................ 140 Exercise 2 ............................................................................................................................ 140 6
  • 7. ANSWERS UNIT 2 ........................................................................................... 141 Exercise 3 ............................................................................................................................ 141 Exercise 4 ............................................................................................................................ 141 ANSWERS UNIT 3 ........................................................................................... 142 Exercise 5 ............................................................................................................................ 142 Exercice 6 ............................................................................................................................ 142 Exercise 7 ............................................................................................................................ 143 ANSWERS UNIT 5 ........................................................................................... 143 Exercise 8 ............................................................................................................................ 143 UNIT 6 .............................................................................................................. 144 Exercise 9 ............................................................................................................................ 144 UNIT 7 .............................................................................................................. 146 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................................... 146 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................................... 146 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................................... 146 UNIT 8 .............................................................................................................. 147 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................................... 147 Exercise16. .......................................................................................................................... 147 UNIT 9 .............................................................................................................. 148 Exercise 17 .......................................................................................................................... 148 Exercise 18 .......................................................................................................................... 148 BIBLIOGRAPHY ..............................................................................149 7
  • 8. UNIT 1 http://bogglesworldesl.com FAMILY Lesson1A. Introducing Family Members In a family There is a mother, a father and their children. Family members are: athe father, the mother, the brothers, the sisters, the grandmother, the In FAMILY grandfather, the aunt and uncle and the cousin. 1 This is Mary’s family members… mother father er sister brother sister sister This is Mary Mary http://www.amomentintimeportraitstudio.com/family. 1 http://www.facebook.com/BabyBlues?ref=mf 1
  • 9. Practice A1. Write the missing family members. printables.familyeducation.com. 2
  • 10. Exercise1. Matching (check your answers on page 141). Instructions: match the English family members from the column on the left with the Spanish family members from the right column. grandfather tío grandmother primo uncle abuelo aunt tía cousin abuela Expressions http://www.teachchildrenesl.com/flashcards.htm English Translated to Spanish Expressions 1. This/That is my family= Esta es mi familia. 2. These/Those are my brothers = Estos/esos son mis hermanos. 3. He/she works at the hospital= Ella trabaja en el hospital. 4. How many sisters do you have? = ¿Cuántos hermanos tienes? 5. I have one brother, one sister, an aunt, an uncle and a cousin= Yo tengo un hermano, una hermana, una tía, un tío y un primo. 6. My brother’ sister is my sister too= La hermana de mi hermano es mi hermana también. 7. My father’s brother is my uncle= El hermano de mi papa es mi tío. 8. Is he/she your father?= ¿Es él tu papa? 9. How old is your sister? = ¿Cuántos años tiene tu hermana? 10.He/She is ten years old he/she? = Ella tiene diez años. 11. Who is she? = ¿Quién es ella? 12. She is my grandmother= Ella es mi abuela. 13. Who are they? = ¿Quiénes son ellos/ elllas? 14. They are my family= Ellos/ellas son mi familia. 3
  • 11. Lesson1B. Conversation about Mary’s family These are Mary Mary: hello, July. they speak about their Families.2 and July http://bogglesworldesl.com July: hello, Mary. Mary: This is my family, this is my father, his name is Tom, he works in a restaurant, he is 40 years old and he is a chef. This is my mother her name is Jane, she works in a hospital, she is a nurse. I have three brothers and three sisters. My brothers are Jon, Peter and Andy and my sisters are Lisa, Emmy and Judy. Hey, July! How many sisters and brothers do you have? July: I only have one sister and two brothers, their names are: Anny, Luis and Joseph. We live with our mother, our grandmother, our grandfather, an uncle, an aunt and a cousin and our dog. Mary: Oh, you have a big family! July: Oh yes, we are a happy family too! Mary: How old is your sister? July: She is ten years old. Mary: Where do your brothers study? July: They study at the Santa Clara School. Mary: Where does your mother work? July: She works in a bank. Mary: Oh yes, your family is a modern family. July I am leaving now, goodbye. July: Okay, no problem Mary I have to leave too, goodbye! 2 http://media.photobucket.com/image/women%20faces/torirose4688/Faces/elf.jpg?o=5 4
  • 12. Exercise 2. Reading comprehension (check your answers on page 141). Instructions: mark the correct option to the questions from the information of the conversation between Mary and July. 1. Where does Mary’s father work? a) in a bank b) in a restaurant 2. How old is Mary’s father? a) Forty years old b) Ten years old 3. What is the name of Mary’s mother? a) Janet b) Jane 4. Where does Mary’s mother work? a) In a restaurant b) in the hospital 5. What is the mother’s occupation? a) A nurse b) a nutritionist 6. How many brothers and sisters does Mary have? a) Three brothers and one sister. b) Three sisters and three brothers. 5
  • 13. 7. How many sisters and brothers does July have? a) One sister and two brothers. b) Two brothers and two sisters. 8. Who lives in July’s family? a) The mother, the grandmother, the grandfather, an uncle, an aunt and a cousin and the dog. b) The mother, the grandmother, the grandfather, an uncle, an aunt and a cousin. 9. Who has a big family? a) July b) Mary 10. How old is July’ sister? a) ten years old b) forty years old 11. Who study at the Santa Clara School? a) July’ brothers b) Mary’ brothers 12. Who works in a bank? a) Mary’ mother b) July’ mother 13. Whose family is a modern one? a) July’s family b) Mary’ family 6
  • 14. Lesson 1C. Identifying Community Places Word bank bank, grocery store, shoe store, office, mall, clinic, hospital, restaurant. A Family Lives in a Community A family lives in a community with many other families: many families form a community: in a community there are public places and services; for example: bank, church, post office, garage, barber's shop, hairdresser's shop dentist's clinic, courthouse, apartment buildings, movie theater, gas station, dry cleaner's, hospital, house/home, sports arena, school, park, playground, library, town, city hall, police station, fire station, bus station, bus stop, bakery, traffic lights, pedestrian crossing, butcher's shop, hardware store, hotel, motel, train station, grocery store, supermarket, fast-food restaurant, office building, sports store, photo shop, pharmacy, restaurant, clothing store, coffee shop, radio station, travel agent, realestate agent, shoe store, bike-repair shop, pet store, mall. Memory Game http://www.englishraven.com/flashcards_community.htm 7
  • 15. Memory Game Practice C1. Identify community places. Instructions: look at the community places from the flash cards; then, complete the chart with these places: bank, church, post office, barber's shop, dentist's clinic, apartment buildings, movie theater, gas station, hospital, sports arena, police station, bus station, grocery store, fast-food restaurant, restaurant, clothing shoe store, mall. After you memorized these places, complete the community chart. Look back to the flash cards once you have completed the chart. For example: a bank a church fast food restaurant 8
  • 16. Free activity 1.1. Identify family members and fill in the family crossword. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/badmum.pd 9
  • 17. The Project 1.1 Read and answer the questions Mum who dumped a tot is jailed A career mum dumped her baby on a stranger's doorstep to stop his dad bringing him up. The householder heard the 12-week-old boy crying in his pushchair on a cold winter's night. And yesterday the mum began six months in jail for her heartless act. The judge at Newport crown court told her: "You are a selfish woman who acted out of spite”. The judge also told her: "You did nothing to alert the occupants. They might not have found him." The court heard that the woman, 30, from Preston, dumped her son 200 miles away at Newport, South Wales. She had found that she was pregnant after splitting with the dad. The first he knew of the baby was when he was told by an adoption agency. It is his second child with the mum of three. The woman, who admitted cruelty, was said to have had depression. 1. Questions Answer the following questions using your own words. (2 points) a. Was the woman sent to jail? Why? b. When did the father find out about the baby? 2. True or false .Are the following statements true or false? (1 point) a. The woman in the story has two children. b. The woman lives 200 miles away from Preston. 10
  • 18. 3. Word in context Find a word or phrase in the text which, in context, is similar in meaning to: Abandoned: Egotist: 4. Multiple choice Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct. (2 points) The boy was a. one month old. b. two months old. c. three months old. The woman left the boy at a. a friend’s house. b. her mother’s house. c. an unknown person’s house. The woman is in her a. twenties. b. thirties. c. forties. The boy was left in a. Preston b. Newport. c. South Wales. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/badmum.pdf 11
  • 19. I.2. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence: 1) You look much _________________ than you are. young younger 2) I'll _________________ next month. be 25 have 25 3) My grandfather _________________ away ( = died) last month. went passed 4) I'm _________________. My husband is a doctor. engaged married 6) I'm the youngest of my _________________ (brothers and sisters). siblings offspring 7) I live _________________. alone lonely 8) I don't have any _________________. children child 9) _________________ is your son? How many years How old 12
  • 20. UNIT 2 DESCRIPTION OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL APPEARANCE3 hair ears Lesson 2A. Parts of the body nose Eyes, nose, ears, hair, fingers… fingers http://bogglesworldesl.com Eyes big eyes small eyes Noses snub sharp straight big and round Hair short curly hair medium length black long wavy hair Faces square 3 round oval All the pictures above have been taken from: http://www.essencialensino.com.br/courses/basic1_arquivos/Page601.htm. 13
  • 21. Practice A2.1. Find the words below in the grid to the left. cheek Chin Ear eye hair Lip Mouth Nose Teeth http://www.essencialensino.com.br/courses/basic1_arquivos/Page601.htm 14
  • 22. Lesson 2B. Adjectives to Describe Physical Appearance Tall, short, long, big, little, wavy, straight, curly, blond, brown, green, blue, yellow, black, fat, chubby, thin, young, old. http://www.essencialensino.com.br/courses/basic1_arquivos/Page601.htm Vocabulary Descriptive Adjectives Spanish / English 1. activo= active 2. bonito= cute 3. cómico= funny 4. deportista= sports minded 5. dichoso = lucky 6. español = Spanish 7. estudiante= student 8. honrado= honest 9. mexicano= Mexican 10.norteamericano= American 11.perezoso= lazy 12.simpático= nice 13. beautiful= bonita 14. handsome= guapo 15. muscular= musculoso 16. wide face= cara ancha 15
