UNIVERSIDAD ESTATAL A DISTANCIA
COLEGIO NACIONAL DE EDUCACIÓN A
DISTANCIA
COORDINACIÓN ACADÉMICA

INGLÉS OCTAVO
CÓDIGO: 80...
ANTOLOGÍAS CONED
El CONED agradece a MAIRENE

DURÁN GARBANZO por la elección y presentación de

los temas de la presente a...
PRESENTACIÓN

Descripción General
Esta antología tiene como propósito general promover el desarrollo cognitivo del
estudia...
TABLE OF CONTENTS
UNIT 1 ....................................................................................................
UNIT 4 ................................................................................................42
RELEVANT CHARACT...
Lesson 7C. English Translated to Spanish Expressions .................................... 82
Practice C7.1.Expressing like...
ANSWERS UNIT 2 ........................................................................................... 141
Exercise 3 ...
UNIT 1

http://bogglesworldesl.com

FAMILY
Lesson1A. Introducing Family Members

In a family

There is a mother, a father ...
Practice A1. Write the missing family members.

printables.familyeducation.com.

2
Exercise1. Matching (check your answers on page 141).
Instructions: match the English family members from the column on th...
Lesson1B. Conversation about Mary’s family
These are Mary

Mary: hello, July.

they speak about their Families.2

and July...
Exercise 2. Reading comprehension (check your answers on page
141).
Instructions: mark the correct option to the questions...
7. How many sisters and brothers does July have?
a) One sister and two brothers.

b) Two brothers and two sisters.

8. Who...
Lesson 1C. Identifying Community Places
Word bank
bank, grocery store, shoe store, office, mall, clinic, hospital, restaur...
Memory Game
Practice C1. Identify community places.
Instructions: look at the community places from the flash cards; then,...
Free activity 1.1. Identify family members and fill in the family crossword.

http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermed...
The Project 1.1
Read and answer the questions

Mum who dumped a tot is jailed
A career mum dumped her baby on a stranger's...
3. Word in context
Find a word or phrase in the text which, in context, is similar in meaning to:
Abandoned:

Egotist:

4....
I.2. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence:
1) You look much _________________ than you are.
young
younger
...
UNIT 2

DESCRIPTION OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL APPEARANCE3
hair

ears

Lesson 2A. Parts of the body

nose

Eyes, nose, ears, hai...
Practice A2.1. Find the words below in the grid to the left.

cheek

Chin

Ear

eye

hair

Lip

Mouth

Nose

Teeth

http:/...
Lesson 2B. Adjectives to Describe Physical Appearance
Tall, short, long, big, little, wavy, straight, curly, blond, brown,...
Practice B2.1. Questions and Matching
Instructions: use the adjectives and the pictures to answer the questions and do
the...
Translated Questions
What does he /she look like? = ¿Cómo es él/ ella físicamente/emocionalmente?
What do you look like?= ...
Lesson 2C. Use has got to describe Physical appearance.
She has got blue small eyes= she’s got
He has got big nose= he’s g...
Practice C2.1. Family Description
Instructions: complete the next chart and sentences with information of your
family. You...
Practice C2.2. Reading comprehension
Instructions: read the following text to answer the questions.
My grandmother’ story
...
Practice C2. 3. Complete and Match
Instructions: use the pictures to complete the sentences. Then, match the
pictures acco...
Lesson 2D. Description Page
Reading Comprehension
A Short Description of DiCaprio Family
The actor Leonardo DiCaprio is ta...
Exercise 4 (check your answers on page 141 and 142).
Instructions: underline adjectives and body parts form the text: the ...
Free activity 2.1. Complete each space with family members and the adjectives
of the pictures.

printables.familyeducation...
Free activity 2.2. Write the body parts to complete the chart.

http://www.esltower.com/VOCABSHEETS/body/body.html

25
The Project 2.1
Instructions: read and answer the questions

The model with metal legs
Aimee Mullins is munching French to...
3. MULTIPLE CHIOCE. Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice
is correct.
3.1. Aimee is not physically perf...
UNIT 3

http://www.clipartguide.com/_pages/0060-0808-2816-0356.html

COMPARISON OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL FEATURES AND
PERSONAL...
The Rules for Using Comparative Adjectives
How to Use Comparative Adjectives
"Than" is usually used after the comparative ...


adjective that end in a
consonant, vowel,
consonant - the last
consonant is doubled





big -bigger
fat- fatter
hot...
Spelling
>> If an adjective ends in "y", remove the "y" and add "er" or "est":
silly

sillier

silliest

muddy

muddier

m...
Lesson3B. What do you think? Compare men and women
1. Men vs. women?
2. Boys vs. girls?
3. Female vs. male bosses
For exam...
Exercise 5 (check your answers on page 142). Instructions: complete the
sentences with the comparative form of the adjecti...
Lesson 3C. Adjectives and adverbs with irregular comparative and
superlative forms
Spanish Irregular Comparatives and Supe...
Practice C3.1. Relate pictures to complete sentences
Instructions: fill in the spaces to complete the sentences of the pic...
Lesson 3D. Reading Comprehension

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/compsup.htm#supep

Bart is older than ...
Practice D3.1. Comprehension Questions
Instructions: answer the following questions
1. What's the most important holiday i...
9. What's the most exciting sport to play in your country?

10. Who is the youngest in your family?5

Practice D3.2. Compa...
Practice D3.3 Adjective Comparative (er) and Superlative (est) space words
1. Big
2. Bright
3. Heavy
4. Hot
5. Light
6. Lo...
The Project 3.1
Instructions: read and answer the questions

Why Physical Activity is Important for You?
People need to be...
II. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)? (1 point: 0.5 each)
a. Smoking is less dangerous than physical ina...
UNIT 4

http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm

RELEVANT CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MEANS OF
TRANSPORTATION

Lesson 4A. H...
bicycle › a cycle that has two wheels.
motorbike › small motorcycle with a low frame and small wheels and elevated
handleb...
Taxis
In Costa Rica there are many different kinds of taxis that can be classified as either
the familiar street taxis or ...
cruiser (krúser) - crusero
ferry (férri) - transbordador
glider (gláider) - planeador
helicopter (hélicópter) - helicópter...
The English Vocabulary at the Airport
English Word

Pronunciation

Spanish translation

air hostess

éer jóustes

azafata
...
B: No, this is my first time.
A: Do you have anything to declare?
B: No, nothing.

Practice A4. 2. Means of Transportation...
Practice A4.3
Means of Transportation

http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm.

48
Lesson 4B. Vocabulary
Schedule, price, convenience, cost, early, late.

Adjectives:
Fast, better, comfortable, cheap, expe...
Lesson 4C.Transportation in Costa Rica
Reading Comprehension
There are rent-a-cars in Costa Rica, in the airport, in the c...
Vocabulary Adjectives and Expressions
Schedule, price, convenience, cost, early, late.

Adjectives:
Fast, better, comforta...
Practice C4.1. Bus Schedule
Instructions: use the expressions to complete the following task: mark the correct
option.

1....
8. This card will allow you to
9. I'd like to

(ride/drive) all the buses and the subway.

(counsel/cancel) my reservation...
park

4.

5.

6.

flight

7.

8.

9.

10.

(foot)
http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/shopping-visual-vocabu...
Free activity 4.1. Search Word Puzzle

airplane
ambulance

ferry

submarine

boat

helicopter

subway

bus

horse

taxi

c...
UNIT 5

http://www.travelplans.org.uk/index2.html .

PERSONAL TRAVEL PLANS
Lesson 5A. Reading on Vacation and Activities

...
How long does it take to go to?
¿Que tan largo es el viaje?

Where are you planning to spend your vacations?
¿Adónde plane...
Jim: No, I'm free. Why?
Susan: Would you like to go to the Museum of Natural History?
Jim: Sounds good. What time would yo...
Lesson 5B. What are these people going to do in their Vacations?

http://bogglesworldesl.com/flashcardsESL/places4.jpg.

1...
Practice B5. Some problems and situation at the airport
Instructions: match the questions with the correct answers)
Talkin...
5. How much do I owe you?
Free.
Please fill out this form.
The drinks are free-of-charge.

6. Can I use the lavatories in ...
10. I requested a vegetarian/kosher meal.
Alright - Chicken or fish?
No, the choice is chicken or fish.
Alright - Let me g...
Now plan your vacation: imagine you are having a holiday at the beach.
Plan one day of your holiday; start by answering th...
UNIT 6
ACCEPTANCE AND REFUSAL OF GOODS AND SERVICES
Lesson 6A. Goods & Services
Vocabulary
Computer store, shoe store, clo...
Lesson 6B. The Odd One Out Game
Exercise 9 (check your answers on page 144).
Which of the following doesn’t belong? Underl...
Practice B6.1. Reading comprehension
Instructions: read the Oranges to answer the questions.

http://www.teach-nology.com/...
Lesson 6C. Vocabulary
Practice C6.1. Instructions: write the correct word (from the list on the right) to
complete each se...
5.

I need a new baseball

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

This t-

Do you sell

This

Do you sell

I need a new

These

.

is t...
Practice C6.2. Instructions: write the correct word (from the list on the right) to
complete each of the following sentenc...
Lesson 6D Getting out on the Town

http://www.learningspanishsecrets.com/outonthetown.html

Introduction:
A: Hi, Chris. Lo...
Exercise 10. Looking for information (check your answers on page 144).
Instructions: complete the next three lines below u...
Students electing teachers

________________ ________________

Paying teachers more

________________ ________________

Pa...
Exercise11. Problems in a Hotel. Instructions: Match the problem from the
left with the corresponding solution from the ri...
The Project 6.1
1. Choose the correct words/phrases to complete the following conversation at the
airport:
You: Hi, where'...
2. Choose the correct QUESTION for the ANSWER that's given. What did the
person ask to get this answer?

1) ANSWER: No, yo...
6) ANSWER: At 2:00 PM.
QUESTION:
How long is the delay?
When does the flight to Bangkok leave?
What time is it?
7) ANSWER:...
3. Read the conversation “Shopping for a Sweater” and answer the
questions.
1. Can I help you?
1. What size are you?
2. I'...
4. Use the Cardinal points and the map to complete the Expressions.
Cardinal points:
North, South, East, West.

Expression...
UNIDAD 7

LIKES, DISLIKES AND PREFERENCES
Lesson 7A. Actions Words
Play, run, jump, swim, talk, dance, study,

read

read
...
Lesson 7B. Action/Verb Reading
Here is a little story to help you learn about
Action Verbs.
Anna jumped from bed on Monday...
Exercise 13 (check your answers on page 146).
Instructions: mark the following sentences true or false.
1. Anna did not st...
Lesson 7C. English Translated to Spanish Expressions
English

Spanish

-I want /like /prefer to = yo quiero, amí me gusta,...
Ejemplo 3:
Sonia: Do you want to eat pizza?
Jazmin: I would rather eat hamburgers.
Sonia: OK, then let’s eat hamburgers.

...
Practice C7.2. Use your dictionary
Instructions: look for the English words. Then translate them to Spanish.
1. pan
2. té
...
Lesson 7D. Expressing likes and dislikes (+ /-/?)
I like fruits! ¡Me gusta la fruta!

Practice D7.1. Likes and dislikes
In...
10. ______________________________________pineapples.
11. _____________________________________ oranges.
12. _____________...
Practice D7.2. Answer the questions from the table.
Question:
Answer:

Do you like…? Why?

Do you like to drink soda? Why?...
Now Expressing Dislikes
Complete the sentences
I hate ___________________
I dislike __________________
I can’t stand _____...
Finally express likes to complete the sentences below:
I love chocolate. I love playing football. I love

.

