Antologia 7 ingles

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Antologia 7 ingles

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD ESTATAL A DISTANCIA COLEGIO NACIONAL DE EDUCACIÓN A DISTANCIA COORDINACIÓN ACADÉMICA ANTOLOGÍA CONED MATERIA: INGLÉS CÓDIGO: 80001 NIVEL: SÉTIMO 2011 1
  2. 2. El CONED agradece a GEINER ANTONIO SEGURA RODRÍGUEZ por la elección y presentación de los temas de la presente antología, así como el aporte a la educación secundaria a distancia. Las denominaciones empleadas en esta publicación y la forma en que aparecen presentados los datos, no implican de parte del CONED o la UNED juicio alguno sobre la condición jurídica de personas, países, territorios, ciudades o de autoridades. MATERIAL SIN FINES COMERCIALES PARA USO EXCLUSIVO DE ESTUDIANTES DEL COLEGIO NACIONAL DE EDUCACIÓN A DISTANCIA CONED Dirección General: Clara Vila Santo Domingo Coordinación Académica: Jéssica Ramírez Achoy Coordinación Administrativa: Jéssica Vega Barrientos Asistente Coordinación Académica: Jonathan Soto Coordinación Inglés: Olman Alfonso Cantillo Badilla Teléfonos 22-58-22-09 / 22-55-30-42 / 22-21-29-95 Página Web: http//www.coned.ac.cr © 2011, CONED 2
  3. 3. PAGE OBJECTIVES Index First week Greetings and Leave Takings. Second week Identifying Oneself Third week Dictionary: Organization Fourth week Dictionary: Use Fifth week Things We Use 1 Sixth Things We Use 1 Seventh week Directions and Instructions Eighth week Give and Follow Directions and Instructions. Ninth week Tenth week Buildings in a City. Eleventh week Naming and indicating places. Twelfth week Describing Things by Color. Thirteenth week Giving Shapes, Sizes, and Materials. Fourteenth week Accept and Refuse Good and Services 1. Fifteenth week Accept and Refuse Good and Services 2 Sixteenth week General Review ANSWER KEY Bibliography 3 4 I can introduce myself and others, and greet and say good bye to my classmates, teaches and others. 13 29 I can exchange basic personal information: name, last name, etc. I can identify the different parts of a dictionary. 40 I can identify the different kinds of dictionaries. 52 I can identify classroom objects and ask and answer questions about them. 71 I can identify and classify classroom objects and others that are around us. I can understand and respond to everyday instructions. 85 I can give and follow different instructions. 93 106 I can identify objects and its location. I can recognize vocabulary related to builds in a City. 118 I can use vocabulary related with object descriptions. 136 I can describe things according to their color. 142 148 I can describe things according to their shape, color, size and materials. I can offer, accept and refuse goods and services. 159 I can offer, accept and refuse goods and services. 170 180 198 206 I can apply all the knowledge that I acquired during all previous weeks. 3
  4. 4. FIRST WEEK GREETINGS AND LEAVE TAKINGS GREETINGS A. Read and understand the conversation. 1. 7:00 pm-12:00 am 2. 6:00 am-12:00 pm 12:00 pm-6:00pm Saslow, Joan and Ascher, Allen (2006). Top Notch: Fundamentals. Person Education, Inc. Page: 2. Saying hello Richards, Jack C. (2000) New Interchange: INTRO. Cambridge University Press. Page: 4 4
  5. 5. A. Hello. My name is Carlos. Molinsky, Steven J., and Bliss, Bill. (1988). ExpressWays: English for Communication 1A. Prentice Hall Regents. Pág: 2 B. Hi. I’m Kim. Nice to meet you. A. Nice meeting you, too. CARLOS KIM A. Hi! How are you? B. Fine. And you? A. Fine, thanks. I’d like to introduce you to my husband, Michael. Molinsky, Steven J., and Bliss, Bill. (1988). ExpressWays: English for Communication 1A. Prentice Hall Regents. Pág: 3 B. Nice to meet you. My husband, Michael 5