  • 23. Practice B2.1. Questions and Matching Instructions: use the adjectives and the pictures to answer the questions and do the grammar matching below. 1. How tall are you? 2. How fit are you? Grammar Verb to be 1. he is ___ soy 2. they are ___ somos 3. you are ___ ella es 4. who is ___ eres 5. I'm _1__ él es 6. they are ___ ellos son 7. you are ___ quién es 8. she is ___ Uds. son 9. we are ___ ellas son Practice B2.2. Write the corresponding number in each space. The number one is done for you. English Translated to Spanish Expressions and Questions Expressions English Spanish He’s got big brown eyes= Él tiene los ojos cafés y grandes. What’s he/she like? = ¿Cómo es él/ ella fisicamente? He’s young / old= Él es joven/ viejo. She’s got green eyes= Ella tiene ojos verdes. She/he looks like= Ella es bonita, alta… They are tall= Ellos son altos. We are young= Nosotros estamos Jóvenes. You are thin= Usted es delgado. He is twenty years old= El tiene veinte años. 16
  • 24. Translated Questions What does he /she look like? = ¿Cómo es él/ ella físicamente/emocionalmente? What do you look like?= ¿Como es usted? How old are you?= ¿Cuántos años tiene usted? How tall are you? = ¿Cuánto mide usted? How thin are you?= ¿Cuánto pesa? How long is your hair? ¿Qué tan largo es su pelo? What is your hair style?= ¿Cómo es su pelo? What color is your hair?= ¿De qué color es su pelo? What color are your eyes?= ¿De qué color son sus ojos? What is her appearance?= ¿Cómo es su apariencia? What are they like? =¿Cómo son ellos? Attention with the Word Order She is tall and thin. She has got long curly hair. She has green eyes. She is average height. He is very short. He has blue eyes. He is fat. He is bold. He is not handsome. http://elpweb.com/materials/wp- 17
  • 25. Lesson 2C. Use has got to describe Physical appearance. She has got blue small eyes= she’s got He has got big nose= he’s got They have got long blond hair= they’ve got What do you look like? What is he like? What is her appearance? got Verb have Affirmative Negative I have got brown I have not got blue eyes. eyes. Interrogative Have I got round face? You have got black You have not got black hair. Have you hair. face? got round She has got blond She has not got blond hair. hair. Has she got blond hair? He has got long He has not got blonde hair. hair. Has he got dark hair? It has got light eyes. It has not got black eyes. Has it got dark eyes? We have got brown We have not got blue eyes. eyes. Have we got round face? You have got brown You have not got blue eyes. Have you eyes. faces? got round They have got black They have not got black Have they got hair. eyes. faces? round http://www.clafoti.com/Imagenes10/have_got_01.htm 18
  • 26. Practice C2.1. Family Description Instructions: complete the next chart and sentences with information of your family. You can use the adjectives form the bottom. http://www.eslkidstuff.com/Worksheets/familydescriptions.gif 19
  • 27. Practice C2.2. Reading comprehension Instructions: read the following text to answer the questions. My grandmother’ story My grandmother was eighty years old when I was a child. She was taller and thin and had small brown eyes. She liked telling stories and was famous for her jokes. Everybody: young and old, poor and rich loved her because she always had a pleasant word for them. Children came to visit her for stories and for little presents, they were always happy to be with her. She liked tea and she had a special way of making and drinking it, she had little decorated glasses and when children asked her for tea, she gave them the little glasses to drank out of them. Children often asked her for tea not because they were thirsty but because they liked her little colored glasses. http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-53283.php 1. Underline the adjectives that describe the grandmother physically and emotionally. 2. Now draw the grandmother as she was described in the reading. 20
  • 28. Practice C2. 3. Complete and Match Instructions: use the pictures to complete the sentences. Then, match the pictures according to physical description. http://elpweb.com/materials/wp-content/uploads/2007/03/L1%20L&S%20supp%20mats%20unit%201%20Physical%20appearance.pdf A She is around 20. She is tall, slim and  beautiful. She has pictures. long straight black hair. * Now match the descriptions with the pictures. B He .......... average height and average build. He .......... a ponytail. he .......... handsome. C She .......... really cute. She .......... medium length wavy hair, and big beautiful eyes. D He .......... average height and average build. He .......... a ponytail. He .......... handsome. E She .......... around 60. She .......... short curly hair, and wears glasses. F He .......... a wide face and a dark complexion. He .......... very muscular. 21 Now match the descriptions with the
  • 29. Lesson 2D. Description Page Reading Comprehension A Short Description of DiCaprio Family The actor Leonardo DiCaprio is tall, he is young and thin. Girls say he is very handsome. Boys don’t agree… He has got little blue eyes and short blond straight hair. He has got full little mouth and round little nose. His face is oval. His mother is medium height, she is chubby. She has got light eyes and medium length light curly hair. She has got round nose and thin mouth. Her face is round. His grandmother is short and old. She is not fat. She has got short gray straight hair. She has got thin mouth and straight nose. http://www.clafoti.com/Imagenes10/have_got_01.htm Exercise 3 (check your answers on page 141). Instructions: read the short description of DiCaprio Family and answer the following questions. 1. What does Leonardo DiCaprio look like? 2. How old is he? 3. How tall is his mother? 4. How thin is his mother? 5. How long is Leonardo’s hair? 6. What does the grandma’s hair style look like? 7. What does the grandma’s nose look like? 22
  • 30. Exercise 4 (check your answers on page 141 and 142). Instructions: underline adjectives and body parts form the text: the first line is done for you. The actress Gwyneth Paltrow is tall, she is young and slim. Girls and boys think she is very beautiful… She has got greenish blue eyes and short blond straight hair, but in some movies she wears long hair as in “Sliding Doors”. She has got thin wide mouth and sharp nose. Her face is square and thin. Her mother is medium height. She is slim and beautiful too. She has got blue eyes and medium length light straight hair. She has got sharp nose and thin mouth. Her face is square. Her father is tall and thin. He has got short black wavy hair. He has got thin mouth and straight big nose. They look very happy. Now draw the actress Gwyneth Paltrow as she is described in the reading. 23
  • 31. Free activity 2.1. Complete each space with family members and the adjectives of the pictures. printables.familyeducation.com 24
  • 32. Free activity 2.2. Write the body parts to complete the chart. http://www.esltower.com/VOCABSHEETS/body/body.html 25
  • 33. The Project 2.1 Instructions: read and answer the questions The model with metal legs Aimee Mullins is munching French toast at her favourite greasy spoon in Manhattan's West Village. She's tall, slim and blonde with wide, hazel eyes, wearing Stella McCartney cords and high-heeled sandals. It's only when she hoists a leg up on the table and reminds me that it's fake, that the illusion of physical perfection is shattered. Aimee, 25, had both legs amputated just below the knee when she was a year old. She was born without a fibula in her lower legs, possibly caused by her mother taking antibiotics before she knew she was pregnant. The next few years were spent in a wheelchair, and doctors warned that she would never walk. Unfazed, Aimee taught herself to walk with artificial legs and by the age of 10, she was also running, skiing and playing softball. "My parents never told me that I couldn't do something," she says. "They expected me to excel." And she did. Aimee did her internship at the Pentagon, broke world records in the 100 meters, 200 meters and long jump at the 1996 Paralympics, and has been voted one of People Magazine's 50 Most Beautiful People. 1. QUESTIONS. Answer the following questions using your own words. a. Why are Aimee's feet fake? b. Why was she born with this feet problem? 2. FALSE OR TRUE 2.1. Are the following statements True or False? a. Aimee Mullins can't walk. b. Aimee Mullins is short and plump. 26
  • 34. 3. MULTIPLE CHIOCE. Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct. 3.1. Aimee is not physically perfect because she a. is ugly. b. is short. c. doesn't have legs. 4. She spent in a wheelchair a. some years. b. 10 years. c. till she was 10. 3. The doctors told her that a. she would walk but not run. b. she would never walk. c. she would walk, run and play sports. 4. According to People's magazine Aimee is a. one of the 50 most beautiful people in the world. b. one of the 50 most beautiful girls in the world. c. one of the 50 most beautiful athletes in the world. 2.2. Composition (50 words) Disabled people in our society. 27
  • 35. UNIT 3 http://www.clipartguide.com/_pages/0060-0808-2816-0356.html COMPARISON OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL FEATURES AND PERSONALITY TRAITS Lesson 3A. Comparative Adjectives: tall, smart, thin, young, short, fat, honest, happy, strong, cold… What are comparative adjectives? Comparative adjectives are used to clarify the difference between 2 objects/nouns.  Comparative adjectives are used to compare 2 nouns. Grammar: In a FAMILY 1. The father is taller than his son. 2. The son is smaller than his father. 3. The father is older than his son. 4. The son is younger than his father. http://www.clipartguide.com/_pages/0060-0808-2816-0356.html 28
  • 36. The Rules for Using Comparative Adjectives How to Use Comparative Adjectives "Than" is usually used after the comparative adjective.  -er is added to the end of a 1-syllable adjective    cold - colder small - smaller tall - taller   early - earlier happy happier crazy - crazier    -er is added to the end of an adjective with 2 syllables, if the word ends in -y.     "more" is used for words that have 2 syllables, if the word doesn't end in -y. adjectives that end in -y, change the -y to i and add ed     "more" is used for words that have 3 or more syllables  adjectives that end in -e, only -r is added to end of the adjective    honest-more honest difficult-more difficult modern-more modern expensivemore expensive difficult-more difficult confortable more comfortable nice -nicer safe -safer 29   The winter is colder than the summer. The green hat is smaller than the yellow hat. Most basketball players are taller than me. I came home earlier than my sister. I am happier now than 1 year ago. My friend is crazier than me. The policeman are more honest than criminals. The last test was more difficult than the test today. Our generation is more modern, than our parents generation
  • 37.  adjective that end in a consonant, vowel, consonant - the last consonant is doubled    big -bigger fat- fatter hot -hotter   My house is bigger than, my sisters house. My sister is fatter than me. The summer is hotter than the winter. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm Note: Superlative adjectives are used to compare 3 or more nouns. ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE big bigger the biggest small smaller the smallest funny funnier the funniest stupid stupider the stupidest soft softer the softest complicated more complicated complicated less complicated http://bogglesworldesl.com the most complicated 4 the least complicated expensive more expensive the most expensive expensive less expensive the least expensive difficult more difficult the most difficult difficult less difficult the least difficult >> There are two important exceptions: good better best bad worse worst >> Instead of saying "my most liked", or "my most preferred", we say my "favorite". 4 The exercise and the pictures are adopted from http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm. 30
  • 38. Spelling >> If an adjective ends in "y", remove the "y" and add "er" or "est": silly sillier silliest muddy muddier muddiest heavy heavier heaviest http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm Practice A3.1. Classifying adjectives Instructions: put the following personality adjectives under the correct headings Ambitious, analytical, competitive, loud, sociable, affectionate, critical, confident bossy, sneaky, athletic, manipulative, stubborn, selfish, generous, cooperative sensitive, shy, talkative, independent Positive quality Negative quality 31 Both