I like animal...
I’m tired of vegetables. I'm tired of being sick. I'm tired of
really bugs me.
makes me mad / angry.
drives me crazy.
anno...
Lesson 7E. Reading comprehension
I. Do you like Going on a Picnic?
How often do you go on a Picnic?
Read the following tex...
3. Where does Charlotte live?

a. Mattydale

b. on a farm

c. in the circus

d. on a boat

4. If you were to go to the pic...
6. Organize the themes into the four categories: as in the table
www.english-4kids.com/ www.esl-galaxy.com

banana
beans
b...
7. Read and answer the questions

Tom goes to eat breakfast
Answer the questions below
Tom wants to eat breakfast. He goes...
8. What does lemon taste like? Match and draw pictures and tastes below.

candy

Salt

coffee

Lemon

Turkey

Bitter

Tast...
9. Choose the correct words/phrases to tell someone that you LIKE or DON'T LIKE
something:

1) I love this meal. It's very...
7) This restaurant is too noisy. I'm looking for somewhere more
_________________.
quiet
loud

8) That was perfect! I'm __...
Lesson 7F. Adverbs of frequency
Grammar: Adverbios de frecuencia
(often, every day, always, never, every other day, etc.) ...
Conversation using adverbs of frequency
A: Do you often come to this restaurant?
B: Two years ago, I would always come her...
Examples:


I always walk to school.



My cats sometimes like to play.



Our teacher almost never gives us a lot of h...
Practice F7.2. Use of adverbs
Instructions: answer the questions using the adverbs.
Always, Usually, Sometimes and Never
Q...
Exercise 14. Frequency Adverbs (check your answers on page 146).
Instructions: select the correct alternative that complet...
4. Harold never leaves the college on Friday. He ________ eats at the cafeteria on
Fridays. Usually
Always
Usually
Sometim...
2.2. Adverb Frequency
Instructions: please fill in the blanks with always, usually, seldom, or never.

Fill-In-The-Blank
T...
The project 7.1. Read and answer the questions.
Mr. Williams was always a very careful driver
As one approaches some cross...
2. After the following statements True or False? Identify the part of the text that
supports your answer by copying the ex...
UNIDAD 8

www.barcelosanjosepalacio.com

GIVE AND FOLLOW DIRECTIONS
Lesson 8A. Community places
Post office, police statio...
Practice A8. 1. Complete the chart with the Information from the building above.
Street Information

Nearby Buildings

Flo...
Lesson 8B. Understanding Directions

A: Do you know where I can find a hospital?
B: Sure. You could try the Oak Street.
A:...
Antologia 8 ingles
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Antologia 8 ingles

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD ESTATAL A DISTANCIA COLEGIO NACIONAL DE EDUCACIÓN A DISTANCIA COORDINACIÓN ACADÉMICA INGLÉS OCTAVO CÓDIGO: 80007 2011
  2. 2. ANTOLOGÍAS CONED El CONED agradece a MAIRENE DURÁN GARBANZO por la elección y presentación de los temas de la presente antología, así como el aporte a la educación secundaria a distancia. Las denominaciones empleadas en esta publicación y la forma en que aparecen presentados los datos, no implican de parte del CONED o la UNED juicio alguno sobre la condición jurídica de personas, países, territorios, ciudades o de autoridades. MATERIAL SIN FINES COMERCIALES PARA USO EXCLUSIVO DE ESTUDIANTES DEL COLEGIO NACIONAL DE EDUCACIÓN A DISTANCIA CONED Dirección General: Clara Vila Santo Domingo Coordinación Académica: Jéssica Ramírez Achoy Coordinación Administrativa: Jéssica Vega Barrantes Asistente Coordinación Académica: Jonathan Soto Coordinación Inglés: Olman Alfonso Cantillo Badilla Teléfonos 22-58-22-09 / 22-55-30-42 / 22-21-29-95 Página Web: http//www.coned.ac.cr © 2011, CONED. 2
  3. 3. PRESENTACIÓN Descripción General Esta antología tiene como propósito general promover el desarrollo cognitivo del estudiante de octavo que necesita desarrollar habilidades y estrategias de aprendizaje con el modelo a distancia. Este aprendizaje se alcanza por medio del estudio y la interacción cognitiva que el estudiante desarrolle cuando trabaje los contenidos de cada unidad (de la 1 a la 9). Los ejercicios, las prácticas, y los proyectos de la antología fueron adaptados, ilustrados y tomados de recursos actuales con el fin de contextualizar el conocimiento resumido en las lecciones (A,B,C,D…). En las que se presenta el contenido práctico con situaciones y experiencias reales para que el estudiante procese el conocimiento de inglés de manera independiente, entretenida y significativa. Aprender con la Antología Los ejercicios, las prácticas y los proyectos de la antología están sistematizados resumidos, ordenados y diseñados para que el educando logre los objetivos del conocimiento: según Lennerberg “cuando el cerebro realiza conexiones de lo aprendido con lo nuevo por construir, las personas construyen conocimiento de forma natural” (8). Por eso el contenido de las unidades: los ejercicios, las prácticas y los proyectos de cada lección se deben realizar uno a uno para que el proceso cognitivo: natural, independiente, entretenido y significativo sea efectivo. Descripción Específica del Contenido La antología de inglés para octavo año está enfocada en el aprendizaje de vocabulario, expresiones, y la gramática relacionados con temas que describen situaciones reales del diario vivir tales como: identificación de los miembros de la familia, descripción y comparación física de las personas, medios de transporte, planes de viajes personales, aceptación y rechazo de servicios y mercadería, gusto, aversión y preferencia de las cosas, dar y seguir direcciones, y ocupaciones. El estudio de estos temas está enfocado en desarrollar en el cursante de octavo las destrezas integrales para adquirir el vocabulario, entender la gramática, y realizar los ejercicios de comprensión de lectura. 3
  4. 4. TABLE OF CONTENTS UNIT 1 ..................................................................................................1 FAMILY ................................................................................................................ 1 Lesson1A. Introducing Family Members .............................................................. 1 Exercise 1. Matching (check your answers on page 141)....................................................... 3 Lesson1B. Conversation about Mary’s family....................................................... 4 Exercise 2. Reading comprehension (check your answers on page 141). ............................. 5 Lesson 1C. Identifying Community Places ........................................................... 7 Practice C1. Identify community places. ................................................................................. 8 The Project 1.1 .................................................................................................... 10 UNIT 2 ................................................................................................13 DESCRIPTION OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL APPEARANCE .............................. 13 Lesson 2A. Parts of the body .......................................................................... 13 Practice A2.1. Find the words below in the grid to the left. ................................................... 14 Lesson 2B. Adjectives to Describe Physical Appearance .................................. 15 Practice B2.1. Questions and Matching ................................................................................ 16 Practice B2.2. Write the corresponding number in each space ............................................ 16 Lesson 2C. Use has got to describe Physical appearance. ............................... 18 Practice C2.1. Family Description ......................................................................................... 19 Practice C2.2. Reading comprehension ................................................................................ 20 Practice C2. 3. Complete and Match..................................................................................... 21 Lesson 2D. Description Page ............................................................................. 22 Exercise 3 (check your answers on page 141). .................................................................... 22 Exercise 4 (check your answers on page 141 and 142). ...................................................... 23 The Project 2.1 .................................................................................................... 26 UNIT 3 ................................................................................................28 COMPARISON OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL FEATURES AND PERSONALITY .. 28 Lesson 3A. Comparative Adjectives … .............................................................. 28 Practice A3.1. Classifying adjectives ..................................................................................... 31 Lesson3B. What do you think? Compare men and women ............................... 32 Practice B3.1. Comparative Adjectives ................................................................................. 32 Exercise 5 (check your answers on page 142).. ................................................................... 33 Lesson 3C. Adjectives and adverbs with irregular comparatives ....................... 34 Practice C3.1. Relate pictures to complete sentences.......................................................... 35 Lesson 3D. Reading Comprehension ................................................................. 36 Exercise 6 (check your answers on page 142 and 143). ...................................................... 36 Practice D3.1.Comprehension Questions ............................................................................. 37 Practice D3.2.Comparatives/superlatives ............................................................................. 38 Practice D3.3 Adjective Comparative (er) and Superlative (est) space words ..................... 39 The Project 3.1 .................................................................................................... 40 4
  5. 5. UNIT 4 ................................................................................................42 RELEVANT CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION ... 42 Lesson 4A. How do you hit the road – with your car, bike or scooter? .............. 42 Practice A41. Questions about means of transportation ....................................................... 43 Practice A4. 2. Means of Transportation. .............................................................................. 47 Practice A4.3 .......................................................................................................................... 48 Means of Transportation ........................................................................................................ 48 Lesson 4B. Vocabulary ....................................................................................... 49 Lesson 4C.Transportation in Costa Rica ............................................................ 50 Exercise 7 (check your answers on page 143). .................................................................... 50 Practice C4.1. Bus Schedule ................................................................................................. 52 The Project 4.1 .................................................................................................... 52 UNIT 5 ................................................................................................56 PERSONAL TRAVEL PLANS ............................................................................ 56 Lesson 5A. Reading on Vacation and Activities ................................................. 56 Exercise 8 (check your answers on page 143). .................................................................... 58 Lesson 5B. What are these people going to do in their Vacations? ................... 59 Practice B5. Some problems and situation at the airport. ..................................................... 60 The Project 5.1. Plan your dream vacation........................................................ 62 UNIT 6 ................................................................................................64 ACCEPTANCE AND REFUSAL OF GOODS AND SERVICES .......................... 64 Lesson 6A. Goods & Services ............................................................................ 64 Lesson 6B. The Odd One Out Game ................................................................. 65 Exercise 9 (check your answers on page 144). .................................................................... 65 Lesson 6C. Vocabulary ....................................................................................... 67 Practice C6.1. Instructions: write the correct word (from the list on the right) to complete each sentence/description: .................................................................................................... 67 Practice C6.2. Instructions: write the correct word ................................................................ 69 Lesson 6D Getting out on the Town ................................................................... 70 Exercise 10. Looking for information (check your answers on page 144). ........................... 71 Exercise11. (check your answers on page 145). .................................................................. 73 The Project 6.1....................................................................................................... 74 UNIDAD 7 ..........................................................................................79 LIKES, DISLIKES AND PREFERENCES ........................................................... 79 Lesson 7A. Actions Words .................................................................................. 79 Practice A7.1: identify each picture with each ...................................................................... 79 Lesson 7B. Action/Verb Reading ........................................................................ 80 Exercise 12: reading comprehension (check your answers on page 146)l .......................... 80 Exercise 13 (check your answers on page 146). .................................................................. 81 Practice B7.1. Matching action verbs .................................................................................... 81 5
  6. 6. Lesson 7C. English Translated to Spanish Expressions .................................... 82 Practice C7.1.Expressing likes and dislikes (affirmative, negative, interrogative) ................ 83 Practice C7.2. Use your dictionary ........................................................................................ 84 Lesson 7D. Expressing likes and dislikes (+ /-/?) ............................................... 85 Lesson 7E. Reading comprehension ................................................................. 91 Practice E7.1. Mixed questions and exercises ...................................................................... 91 Lesson 7F. Adverbs of frequency ....................................................................... 98 Practice F7.1. Position of adverbs of frequency .................................................................... 98 Practice F7.2. Use of adverbs ............................................................................................. 101 Exercise 14. Frequency Adverbs (check your answers on page 146). ............................... 102 The project 7.1. Read and answer the questions. ............................................ 105 UNIDAD 8 ........................................................................................107 GIVE AND FOLLOW DIRECTIONS.................................................................. 107 Lesson 8A. Community places ......................................................................... 107 Practice A8. 1. Complete the chart with the Information from the building above. ............. 108 Lesson 8B. Understanding Directions .............................................................. 109 Practice B8.1. Following and Giving Directions .................................................................. 110 Exercise 15 (check your answers on page 147). ................................................................ 111 Exercise 16 (check your answers on page 147). ................................................................ 111 Lesson 8C. Asking for and giving directions ..................................................... 113 Practice C8.1. Direction conversation ................................................................................. 113 The project 8.1. Reading Comprehension ........................................................ 117 UNIT 9 ..............................................................................................118 OCCUPATIONS ............................................................................................... 118 Lesson 9A. Identifying Occupations ................................................................. 118 Practice A9.1. Items classification ....................................................................................... 119 Lesson 9B. Community Helpers Vocabulary List & Definitions ........................ 120 Lesson 9C. Community Helpers Creative Writing ............................................ 122 Practice C9.1. Composition ................................................................................................. 122 Practice C9.2. Describing what people do .......................................................................... 123 Lesson 9D. Finding out about jobs ................................................................... 124 Exercise 17 (check your answers on page 148). ................................................................ 125 Practice 9D.1. Complete the following exercises ................................................................ 125 Lesson 9E. Jobs suffixes .................................................................................. 132 Practice E9.1. Match the words from left with the words. ................................................... 132 Exercise18 ( check your answers on page 148). ............................................................... 133 The Project 9.1 .................................................................................................. 138 GUÍA DE RESPUESTAS .................................................................140 ANSWERS UNIT 1 ........................................................................................... 140 Exercise 1 ............................................................................................................................ 140 Exercise 2 ............................................................................................................................ 140 6