  • 39. Lesson3B. What do you think? Compare men and women 1. Men vs. women? 2. Boys vs. girls? 3. Female vs. male bosses For example: I think women are more talkative than men. Or I think men are less talkative than women. Practice B3.1. Comparative Adjectives Instructions: Use the comparative adjectives above to complete the sentences, try to make other comparisons ________________________louder than_________________________ ________________________ sneakier than_______________________ _______________________ more manipulative than_________________ _______________________less talkative than____________________ ______________________more aggressive than_____________________ ______________________less affectionate than_____________________ ______________________more stubborn than_____________________ ______________________less cooperative than_____________________ ___________________________shyer than________________________ ______________________bossier than________________________ www.esl-galaxy.com 32
  • 40. Exercise 5 (check your answers on page 142). Instructions: complete the sentences with the comparative form of the adjectives in parenthesis. 1. Joe is than Ed. (short) 2. Al is the . (short) 3. Ed is the . (thin) 4. Joe is than Al. (thin) 5. Al has the 6. Al is clothes. (colorful) http://bogglesworldesl.com/shopping-lesson-plan.htm than Joe. (heavy) 7. Ed is the . (light) 8. Ed is the . (mysterious) 9. Joe is than Ed. (energetic) Now compare the products to complete the chart. Advantages of Cool Walkers (1) Cool Walkers are cheaper than Slim Jimms. (2) (3) Advantages of Slim Jimms: (1) Slim Jimms are more durable than Cool Walkers. (2) (3) http://bogglesworldesl.com/sh opping-lesson-plan.htm 33
  • 41. Lesson 3C. Adjectives and adverbs with irregular comparative and superlative forms Spanish Irregular Comparatives and Superlatives In English we say good- better- the best: gooder or the goodest are not correct, same thing in Spanish, there are some irregularities. The following are adjectives and adverbs with irregular comparative and superlative forms: Spanish Irregular Comparative Adjective/Adverb Comparative Superlative good bueno better mejor the best el mejor bad malo worse peor the worst el peor great grande greater mayor the greatest el mayor small pequeño less menor the least el menor well bien better mejor best el mejor badly mal worse peor worst el peor much mucho more más most el más little poco less menos least el menos young joven younger menor the youngest el menor http://bogglesworldesl.com/shopping-lesson-plan.htm 34
  • 42. Practice C3.1. Relate pictures to complete sentences Instructions: fill in the spaces to complete the sentences of the picture. http://www.esltower.com/GRAMMARSHEETS/comparatives/comparatives.html 35
  • 43. Lesson 3D. Reading Comprehension http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/compsup.htm#supep Bart is older than his sisters, he is in the fourth grade and Lisa is in the second grade. Magie is the youngest she goes to day care. Exercise 6 (check your answers on page 142 and 143). Instructions: use the reading about Bart, Lisa and Margie to answer the following questions. 1. Who is the oldest? 2. Who is the youngest? 3. Who is the smartest? 4. Who is the smallest? 5. Who is the worse student? 36
  • 44. Practice D3.1. Comprehension Questions Instructions: answer the following questions 1. What's the most important holiday in your country? 2. What's the hottest month in your country? 3. What's the cheapest food in your country? 4. What's the coldest month in your country? 5. What's the most popular tourist attraction in your country? 6. What's the most unusual food in your country? 7. What is the best place to visit in your country? 8. What's the worst place to visit in your country? 37
  • 45. 9. What's the most exciting sport to play in your country? 10. Who is the youngest in your family?5 Practice D3.2. Comparatives/superlatives Instructions: use the word bank to fill in the spaces Which animal is the biggest? 1. The cat is_______ than the camel. 2. Santa is the _______ of all the people. 3. The bee is___________ than the bird. 4. The giraffe is the_______ than all the animals. 5. The giraffe is______ than the horse. 6. The mouse is the_______ of the animals. 7. The mouse is _______ than the cat. 8. The elephant is______ than the cow. 9. Santa is ______ than my father. 10. The bee is the________ of the animals. 11. The whale is__________ than the dolphin. Word Bank Smaller lighter Bigger lightest tallest bigger oldest taller heavier older smallest 5 The exercise and the pictures are adopted from http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm. 38
  • 46. Practice D3.3 Adjective Comparative (er) and Superlative (est) space words 1. Big 2. Bright 3. Heavy 4. Hot 5. Light 6. Longer 7. Near 8. Tall 1. Bigger Now write er next to each adjective to form the comparative 2. B_________ 3. H_________ 4. H_________ 5. L_________ 6. L_________ 7. N________ 8. T_________ Finally write est to each adjective to form the superlative 1. Biggest 2. B_________ 3. H_________ 4. H_________ 5. L_________ 6. L_________ 7. N________ 8. T_________ 39
  • 47. The Project 3.1 Instructions: read and answer the questions Why Physical Activity is Important for You? People need to be active to be healthy. Our modern lifestyle and all the conveniences we've become used to have made us sedentary - and that's dangerous for our health. Sitting around in front of the TV or the computer, riding in the car for even a short trip to the store and using elevators instead of stairs or ramps all contribute to our inactivity. Physical inactivity is as dangerous to our health as smoking! Add up your activities during the day in periods of at least 10 minutes each. Start slowly... and build up. If you're already doing some light activities move up to more moderateones. A little is good, but more is better if you want to achieve health benefits. Scientists say accumulate 60 minutes of physical activity every day to stay healthy or improve your health. Time needed depends on effort - as you progress to moderateactivities, you can cut down to thirty minutes, four days a week. Physical activity doesn't have to be very hard to improve your health. This goal can bereached by building physical activities into your daily routine. Just add up in periods of atleast ten minutes each throughout the day. After three months of regular physical activity, you will notice a difference - people often say getting started is the hardest part.(From Handbook for Canada's Physical Activity Guide to Healthy Active Living p. 4. Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, Ottawa, Ontario, 1998) I. Answer the following questions using your own words (2 points: 1 point each) a. Why is physical activity so important for people? b. How can you include physical activity in your life? 40
  • 48. II. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)? (1 point: 0.5 each) a. Smoking is less dangerous than physical inactivity. b. You do not need more than sixty minutes a day to be fit. III. Find a word or phrase in the text which, in context, is similar in meaning to: (1 point: 0.5 each) a. inactive b. fit IV. Choose a, b, or c, in each question below. Only one choice is correct 1. Nowadays people ... a) are less active than in the past. b) are more active than in the past. c) are as sedentary as they used to be. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/physicalactivity.pdf 41
  • 49. UNIT 4 http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm RELEVANT CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION Lesson 4A. How do you hit the road – with your car, bike or scooter? 1. How do you go to school? a) By bus? b) By bike? c) Walking? Means of transport Definitions bus tramway, train, car, taxi, ship, cruiser, airplane, bicycle, motorbike, skateboard, truck, van. bus › a vehicle carrying many passengers train › public transport provided by a line of railway cars coupled together and drawn by a locomotive. taxi › a car driven by a person whose job is to take passengers where they want to go in exchange for money. ship › a vessel that carries passengers or freight. cruiser › a car in which policemen cruise the streets. airplane › an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets 42
  • 50. bicycle › a cycle that has two wheels. motorbike › small motorcycle with a low frame and small wheels and elevated handlebars. skateboard › a board with wheels that is ridden in a standing or crouching position.6 Practice A41. Questions about means of transportation Instructions: read and answer each question below. Bicycles are quick, clean and healthy Bicycles are a quick and clean mode of transport and cycling is good for you. Research has shown that employees who cycle to work are healthier than those who do not. 1. What mean of transportation is healthier a bike or a car? Motorcycles: There are around half a million motorcyclists in Costa Rica. As well as for commuting, motorcycles are also seen as a form of recreation. A large number of motorcyclists ride for fun. Motorcyclists are relatively vulnerable: they are not protected by the bodywork and airbags that protect car drivers. The risk of being injured–or worse– in an accident is therefore higher than for car drivers. 2. Which mean of transportation is more dangerous a motorcycle or a car? 6 http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm. 43
  • 51. Taxis In Costa Rica there are many different kinds of taxis that can be classified as either the familiar street taxis or contract hire. Contract hire includes, for instance, regional taxis, but also refers to the transport of school pupils and the disabled. 3. What are contract hire taxis? Cars Cars are the most widely used means of transport in Costa Rica. Everybody knows that you need a driving license to be allowed to drive a car and that you must obey the rules of the road. 4. Why do you need a driving license?7 Content. English and Spanish Vocabulary English Spanish airliner (ér láiner) - avión de pasajeros airplane (ér pléin) - avión bicycle (báisikl) - bicicleta bike (báik) - bici boat (bóut) - barco, buque bus (bas) - colectivo canoe (kanú) - canoa, piragua car (car) - auto, carro 7 http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm. 44
  • 52. cruiser (krúser) - crusero ferry (férri) - transbordador glider (gláider) - planeador helicopter (hélicópter) - helicóptero hot air ballon (hót ér balún) - globo aerostático jet plane (dchét pléin) - avión a reacción moped (móuped) - ciclomotor motorbike (móutorbáik) - motocicleta motorboat (móutorbóut) - lancha ocean liner (óushen láiner) - transatlántico pickup truck (pikáp trák) - camioneta raft (raft) - balza rocket (róket) - cohete roller skates (róuler skéits) - patines sailboat (séilbóut) - velero scooter (skúter) - escúter ship (ship) - buque, barco skateboard (skéitbord) - monopatín, patineta streetcar (stríit car) - tranvía subway (sábwuéi) - tren subterráneo taxi cab (táxi cáb) - taxi train (tréin) - tren truck (trák) - camión van (van) - furgoneta – traffic 45
  • 53. The English Vocabulary at the Airport English Word Pronunciation Spanish translation air hostess éer jóustes azafata airline éerláin compañía aérea aisle áil pasillo arrivals arráivals llegadas baggage báguedch equipaje baggage claim báguedch kléim reclamo de equipaje boarding pass bóording pas tarjeta de embarque carry-on luggage kárri-ón-láguedch equipaje de mano Target Language: Conversation at the airport A: Welcome to Canada. May I see your passport please? B: Sure. Here it is. A: Where are you coming from? B: I'm coming from Seoul, Korea. A: What is the purpose of your visit? B: I'm here on business. A: How long are you planning to stay? B: I'll be staying for three weeks. A: Where will you be staying? B: I'll be staying at a hotel. A: Have you ever been to Canada before? 46
  • 54. B: No, this is my first time. A: Do you have anything to declare? B: No, nothing. Practice A4. 2. Means of Transportation. Instructions: classify the means of transportations into three categories: air transports, sea transports and transports of land. Means of transportations air transports Sea transports Transports of land http://www.teachervision.fen.com/tv/printables/orange/RV-88.pd 47
  • 55. Practice A4.3 Means of Transportation http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm. 48
  • 56. Lesson 4B. Vocabulary Schedule, price, convenience, cost, early, late. Adjectives: Fast, better, comfortable, cheap, expensive. Expressions: -When is the next train to___? -What time is the next ___? It leaves at ________ At 7: 30 /1:00 p.m. etc. -What’s faster/ better/ more comfortable? -Which is the earliest /most comfortable/ cheapest, means of transportation? -How much does the ticket cost? -Are we boarding now?8 Costa Rica Public Bus Schedule Word/Expression: to catch a taxi / cab to hail a cab/taxi Quick translation: to get a taxi / cab Example: "Let's catch a taxi to the restaurant." Taking a taxi Taxi : Where do you want to go? You : Can you take me to the Bank of America around the corner? Taxi : Which side do you want to get off? You : This side. 8 http://www.liberiacostaricainfo.com/BusScheduleCostaRica.html. 49 .