  7. 7. ANSWERS UNIT 2 ........................................................................................... 141 Exercise 3 ............................................................................................................................ 141 Exercise 4 ............................................................................................................................ 141 ANSWERS UNIT 3 ........................................................................................... 142 Exercise 5 ............................................................................................................................ 142 Exercice 6 ............................................................................................................................ 142 Exercise 7 ............................................................................................................................ 143 ANSWERS UNIT 5 ........................................................................................... 143 Exercise 8 ............................................................................................................................ 143 UNIT 6 .............................................................................................................. 144 Exercise 9 ............................................................................................................................ 144 UNIT 7 .............................................................................................................. 146 Exercise 12 .......................................................................................................................... 146 Exercise 13 .......................................................................................................................... 146 Exercise 14 .......................................................................................................................... 146 UNIT 8 .............................................................................................................. 147 Exercise 15 .......................................................................................................................... 147 Exercise16. .......................................................................................................................... 147 UNIT 9 .............................................................................................................. 148 Exercise 17 .......................................................................................................................... 148 Exercise 18 .......................................................................................................................... 148 BIBLIOGRAPHY ..............................................................................149 7
  8. 8. UNIT 1 http://bogglesworldesl.com FAMILY Lesson1A. Introducing Family Members In a family There is a mother, a father and their children. Family members are: athe father, the mother, the brothers, the sisters, the grandmother, the In FAMILY grandfather, the aunt and uncle and the cousin. 1 This is Mary’s family members… mother father er sister brother sister sister This is Mary Mary http://www.amomentintimeportraitstudio.com/family. 1 http://www.facebook.com/BabyBlues?ref=mf 1
  9. 9. Practice A1. Write the missing family members. printables.familyeducation.com. 2
  10. 10. Exercise1. Matching (check your answers on page 141). Instructions: match the English family members from the column on the left with the Spanish family members from the right column. grandfather tío grandmother primo uncle abuelo aunt tía cousin abuela Expressions http://www.teachchildrenesl.com/flashcards.htm English Translated to Spanish Expressions 1. This/That is my family= Esta es mi familia. 2. These/Those are my brothers = Estos/esos son mis hermanos. 3. He/she works at the hospital= Ella trabaja en el hospital. 4. How many sisters do you have? = ¿Cuántos hermanos tienes? 5. I have one brother, one sister, an aunt, an uncle and a cousin= Yo tengo un hermano, una hermana, una tía, un tío y un primo. 6. My brother’ sister is my sister too= La hermana de mi hermano es mi hermana también. 7. My father’s brother is my uncle= El hermano de mi papa es mi tío. 8. Is he/she your father?= ¿Es él tu papa? 9. How old is your sister? = ¿Cuántos años tiene tu hermana? 10.He/She is ten years old he/she? = Ella tiene diez años. 11. Who is she? = ¿Quién es ella? 12. She is my grandmother= Ella es mi abuela. 13. Who are they? = ¿Quiénes son ellos/ elllas? 14. They are my family= Ellos/ellas son mi familia. 3
  11. 11. Lesson1B. Conversation about Mary’s family These are Mary Mary: hello, July. they speak about their Families.2 and July http://bogglesworldesl.com July: hello, Mary. Mary: This is my family, this is my father, his name is Tom, he works in a restaurant, he is 40 years old and he is a chef. This is my mother her name is Jane, she works in a hospital, she is a nurse. I have three brothers and three sisters. My brothers are Jon, Peter and Andy and my sisters are Lisa, Emmy and Judy. Hey, July! How many sisters and brothers do you have? July: I only have one sister and two brothers, their names are: Anny, Luis and Joseph. We live with our mother, our grandmother, our grandfather, an uncle, an aunt and a cousin and our dog. Mary: Oh, you have a big family! July: Oh yes, we are a happy family too! Mary: How old is your sister? July: She is ten years old. Mary: Where do your brothers study? July: They study at the Santa Clara School. Mary: Where does your mother work? July: She works in a bank. Mary: Oh yes, your family is a modern family. July I am leaving now, goodbye. July: Okay, no problem Mary I have to leave too, goodbye! 2 http://media.photobucket.com/image/women%20faces/torirose4688/Faces/elf.jpg?o=5 4
  12. 12. Exercise 2. Reading comprehension (check your answers on page 141). Instructions: mark the correct option to the questions from the information of the conversation between Mary and July. 1. Where does Mary’s father work? a) in a bank b) in a restaurant 2. How old is Mary’s father? a) Forty years old b) Ten years old 3. What is the name of Mary’s mother? a) Janet b) Jane 4. Where does Mary’s mother work? a) In a restaurant b) in the hospital 5. What is the mother’s occupation? a) A nurse b) a nutritionist 6. How many brothers and sisters does Mary have? a) Three brothers and one sister. b) Three sisters and three brothers. 5
  13. 13. 7. How many sisters and brothers does July have? a) One sister and two brothers. b) Two brothers and two sisters. 8. Who lives in July’s family? a) The mother, the grandmother, the grandfather, an uncle, an aunt and a cousin and the dog. b) The mother, the grandmother, the grandfather, an uncle, an aunt and a cousin. 9. Who has a big family? a) July b) Mary 10. How old is July’ sister? a) ten years old b) forty years old 11. Who study at the Santa Clara School? a) July’ brothers b) Mary’ brothers 12. Who works in a bank? a) Mary’ mother b) July’ mother 13. Whose family is a modern one? a) July’s family b) Mary’ family 6
  14. 14. Lesson 1C. Identifying Community Places Word bank bank, grocery store, shoe store, office, mall, clinic, hospital, restaurant. A Family Lives in a Community A family lives in a community with many other families: many families form a community: in a community there are public places and services; for example: bank, church, post office, garage, barber's shop, hairdresser's shop dentist's clinic, courthouse, apartment buildings, movie theater, gas station, dry cleaner's, hospital, house/home, sports arena, school, park, playground, library, town, city hall, police station, fire station, bus station, bus stop, bakery, traffic lights, pedestrian crossing, butcher's shop, hardware store, hotel, motel, train station, grocery store, supermarket, fast-food restaurant, office building, sports store, photo shop, pharmacy, restaurant, clothing store, coffee shop, radio station, travel agent, realestate agent, shoe store, bike-repair shop, pet store, mall. Memory Game http://www.englishraven.com/flashcards_community.htm 7
  15. 15. Memory Game Practice C1. Identify community places. Instructions: look at the community places from the flash cards; then, complete the chart with these places: bank, church, post office, barber's shop, dentist's clinic, apartment buildings, movie theater, gas station, hospital, sports arena, police station, bus station, grocery store, fast-food restaurant, restaurant, clothing shoe store, mall. After you memorized these places, complete the community chart. Look back to the flash cards once you have completed the chart. For example: a bank a church fast food restaurant 8
  16. 16. Free activity 1.1. Identify family members and fill in the family crossword. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/badmum.pd 9
  17. 17. The Project 1.1 Read and answer the questions Mum who dumped a tot is jailed A career mum dumped her baby on a stranger's doorstep to stop his dad bringing him up. The householder heard the 12-week-old boy crying in his pushchair on a cold winter's night. And yesterday the mum began six months in jail for her heartless act. The judge at Newport crown court told her: "You are a selfish woman who acted out of spite”. The judge also told her: "You did nothing to alert the occupants. They might not have found him." The court heard that the woman, 30, from Preston, dumped her son 200 miles away at Newport, South Wales. She had found that she was pregnant after splitting with the dad. The first he knew of the baby was when he was told by an adoption agency. It is his second child with the mum of three. The woman, who admitted cruelty, was said to have had depression. 1. Questions Answer the following questions using your own words. (2 points) a. Was the woman sent to jail? Why? b. When did the father find out about the baby? 2. True or false .Are the following statements true or false? (1 point) a. The woman in the story has two children. b. The woman lives 200 miles away from Preston. 10
  18. 18. 3. Word in context Find a word or phrase in the text which, in context, is similar in meaning to: Abandoned: Egotist: 4. Multiple choice Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct. (2 points) The boy was a. one month old. b. two months old. c. three months old. The woman left the boy at a. a friend’s house. b. her mother’s house. c. an unknown person’s house. The woman is in her a. twenties. b. thirties. c. forties. The boy was left in a. Preston b. Newport. c. South Wales. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/badmum.pdf 11
  19. 19. I.2. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence: 1) You look much _________________ than you are. young younger 2) I'll _________________ next month. be 25 have 25 3) My grandfather _________________ away ( = died) last month. went passed 4) I'm _________________. My husband is a doctor. engaged married 6) I'm the youngest of my _________________ (brothers and sisters). siblings offspring 7) I live _________________. alone lonely 8) I don't have any _________________. children child 9) _________________ is your son? How many years How old 12
  20. 20. UNIT 2 DESCRIPTION OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL APPEARANCE3 hair ears Lesson 2A. Parts of the body nose Eyes, nose, ears, hair, fingers… fingers http://bogglesworldesl.com Eyes big eyes small eyes Noses snub sharp straight big and round Hair short curly hair medium length black long wavy hair Faces square 3 round oval All the pictures above have been taken from: http://www.essencialensino.com.br/courses/basic1_arquivos/Page601.htm. 13
  21. 21. Practice A2.1. Find the words below in the grid to the left. cheek Chin Ear eye hair Lip Mouth Nose Teeth http://www.essencialensino.com.br/courses/basic1_arquivos/Page601.htm 14
  22. 22. Lesson 2B. Adjectives to Describe Physical Appearance Tall, short, long, big, little, wavy, straight, curly, blond, brown, green, blue, yellow, black, fat, chubby, thin, young, old. http://www.essencialensino.com.br/courses/basic1_arquivos/Page601.htm Vocabulary Descriptive Adjectives Spanish / English 1. activo= active 2. bonito= cute 3. cómico= funny 4. deportista= sports minded 5. dichoso = lucky 6. español = Spanish 7. estudiante= student 8. honrado= honest 9. mexicano= Mexican 10.norteamericano= American 11.perezoso= lazy 12.simpático= nice 13. beautiful= bonita 14. handsome= guapo 15. muscular= musculoso 16. wide face= cara ancha 15
  23. 23. Practice B2.1. Questions and Matching Instructions: use the adjectives and the pictures to answer the questions and do the grammar matching below. 1. How tall are you? 2. How fit are you? Grammar Verb to be 1. he is ___ soy 2. they are ___ somos 3. you are ___ ella es 4. who is ___ eres 5. I'm _1__ él es 6. they are ___ ellos son 7. you are ___ quién es 8. she is ___ Uds. son 9. we are ___ ellas son Practice B2.2. Write the corresponding number in each space. The number one is done for you. English Translated to Spanish Expressions and Questions Expressions English Spanish He’s got big brown eyes= Él tiene los ojos cafés y grandes. What’s he/she like? = ¿Cómo es él/ ella fisicamente? He’s young / old= Él es joven/ viejo. She’s got green eyes= Ella tiene ojos verdes. She/he looks like= Ella es bonita, alta… They are tall= Ellos son altos. We are young= Nosotros estamos Jóvenes. You are thin= Usted es delgado. He is twenty years old= El tiene veinte años. 16
  24. 24. Translated Questions What does he /she look like? = ¿Cómo es él/ ella físicamente/emocionalmente? What do you look like?= ¿Como es usted? How old are you?= ¿Cuántos años tiene usted? How tall are you? = ¿Cuánto mide usted? How thin are you?= ¿Cuánto pesa? How long is your hair? ¿Qué tan largo es su pelo? What is your hair style?= ¿Cómo es su pelo? What color is your hair?= ¿De qué color es su pelo? What color are your eyes?= ¿De qué color son sus ojos? What is her appearance?= ¿Cómo es su apariencia? What are they like? =¿Cómo son ellos? Attention with the Word Order She is tall and thin. She has got long curly hair. She has green eyes. She is average height. He is very short. He has blue eyes. He is fat. He is bold. He is not handsome. http://elpweb.com/materials/wp- 17
  25. 25. Lesson 2C. Use has got to describe Physical appearance. She has got blue small eyes= she’s got He has got big nose= he’s got They have got long blond hair= they’ve got What do you look like? What is he like? What is her appearance? got Verb have Affirmative Negative I have got brown I have not got blue eyes. eyes. Interrogative Have I got round face? You have got black You have not got black hair. Have you hair. face? got round She has got blond She has not got blond hair. hair. Has she got blond hair? He has got long He has not got blonde hair. hair. Has he got dark hair? It has got light eyes. It has not got black eyes. Has it got dark eyes? We have got brown We have not got blue eyes. eyes. Have we got round face? You have got brown You have not got blue eyes. Have you eyes. faces? got round They have got black They have not got black Have they got hair. eyes. faces? round http://www.clafoti.com/Imagenes10/have_got_01.htm 18
  26. 26. Practice C2.1. Family Description Instructions: complete the next chart and sentences with information of your family. You can use the adjectives form the bottom. http://www.eslkidstuff.com/Worksheets/familydescriptions.gif 19
  27. 27. Practice C2.2. Reading comprehension Instructions: read the following text to answer the questions. My grandmother’ story My grandmother was eighty years old when I was a child. She was taller and thin and had small brown eyes. She liked telling stories and was famous for her jokes. Everybody: young and old, poor and rich loved her because she always had a pleasant word for them. Children came to visit her for stories and for little presents, they were always happy to be with her. She liked tea and she had a special way of making and drinking it, she had little decorated glasses and when children asked her for tea, she gave them the little glasses to drank out of them. Children often asked her for tea not because they were thirsty but because they liked her little colored glasses. http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-53283.php 1. Underline the adjectives that describe the grandmother physically and emotionally. 2. Now draw the grandmother as she was described in the reading. 20
  28. 28. Practice C2. 3. Complete and Match Instructions: use the pictures to complete the sentences. Then, match the pictures according to physical description. http://elpweb.com/materials/wp-content/uploads/2007/03/L1%20L&S%20supp%20mats%20unit%201%20Physical%20appearance.pdf A She is around 20. She is tall, slim and  beautiful. She has pictures. long straight black hair. * Now match the descriptions with the pictures. B He .......... average height and average build. He .......... a ponytail. he .......... handsome. C She .......... really cute. She .......... medium length wavy hair, and big beautiful eyes. D He .......... average height and average build. He .......... a ponytail. He .......... handsome. E She .......... around 60. She .......... short curly hair, and wears glasses. F He .......... a wide face and a dark complexion. He .......... very muscular. 21 Now match the descriptions with the
  29. 29. Lesson 2D. Description Page Reading Comprehension A Short Description of DiCaprio Family The actor Leonardo DiCaprio is tall, he is young and thin. Girls say he is very handsome. Boys don’t agree… He has got little blue eyes and short blond straight hair. He has got full little mouth and round little nose. His face is oval. His mother is medium height, she is chubby. She has got light eyes and medium length light curly hair. She has got round nose and thin mouth. Her face is round. His grandmother is short and old. She is not fat. She has got short gray straight hair. She has got thin mouth and straight nose. http://www.clafoti.com/Imagenes10/have_got_01.htm Exercise 3 (check your answers on page 141). Instructions: read the short description of DiCaprio Family and answer the following questions. 1. What does Leonardo DiCaprio look like? 2. How old is he? 3. How tall is his mother? 4. How thin is his mother? 5. How long is Leonardo’s hair? 6. What does the grandma’s hair style look like? 7. What does the grandma’s nose look like? 22
  30. 30. Exercise 4 (check your answers on page 141 and 142). Instructions: underline adjectives and body parts form the text: the first line is done for you. The actress Gwyneth Paltrow is tall, she is young and slim. Girls and boys think she is very beautiful… She has got greenish blue eyes and short blond straight hair, but in some movies she wears long hair as in “Sliding Doors”. She has got thin wide mouth and sharp nose. Her face is square and thin. Her mother is medium height. She is slim and beautiful too. She has got blue eyes and medium length light straight hair. She has got sharp nose and thin mouth. Her face is square. Her father is tall and thin. He has got short black wavy hair. He has got thin mouth and straight big nose. They look very happy. Now draw the actress Gwyneth Paltrow as she is described in the reading. 23
  31. 31. Free activity 2.1. Complete each space with family members and the adjectives of the pictures. printables.familyeducation.com 24
  32. 32. Free activity 2.2. Write the body parts to complete the chart. http://www.esltower.com/VOCABSHEETS/body/body.html 25
  33. 33. The Project 2.1 Instructions: read and answer the questions The model with metal legs Aimee Mullins is munching French toast at her favourite greasy spoon in Manhattan's West Village. She's tall, slim and blonde with wide, hazel eyes, wearing Stella McCartney cords and high-heeled sandals. It's only when she hoists a leg up on the table and reminds me that it's fake, that the illusion of physical perfection is shattered. Aimee, 25, had both legs amputated just below the knee when she was a year old. She was born without a fibula in her lower legs, possibly caused by her mother taking antibiotics before she knew she was pregnant. The next few years were spent in a wheelchair, and doctors warned that she would never walk. Unfazed, Aimee taught herself to walk with artificial legs and by the age of 10, she was also running, skiing and playing softball. "My parents never told me that I couldn't do something," she says. "They expected me to excel." And she did. Aimee did her internship at the Pentagon, broke world records in the 100 meters, 200 meters and long jump at the 1996 Paralympics, and has been voted one of People Magazine's 50 Most Beautiful People. 1. QUESTIONS. Answer the following questions using your own words. a. Why are Aimee's feet fake? b. Why was she born with this feet problem? 2. FALSE OR TRUE 2.1. Are the following statements True or False? a. Aimee Mullins can't walk. b. Aimee Mullins is short and plump. 26
  34. 34. 3. MULTIPLE CHIOCE. Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct. 3.1. Aimee is not physically perfect because she a. is ugly. b. is short. c. doesn't have legs. 4. She spent in a wheelchair a. some years. b. 10 years. c. till she was 10. 3. The doctors told her that a. she would walk but not run. b. she would never walk. c. she would walk, run and play sports. 4. According to People's magazine Aimee is a. one of the 50 most beautiful people in the world. b. one of the 50 most beautiful girls in the world. c. one of the 50 most beautiful athletes in the world. 2.2. Composition (50 words) Disabled people in our society. 27
  35. 35. UNIT 3 http://www.clipartguide.com/_pages/0060-0808-2816-0356.html COMPARISON OF PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL FEATURES AND PERSONALITY TRAITS Lesson 3A. Comparative Adjectives: tall, smart, thin, young, short, fat, honest, happy, strong, cold… What are comparative adjectives? Comparative adjectives are used to clarify the difference between 2 objects/nouns.  Comparative adjectives are used to compare 2 nouns. Grammar: In a FAMILY 1. The father is taller than his son. 2. The son is smaller than his father. 3. The father is older than his son. 4. The son is younger than his father. http://www.clipartguide.com/_pages/0060-0808-2816-0356.html 28
  36. 36. The Rules for Using Comparative Adjectives How to Use Comparative Adjectives "Than" is usually used after the comparative adjective.  -er is added to the end of a 1-syllable adjective    cold - colder small - smaller tall - taller   early - earlier happy happier crazy - crazier    -er is added to the end of an adjective with 2 syllables, if the word ends in -y.     "more" is used for words that have 2 syllables, if the word doesn't end in -y. adjectives that end in -y, change the -y to i and add ed     "more" is used for words that have 3 or more syllables  adjectives that end in -e, only -r is added to end of the adjective    honest-more honest difficult-more difficult modern-more modern expensivemore expensive difficult-more difficult confortable more comfortable nice -nicer safe -safer 29   The winter is colder than the summer. The green hat is smaller than the yellow hat. Most basketball players are taller than me. I came home earlier than my sister. I am happier now than 1 year ago. My friend is crazier than me. The policeman are more honest than criminals. The last test was more difficult than the test today. Our generation is more modern, than our parents generation
  37. 37.  adjective that end in a consonant, vowel, consonant - the last consonant is doubled    big -bigger fat- fatter hot -hotter   My house is bigger than, my sisters house. My sister is fatter than me. The summer is hotter than the winter. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm Note: Superlative adjectives are used to compare 3 or more nouns. ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE big bigger the biggest small smaller the smallest funny funnier the funniest stupid stupider the stupidest soft softer the softest complicated more complicated complicated less complicated http://bogglesworldesl.com the most complicated 4 the least complicated expensive more expensive the most expensive expensive less expensive the least expensive difficult more difficult the most difficult difficult less difficult the least difficult >> There are two important exceptions: good better best bad worse worst >> Instead of saying "my most liked", or "my most preferred", we say my "favorite". 4 The exercise and the pictures are adopted from http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm. 30
  38. 38. Spelling >> If an adjective ends in "y", remove the "y" and add "er" or "est": silly sillier silliest muddy muddier muddiest heavy heavier heaviest http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm Practice A3.1. Classifying adjectives Instructions: put the following personality adjectives under the correct headings Ambitious, analytical, competitive, loud, sociable, affectionate, critical, confident bossy, sneaky, athletic, manipulative, stubborn, selfish, generous, cooperative sensitive, shy, talkative, independent Positive quality Negative quality 31 Both
  39. 39. Lesson3B. What do you think? Compare men and women 1. Men vs. women? 2. Boys vs. girls? 3. Female vs. male bosses For example: I think women are more talkative than men. Or I think men are less talkative than women. Practice B3.1. Comparative Adjectives Instructions: Use the comparative adjectives above to complete the sentences, try to make other comparisons ________________________louder than_________________________ ________________________ sneakier than_______________________ _______________________ more manipulative than_________________ _______________________less talkative than____________________ ______________________more aggressive than_____________________ ______________________less affectionate than_____________________ ______________________more stubborn than_____________________ ______________________less cooperative than_____________________ ___________________________shyer than________________________ ______________________bossier than________________________ www.esl-galaxy.com 32
  40. 40. Exercise 5 (check your answers on page 142). Instructions: complete the sentences with the comparative form of the adjectives in parenthesis. 1. Joe is than Ed. (short) 2. Al is the . (short) 3. Ed is the . (thin) 4. Joe is than Al. (thin) 5. Al has the 6. Al is clothes. (colorful) http://bogglesworldesl.com/shopping-lesson-plan.htm than Joe. (heavy) 7. Ed is the . (light) 8. Ed is the . (mysterious) 9. Joe is than Ed. (energetic) Now compare the products to complete the chart. Advantages of Cool Walkers (1) Cool Walkers are cheaper than Slim Jimms. (2) (3) Advantages of Slim Jimms: (1) Slim Jimms are more durable than Cool Walkers. (2) (3) http://bogglesworldesl.com/sh opping-lesson-plan.htm 33
  41. 41. Lesson 3C. Adjectives and adverbs with irregular comparative and superlative forms Spanish Irregular Comparatives and Superlatives In English we say good- better- the best: gooder or the goodest are not correct, same thing in Spanish, there are some irregularities. The following are adjectives and adverbs with irregular comparative and superlative forms: Spanish Irregular Comparative Adjective/Adverb Comparative Superlative good bueno better mejor the best el mejor bad malo worse peor the worst el peor great grande greater mayor the greatest el mayor small pequeño less menor the least el menor well bien better mejor best el mejor badly mal worse peor worst el peor much mucho more más most el más little poco less menos least el menos young joven younger menor the youngest el menor http://bogglesworldesl.com/shopping-lesson-plan.htm 34
  42. 42. Practice C3.1. Relate pictures to complete sentences Instructions: fill in the spaces to complete the sentences of the picture. http://www.esltower.com/GRAMMARSHEETS/comparatives/comparatives.html 35
  43. 43. Lesson 3D. Reading Comprehension http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/compsup.htm#supep Bart is older than his sisters, he is in the fourth grade and Lisa is in the second grade. Magie is the youngest she goes to day care. Exercise 6 (check your answers on page 142 and 143). Instructions: use the reading about Bart, Lisa and Margie to answer the following questions. 1. Who is the oldest? 2. Who is the youngest? 3. Who is the smartest? 4. Who is the smallest? 5. Who is the worse student? 36
  44. 44. Practice D3.1. Comprehension Questions Instructions: answer the following questions 1. What's the most important holiday in your country? 2. What's the hottest month in your country? 3. What's the cheapest food in your country? 4. What's the coldest month in your country? 5. What's the most popular tourist attraction in your country? 6. What's the most unusual food in your country? 7. What is the best place to visit in your country? 8. What's the worst place to visit in your country? 37
  45. 45. 9. What's the most exciting sport to play in your country? 10. Who is the youngest in your family?5 Practice D3.2. Comparatives/superlatives Instructions: use the word bank to fill in the spaces Which animal is the biggest? 1. The cat is_______ than the camel. 2. Santa is the _______ of all the people. 3. The bee is___________ than the bird. 4. The giraffe is the_______ than all the animals. 5. The giraffe is______ than the horse. 6. The mouse is the_______ of the animals. 7. The mouse is _______ than the cat. 8. The elephant is______ than the cow. 9. Santa is ______ than my father. 10. The bee is the________ of the animals. 11. The whale is__________ than the dolphin. Word Bank Smaller lighter Bigger lightest tallest bigger oldest taller heavier older smallest 5 The exercise and the pictures are adopted from http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm. 38
  46. 46. Practice D3.3 Adjective Comparative (er) and Superlative (est) space words 1. Big 2. Bright 3. Heavy 4. Hot 5. Light 6. Longer 7. Near 8. Tall 1. Bigger Now write er next to each adjective to form the comparative 2. B_________ 3. H_________ 4. H_________ 5. L_________ 6. L_________ 7. N________ 8. T_________ Finally write est to each adjective to form the superlative 1. Biggest 2. B_________ 3. H_________ 4. H_________ 5. L_________ 6. L_________ 7. N________ 8. T_________ 39
  47. 47. The Project 3.1 Instructions: read and answer the questions Why Physical Activity is Important for You? People need to be active to be healthy. Our modern lifestyle and all the conveniences we've become used to have made us sedentary - and that's dangerous for our health. Sitting around in front of the TV or the computer, riding in the car for even a short trip to the store and using elevators instead of stairs or ramps all contribute to our inactivity. Physical inactivity is as dangerous to our health as smoking! Add up your activities during the day in periods of at least 10 minutes each. Start slowly... and build up. If you're already doing some light activities move up to more moderateones. A little is good, but more is better if you want to achieve health benefits. Scientists say accumulate 60 minutes of physical activity every day to stay healthy or improve your health. Time needed depends on effort - as you progress to moderateactivities, you can cut down to thirty minutes, four days a week. Physical activity doesn't have to be very hard to improve your health. This goal can bereached by building physical activities into your daily routine. Just add up in periods of atleast ten minutes each throughout the day. After three months of regular physical activity, you will notice a difference - people often say getting started is the hardest part.(From Handbook for Canada's Physical Activity Guide to Healthy Active Living p. 4. Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, Ottawa, Ontario, 1998) I. Answer the following questions using your own words (2 points: 1 point each) a. Why is physical activity so important for people? b. How can you include physical activity in your life? 40