  • 57. Lesson 4C.Transportation in Costa Rica Reading Comprehension There are rent-a-cars in Costa Rica, in the airport, in the capital city of San Jose and other cities and in some rural areas. Lots of these cars are four-wheel drives, but they're not used only for rural roads, since potholes abound in main streets in major cities. Lately, the roads have been well-marked and one can get maps and directions from the ICT (Tourism Bureau) in downtown San Jose, under the Plaza de la Cultura. Trains are a great option for more romantic or adventuresome tourists, but there are also buses in Costa Rica, and plenty of them for that matter. There are also other means of transportation like taxis, rent-a-cars, planes, helicopters and some trains. Costa Rica might not be as advanced as other countries in many respects, but it does offer many different and for the most part, cheap options for getting around the country. Exercise 7 (check your answers on page 143). Instructions: Answer the following questions: True or False with the information from the readings about “Transportation in Costa Rica.” 1. People can get maps and directions in the capital city of San José ( ) 2. Trains are the only option to travel around Costa Rica ( ) 3. Traveling around Costa Rica is cheap and varied ( ) 50
  • 58. Vocabulary Adjectives and Expressions Schedule, price, convenience, cost, early, late. Adjectives: Fast, better, comfortable, cheap, expensive. Expressions: -When is the next train to___? -What time is the next ___? At 7: 30 /1:00 p.m., etc... -What’s faster/ better/ more comfortable? -Which is the earliest /most comfortable/ cheapest, means of transportation? -How much does the ticket cost? -Are we boarding now?9 Costa Rica Public Bus Schedule Destination Departing from Frequency Timetable Journey Time San José, Av. Every 12/14 Calle 8 100 min. mts. south of la Castellana Gas Station. Tel. 4100015 / 0235 30 5:20 to 22:30 1.20 hrs. Ret 4:10 to 21:00 34 km San José, Calles Every AlajuelaAeropuerto 12/14 Ave 2 Tuasa min. 10 4:20 to 23:00, 35 min. after 23.00 every 19 km 30 min. Acosta Tel. 442-6900, 2225325. http://www.liberiacostaricainfo.com/BusScheduleCostaRica.html. 9 http://www.liberiacostaricainfo.com/BusScheduleCostaRica.html. 51
  • 59. Practice C4.1. Bus Schedule Instructions: use the expressions to complete the following task: mark the correct option. 1. When is the next bus to Acosta? a) in 30 minutes b) in two hours 2. What time is the next bus to Alajuela? a) at 4:20 3. Where faster to arrive to? a) to Alajuela b) to Acosta 4. Which route departs more frequently? a) Alajuela b) at 5: 20 b) Acosta The Project 4.1 1. Topic: Travel-related terms and expressions. Instructions: use the words in parenthesis to complete the questions 1.1How (distant/far) is the museum from here? 2. Do you have any museum? (brochures/broaches) with information about the 3. Does the room have a 4. Does this dish have 5. You don't have any tables 6. Children over 12 have to pay 7. How much is the entrance (safe/save) where we can leave our valuables? (meat/meats) in it? (available/avoidable) ( = free) right now? (full/complete) price. (fee/value) to the museum? 52
  • 60. 8. This card will allow you to 9. I'd like to (ride/drive) all the buses and the subway. (counsel/cancel) my reservation for tonight. 10. P1: How long does the trip to Goa (take/happen)? 1.2. Write the correct word (from the list on the right) to describe each picture: path zoo train amusement seats sunset airplane tram attendant souvenirs 1. 2. 3. 53
  • 61. park 4. 5. 6. flight 7. 8. 9. 10. (foot) http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/shopping-visual-vocabulary1.html 54
  • 62. Free activity 4.1. Search Word Puzzle airplane ambulance ferry submarine boat helicopter subway bus horse taxi camel motorcycle train car rocket truck ship van http://bogglesworldesl.com/survivalESL.htm 55
  • 63. UNIT 5 http://www.travelplans.org.uk/index2.html . PERSONAL TRAVEL PLANS Lesson 5A. Reading on Vacation and Activities http://www.travelplans.org.uk/index2.html. Vacation is a time to relax, or a time to seek out adventure. It’s a way to let go of your stress and live out your fantasies. That is, if the stress and pain of planning the vacation doesn’t kill you first. English Expressions Translated to Spanish Where are you planning to go _______ (tomorrow, next vacation, etc.)? ¿A donde irá en vacaciones? When do you plan to leave? ¿Cuándo sale de vacaciones? Who’s going with you? ¿Quién va de vacaciones con usted? How often do you travel/ visit/ go to ______? ¿Cada cuánto viaja usted a…? 56
  • 64. How long does it take to go to? ¿Que tan largo es el viaje? Where are you planning to spend your vacations? ¿Adónde planea pasar sus vacaciones? Plan Your Personal Vacation Activities http://bogglesworldesl.com/suggestions.htm Conversation: Jim and Susan are planning to go out Jim: Hello. Susan: Hello. Is Jim there please? Jim: Speaking. Susan: Hi, Jim. This is Susan. How are you doing these days? Jim: Good. What's up? Susan: Are you busy on Friday evening? 57
  • 65. Jim: No, I'm free. Why? Susan: Would you like to go to the Museum of Natural History? Jim: Sounds good. What time would you like to meet? Susan: How about 7:00? Jim: 7:00 is fine. Where would you like to meet? Susan: Why don't we meet in front of Antico's Italian Restaurant? Jim: Sounds good. See you there. Susan: Great. Bye. Exercise 8 (check your answers on page 143). Instructions: answer the following questions from the dialogue between Jim and Susan. 1. What time are Jim and Susan going to meet? 2. Where are they going to go? 3. How much is the admission to the Museum of Natural History? 58
  • 66. Lesson 5B. What are these people going to do in their Vacations? http://bogglesworldesl.com/flashcardsESL/places4.jpg. 1. The tourist is taking a picture of a statue at the museum. 2. A student is learning about dinosaurs. 3. A doctor is talking to a girl at the hospital. 4. A nurse is giving a needle at the hospital. 59
  • 67. Practice B5. Some problems and situation at the airport Instructions: match the questions with the correct answers) Talking to passengers 1. Why is the flight being delayed? We're waiting for clearance. We'll be taking off shortly. We will be passing out headphones shortly. Would you like some peanuts? 2. Am I going to miss my connecting flight? You have to transfer to terminal 3. What time is your flight? We will be arriving in 20 minutes. 3. Can I get a Coke? Of course with ice? I'll add ice? Of course, would you like ice with that? 4. My headphones are not working! Let me get you another pair. We'll be coming around soon with drinks. Let me get you another pear. 60
  • 68. 5. How much do I owe you? Free. Please fill out this form. The drinks are free-of-charge. 6. Can I use the lavatories in first-class? We have four lavatories. I'm sorry but those lavatories are for first-class passengers only. Would you like an extra blanket? 7. Would it be possible to change/switch seats? It may be possible, but we'll have to wait until the plane takes off and the captain turns off the seatbelt sign. Yes, this is your assigned seat. Please make sure you stow your belongings in the overhead compartment. 8. How long before we land? We will be coming around with a snack soon. We will be landing in about 20 minutes. Yes, it's a very long flight, isn't it? 9. I just want to stretch my legs. Would you like something to drink? You'll be able to do that as soon as the captain turns off the seatbelt sign. For now, please remain seated. Would you like a blanket? 61
  • 69. 10. I requested a vegetarian/kosher meal. Alright - Chicken or fish? No, the choice is chicken or fish. Alright - Let me go check if it's there. The Project 5.1. Plan your dream vacation Instructions: read the conversation between Fay and Jerry; then plan your vacation. I.1.Preparing for Summer Vacation Situation: Fay asks Jerry about his plans for the summer and is a bit surprised. Fay: Hi Jerry. The school year is almost over. Do you have any plans for the summer vacation? Jerry: I'm planning on sleeping all day, every day! Fay: Oh, come on Jerry, you must be kidding. Jerry: Yeah, I'm just pulling your leg. Actually, I'm going to go down to Guizhou Province. Fay: Really? Why would you go to Guizhou? It's not a very popular tourist site. Jerry: No it is no, but I like it. Fay: Okay! 62
  • 70. Now plan your vacation: imagine you are having a holiday at the beach. Plan one day of your holiday; start by answering the next questions: 1. Where are you going? 2. How much is the travel? 3. How long is the trip? 4. What activities are you going to have? http://www.teachervision.fen.com/tv/printables/orange/RV-88.pd I.2. Making a hotel reservation on the phone Instructions: fill in the blanks using the following words: put you through help you make a reservation A: Hello is that the Intercontinental hotel? B: Hotel Intercontinental, may I________? A: I’d like to____________. B: Just a moment please, I’ll ____________the reservations desk. A: Thanks. 63
  • 71. UNIT 6 ACCEPTANCE AND REFUSAL OF GOODS AND SERVICES Lesson 6A. Goods & Services Vocabulary Computer store, shoe store, clothing store, pet shop, music store, book store, flower shop, furniture store, grocery store, hardware store, toy store, jewelry store, eyeglass store. Fast food, computer, shoes, clothing, pet, music CDs, books, magazines, flowers, furniture, groceries, hardware, toys, jewelry, eyeglasses… arcade.nick.com Identify the restaurant in the map. A: Excuse me. Where can I eat fast food? B: You can eat a hamburger with fried potatoes and have a natural drink at a fast food restaurant. B: How can I get to the restaurant? http://bogglesworldesl.com A. Go down the 7th Avenue, on the second corner go to the north there is a restaurant across the 6th Avenue. 64
  • 72. Lesson 6B. The Odd One Out Game Exercise 9 (check your answers on page 144). Which of the following doesn’t belong? Underline the Category that is different. (1) Gifts Roses Flowers Plants (2) Autos Grocery Health Video Games (3) iPods Cameras Cell Phones Cars Bird (4) Helicopter Airplane Bus (5) Laptops Desktops Software Books (6) DVDs Music Books TVs (7) Perfumes Makeup Skin Care Camping (9) Jewelry Watches Perfumes iPods (10) Shoe store Grocery store Restaurant www.bogglesworldesl.com 65 Pet store
  • 73. Practice B6.1. Reading comprehension Instructions: read the Oranges to answer the questions. http://www.teach-nology.com/gold/readgen3.html http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/shopping-visual-vocabulary1.html QUESTIONS 1. List the many different types of oranges. 2. How does the author compare the oranges from California with the oranges from Florida? 66
  • 74. Lesson 6C. Vocabulary Practice C6.1. Instructions: write the correct word (from the list on the right) to complete each sentence/description: gloves boots socks jeans jacket skirt cap hat shoes tie boxers shirt belt 1. I am looking for a 2. These 3. This 4. These 67 . are on sale. is too short. fit me well.
  • 75. 5. I need a new baseball 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. This t- Do you sell This Do you sell I need a new These . is too big. ? is on sale. ? . are too small. http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/shopping-visual-vocabulary1.html 68
  • 76. Practice C6.2. Instructions: write the correct word (from the list on the right) to complete each of the following sentences: boarding gate bottle pass mobile tags wallet delayed money lost flight bags page 1) I lost my and all my money was inside it. 2) I missed my . 3) I can't find my husband. Can you 4) I can't find my departure . 5) The airline lost one of my . 6) I don't have enough to buy a sandwich. 7) They won't let me take my 8) I lost my boarding 9) My flight has been him? of water on the plane. . for three hours. 10) Is there a public phone here? My (cell phone) isn't working. http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/english-travel-airplane1.htm 69
  • 77. Lesson 6D Getting out on the Town http://www.learningspanishsecrets.com/outonthetown.html Introduction: A: Hi, Chris. Long time no see. B: How have you been? A: Good. Keeping busy, you? B: Me too. I could use a break! Suggesting Dinner or Drinks: A: Do you feel like getting together for coffee? B: Sounds good. Do you have a place in mind? A: Yes. I know a good café around the university. Describing a Restaurant/Café/Pub B: What do they serve there? A: They serve chicken wings, pasta, burgers and coffee. You'll like the chicken wings. They are really fantastic! The atmosphere is relaxing. It's usually empty. 70
  • 78. Exercise 10. Looking for information (check your answers on page 144). Instructions: complete the next three lines below using the information about Chris in the introduction part. Chris likes the café around the university because they serve: ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Practice D6.1. For and Against of Services Instructions: look at the following issues to decide whether you are for them or against them. Write: opinion and reason. I’m for it. I don’t really care I’m against it. I’m in favor of it. It doesn’t concern me I’m opposed to it. opinion reason Smoking in public places ________________ ________________ Drinking in public places _______________ _________________ Free university education ________________ ________________ Free high school education ________________ ________________ Free trade ________________ ________________ High taxes on tobacco ________________ ________________ High taxes on alcohol ________________ ________________ High taxes on imports ________________ ________________ Smaller classes ________________ ________________ 71
  • 79. Students electing teachers ________________ ________________ Paying teachers more ________________ ________________ Paying politicians more ________________ ________________ Giving money to the poor ________________ ________________ Giving food to the poor ________________ ________________ Mandatory military service ________________ ________________ Women’s Mandatory service ________________ ________________ Giving homes to the homeless ________________ ________________ Free Medicine ________________ ________________ Free Public Transportation ________________ ________________ Raising the drinking age to 25 ________________ ________________ http://bogglesworldesl.com 72