  48. 48. II. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)? (1 point: 0.5 each) a. Smoking is less dangerous than physical inactivity. b. You do not need more than sixty minutes a day to be fit. III. Find a word or phrase in the text which, in context, is similar in meaning to: (1 point: 0.5 each) a. inactive b. fit IV. Choose a, b, or c, in each question below. Only one choice is correct 1. Nowadays people ... a) are less active than in the past. b) are more active than in the past. c) are as sedentary as they used to be. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/physicalactivity.pdf 41
  49. 49. UNIT 4 http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm RELEVANT CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION Lesson 4A. How do you hit the road – with your car, bike or scooter? 1. How do you go to school? a) By bus? b) By bike? c) Walking? Means of transport Definitions bus tramway, train, car, taxi, ship, cruiser, airplane, bicycle, motorbike, skateboard, truck, van. bus › a vehicle carrying many passengers train › public transport provided by a line of railway cars coupled together and drawn by a locomotive. taxi › a car driven by a person whose job is to take passengers where they want to go in exchange for money. ship › a vessel that carries passengers or freight. cruiser › a car in which policemen cruise the streets. airplane › an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets 42
  50. 50. bicycle › a cycle that has two wheels. motorbike › small motorcycle with a low frame and small wheels and elevated handlebars. skateboard › a board with wheels that is ridden in a standing or crouching position.6 Practice A41. Questions about means of transportation Instructions: read and answer each question below. Bicycles are quick, clean and healthy Bicycles are a quick and clean mode of transport and cycling is good for you. Research has shown that employees who cycle to work are healthier than those who do not. 1. What mean of transportation is healthier a bike or a car? Motorcycles: There are around half a million motorcyclists in Costa Rica. As well as for commuting, motorcycles are also seen as a form of recreation. A large number of motorcyclists ride for fun. Motorcyclists are relatively vulnerable: they are not protected by the bodywork and airbags that protect car drivers. The risk of being injured–or worse– in an accident is therefore higher than for car drivers. 2. Which mean of transportation is more dangerous a motorcycle or a car? 6 http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm. 43
  51. 51. Taxis In Costa Rica there are many different kinds of taxis that can be classified as either the familiar street taxis or contract hire. Contract hire includes, for instance, regional taxis, but also refers to the transport of school pupils and the disabled. 3. What are contract hire taxis? Cars Cars are the most widely used means of transport in Costa Rica. Everybody knows that you need a driving license to be allowed to drive a car and that you must obey the rules of the road. 4. Why do you need a driving license?7 Content. English and Spanish Vocabulary English Spanish airliner (ér láiner) - avión de pasajeros airplane (ér pléin) - avión bicycle (báisikl) - bicicleta bike (báik) - bici boat (bóut) - barco, buque bus (bas) - colectivo canoe (kanú) - canoa, piragua car (car) - auto, carro 7 http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm. 44
  52. 52. cruiser (krúser) - crusero ferry (férri) - transbordador glider (gláider) - planeador helicopter (hélicópter) - helicóptero hot air ballon (hót ér balún) - globo aerostático jet plane (dchét pléin) - avión a reacción moped (móuped) - ciclomotor motorbike (móutorbáik) - motocicleta motorboat (móutorbóut) - lancha ocean liner (óushen láiner) - transatlántico pickup truck (pikáp trák) - camioneta raft (raft) - balza rocket (róket) - cohete roller skates (róuler skéits) - patines sailboat (séilbóut) - velero scooter (skúter) - escúter ship (ship) - buque, barco skateboard (skéitbord) - monopatín, patineta streetcar (stríit car) - tranvía subway (sábwuéi) - tren subterráneo taxi cab (táxi cáb) - taxi train (tréin) - tren truck (trák) - camión van (van) - furgoneta – traffic 45
  53. 53. The English Vocabulary at the Airport English Word Pronunciation Spanish translation air hostess éer jóustes azafata airline éerláin compañía aérea aisle áil pasillo arrivals arráivals llegadas baggage báguedch equipaje baggage claim báguedch kléim reclamo de equipaje boarding pass bóording pas tarjeta de embarque carry-on luggage kárri-ón-láguedch equipaje de mano Target Language: Conversation at the airport A: Welcome to Canada. May I see your passport please? B: Sure. Here it is. A: Where are you coming from? B: I'm coming from Seoul, Korea. A: What is the purpose of your visit? B: I'm here on business. A: How long are you planning to stay? B: I'll be staying for three weeks. A: Where will you be staying? B: I'll be staying at a hotel. A: Have you ever been to Canada before? 46
  54. 54. B: No, this is my first time. A: Do you have anything to declare? B: No, nothing. Practice A4. 2. Means of Transportation. Instructions: classify the means of transportations into three categories: air transports, sea transports and transports of land. Means of transportations air transports Sea transports Transports of land http://www.teachervision.fen.com/tv/printables/orange/RV-88.pd 47
  55. 55. Practice A4.3 Means of Transportation http://bogglesworldesl.com/wordsearches.htm. 48
  56. 56. Lesson 4B. Vocabulary Schedule, price, convenience, cost, early, late. Adjectives: Fast, better, comfortable, cheap, expensive. Expressions: -When is the next train to___? -What time is the next ___? It leaves at ________ At 7: 30 /1:00 p.m. etc. -What’s faster/ better/ more comfortable? -Which is the earliest /most comfortable/ cheapest, means of transportation? -How much does the ticket cost? -Are we boarding now?8 Costa Rica Public Bus Schedule Word/Expression: to catch a taxi / cab to hail a cab/taxi Quick translation: to get a taxi / cab Example: "Let's catch a taxi to the restaurant." Taking a taxi Taxi : Where do you want to go? You : Can you take me to the Bank of America around the corner? Taxi : Which side do you want to get off? You : This side. 8 http://www.liberiacostaricainfo.com/BusScheduleCostaRica.html. 49 .
  57. 57. Lesson 4C.Transportation in Costa Rica Reading Comprehension There are rent-a-cars in Costa Rica, in the airport, in the capital city of San Jose and other cities and in some rural areas. Lots of these cars are four-wheel drives, but they're not used only for rural roads, since potholes abound in main streets in major cities. Lately, the roads have been well-marked and one can get maps and directions from the ICT (Tourism Bureau) in downtown San Jose, under the Plaza de la Cultura. Trains are a great option for more romantic or adventuresome tourists, but there are also buses in Costa Rica, and plenty of them for that matter. There are also other means of transportation like taxis, rent-a-cars, planes, helicopters and some trains. Costa Rica might not be as advanced as other countries in many respects, but it does offer many different and for the most part, cheap options for getting around the country. Exercise 7 (check your answers on page 143). Instructions: Answer the following questions: True or False with the information from the readings about “Transportation in Costa Rica.” 1. People can get maps and directions in the capital city of San José ( ) 2. Trains are the only option to travel around Costa Rica ( ) 3. Traveling around Costa Rica is cheap and varied ( ) 50
  58. 58. Vocabulary Adjectives and Expressions Schedule, price, convenience, cost, early, late. Adjectives: Fast, better, comfortable, cheap, expensive. Expressions: -When is the next train to___? -What time is the next ___? At 7: 30 /1:00 p.m., etc... -What’s faster/ better/ more comfortable? -Which is the earliest /most comfortable/ cheapest, means of transportation? -How much does the ticket cost? -Are we boarding now?9 Costa Rica Public Bus Schedule Destination Departing from Frequency Timetable Journey Time San José, Av. Every 12/14 Calle 8 100 min. mts. south of la Castellana Gas Station. Tel. 4100015 / 0235 30 5:20 to 22:30 1.20 hrs. Ret 4:10 to 21:00 34 km San José, Calles Every AlajuelaAeropuerto 12/14 Ave 2 Tuasa min. 10 4:20 to 23:00, 35 min. after 23.00 every 19 km 30 min. Acosta Tel. 442-6900, 2225325. http://www.liberiacostaricainfo.com/BusScheduleCostaRica.html. 9 http://www.liberiacostaricainfo.com/BusScheduleCostaRica.html. 51
  59. 59. Practice C4.1. Bus Schedule Instructions: use the expressions to complete the following task: mark the correct option. 1. When is the next bus to Acosta? a) in 30 minutes b) in two hours 2. What time is the next bus to Alajuela? a) at 4:20 3. Where faster to arrive to? a) to Alajuela b) to Acosta 4. Which route departs more frequently? a) Alajuela b) at 5: 20 b) Acosta The Project 4.1 1. Topic: Travel-related terms and expressions. Instructions: use the words in parenthesis to complete the questions 1.1How (distant/far) is the museum from here? 2. Do you have any museum? (brochures/broaches) with information about the 3. Does the room have a 4. Does this dish have 5. You don't have any tables 6. Children over 12 have to pay 7. How much is the entrance (safe/save) where we can leave our valuables? (meat/meats) in it? (available/avoidable) ( = free) right now? (full/complete) price. (fee/value) to the museum? 52
  60. 60. 8. This card will allow you to 9. I'd like to (ride/drive) all the buses and the subway. (counsel/cancel) my reservation for tonight. 10. P1: How long does the trip to Goa (take/happen)? 1.2. Write the correct word (from the list on the right) to describe each picture: path zoo train amusement seats sunset airplane tram attendant souvenirs 1. 2. 3. 53
  61. 61. park 4. 5. 6. flight 7. 8. 9. 10. (foot) http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/shopping-visual-vocabulary1.html 54
  62. 62. Free activity 4.1. Search Word Puzzle airplane ambulance ferry submarine boat helicopter subway bus horse taxi camel motorcycle train car rocket truck ship van http://bogglesworldesl.com/survivalESL.htm 55
  63. 63. UNIT 5 http://www.travelplans.org.uk/index2.html . PERSONAL TRAVEL PLANS Lesson 5A. Reading on Vacation and Activities http://www.travelplans.org.uk/index2.html. Vacation is a time to relax, or a time to seek out adventure. It’s a way to let go of your stress and live out your fantasies. That is, if the stress and pain of planning the vacation doesn’t kill you first. English Expressions Translated to Spanish Where are you planning to go _______ (tomorrow, next vacation, etc.)? ¿A donde irá en vacaciones? When do you plan to leave? ¿Cuándo sale de vacaciones? Who’s going with you? ¿Quién va de vacaciones con usted? How often do you travel/ visit/ go to ______? ¿Cada cuánto viaja usted a…? 56
  64. 64. How long does it take to go to? ¿Que tan largo es el viaje? Where are you planning to spend your vacations? ¿Adónde planea pasar sus vacaciones? Plan Your Personal Vacation Activities http://bogglesworldesl.com/suggestions.htm Conversation: Jim and Susan are planning to go out Jim: Hello. Susan: Hello. Is Jim there please? Jim: Speaking. Susan: Hi, Jim. This is Susan. How are you doing these days? Jim: Good. What's up? Susan: Are you busy on Friday evening? 57
  65. 65. Jim: No, I'm free. Why? Susan: Would you like to go to the Museum of Natural History? Jim: Sounds good. What time would you like to meet? Susan: How about 7:00? Jim: 7:00 is fine. Where would you like to meet? Susan: Why don't we meet in front of Antico's Italian Restaurant? Jim: Sounds good. See you there. Susan: Great. Bye. Exercise 8 (check your answers on page 143). Instructions: answer the following questions from the dialogue between Jim and Susan. 1. What time are Jim and Susan going to meet? 2. Where are they going to go? 3. How much is the admission to the Museum of Natural History? 58
  66. 66. Lesson 5B. What are these people going to do in their Vacations? http://bogglesworldesl.com/flashcardsESL/places4.jpg. 1. The tourist is taking a picture of a statue at the museum. 2. A student is learning about dinosaurs. 3. A doctor is talking to a girl at the hospital. 4. A nurse is giving a needle at the hospital. 59
  67. 67. Practice B5. Some problems and situation at the airport Instructions: match the questions with the correct answers) Talking to passengers 1. Why is the flight being delayed? We're waiting for clearance. We'll be taking off shortly. We will be passing out headphones shortly. Would you like some peanuts? 2. Am I going to miss my connecting flight? You have to transfer to terminal 3. What time is your flight? We will be arriving in 20 minutes. 3. Can I get a Coke? Of course with ice? I'll add ice? Of course, would you like ice with that? 4. My headphones are not working! Let me get you another pair. We'll be coming around soon with drinks. Let me get you another pear. 60
  68. 68. 5. How much do I owe you? Free. Please fill out this form. The drinks are free-of-charge. 6. Can I use the lavatories in first-class? We have four lavatories. I'm sorry but those lavatories are for first-class passengers only. Would you like an extra blanket? 7. Would it be possible to change/switch seats? It may be possible, but we'll have to wait until the plane takes off and the captain turns off the seatbelt sign. Yes, this is your assigned seat. Please make sure you stow your belongings in the overhead compartment. 8. How long before we land? We will be coming around with a snack soon. We will be landing in about 20 minutes. Yes, it's a very long flight, isn't it? 9. I just want to stretch my legs. Would you like something to drink? You'll be able to do that as soon as the captain turns off the seatbelt sign. For now, please remain seated. Would you like a blanket? 61
  69. 69. 10. I requested a vegetarian/kosher meal. Alright - Chicken or fish? No, the choice is chicken or fish. Alright - Let me go check if it's there. The Project 5.1. Plan your dream vacation Instructions: read the conversation between Fay and Jerry; then plan your vacation. I.1.Preparing for Summer Vacation Situation: Fay asks Jerry about his plans for the summer and is a bit surprised. Fay: Hi Jerry. The school year is almost over. Do you have any plans for the summer vacation? Jerry: I'm planning on sleeping all day, every day! Fay: Oh, come on Jerry, you must be kidding. Jerry: Yeah, I'm just pulling your leg. Actually, I'm going to go down to Guizhou Province. Fay: Really? Why would you go to Guizhou? It's not a very popular tourist site. Jerry: No it is no, but I like it. Fay: Okay! 62
  70. 70. Now plan your vacation: imagine you are having a holiday at the beach. Plan one day of your holiday; start by answering the next questions: 1. Where are you going? 2. How much is the travel? 3. How long is the trip? 4. What activities are you going to have? http://www.teachervision.fen.com/tv/printables/orange/RV-88.pd I.2. Making a hotel reservation on the phone Instructions: fill in the blanks using the following words: put you through help you make a reservation A: Hello is that the Intercontinental hotel? B: Hotel Intercontinental, may I________? A: I’d like to____________. B: Just a moment please, I’ll ____________the reservations desk. A: Thanks. 63
  71. 71. UNIT 6 ACCEPTANCE AND REFUSAL OF GOODS AND SERVICES Lesson 6A. Goods & Services Vocabulary Computer store, shoe store, clothing store, pet shop, music store, book store, flower shop, furniture store, grocery store, hardware store, toy store, jewelry store, eyeglass store. Fast food, computer, shoes, clothing, pet, music CDs, books, magazines, flowers, furniture, groceries, hardware, toys, jewelry, eyeglasses… arcade.nick.com Identify the restaurant in the map. A: Excuse me. Where can I eat fast food? B: You can eat a hamburger with fried potatoes and have a natural drink at a fast food restaurant. B: How can I get to the restaurant? http://bogglesworldesl.com A. Go down the 7th Avenue, on the second corner go to the north there is a restaurant across the 6th Avenue. 64