  • 80. Exercise11. Problems in a Hotel. Instructions: Match the problem from the left with the corresponding solution from the right (check your answers on page 145). The hotel is difficult to get to: Very few people know about the hotel. And the guests who do come say it is too expensive. Many things are broken: Many guests say that the staff is rude and unhelpful. The staff members argue with each other. Sometimes they swear at the managers. There are few guests: The roof leaks and many TVs in the room don’t work. Sometimes there is no electricity or hot water. The guests have complained that the food tastes terrible. They also complained that the food is the same every night. Some vegetarians were very angry because every dinner has meat. Theft: Complaints about the food: There are no buses coming from the airport to the hotel. The taxi from the airport to the hotel is very expensive. Guests are bored: There is a lot of theft at the hotel. Someone is stealing food from the kitchen, money from front desk, and sports equipment from the gym. Guests have also complained that somebody stole their wallets. Complaints about the staff: Guests have complained that there is nothing to do. There are no activities at night. In the day, there are few sports and nothing to see. http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/english-travel-airport1.html. 73
  • 81. The Project 6.1 1. Choose the correct words/phrases to complete the following conversation at the airport: You: Hi, where's the check-in ________________ for American Airlines? counter control zone Airport worker: That's in terminal 2. This is terminal 1. You: Is there a ________________ that goes between terminals? transportation shuttle bus vehicle Airport worker: Yes, there's one right in front here. You: ________________to the taxi stand? together with next Airport Worker: Yes, that's right. You: Thanks. How much time ________________ to check in? (How much time before my flight should I check in?) will I let should I allow can I take Airport Worker: If you're on an international flight I believe you have to check-in 3 hours before your flight. You: And for ________________ flights. local country near 74
  • 82. 2. Choose the correct QUESTION for the ANSWER that's given. What did the person ask to get this answer? 1) ANSWER: No, you'll have to transfer either in Chicago or Kansas City. QUESTION: Are there any direct flights to Dallas? How much is a ticket to Dallas? How long does the flight to Dallas take? 2) ANSWER: It's right there, next to that restaurant. QUESTION: How early should I check in? How much do I have to pay for the extra bag? Where's the lost-and-found office? 3) ANSWER: I'm sorry, this bathroom is being cleaned. QUESTION: Can I go into the bathroom? Where can I get a coffee around here? Where's the ticket office? 4) ANSWER: $75. QUESTION: Where's the lost-and-found office? How much do I have to pay for the extra bag? How long is the delay? 5) ANSWER: 2 hours. QUESTION: How long is the delay? Has the flight been cancelled? What time is it? 75
  • 83. 6) ANSWER: At 2:00 PM. QUESTION: How long is the delay? When does the flight to Bangkok leave? What time is it? 7) ANSWER: No, this is the arrival area. QUESTION: Is this the departures area? Is this the arrivals area? Is this the lost-and-found office? 8) ANSWER: It's $10 per 24 hours. QUESTION: Where are the lockers? How much does a locker cost? Where are the luggage carousels? 9) ANSWER: It was. The gate has been changed to 44D. QUESTION: Can I buy a ticket here? How long is the delay? Is this the gate for flight 234 to Madrid? 10) ANSWER: You can bring one small bag on the plane with you. QUESTION: How much carry-on luggage am I allowed? How many bags can I check? Where can I pay for the extra bag? http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/airport-questions-answers1.html 76
  • 84. 3. Read the conversation “Shopping for a Sweater” and answer the questions. 1. Can I help you? 1. What size are you? 2. I'm an extra large. 1. How about this one? 2. Yes, that's nice. Can I try it on? 1. Certainly, there's the changing rooms over there. 2. Thank you. 1. How does it fit? 2. It's too large. Do you have a large? 1. Yes, here you are. 2. Thank you. I'll have it, please. 1. OK, how would you like to pay? 2. Do you take credit cards? 1. Yes, we do. Visa, Master Card and American Express. 2. OK, here's my Visa. 1. Thank you. Have a nice day! 2. Thank you, goodbye. http://esl.about.com/od/beginnerpronunciation/a/bd_shop.htm QUESTIONS 1. What size is the sweater? 2. How the did the customer pay for the sweater? 77
  • 85. 4. Use the Cardinal points and the map to complete the Expressions. Cardinal points: North, South, East, West. Expressions: A: Can I help you B: Excuse me, Where’s ____? A: It's one block North from ____. B: Where can I buy/get ______? A: There is a _____ nearby. B: How can I get there? A: You ____________ http://bogglesworldesl.com North East West South http://bogglesworldesl.com 78
  • 86. UNIDAD 7 LIKES, DISLIKES AND PREFERENCES Lesson 7A. Actions Words Play, run, jump, swim, talk, dance, study, read read and cook Practice A7.1: identify each picture Actions Words: play, run, jump, swim, talk, dance, study, read, sing, ride bike, snap ... http://www.teachchildrenesl.com/flashcards.htm. 79
  • 87. Lesson 7B. Action/Verb Reading Here is a little story to help you learn about Action Verbs. Anna jumped from bed on Monday. She ran to the breakfast table, doing three cartwheels on the way. "Anna, you are too active!" said Mrs. Action/Verb. "So?" Anna replied as she leapt out the door. She raced her friend, Donna Direct-Object, all www.bogglesworldesl.com. the way to school. But she couldn't sit still. Ms. Sentence, the teacher, tapped her ruler on her desk and said, "Anna, SIT STILL!" "Yes, ma'am," Anna said as she picked up her pencil. When the class lined up for Art, Patrick Pronoun whispered, "You'd better stop being so active. You'll get into trouble." But Anna was seeing how long she could hop on one foot and not trip over Donna. The Art teacher, Mrs. Preposition, was showing the class how to draw snowflakes when Anna tipped over in her chair. Then she did five somersaults right into a table. Anna got a bruise on her forehead and had to go to the nurse. Then Mr. Noun, the principal, wrote a note home to Anna's parents. And can you guess what Mr. and Mrs. Action/Verb decided? No gymnastics, Anna's favorite class, for a week! So Anna learned to do flips only in gymnastics and to learn in school instead. Exercise 12: reading comprehension (check your answers on page 146). Write a list of all the action verbs from the reading about Anna: 80
  • 88. Exercise 13 (check your answers on page 146). Instructions: mark the following sentences true or false. 1. Anna did not stop being so active; consequently, she got a bruise on her forehead ( ). 2. Anna Parents decided that Anna learned to do flips in school ( ). 3. Anna did seven somersaults in the gym ( ) Practice B7.1. Matching action verbs Instructions: choose the correct Action verb to answer the questions. http://www.getworksheets.com/samples/worksheets/readingcomp/longvow.html 81
  • 89. Lesson 7C. English Translated to Spanish Expressions English Spanish -I want /like /prefer to = yo quiero, amí me gusta, yo prefiero -I don’t like= Amí no me gusta We always play soccer on the weekend, but we seldom play tennis=Nosotros siempre jugamos football los fines de semana, pero raramente jugamos tenis. Expressing Preferences Likes and Dislikes Expresar preferencias, gustos y disgustos Ejemplo 1: Mart: Let’s go to the cinema, Edwin. Edwin: I prefer to go to the circus. Mart: Alright, let’s go to the circus then! Traducción: Mart: Vamos al cine, Edwin. Edwin: Prefiero ir al circo. Mart: Muy bien, ¡entonces vayamos al circo! Ejemplo 2: Xavier: I really liked yesterday’s show. Ernest: I didn’t like it that much. Traducción: Xavier: Me gusto mucho el espectáculo de ayer. Ernest: A mi no me gusto tanto. 82
  • 90. Ejemplo 3: Sonia: Do you want to eat pizza? Jazmin: I would rather eat hamburgers. Sonia: OK, then let’s eat hamburgers. Traducción: Sonia: ¿Quieres comer pizza? Jazmin: Preferiría comer hamburguesas. Sonia: Muy bien, entonces comamos hamburguesas. Practice C7.1.Expressing likes and dislikes (affirmative, negative, interrogative) Instructions: use your dictionary to look for the meaning of the words from the circle. Then, write them in Spanish. 1. jam 2. ice-cream 10.cereals 5. tea 1…………………………2……………………… 3………………………4………. 5………………………....6…………………………7………………………8………… 3. sugar 6. soup 8. bread. 9.cereal Exercise 19. Now write true sentences about yourself: 4. coffee 7. yogurt 8. butter 8. milk. 10.chocolate 1. _____________ 4. 7. 2. _____________5. 8. 3. _____________6. 9. 83
  • 91. Practice C7.2. Use your dictionary Instructions: look for the English words. Then translate them to Spanish. 1. pan 2. té 3. helado 4. mermelada 5. sopa 6. leche 7. mantequilla 8. yogurt 9. chocolate http://www.tanninimages.com 10. azúcar 11. café 12. cereales 13. naranjas 14. limón 15. uvas 16. coco 17. manzana 18. peras 19. sandía 20. kiwis 21. ciruelas 22. cerezas 23. plátanos 24. melocotones 25. piña 26. melón 27. fresas 28. tomatoes http://www tanninimages.com/lightbox/index/module/media/category/gallery|Mixed%20Fruit/start/12. 84
  • 92. Lesson 7D. Expressing likes and dislikes (+ /-/?) I like fruits! ¡Me gusta la fruta! Practice D7.1. Likes and dislikes Instructions: Look at the pictures about fruits (worksheet) and match the words. Then,write them in your language. 1- ________________ 2- ________________ 3- ________________ 4- ________________ 5- ________________ 6- ________________ 7- ________________ 8- ________________ http://www.teachchildrenesl.com/flashcards.htm Now use I like / I don't like Complete the following sentences about yourself, your friends or people in your family. Ahora escribe frases que sean ciertas sobre ti mismo-a, tus amigos o familiares. Example: I like pears. My sister likes peaches. My brother doesn’t like apples. I don’t like bananas. 85
  • 93. 10. ______________________________________pineapples. 11. _____________________________________ oranges. 12. _____________________________________ apples. 13. _____________________________________ lemons. 14. ______________________________________kiwis. 15. ______________________________________bananas. 16. ______________________________________melons. 17. ______________________________________ peaches. 18. ______________________________________strawberries. 10. ______________________________________watermelons. 11. ______________________________________carrots. 12. ______________________________________tomatoes. 13. ______________________________________ mangoes. 14. ______________________________________ potatoes. 15 ______________________________________ cherries. 16 _______________________________________ grapes. 17. ______________________________________ tennis. 18 ______________________________________ game shows. 19. ______________________________________chocolate. 20. ______________________________________spiders. 21. ______________________________________soaps. 22. ______________________________________dogs. 23._______________________________________swimming. 24._______________________________________carrots. 25._______________________________________bowling. 26. _____________________________________ olives. 86
  • 94. Practice D7.2. Answer the questions from the table. Question: Answer: Do you like…? Why? Do you like to drink soda? Why? Yes, because it is sweet. Yes I do (write your reason) 1. to drink soda 2. sausage 3. to drink coffee 4. to drink orange juice 5. mango ice-cream 6. scrambled eggs 7. to eat sandwich 8. to eat cake 9. spicy food 10. chicken curry 87 No I don’t ( write your reason)
  • 95. Now Expressing Dislikes Complete the sentences I hate ___________________ I dislike __________________ I can’t stand ___________________ I’m tired of _______________ I’m fed up with _________________ I’m sick of ________________ I’m sick and tired of ________________ _____________ really bugs me. _____________ makes me mad. _____________ drives me crazy. _____________ pisses me off. _____________ annoys me. And answer these questions: What does your friend do that annoys you? What does your friend do that pisses you off? What kind of teacher makes you mad? What does your mother do that drives you crazy? What do your neighbors do that you are fed up with? http://bogglesworldesl.com 88 .
  • 96. Finally express likes to complete the sentences below: I love chocolate. I love playing football. I love . I like animals. I like dancing. I like . *I fancy you. I fancy reading. I fancy . I enjoy foreign films. I enjoy running. I enjoy . I'm crazy about Beck. I'm crazy about skiing. I'm crazy about . I'm mad about Brad Pitt. I'm mad about singing. I'm mad about . *I'm keen on John. I'm keen on swimming. I'm keen on . *I'm fond of her. I'm fond of cycling. I'm fond of . is my favorite movie / actor / singer / book, etc. looks / sounds / smells / tastes / feels good. http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/adfreqz.htm 4.1. Expressing Dislikes I hate spiders. I hate writing essays. I hate . I don't like spinach. I don't like being cold. I don't like . *I don't fancy her. I don't fancy playing cards. I don't fancy . I can’t stand smoke. I can't stand being late. I can't stand . I can't bear lazy people. I can't bear eating onions. I can't bear . I can't put up with Mike. I can't put up with lying. I can't put up with . I’m fed up with Jill. I'm fed up with wasting money. I'm fed up with . I’m sick of homework. I'm sick of going to the movies. I'm sick of . 89
  • 97. I’m tired of vegetables. I'm tired of being sick. I'm tired of really bugs me. makes me mad / angry. drives me crazy. annoys me. 4.2. Expressing Indifference Do you mind if I open the window? I don't mind. Does it bother you if I smoke? It doesn't bother me. Do you want to go here or there? It doesn't matter to me. Which movie should we watch? It makes no difference to me. Which book do you like more? It's all the same to me. What do you want for dinner? I don't care. http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/adfreqz.htm 90 .
  • 98. Lesson 7E. Reading comprehension I. Do you like Going on a Picnic? How often do you go on a Picnic? Read the following text. Going On a Picnic Savannah and Charlotte worked real hard all summer to prepare for the end of summer picnic. Savannah grew tomatoes and green peppers in her garden. Charlotte lives on a farm and since the spring has been growing corn, lettuce, and grapes. A week before the picnic both girls harvested and packed their produce. They decided that all of their hard work deserved a reward. They charged others for their produce. Savannah charged one dollar for one tomato or green pepper. Charlotte charged one dollar for a head of lettuce, fifty cents for an ear of corn, and five cents for a grape. Practice E7.1. Mixed questions and exercises 1. Savannah grew ________ for the end of summer picnic. a. tomatoes b. corn c. lettuce d. apples 2. Charlotte grew ________ for the end of summer picnic. a. tomatoes b. corn c. lettuce d. both b & c 91
  • 99. 3. Where does Charlotte live? a. Mattydale b. on a farm c. in the circus d. on a boat 4. If you were to go to the picnic and purchase 3 tomatoes and 3 ears of corn from the girls, how much would it cost? a. $1.50 b. $3.50 c. $4.00 d. $4.50 http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/language_arts/reading_comp/elem/ver25/ 5. Draw a picture of the picnic. 92
  • 100. 6. Organize the themes into the four categories: as in the table www.english-4kids.com/ www.esl-galaxy.com banana beans beef butter carrots cheese chicken durian eggs Fruits fish ham lemon mango melon milk onions peach pear Vegetables 1. banana 93 peas plum potatoes sausages star fruit tomato watermelon Dairy Meat
  • 101. 7. Read and answer the questions Tom goes to eat breakfast Answer the questions below Tom wants to eat breakfast. He goes to the restaurant. He is hungry. He orders a slice of pizza, a cup of tea and a carton of milk. The waiter asks Tom if he wants something else. Tom says, he wants a piece of cheese and a bowl of soup. Tom eats all his food and pays the bill. He is full now. He goes to work. Questions 1. Where does Tom go? _________________________________ 2. What does he order? __________________________________ 3. What does the waiter ask him? ___________________________ 4. How does Tom feel after eating? _________________________ 5. Where does Tom go after eating?________________________ www.esl-galaxy.com 94
  • 102. 8. What does lemon taste like? Match and draw pictures and tastes below. candy Salt coffee Lemon Turkey Bitter Tasty Sweet Sour Spicy Salty Chicken curry www.esl-galaxy.com 95
  • 103. 9. Choose the correct words/phrases to tell someone that you LIKE or DON'T LIKE something: 1) I love this meal. It's very _________________! tasty bland 2) I don't eat meat. I'm a _________________. carnivore vegetarian 3) I can't eat _________________ food. I'm on a diet. spicy greasy/fatty 4) I love _________________ food, but my husband likes bland food. spicy simple 5) This meal is _________________! My compliments to the chef. fantastic awful 6) I love the service here. It's very _________________. rude professional 96
  • 104. 7) This restaurant is too noisy. I'm looking for somewhere more _________________. quiet loud 8) That was perfect! I'm _________________. hungry full 9) I want to order something else. I'm still _________________. full hungry 10) That was a great meal! I thought the fish was prepared _________________. perfectly badly http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/restaurant-like-dontlike1.html 97
  • 105. Lesson 7F. Adverbs of frequency Grammar: Adverbios de frecuencia (often, every day, always, never, every other day, etc.) play on weekends, etc. Translation Often: muchas veces. Every day: todos los días. Always: siempre. Every other day: de día por medio. Never: nunca. Play on weekends: jugar los fines de semana. Practice F7.1. Position of adverbs of frequency Instructions: rewrite the complete sentence using the adverb in brackets in its correct position. Example: I play tennis on Sundays. (often) Answer: I often play tennis on Sundays. 1) He listens to the radio. (often) 2) They read a book. (sometimes) 3) Pete gets angry. (never) 4) Tom is very friendly. (usually) 5) I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes) 6) Ramon and Frank are hungry. (often) 7) My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always) 98
  • 106. Conversation using adverbs of frequency A: Do you often come to this restaurant? B: Two years ago, I would always come here on Sundays, but now I'm too busy. I rarely eat here more than once a month. Are there any restaurants you like to go to? A: I sometimes have lunch at a restaurant at my office but I never eat there on weekends. Usage of Frequency Adverbs: Adverbs of frequency are used in positive sentences. The frequency adverb is placed after the main verb (if the main verb is not the verb "to be). Positive Sentences With Frequency Adverb Subject Auxiliary Verb Frequency Main Verb Continue the Sentence (if need) Adverb I - Always walk to work. We - Often Eat meat on Saturday night. My cats - sometimes sleep in their beds. She has Never been to China. He has Always wanted live in Paris. They will Never Use the old computers in the basement. http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/adfreqz.htm 99
  • 107. Examples:  I always walk to school.  My cats sometimes like to play.  Our teacher almost never gives us a lot of homework. Adverbs of frequency are used in positive sentences. The frequency adverb is placed before the main verb if the main verb is the Verb "to be" Positive and Negative Sentences without the verb "to be" Frequency adverbs are used in positive sentences and negative sentences. The frequency adverb is placed after the main verb (if the main verb is not the verb "to be). Examples:  I always walk to school  My cats sometimes likes to play  Our teacher almost never gives us a lot of homework.  The teacher doesn't always come on time.  My cats don't always like to play with my socks.  I don't often walk to school. Frequency Adverbs are used in positive sentences and negative sentences. The frequency adverb is placed before the main verb if the main verb is the Verb "to be".  The teacher is always on time.  My sister is never lazy.  Our house is sometimes a mess.  My brother's house is never a mess.  The sofa is always comfortable to sit on. 100
  • 108. Practice F7.2. Use of adverbs Instructions: answer the questions using the adverbs. Always, Usually, Sometimes and Never Question Your answer How often do you eat fish? How often do you drink milk? How often do you watch TV? How often do you eat dog meat? How often do you ride a bike? How often do you go swimming? How often do you drink tea? How often do you eat in a toilet? How often do you read books? How often do you brush your teeth? How often do you wash your face? How often do you watch cartoons? Designed by Luke Biesiada, 2007 www.esl-galaxy.com 101
  • 109. Exercise 14. Frequency Adverbs (check your answers on page 146). Instructions: select the correct alternative that completes the sentences correctly. Multiple Choice 1. Carlos is an excellent student. He _________ goes to class. Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 2. I hate vegetables. I _________ eat carrots. Always Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 3. Robert goes to the gym only two or three times a year. He ________ goes to the gym. Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 102
  • 110. 4. Harold never leaves the college on Friday. He ________ eats at the cafeteria on Fridays. Usually Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 5. Teresa is not a pleasant person. She is ___________ in a bad mood. My sister usually drives to work with a friend. She _________ drives alone. Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 6. Susan goes to the beach whenever she can. She _______ misses a chance to go to the ocean. Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/adfreqz.htm 103
  • 111. 2.2. Adverb Frequency Instructions: please fill in the blanks with always, usually, seldom, or never. Fill-In-The-Blank The alarm clock beeped at 6:30 AM. Harold got up quickly because he gets up at 6:30 AM. After getting ready, Harold ate breakfast. Harold only eats breakfast once or twice a month. Harold eats breakfast. Next, he went downstairs and got into his car. The car wouldn't start so he had to take the bus. Harold hadn't taken the bus in five years. He takes the bus. At the school, everyone was wondering where he was. Harold makes sure the Multimedia Classroom is open at 8 AM. Harold is late. He is on time. Harold arrived at the school at 8:15 AM but he didn't check his mail. Harold checks his mail most days. He checks his mail. The first class was scheduled to arrive at 8:30. Harold makes sure that the room is ready on time. Fortunately, Harold was able to get things ready. He hopes that this happens again! http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/advfill.htm 104
  • 112. The project 7.1. Read and answer the questions. Mr. Williams was always a very careful driver As one approaches some crossroads, one comes to a sign which says that drivers have to stop when they come to the main road ahead. At other crossroads, drivers have to go slow, but they do not actually have to stop (unless, of course, there is something coming along the main road); and at still others, they do not have either to stop or to go slow, because they are themselves on the main road. Mr. Williams, who was always a very careful driver, was driving home from work one evening when he came to a crossroads. It had a “Slow” sign, so he slowed down when he came to the main road, looked both ways to see that nothing was coming, and then drove across without stopping completely. At once he heard a police whistle, so he pulled in to the side of the road and stopped. A policeman walked over to him with a notebook and pencil in his hand and said, “You didn’t stop at the crossing.” “But the sign there doesn’t say “Stop”,” answered Mr Williams. “It just says “Slow”, and I did go slow.” The policeman looked around him, and a look of surprise came over his face. Then he put his notebook and pencil away, scratched his head and said, “Well, I’ll be blowed” I am in the wrong street!” QUESTIONS 1. Answer the following questions using your own words but taking into account the information in the text. (2 points) a. When do you have to stop when you reach a crossroads? b. What happens when you are on the main road? 105
  • 113. 2. After the following statements True or False? Identify the part of the text that supports your answer by copying the exact passage. a. Stop signs can be found at every crossroads. b. Mr Williams was a distracted driver. c. Mr. Williams stopped completely before crossing the main road. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/carefuldriver.pd 106
  • 114. UNIDAD 8 www.barcelosanjosepalacio.com GIVE AND FOLLOW DIRECTIONS Lesson 8A. Community places Post office, police station, grocery store, hotel, bakery, gas station, fire station, bus station, hardware store, school, drugstore, barber shop / beauty shop. Expressions to give and follow directions: go to the left, turn right, go straight on, walk down, stop Excuse me, where’s the ____? It’s in front of /next to /behind /between /two blocks from _____. Walk straight ahead, get to the next corner. Turn left/right. Could you please tell me where _______ is? etc. There are many ways to give directions. One common way to give directions is to give the name of the street and then some building nearby. http://bogglesworldesl.com Below are some examples. Use the map to fill in the name of the building that t http://bogglesworldesl.com. 107
  • 115. Practice A8. 1. Complete the chart with the Information from the building above. Street Information Nearby Buildings Floor Information Possible (Option) Buildings? It’s on 2nd Avenue next to the bank X It’s on Elm Street between the on the second pharmacy and the floor shoe store It’s on the corner of across from the cafe X 2nd and Elm www.bogglesworldesl.com. Now read the following conversation using the substitutions in the box. A: Do you know where I can get a cup of get some hiking get some aspirin coffee? boots B: Sure. You could try the Starry Café. get some cat food A: Where’s that? buy some milk B: It’s on 2nd Avenue across from the work out pharmacy. buy some pants A: Thanks. B: No problem grab a hamburger www.bogglesworldesl.com. 108 see a movie buy a book mail a letter buy some CDs get a bite to eat
  • 116. Lesson 8B. Understanding Directions A: Do you know where I can find a hospital? B: Sure. You could try the Oak Street. A: Where’s that? B: It’s on 1st Avenue across from the aquarium. A: Thanks. B: No problem. http://bogglesworldesl.com/directions.htm 109
  • 117.  Whether you are on a sightseeing trip through Europe or backpacking in Australia, finding your way around the city while on vacation can be difficult unless you know what to say. Understanding directions is a big part of this. Look at the expressions below and be sure to understand the meaning of the places on the map before you begin working on the activity: Practice B8.1. Following and Giving Directions 2.1. Instructions: look at the map and read the next dialogue between a tourist and a local.  across from  behind  between  in front of  near  next to  opposite  on the corner http://www.esl-lab.com/eslbasic/travel-sightseeing-1.htm. Tourist: Excuse me. Do you know where I can find the police station? Local: Sure. You could try the South Street. Tourist: Where’s that? Local: It’s on East Street between the bus station and the zoo. Tourist: Thanks. Local: No problem. 110
  • 118. Exercise 15 (check your answers on page 147). Now use the map and the prepositions to complete the following conversation. Tourist: Excuse me. Do you know …………………… I can find the bank? Local: Sure. You could try the ………………………….. Tourist: Where’s that? Local: It’s …………………….. the hotel and the bar. Tourist: Thanks. Local: No problem. Exercise 16 (check your answers on page 147). Then, use the map and choose TRUE or FALSE for each sentence. 1. The hotel is next to the bank A. True C. False 2. The zoo is across the police station. A. True C. False 3. The police station is between the post office and the supermarket. A. True C. False 111