  72. 72. Lesson 6B. The Odd One Out Game Exercise 9 (check your answers on page 144). Which of the following doesn’t belong? Underline the Category that is different. (1) Gifts Roses Flowers Plants (2) Autos Grocery Health Video Games (3) iPods Cameras Cell Phones Cars Bird (4) Helicopter Airplane Bus (5) Laptops Desktops Software Books (6) DVDs Music Books TVs (7) Perfumes Makeup Skin Care Camping (9) Jewelry Watches Perfumes iPods (10) Shoe store Grocery store Restaurant www.bogglesworldesl.com 65 Pet store
  73. 73. Practice B6.1. Reading comprehension Instructions: read the Oranges to answer the questions. http://www.teach-nology.com/gold/readgen3.html http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/shopping-visual-vocabulary1.html QUESTIONS 1. List the many different types of oranges. 2. How does the author compare the oranges from California with the oranges from Florida? 66
  74. 74. Lesson 6C. Vocabulary Practice C6.1. Instructions: write the correct word (from the list on the right) to complete each sentence/description: gloves boots socks jeans jacket skirt cap hat shoes tie boxers shirt belt 1. I am looking for a 2. These 3. This 4. These 67 . are on sale. is too short. fit me well.
  75. 75. 5. I need a new baseball 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. This t- Do you sell This Do you sell I need a new These . is too big. ? is on sale. ? . are too small. http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/shopping-visual-vocabulary1.html 68
  76. 76. Practice C6.2. Instructions: write the correct word (from the list on the right) to complete each of the following sentences: boarding gate bottle pass mobile tags wallet delayed money lost flight bags page 1) I lost my and all my money was inside it. 2) I missed my . 3) I can't find my husband. Can you 4) I can't find my departure . 5) The airline lost one of my . 6) I don't have enough to buy a sandwich. 7) They won't let me take my 8) I lost my boarding 9) My flight has been him? of water on the plane. . for three hours. 10) Is there a public phone here? My (cell phone) isn't working. http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/english-travel-airplane1.htm 69
  77. 77. Lesson 6D Getting out on the Town http://www.learningspanishsecrets.com/outonthetown.html Introduction: A: Hi, Chris. Long time no see. B: How have you been? A: Good. Keeping busy, you? B: Me too. I could use a break! Suggesting Dinner or Drinks: A: Do you feel like getting together for coffee? B: Sounds good. Do you have a place in mind? A: Yes. I know a good café around the university. Describing a Restaurant/Café/Pub B: What do they serve there? A: They serve chicken wings, pasta, burgers and coffee. You'll like the chicken wings. They are really fantastic! The atmosphere is relaxing. It's usually empty. 70
  78. 78. Exercise 10. Looking for information (check your answers on page 144). Instructions: complete the next three lines below using the information about Chris in the introduction part. Chris likes the café around the university because they serve: ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Practice D6.1. For and Against of Services Instructions: look at the following issues to decide whether you are for them or against them. Write: opinion and reason. I’m for it. I don’t really care I’m against it. I’m in favor of it. It doesn’t concern me I’m opposed to it. opinion reason Smoking in public places ________________ ________________ Drinking in public places _______________ _________________ Free university education ________________ ________________ Free high school education ________________ ________________ Free trade ________________ ________________ High taxes on tobacco ________________ ________________ High taxes on alcohol ________________ ________________ High taxes on imports ________________ ________________ Smaller classes ________________ ________________ 71
  79. 79. Students electing teachers ________________ ________________ Paying teachers more ________________ ________________ Paying politicians more ________________ ________________ Giving money to the poor ________________ ________________ Giving food to the poor ________________ ________________ Mandatory military service ________________ ________________ Women’s Mandatory service ________________ ________________ Giving homes to the homeless ________________ ________________ Free Medicine ________________ ________________ Free Public Transportation ________________ ________________ Raising the drinking age to 25 ________________ ________________ http://bogglesworldesl.com 72
  80. 80. Exercise11. Problems in a Hotel. Instructions: Match the problem from the left with the corresponding solution from the right (check your answers on page 145). The hotel is difficult to get to: Very few people know about the hotel. And the guests who do come say it is too expensive. Many things are broken: Many guests say that the staff is rude and unhelpful. The staff members argue with each other. Sometimes they swear at the managers. There are few guests: The roof leaks and many TVs in the room don’t work. Sometimes there is no electricity or hot water. The guests have complained that the food tastes terrible. They also complained that the food is the same every night. Some vegetarians were very angry because every dinner has meat. Theft: Complaints about the food: There are no buses coming from the airport to the hotel. The taxi from the airport to the hotel is very expensive. Guests are bored: There is a lot of theft at the hotel. Someone is stealing food from the kitchen, money from front desk, and sports equipment from the gym. Guests have also complained that somebody stole their wallets. Complaints about the staff: Guests have complained that there is nothing to do. There are no activities at night. In the day, there are few sports and nothing to see. http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/english-travel-airport1.html. 73
  81. 81. The Project 6.1 1. Choose the correct words/phrases to complete the following conversation at the airport: You: Hi, where's the check-in ________________ for American Airlines? counter control zone Airport worker: That's in terminal 2. This is terminal 1. You: Is there a ________________ that goes between terminals? transportation shuttle bus vehicle Airport worker: Yes, there's one right in front here. You: ________________to the taxi stand? together with next Airport Worker: Yes, that's right. You: Thanks. How much time ________________ to check in? (How much time before my flight should I check in?) will I let should I allow can I take Airport Worker: If you're on an international flight I believe you have to check-in 3 hours before your flight. You: And for ________________ flights. local country near 74
  82. 82. 2. Choose the correct QUESTION for the ANSWER that's given. What did the person ask to get this answer? 1) ANSWER: No, you'll have to transfer either in Chicago or Kansas City. QUESTION: Are there any direct flights to Dallas? How much is a ticket to Dallas? How long does the flight to Dallas take? 2) ANSWER: It's right there, next to that restaurant. QUESTION: How early should I check in? How much do I have to pay for the extra bag? Where's the lost-and-found office? 3) ANSWER: I'm sorry, this bathroom is being cleaned. QUESTION: Can I go into the bathroom? Where can I get a coffee around here? Where's the ticket office? 4) ANSWER: $75. QUESTION: Where's the lost-and-found office? How much do I have to pay for the extra bag? How long is the delay? 5) ANSWER: 2 hours. QUESTION: How long is the delay? Has the flight been cancelled? What time is it? 75
  83. 83. 6) ANSWER: At 2:00 PM. QUESTION: How long is the delay? When does the flight to Bangkok leave? What time is it? 7) ANSWER: No, this is the arrival area. QUESTION: Is this the departures area? Is this the arrivals area? Is this the lost-and-found office? 8) ANSWER: It's $10 per 24 hours. QUESTION: Where are the lockers? How much does a locker cost? Where are the luggage carousels? 9) ANSWER: It was. The gate has been changed to 44D. QUESTION: Can I buy a ticket here? How long is the delay? Is this the gate for flight 234 to Madrid? 10) ANSWER: You can bring one small bag on the plane with you. QUESTION: How much carry-on luggage am I allowed? How many bags can I check? Where can I pay for the extra bag? http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/airport-questions-answers1.html 76
  84. 84. 3. Read the conversation “Shopping for a Sweater” and answer the questions. 1. Can I help you? 1. What size are you? 2. I'm an extra large. 1. How about this one? 2. Yes, that's nice. Can I try it on? 1. Certainly, there's the changing rooms over there. 2. Thank you. 1. How does it fit? 2. It's too large. Do you have a large? 1. Yes, here you are. 2. Thank you. I'll have it, please. 1. OK, how would you like to pay? 2. Do you take credit cards? 1. Yes, we do. Visa, Master Card and American Express. 2. OK, here's my Visa. 1. Thank you. Have a nice day! 2. Thank you, goodbye. http://esl.about.com/od/beginnerpronunciation/a/bd_shop.htm QUESTIONS 1. What size is the sweater? 2. How the did the customer pay for the sweater? 77
  85. 85. 4. Use the Cardinal points and the map to complete the Expressions. Cardinal points: North, South, East, West. Expressions: A: Can I help you B: Excuse me, Where’s ____? A: It's one block North from ____. B: Where can I buy/get ______? A: There is a _____ nearby. B: How can I get there? A: You ____________ http://bogglesworldesl.com North East West South http://bogglesworldesl.com 78
  86. 86. UNIDAD 7 LIKES, DISLIKES AND PREFERENCES Lesson 7A. Actions Words Play, run, jump, swim, talk, dance, study, read read and cook Practice A7.1: identify each picture Actions Words: play, run, jump, swim, talk, dance, study, read, sing, ride bike, snap ... http://www.teachchildrenesl.com/flashcards.htm. 79
  87. 87. Lesson 7B. Action/Verb Reading Here is a little story to help you learn about Action Verbs. Anna jumped from bed on Monday. She ran to the breakfast table, doing three cartwheels on the way. "Anna, you are too active!" said Mrs. Action/Verb. "So?" Anna replied as she leapt out the door. She raced her friend, Donna Direct-Object, all www.bogglesworldesl.com. the way to school. But she couldn't sit still. Ms. Sentence, the teacher, tapped her ruler on her desk and said, "Anna, SIT STILL!" "Yes, ma'am," Anna said as she picked up her pencil. When the class lined up for Art, Patrick Pronoun whispered, "You'd better stop being so active. You'll get into trouble." But Anna was seeing how long she could hop on one foot and not trip over Donna. The Art teacher, Mrs. Preposition, was showing the class how to draw snowflakes when Anna tipped over in her chair. Then she did five somersaults right into a table. Anna got a bruise on her forehead and had to go to the nurse. Then Mr. Noun, the principal, wrote a note home to Anna's parents. And can you guess what Mr. and Mrs. Action/Verb decided? No gymnastics, Anna's favorite class, for a week! So Anna learned to do flips only in gymnastics and to learn in school instead. Exercise 12: reading comprehension (check your answers on page 146). Write a list of all the action verbs from the reading about Anna: 80
  88. 88. Exercise 13 (check your answers on page 146). Instructions: mark the following sentences true or false. 1. Anna did not stop being so active; consequently, she got a bruise on her forehead ( ). 2. Anna Parents decided that Anna learned to do flips in school ( ). 3. Anna did seven somersaults in the gym ( ) Practice B7.1. Matching action verbs Instructions: choose the correct Action verb to answer the questions. http://www.getworksheets.com/samples/worksheets/readingcomp/longvow.html 81
  89. 89. Lesson 7C. English Translated to Spanish Expressions English Spanish -I want /like /prefer to = yo quiero, amí me gusta, yo prefiero -I don’t like= Amí no me gusta We always play soccer on the weekend, but we seldom play tennis=Nosotros siempre jugamos football los fines de semana, pero raramente jugamos tenis. Expressing Preferences Likes and Dislikes Expresar preferencias, gustos y disgustos Ejemplo 1: Mart: Let’s go to the cinema, Edwin. Edwin: I prefer to go to the circus. Mart: Alright, let’s go to the circus then! Traducción: Mart: Vamos al cine, Edwin. Edwin: Prefiero ir al circo. Mart: Muy bien, ¡entonces vayamos al circo! Ejemplo 2: Xavier: I really liked yesterday’s show. Ernest: I didn’t like it that much. Traducción: Xavier: Me gusto mucho el espectáculo de ayer. Ernest: A mi no me gusto tanto. 82
  90. 90. Ejemplo 3: Sonia: Do you want to eat pizza? Jazmin: I would rather eat hamburgers. Sonia: OK, then let’s eat hamburgers. Traducción: Sonia: ¿Quieres comer pizza? Jazmin: Preferiría comer hamburguesas. Sonia: Muy bien, entonces comamos hamburguesas. Practice C7.1.Expressing likes and dislikes (affirmative, negative, interrogative) Instructions: use your dictionary to look for the meaning of the words from the circle. Then, write them in Spanish. 1. jam 2. ice-cream 10.cereals 5. tea 1…………………………2……………………… 3………………………4………. 5………………………....6…………………………7………………………8………… 3. sugar 6. soup 8. bread. 9.cereal Exercise 19. Now write true sentences about yourself: 4. coffee 7. yogurt 8. butter 8. milk. 10.chocolate 1. _____________ 4. 7. 2. _____________5. 8. 3. _____________6. 9. 83
  91. 91. Practice C7.2. Use your dictionary Instructions: look for the English words. Then translate them to Spanish. 1. pan 2. té 3. helado 4. mermelada 5. sopa 6. leche 7. mantequilla 8. yogurt 9. chocolate http://www.tanninimages.com 10. azúcar 11. café 12. cereales 13. naranjas 14. limón 15. uvas 16. coco 17. manzana 18. peras 19. sandía 20. kiwis 21. ciruelas 22. cerezas 23. plátanos 24. melocotones 25. piña 26. melón 27. fresas 28. tomatoes http://www tanninimages.com/lightbox/index/module/media/category/gallery|Mixed%20Fruit/start/12. 84
  92. 92. Lesson 7D. Expressing likes and dislikes (+ /-/?) I like fruits! ¡Me gusta la fruta! Practice D7.1. Likes and dislikes Instructions: Look at the pictures about fruits (worksheet) and match the words. Then,write them in your language. 1- ________________ 2- ________________ 3- ________________ 4- ________________ 5- ________________ 6- ________________ 7- ________________ 8- ________________ http://www.teachchildrenesl.com/flashcards.htm Now use I like / I don't like Complete the following sentences about yourself, your friends or people in your family. Ahora escribe frases que sean ciertas sobre ti mismo-a, tus amigos o familiares. Example: I like pears. My sister likes peaches. My brother doesn’t like apples. I don’t like bananas. 85
  93. 93. 10. ______________________________________pineapples. 11. _____________________________________ oranges. 12. _____________________________________ apples. 13. _____________________________________ lemons. 14. ______________________________________kiwis. 15. ______________________________________bananas. 16. ______________________________________melons. 17. ______________________________________ peaches. 18. ______________________________________strawberries. 10. ______________________________________watermelons. 11. ______________________________________carrots. 12. ______________________________________tomatoes. 13. ______________________________________ mangoes. 14. ______________________________________ potatoes. 15 ______________________________________ cherries. 16 _______________________________________ grapes. 17. ______________________________________ tennis. 18 ______________________________________ game shows. 19. ______________________________________chocolate. 20. ______________________________________spiders. 21. ______________________________________soaps. 22. ______________________________________dogs. 23._______________________________________swimming. 24._______________________________________carrots. 25._______________________________________bowling. 26. _____________________________________ olives. 86