  • 119. 4. The bowling alley is on East Street. A. True C. False 5. The post office is corner of East Street and South Street. A. True C. False 6. The bus station front of the school. A. True C. False 7. The book store is behind the bookstore. A. True C. False http://bogglesworldesl.com/directions.htm 8. The hotel is on the corner of West Street. A. True C. False 9. The library is in the middle of the city hall and the post office. A. True C. False 10. The school is in front of the hospital. A. True C. False http://www.esl-lab.com/eslbasic/travel-sightseeing-1.htm 112
  • 120. Lesson 8C. Asking for and giving directions Practice C8.1. Direction conversation Instructions: write different conversations using the substitutions in the box. Conversation Substitutions A: Do you know where I can get a cup of get some hiking coffee? boots B: Sure. You could try the Starry Café. get some cat food A: Where’s that? B: It’s on 2nd Avenue across from the buy some milk pharmacy. work out A: Thanks. buy some pants B: No problem grab a hamburger http://bogglesworldesl.com/crosswords.htm 113 get some aspirin see a movie buy a book mail a letter buy some CDs get a bite to eat
  • 121. 2. Choose the correct, most natural-sounding responses according to the context of the conversation: GAS STATION ATTENDANT: What can I do for you. YOU: Fill it up, please... Hey, ______________ is Philadelphia from here? how long how far where GAS STATION ATTENDANT: It's about 100 miles from here. YOU: What's ______________ to get there? the best way best a way GAS STATION ATTENDANT: Take the 95. That will take you all the way to Philadelphia. YOU: Thanks. Is the 95 a ______________ highway? paying toll cash GAS STATION ATTENDANT: No, it's free. Would you like me to clean your windshield? YOU: Yes, please... And could you check my _____________ as well? oil liquid container 114
  • 122. GAS STATION ATTENDANT: All right... All done. That'll be $46.75. YOU: Here you go. _____________. Keep the money Keep it for yourself Keep the change http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/travel-phrasebook-driving1.html 115
  • 123. Free Activity.1 OPPOSITE DIRECTION CROOSWORD http://bogglesworldesl.com/crosswords.htm Across Down 2. The opposite of far 1. The opposite of on 5. The opposite of center 3. The opposite of left 6. The opposite of backward 4. The opposite of low 8. The opposite of inside 5. The opposite of beginning 9. The opposite of east 6. The opposite of many 12. The opposite of top 7. The opposite of up 10. The opposite of north 11. The opposite of below 12. The opposite of front 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 © 2009 Lanternfish ESL @ www.bogglesworldesl.com 116
  • 124. The project 8.1. Reading Comprehension Mr Jones’s house, coming from the direction of the town Mr Jones woke early one morning, before the sun had risen. It was a beautiful morning, so he went to the window and looked out. He was surprised to see a neatly dressed, middle-aged professor, who worked in the university just up the road from Mr Jones’s house, coming from the direction of the town. He had grey hair and thick glasses, and was carrying an umbrella, a morning newspaper and a bag. Mr Jones thought that he must have arrived by the night train and decided to walk to the university instead of taking a taxi. Mr Jones had a big tree in his garden, and the children had tied a long rope to one of its branches, so that they could swing on it. Mr Jones was surprised to see the professor stop when he saw the rope, and look carefully up and down the road. When he saw that there was nobody in sight, he stepped into the garden (there was no fence), put his umbrella, newspaper, bag and hat neatly on the grass and took hold of the rope. He pulled it hard to see whether it was strong enough to take his weight, then ran as fast as he could and swung into the air on the end of the rope, his grey hair blowing all around his face. Backwards and forwards he swung, occasionally taking a few more running steps on the grass when the rope began to swing too slowly for him. At last the professor stopped, straightened his tie, combed his hair carefully, put on his hat, picked up his umbrella, newspaper and bag, and continued on his way to the university, looking as quiet and correct and respectable as one would expect a professor to be. QUESTION I. Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct. (1.5 points) 1. The university was a. near Mr Jones’s house. b. far from Mr Jones’s house. c. next to Mr Jones’s house. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/professor. 117
  • 125. UNIT 9 http://www.clipartguide.com/_pages/0060-0808-2816-0356.html OCCUPATIONS Lesson 9A. Identifying Occupations Instructions: write the occupations to identify each of the pictures below. Word Bank teacher, milkman, engineer, secretary, police officer, firefighter, doctor, dentist, farmer, baker, janitor, barber, mechanic, receptionist, water, waitress. 10 http://www.clipartguide.com/_thumbs/0511-0811-0614-4436.jpg. 10 http://bogglesworldesl.com/job_worksheets.htm. 118
  • 126. Vocabulary. Jobs, Actions and Things 1. Architect 2. Buildings 3. Captain 4. Computer programmer 5. Design 6. Engineer 7. Interview 8. Journalist 9. Machines 10. Matches 11. Mechanic 12. Perform 13. Photographer 14. Photos 15. Pop-singer 16. Programs 17. Repair 18. Reporter 19. Ship 20. Songs 21. Steers 22. Tennis player Practice A9.1. Items classification Instructions: classify the 22 items into: Jobs Actions and 119 Things
  • 127. Lesson 9B. Community Helpers Vocabulary List & Definitions dentist a person licensed to care and treat specifically the mouth and facial region. doctor a person licensed to care for or treat people or animals, such as a physician, dentist, or veterinarian. father a male parent. firefighter someone who fights fires, either for pay or as a volunteer. architect one who designs buildings and oversees their construction. librarian a person trained to work in a library, or who maintains a particular collection of books. mother a female parent. neighbor a person who lives close to someone else. nurse someone who cares for the sick or feeble, esp. under the guidance of a doctor. repairman a persons whose occupation is making repairs. barber a person whose business is to shave, trim, or style hair and beards. police officer an agent of a department of a town, city, or state 120
  • 128. government that has the authority of enforcing laws, investigating crimes, and maintaining order. secretary a person who works for a business or individual at such tasks as typing, filing and managing correspondence. teacher one who helps others learn information that they have already mastered. waiter a person employed to wait on customers, esp. in a restaurant, or cafe. counselor someone who gives or is hired to give help, advice, and guidance. www.teach-nology.com 121
  • 129. Lesson 9C. Community Helpers Creative Writing Practice C9.1. Composition Directions: write a brief story using the words below. police officer architect secretary father firefighter barber nurse repairman dentist teacher librarian counselor doctor waiter mother neighbor ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ www.teach-nology.com 122
  • 130. Practice C9.2. Describing what people do Describing Jobs: Odd Job Describe these jobs using someone who. © 2010 Lanternfish ESL www.bogglesworldesl.com. 123
  • 131. Lesson 9D. Finding out about jobs Read the next Jobs and their requisites. 1. Job Title: An engineer Description: Engineers build bridges and buildings. Benefits: It’s Interesting work. Requirements: You have to have a university degree. You need to be good at math. Drawbacks: It’s stressful work. 2. Job Title: Volunteer teacher in Africa Description: Volunteer teachers teach children in small villages in Africa. Benefits: The job satisfaction is high. Requirements: You must have a university degree. You need to have all of your shots. Drawbacks: The pay is low. 3. Job Title: Graphic Designer Description: Graphic designers make images for books, ads, websites, and magazines. Benefits: It’s interesting work. Requirements: You have to be creative. You must know how to use computers. Drawbacks: You sit in front of a computer all day. 4. Job Title: Mechanic. Description: Mechanics fix cars. Benefits: The pay is high. Requirements: You have to know how to fix cars. You must have your own tools. Drawbacks: It’s dirty work. © 2007 Lanternfish ESL at www.bogglesworldesl.com. 124
  • 132. Exercise 17 (check your answers on page 148). Then, from the jobs above complete the job that fits the requisites below. 1. You have to be creative. You must know how to use computers. ……………………………… 2. The pay is high. You must have your own tools. …………………………….... 3. You have to have a university degree. You need to be good at math. It’s stressful work. ………………………………. Grammar Is there Anything Interesting in the Paper? There is / hay un … There are: hay unos… There are teachers in the school. En la escuela hay unos profesores. Target Language: Expressions Practice 9D.1. Complete the following exercises My ______ is a____, but my ______ is a . Who wakes up early in the morning to milk the cows? The milkman. Who takes care of people’s health and performs surgery? There are …………………. in the hospital. 125
  • 133. Is there Anything Interesting in the Paper? www.bogglesworldesl.com There is an interesting job for a pizza delivery guy. There is a good payment of $ 9.50 an hour. There is a requisite for the job. You have to have your own car. Look at the newspaper classifieds There are two musicians wanted. © 2007 Lanternfish ESL There are two musical instruments: piano and guitar. There are $ 120.00 for the musicians. 2. Now create your own newspaper classified ad. © 2007 Lanternfish ESL 126
  • 134. 3. Then form sentences with the information about the help-wanted in the ad. 1. There is …………………………………………………. 2. There is…………………………………………………. 3. There are………………………………………………… Now look at the conversation below asking for information using is there…? 1. Excuse me. Is there a supermarket near here? 2. Yes. There's one near here. 1. How do I get there? 2. At the traffic lights, take the first left and go straight on. It's on the left. 1. Is it far? 2. Not really. 1. Thank you. 2. Don't mention it. 4. Now use the Key Vocabulary and complete the following short dialogue Is there a _______ near here? on the corner, on the left, on the right straight on, straight ahead traffic lights Is it far? 5. Use is or are to complete the next sentences. 1. There………. clothes. 2. There…… ….a computer. 3. There………. a pile of paper. 4. There………..books on the shelf. 5. There……… a pair of dirty socks under the bed. 127
  • 135. 6. There………..empty soda cans. 7. There………..a sweater on the bed. 8. There………..posters. 6. Now write there is or there are to complete the sentences 9. On the right………………….. a park. 10……………………... a post office. 11. In the park………………. big trees and flowers. 12………………. a car and a supermarket. 13. …………………lots of shops. 14. …………………….4 theatres. 15……………………….. a library . 16. ………………….a hotel but there aren't car parks. 17…………………... a church. 18………………………… 2 schools. 7. Now look at the following list of vocabulary items. Are there benefits of a job or are there qualifications for a job? __________________ promotion __________________ work experience __________________ medical insurance __________________ vacation __________________ bachelor/masters/doctor degree __________________ references __________________ salary 128
  • 136. __________________ wage __________________ housing __________________ license __________________ commissions __________________ tips __________________ bonus __________________ being well-spoken www.bogglesworldesl.com __________________ being hardworking __________________ discount on goods __________________ training courses __________________ dental insurance __________________ creativity __________________ report card/transcript __________________ raise 8. Complete the chart with the most important qualifications and benefits from the list above. Most Important Benefits Most Important Qualifications There are ………………………….. There are…………………………. There is………………………………. There is……………………………. There are …………………………….. There are…………………………… 129
  • 137. There are ………………………….. There are…………………………. There is………………………………. There is……………………………. There are …………………………….. There are…………………………… www.bogglesworldesl.com 9. Jobs Words Search © 2010 Lanternfish ESL http://bogglesworldesl.com Write the words from the word bank under the correct pictures and find them in the grid. Word Bank chef farmer firefighter musician nurse reporter soldier waiter 130
  • 138. Jobs Words Search © 2010 Lanternfish ESL http://bogglesworldesl.com 131
  • 139. Lesson 9E. Jobs suffixes Practice E9.1. Match the words from left with the words from the right to find the names of these jobs. 1. pop 2. movie B. programmer 3. bus C. director 4. commputer D. psychhologist 5. child 2 A. driver E. singer Match the words on the l eft and right to find the names of jobs.. 1. factory A. operator 2. telephone B. manager 3. cab C. driver 4. ballet D. worker 5. bank E. dancer 132
  • 140. Exercise18 ( check your answers on page 148). Instructions: read the following text and answer the questions. Carpenter Carpenters are involved in the construction of many different types of structures such as bridges or large buildings. Some carpenters change employers each time they finish a construction job. The duties of a carpenter differ just about each time they accept employment. Inmost cases, carpenters work in many different locations hundred miles away each year. Carpentry is a very strenuous outdoor profession. Carpenters endure climbing, bending, and heavy laborious work. Often they put themselves at risk of injury working with sharp tools and they work in areas where it is all too easy to fall or slip. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS: 1. Which of following may a carpenter do in a normal day of work? a. type letters. b. package and ship mail. c. answer phones. d. help build a bridge. 2. What is unique about a Carpenters job? a. They do the same thing all day. b. They something different each new job they receive. c. They always work for the same person throughout their career. d. They wear sandals. 133
  • 141. 3. What is one skill that would handy to have if you were a Carpenter? a. typing b. cooking c. wood working d. sewing 2. Match the jobs on the left to their definitions on the right. _____ Journalist 1). person who drives a bus. _____ Teacher 2). He/she works in a school and teaches students. _____ police officer 3). rescues people and helps put out fires. _____ accountant 4). works in hospital and helps doctors. _____ Business person 5). defends people's rights in court. _____ doctor 6). flies an airplane. _____ nurse 7). takes people's orders in a restaurant. _____ pilot 8). works in a police station and maintains. _____ taxi driver 9). works in a bank and keeps records of money. _____ bus driver 10). works in a hospital and treats patients. _____ manager 11). answers phone calls and does office work. _____ chef 12). drives a taxi. _____ actor 13). person who reports news on TV. _____ actress 14). does the cooking in a restaurant or hotel. _____ firefighter 15). a woman who plays a role in a movie. _____ waiter 16). manages the affairs of a company or business. _____ lawyer 17). one who does business. _____ secretary 18). a man who acts in a movie. http://www.esltower.com/VOCABSHEETS/jobs/Job%20definition%20match.pdf 134
  • 142. 3. Reading Comprehension Read and answer the questions Jobs for the boys! Forget Mary Poppins - a nineties nanny is more likely to resemble cuddly Martin Smith who, at 22, is one of the new breed of British male nannies. “I love being around kids and nannying is very rewarding. The money isn't great, but then I don't do it for the money. I like seeing kids happy and, if they are, it makes my job a whole lot easier,” laughs Martin. He claims today's nannies are better equipped and more highly qualified, and that their image is changing rapidly. “Anyone with basic school qualifications can do the course to become a nanny, but personality is really more important. I'm a good nanny because I have a rapport with youngsters and babies - it isn't a gift exclusive to women.” His female counterparts have welcomed Martin, although some chauvinistic men think his chosen career makes him a bit `soft'. “I feel sorry for them,” he sighs,” “Just because I work with women and kids, it doesn't mean I'm feminine or strange.” But he admits that it will be some time before male nannies are totally accepted. It'll happen gradually, but there's no reason why men can't do this job as well as women. Questions 1. Answer the following questions using your own words. a) According to the text, what is the most important quality you need to be a capable nanny? b) How have people reacted to Martin's choice of job? 135
  • 143. 2. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)? a) In spite of the salary, Martin likes his job very much. b) Men can be better nannies because they are better qualified. 3. Find a word or phrase in the text which, in context, is similar in meaning to: a) giving personal satisfaction, worthwhile b) people who have a similar job, function or position. 4. Choose a, b, or c, in each question below. Only one choice is correct. 1. Nowadays nannies ... a) earn a lot of money. b) change their image many times. c) are better trained than before. 5. Martin believes that he is an excellent nanny because ... a) he has the right qualifications. b) he understands children's feelings very well. c) being a nanny isn't exclusive to women. 6. Martin's job choice hasn't been well regarded by ... a) some men. b) some old-fashioned male nannies. c) some people. 7. Martin considers that ... a) male nannies won't have a good reputation in the future. b) men can't work as nannies as well as women. c) men can be just as good nannies as women. 136
  • 144. 4. Composition (80-90 words approximately). Choose one of the following topics. 1. Describe a job you would like to do in the future. Give reasons. 2. There are jobs for men and jobs for women. Do you agree? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 137
  • 145. The Project 9.1 Instructions: read and answer the questions Community Helpers Doctors are responsible for the diagnosis, care and treatment of illnesses, diseases, infections and well-being of people. They may work in a variety of settings such as in a hospital or as a family doctor. Hospital doctors can go on to specialize in particular areas of medicine such as pathology, psychiatry and pediatrics, or surgery, such as orthopedics and ophthalmology. Learning to be a doctor involves a long and expensive course of study. You will generally spend 5 years as an undergraduate at medical school. You will then become a preregistration house officer for one year. After this year, you can apply to the American Medical Association to become a fully licensed doctor. You will then have at least 3 more years of further education to become a family doctor or at least 7 years to become a hospital consultant. Contemporary medicine is challenging and exciting. Countless new discoveries are making their impact on medical practice, and doctors now qualifying will see even more dramatic changes in the future, with the development of many new techniques, involving not only drugs, but methods arising from research in electronics, nuclear physics, genetics and molecular biology. _________________________________ 1. What do doctors do for a living? _________________________________ 2. Approximately, how many years of _________________________________ training and preparation are needed to become a hospital consultant? _________________________________ 138
  • 146. _________________________________ 3. Approximately, how many years of training and preparation are needed _________________________________ to become a family doctor? _________________________________ _________________________________ 4. When initially become a licensed physician, where are you qualified to _________________________________ work? _________________________________ http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/soc_studies/comm/read/ 2. Bank On It! Community Helpers Work Bank after, Firefighters, It, also, the, position, in, competitive, extinguish Firefighters are America’s greatest living heroes. They protect ____________ lives and properties of their neighbors. They perform daring rescues and ____________ raging infernos, but firefighters ____________ protect people in many other ways. ____________ also play an important role ____________ education and public awareness of fire safety. All this in addition to putting out house fires! One of the most rewarding, sought ____________ careers in the United States is the ____________ of firefighter. ____________ is a highly ____________ profession with much training and schooling required before the position is acquired. www.teach-nology.com 139
  • 147. Guía de Respuestas ANSWERS UNIT 1 Exercise 1 Correct Matching from the English family members. grandfather tío grandmother primo uncle abuelo aunt tía cousin abuela Exercise 2 Answers to the questions with the information from the conversation between Mary and July. 1. He works in a restaurant. 2. He is 40 years old. 3. Her name is Jane. 4. She works in a hospital. 5. She is a nurse. 6. She has three brothers and three sisters. 7. She only has one sister and two brothers. 8. Her mother, grandmother, her grandfather, her uncle, her aunt, her cousin and her dog. 9. July. 140
  • 148. 10. She is ten years old. 11. July’s brothers. 12. July’s mother works in a Bank. 13. July. ANSWERS UNIT 2 Exercise 3 1. Leonardo DiCaprio is tall, and thin. He has got little blue eyes and short blonde straight hair.. His face is oval. 2. He is young 3. His mother is medium height 4. She is chubby 5. He has got short hair 6. She has got short gray straight hair 7. She has got round little nose. Exercise 4 Underline all the adjectives and the body parts form the text: for example… The actress Gwyneth Paltrow is tall, she is young and slim. Girls and boys think she is very beautiful… She has got greenish blue eyes and short blond straight hair, but in some movies she wears long hair as in “Sliding Doors”. She has got thin wide mouth and sharp nose . Her face is square and thin. 141
  • 149. Her mother is medium height, she is slim and beautiful too. She has got blue eyes and medium length light straight hair. She has got sharp nose and thin mouth. Her face is square. Her father is tall and thin. he has got short black wavy hair. He has got thin mouth and straight big nose. ANSWERS UNIT 3 Exercise 5 Instructions. Complete the sentences with the comparative form of the adjectives in parenthesis. 1. shorter 2. shorter 3. thinner 4.thinner 5. the most colorful 6. heavier 7. lighter 8. happier 9. the most mysterious 10. more energetic Exercice 6 1. Bart 2. Margie 142
  • 150. 3. Lisa 4. Margie 5. Bart Exercise 7 Instructions. Answer the following questions True or False with the information from the reading about “Transportation in Costa Rica.” 1. People can get maps and directions in the capital city of San José ( T ) 2. Trains are the only option to travel around Costa Rica ( F ) 3. Traveling around Costa Rica is cheap and varied ( T ) ANSWERS UNIT 5 Exercise 8 1. about 7:00 2. in front of Antico's Italian Restaurant 3. $ 8.00 143
  • 151. UNIT 6 Exercise 9 Which of the following categories do not belong? Circle the category that is different. (1) Gifts Roses Flowers (2) Autos Grocery Health (3) iPods Cameras Cell Phones Plants Video Games Cars (4) Helicopter Airplane Bus Bird (5) Laptops Desktops Software Books (6) DVDs Music (7) Perfumes Makeup (9) Jewelry (10) Shoe store Watches Books Skin Care Perfumes TVs Camping iPods Grocery store Restaurant Pet store Exercise 10 Instructions: Complete the table with the dialogue Chris likes the café around the university because they serve: __ chiken wings __burger s __coffee 144
  • 152. Exercise 11 The hotel is difficult to get to: Very few people know about the hotel. And the guests who do come say it is too expensive. Many things are broken: Many guests say that the staff is rude and unhelpful. The staff members argue with each other. Sometimes they swear at the managers. There are few guests: The roof leaks and many TVs in the room don’t work. Sometimes there is no electricity or hot water. Theft: The guests have complained that the food tastes terrible. They also complained that the food is the same every night. Some vegetarians were very angry because every dinner has meat. Complaints about the food: There are no buses coming from the airport to the hotel. The taxi from the airport to the hotel is very expensive. Guests are bored: There is a lot of theft at the hotel. Someone is stealing food from the kitchen, money from front desk, and sports equipment from the gym. Guests have also complained that somebody stole their wallets. Complaints about the staff: Guests have complained that there is nothing to do. There are no activities at night. In the day, there are few sports and nothing to see. 145
  • 153. UNIT 7 Exercise 12 Here is a little story to help you learn about Action Verbs. Jumped, ran, replied, leapt out, raced, sit still, tapped, picked up, lined up, stop being, seeing, hop, showing to draw, tipped did, got, go, wrote, do flips. Exercise 13 1. Anna did not stop being so active; consequently, she got a bruise on her forehead (T). 2. Anna Parents decided that Anna learned to do flips in school ( F). 3. Anna did seven somersaults in the gym (F). Exercise 14 Frequency Adverbs Multiple Choice Instructions: select the correct alternative that completes the sentences correctly. 1. Always 2. Never 3. Seldom 4. Always 5. Always 6. Never 7. Never 146
  • 154. UNIT 8 Exercise 15 Tourist: Excuse me. Do you know where I can find the bank? Local: Sure. You could try the West Street. Tourist: Where’s that? Local: It’s between the hotel and the bar. Tourist: Thanks. Local: No problem. Exercise16. Then, use the map and choose TRUE or FALSE for each sentence. 1. The hotel is next to the bank A. True 2. The zoo is across the police station. A. True 3. The police station is between the post office and the supermarket. C. False 4. The bowling alley is on East Street. C. False 5. The post office is corner of East Street and South Street. A. True 147
  • 155. 6. The bus station front of the school. A. True 7. The book store is behind the bookstore. A. True 8. The hotel is on the corner of West Street. A. True 9. The library is in the middle of the city hall and the post office. A. True 10. The school is in front of the hospital. C. False UNIT 9 Exercise 17 1. Graphic Designer 2. Mechanic 3. An engineer Exercise 18 1. d. help build a bridge 2. b. They do something different each new job they receive. 3. c. wood working 148
  • 156. BIBLIOGRAPHY Books Lenneberg Huge. Biological Foundations of Language. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1967. Print. On line sources As one approaches some crossroads, one comes to a ...Mr. Williams, who was always a very careful driver, was driving home from work one evening when he came to a crossroads. It had a “Slow” sign, ... 2010 Google. 19th April 2010. www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/carefuld river.pdf. Baby dumped.pdf.pdf - PDFQueen - PDF Search engine. ... Trucking in 2000 pounds of worms, Azwell dumped them ... 2010. 19-Apr-10 11:22 AM http://www.cnr.berkeley.edu/breakthroughs/ ....www.pdfqueen.com/pdf/ba/baby- dumped.pdf/ Beginner Dialogues - In a Shop - Beginning Level Dialogues for ESL. Dialogue for Beginning Level English ESL EFL Learners and Classes - Telling the Time. Apr-10 11:22.AM. 2010. The New York Times Company. esl.about.com/od/beginnerpronunciation/a/bd_shop.htm – Body parts- head, shoulder etc. British vs. American English Chores and 2008. 19Apr-10 11:22. .AM. http://www.esltower.com/VOCABSHEETS/chores/chores.html ... www.englishmedialab.com/search.php?zoom... 149
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