  94. 94. Practice D7.2. Answer the questions from the table. Question: Answer: Do you like…? Why? Do you like to drink soda? Why? Yes, because it is sweet. Yes I do (write your reason) 1. to drink soda 2. sausage 3. to drink coffee 4. to drink orange juice 5. mango ice-cream 6. scrambled eggs 7. to eat sandwich 8. to eat cake 9. spicy food 10. chicken curry 87 No I don’t ( write your reason)
  95. 95. Now Expressing Dislikes Complete the sentences I hate ___________________ I dislike __________________ I can’t stand ___________________ I’m tired of _______________ I’m fed up with _________________ I’m sick of ________________ I’m sick and tired of ________________ _____________ really bugs me. _____________ makes me mad. _____________ drives me crazy. _____________ pisses me off. _____________ annoys me. And answer these questions: What does your friend do that annoys you? What does your friend do that pisses you off? What kind of teacher makes you mad? What does your mother do that drives you crazy? What do your neighbors do that you are fed up with? http://bogglesworldesl.com 88 .
  96. 96. Finally express likes to complete the sentences below: I love chocolate. I love playing football. I love . I like animals. I like dancing. I like . *I fancy you. I fancy reading. I fancy . I enjoy foreign films. I enjoy running. I enjoy . I'm crazy about Beck. I'm crazy about skiing. I'm crazy about . I'm mad about Brad Pitt. I'm mad about singing. I'm mad about . *I'm keen on John. I'm keen on swimming. I'm keen on . *I'm fond of her. I'm fond of cycling. I'm fond of . is my favorite movie / actor / singer / book, etc. looks / sounds / smells / tastes / feels good. http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/adfreqz.htm 4.1. Expressing Dislikes I hate spiders. I hate writing essays. I hate . I don't like spinach. I don't like being cold. I don't like . *I don't fancy her. I don't fancy playing cards. I don't fancy . I can’t stand smoke. I can't stand being late. I can't stand . I can't bear lazy people. I can't bear eating onions. I can't bear . I can't put up with Mike. I can't put up with lying. I can't put up with . I’m fed up with Jill. I'm fed up with wasting money. I'm fed up with . I’m sick of homework. I'm sick of going to the movies. I'm sick of . 89
  97. 97. I’m tired of vegetables. I'm tired of being sick. I'm tired of really bugs me. makes me mad / angry. drives me crazy. annoys me. 4.2. Expressing Indifference Do you mind if I open the window? I don't mind. Does it bother you if I smoke? It doesn't bother me. Do you want to go here or there? It doesn't matter to me. Which movie should we watch? It makes no difference to me. Which book do you like more? It's all the same to me. What do you want for dinner? I don't care. http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/adfreqz.htm 90 .
  98. 98. Lesson 7E. Reading comprehension I. Do you like Going on a Picnic? How often do you go on a Picnic? Read the following text. Going On a Picnic Savannah and Charlotte worked real hard all summer to prepare for the end of summer picnic. Savannah grew tomatoes and green peppers in her garden. Charlotte lives on a farm and since the spring has been growing corn, lettuce, and grapes. A week before the picnic both girls harvested and packed their produce. They decided that all of their hard work deserved a reward. They charged others for their produce. Savannah charged one dollar for one tomato or green pepper. Charlotte charged one dollar for a head of lettuce, fifty cents for an ear of corn, and five cents for a grape. Practice E7.1. Mixed questions and exercises 1. Savannah grew ________ for the end of summer picnic. a. tomatoes b. corn c. lettuce d. apples 2. Charlotte grew ________ for the end of summer picnic. a. tomatoes b. corn c. lettuce d. both b & c 91
  99. 99. 3. Where does Charlotte live? a. Mattydale b. on a farm c. in the circus d. on a boat 4. If you were to go to the picnic and purchase 3 tomatoes and 3 ears of corn from the girls, how much would it cost? a. $1.50 b. $3.50 c. $4.00 d. $4.50 http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/language_arts/reading_comp/elem/ver25/ 5. Draw a picture of the picnic. 92
  100. 100. 6. Organize the themes into the four categories: as in the table www.english-4kids.com/ www.esl-galaxy.com banana beans beef butter carrots cheese chicken durian eggs Fruits fish ham lemon mango melon milk onions peach pear Vegetables 1. banana 93 peas plum potatoes sausages star fruit tomato watermelon Dairy Meat
  101. 101. 7. Read and answer the questions Tom goes to eat breakfast Answer the questions below Tom wants to eat breakfast. He goes to the restaurant. He is hungry. He orders a slice of pizza, a cup of tea and a carton of milk. The waiter asks Tom if he wants something else. Tom says, he wants a piece of cheese and a bowl of soup. Tom eats all his food and pays the bill. He is full now. He goes to work. Questions 1. Where does Tom go? _________________________________ 2. What does he order? __________________________________ 3. What does the waiter ask him? ___________________________ 4. How does Tom feel after eating? _________________________ 5. Where does Tom go after eating?________________________ www.esl-galaxy.com 94
  102. 102. 8. What does lemon taste like? Match and draw pictures and tastes below. candy Salt coffee Lemon Turkey Bitter Tasty Sweet Sour Spicy Salty Chicken curry www.esl-galaxy.com 95
  103. 103. 9. Choose the correct words/phrases to tell someone that you LIKE or DON'T LIKE something: 1) I love this meal. It's very _________________! tasty bland 2) I don't eat meat. I'm a _________________. carnivore vegetarian 3) I can't eat _________________ food. I'm on a diet. spicy greasy/fatty 4) I love _________________ food, but my husband likes bland food. spicy simple 5) This meal is _________________! My compliments to the chef. fantastic awful 6) I love the service here. It's very _________________. rude professional 96
  104. 104. 7) This restaurant is too noisy. I'm looking for somewhere more _________________. quiet loud 8) That was perfect! I'm _________________. hungry full 9) I want to order something else. I'm still _________________. full hungry 10) That was a great meal! I thought the fish was prepared _________________. perfectly badly http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/travelenglish/restaurant-like-dontlike1.html 97
  105. 105. Lesson 7F. Adverbs of frequency Grammar: Adverbios de frecuencia (often, every day, always, never, every other day, etc.) play on weekends, etc. Translation Often: muchas veces. Every day: todos los días. Always: siempre. Every other day: de día por medio. Never: nunca. Play on weekends: jugar los fines de semana. Practice F7.1. Position of adverbs of frequency Instructions: rewrite the complete sentence using the adverb in brackets in its correct position. Example: I play tennis on Sundays. (often) Answer: I often play tennis on Sundays. 1) He listens to the radio. (often) 2) They read a book. (sometimes) 3) Pete gets angry. (never) 4) Tom is very friendly. (usually) 5) I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes) 6) Ramon and Frank are hungry. (often) 7) My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always) 98
  106. 106. Conversation using adverbs of frequency A: Do you often come to this restaurant? B: Two years ago, I would always come here on Sundays, but now I'm too busy. I rarely eat here more than once a month. Are there any restaurants you like to go to? A: I sometimes have lunch at a restaurant at my office but I never eat there on weekends. Usage of Frequency Adverbs: Adverbs of frequency are used in positive sentences. The frequency adverb is placed after the main verb (if the main verb is not the verb "to be). Positive Sentences With Frequency Adverb Subject Auxiliary Verb Frequency Main Verb Continue the Sentence (if need) Adverb I - Always walk to work. We - Often Eat meat on Saturday night. My cats - sometimes sleep in their beds. She has Never been to China. He has Always wanted live in Paris. They will Never Use the old computers in the basement. http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/adfreqz.htm 99
  107. 107. Examples:  I always walk to school.  My cats sometimes like to play.  Our teacher almost never gives us a lot of homework. Adverbs of frequency are used in positive sentences. The frequency adverb is placed before the main verb if the main verb is the Verb "to be" Positive and Negative Sentences without the verb "to be" Frequency adverbs are used in positive sentences and negative sentences. The frequency adverb is placed after the main verb (if the main verb is not the verb "to be). Examples:  I always walk to school  My cats sometimes likes to play  Our teacher almost never gives us a lot of homework.  The teacher doesn't always come on time.  My cats don't always like to play with my socks.  I don't often walk to school. Frequency Adverbs are used in positive sentences and negative sentences. The frequency adverb is placed before the main verb if the main verb is the Verb "to be".  The teacher is always on time.  My sister is never lazy.  Our house is sometimes a mess.  My brother's house is never a mess.  The sofa is always comfortable to sit on. 100
  108. 108. Practice F7.2. Use of adverbs Instructions: answer the questions using the adverbs. Always, Usually, Sometimes and Never Question Your answer How often do you eat fish? How often do you drink milk? How often do you watch TV? How often do you eat dog meat? How often do you ride a bike? How often do you go swimming? How often do you drink tea? How often do you eat in a toilet? How often do you read books? How often do you brush your teeth? How often do you wash your face? How often do you watch cartoons? Designed by Luke Biesiada, 2007 www.esl-galaxy.com 101
  109. 109. Exercise 14. Frequency Adverbs (check your answers on page 146). Instructions: select the correct alternative that completes the sentences correctly. Multiple Choice 1. Carlos is an excellent student. He _________ goes to class. Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 2. I hate vegetables. I _________ eat carrots. Always Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 3. Robert goes to the gym only two or three times a year. He ________ goes to the gym. Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 102
  110. 110. 4. Harold never leaves the college on Friday. He ________ eats at the cafeteria on Fridays. Usually Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 5. Teresa is not a pleasant person. She is ___________ in a bad mood. My sister usually drives to work with a friend. She _________ drives alone. Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never 6. Susan goes to the beach whenever she can. She _______ misses a chance to go to the ocean. Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/adfreqz.htm 103
  111. 111. 2.2. Adverb Frequency Instructions: please fill in the blanks with always, usually, seldom, or never. Fill-In-The-Blank The alarm clock beeped at 6:30 AM. Harold got up quickly because he gets up at 6:30 AM. After getting ready, Harold ate breakfast. Harold only eats breakfast once or twice a month. Harold eats breakfast. Next, he went downstairs and got into his car. The car wouldn't start so he had to take the bus. Harold hadn't taken the bus in five years. He takes the bus. At the school, everyone was wondering where he was. Harold makes sure the Multimedia Classroom is open at 8 AM. Harold is late. He is on time. Harold arrived at the school at 8:15 AM but he didn't check his mail. Harold checks his mail most days. He checks his mail. The first class was scheduled to arrive at 8:30. Harold makes sure that the room is ready on time. Fortunately, Harold was able to get things ready. He hopes that this happens again! http://esl.lbcc.cc.ca.us/eesllessons/adverbfreq/advfill.htm 104
  112. 112. The project 7.1. Read and answer the questions. Mr. Williams was always a very careful driver As one approaches some crossroads, one comes to a sign which says that drivers have to stop when they come to the main road ahead. At other crossroads, drivers have to go slow, but they do not actually have to stop (unless, of course, there is something coming along the main road); and at still others, they do not have either to stop or to go slow, because they are themselves on the main road. Mr. Williams, who was always a very careful driver, was driving home from work one evening when he came to a crossroads. It had a “Slow” sign, so he slowed down when he came to the main road, looked both ways to see that nothing was coming, and then drove across without stopping completely. At once he heard a police whistle, so he pulled in to the side of the road and stopped. A policeman walked over to him with a notebook and pencil in his hand and said, “You didn’t stop at the crossing.” “But the sign there doesn’t say “Stop”,” answered Mr Williams. “It just says “Slow”, and I did go slow.” The policeman looked around him, and a look of surprise came over his face. Then he put his notebook and pencil away, scratched his head and said, “Well, I’ll be blowed” I am in the wrong street!” QUESTIONS 1. Answer the following questions using your own words but taking into account the information in the text. (2 points) a. When do you have to stop when you reach a crossroads? b. What happens when you are on the main road? 105
  113. 113. 2. After the following statements True or False? Identify the part of the text that supports your answer by copying the exact passage. a. Stop signs can be found at every crossroads. b. Mr Williams was a distracted driver. c. Mr. Williams stopped completely before crossing the main road. http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/readingcomprehension/carefuldriver.pd 106
  114. 114. UNIDAD 8 www.barcelosanjosepalacio.com GIVE AND FOLLOW DIRECTIONS Lesson 8A. Community places Post office, police station, grocery store, hotel, bakery, gas station, fire station, bus station, hardware store, school, drugstore, barber shop / beauty shop. Expressions to give and follow directions: go to the left, turn right, go straight on, walk down, stop Excuse me, where’s the ____? It’s in front of /next to /behind /between /two blocks from _____. Walk straight ahead, get to the next corner. Turn left/right. Could you please tell me where _______ is? etc. There are many ways to give directions. One common way to give directions is to give the name of the street and then some building nearby. http://bogglesworldesl.com Below are some examples. Use the map to fill in the name of the building that t http://bogglesworldesl.com. 107
  115. 115. Practice A8. 1. Complete the chart with the Information from the building above. Street Information Nearby Buildings Floor Information Possible (Option) Buildings? It’s on 2nd Avenue next to the bank X It’s on Elm Street between the on the second pharmacy and the floor shoe store It’s on the corner of across from the cafe X 2nd and Elm www.bogglesworldesl.com. Now read the following conversation using the substitutions in the box. A: Do you know where I can get a cup of get some hiking get some aspirin coffee? boots B: Sure. You could try the Starry Café. get some cat food A: Where’s that? buy some milk B: It’s on 2nd Avenue across from the work out pharmacy. buy some pants A: Thanks. B: No problem grab a hamburger www.bogglesworldesl.com. 108 see a movie buy a book mail a letter buy some CDs get a bite to eat
  116. 116. Lesson 8B. Understanding Directions A: Do you know where I can find a hospital? B: Sure. You could try the Oak Street. A: Where’s that? B: It’s on 1st Avenue across from the aquarium. A: Thanks. B: No problem. http://bogglesworldesl.com/directions.htm 109

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