  6. 6. Situation: Bianka is introducing Tracy to Maria Situation: Windy is introducing herself to Jorge. Windy: Hello! I’m Windy Gamboa. Maria: Good morning! Jorge: Hi! I´m Jorge Arrieta. Bianka: This is Tracy. Windy: Nice to meet you, Jorge. Maria: Nice meeting you, Jorge: Nice to meet you, too. Tracy. Situation: Windy is introducing herself to Jorge. Tracy: Nice to meet you, Windy: Hello! I’m Windy Gamboa. Maria. Jorge: Hi! I´m Jorge Arrieta. Maria: Good bye Windy: Nice to meet you, Jorge. Bianka: Good bye Jorge: Nice to meet you, too. 6 Recuperado el 3 de abril de 2010 de: http://www.super coloring.com/wpcontent/thumbnai l/2009_01/friends hip-day-23coloring-page.gif
  7. 7. B. Match the greeting with the draw. 1) Good morning ( ) 2) Good evening ( ) 3) Good afternoon ( ) 7
  8. 8. C. Write the missing letter to complete the word. 1) G_o_ a_te_n_o_ 2) _o_d m_o_ni_g 3) _ _o_v_n_ _ g D. Read the greeting and make a drawing. 1) Good morning 2) Good afternoon 3) Good evening 8
  9. 9. E. According to the drawing write the greeting. 6:00 am- 12:00 pm 1.__________________ Recuperado el 15 de febrero del 2010 de: http://1esoeiesramonllull.files.wordpress.c om/2009/12/happy-sun-gif.jp. Recuperado el 16 de febrero del 2010. 6:00 pm- 12:00 am 2. __________________ Recuperado el 15 de febrero del 2010 de: http:// www.newrinkles.com/wpcontent/uploads/2009/01/sleepingfca.png. recuperado el 16 de febrero del 2010. 12:00 pm- 6:00 am Recuperado el 15 de febrero del 2010 de: http://www.bccancer.bc.ca/NR/rdonlyres/4 83D2456-286B-46DA-A12D69C8E081CCC5/18845/BigHardSun.jpg. 3____________________ F. Unscramble the letters. 1- oodg fnrnoaeoet __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 2- gdoo negienv __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _________ 3- dogo omingnr__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ____________ 9
  10. 10. G. Complete the following sentences according to the words that are place in the box. WHAT ARE THEY SAYING? meet name Hello meeting is My you I'm Example 1. ________. I'm Jane. Hello. My name is Tom. ___________ name is Gloria. Nice to Hi. My name is Bill. meet ____________. 2. Hello. My name 3. Hi. __________ name is Karen. ___________Brian. Hi. I'm'Steve. Nice to __________ Hello. ____________ Bob. you. 10
  11. 11. Molinsky, Steven J., and Bliss, Bill. (1988). ExpressWays: Companion Workbook 1A. Prentice Hall Regents. Pág: 1. 4. ____________ . My _______ 5. ___________. _________ Richard. Jessica. Hi. ___________ Doris. Hi. ____________ Mary. Nice to, Nice too_________ __________. ___________ _____________. Nice ____________ __________, too. LEAVE TAKINGS We use good –bye and good night when we are leaving or when we are going to bed. A. Write the missing letters to complete the word. 1) G_o_ b_e 2) _o_d _ i_g_t B. Read the greeting and make a drawing. 1) Good bye 2) Good night 11
  12. 12. C. According to the drawing write the leave taking. Recuperado el 15 de febrero del 2010 de: http://images.google.com/images?hl=es&sa =1&q=goodbye&btnG=Buscar&aq=f&oq=&s tart=0 1. Recuperado el 15 de febrero del 2010 de: http://www.sfdrcisd.org/personal/rosa_arrambide/class/rosa% 20picture%20library/sleeping-snoopy.jpg 2. D. Unscramble the letters. 1- oodg tngih __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 2- dogo bye __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _____ E. Classify the following sentences into greetings and leave takings: good bye, good evening, good night, good morning, good afternoon. Greetings Leave takings 12
  13. 13. SECOND WEEK IDENTIFYING ONESELF A: Identifying oneself. http://www.inglesmadrid.com/images/ im-email-22aug3.gif Recuperado el 15 de febrero del 2010 de: http://www.inglesmadrid.com/images/im-email-22aug4.gif B. Read and understand the dialogues. A. What's your last name? B. Sanchez. A. Could you spell that, please? B. S-A-N-C-H-E-Z. Molinsky, Steven J., and Bliss, Bill. (1988). ExpressWays: English for Communication 1A. Prentice Hall Regents. Pág: 4 A. And your first name? B. Maria 13
  14. 14. A. Hello. My name is Franco Rossi. B. Hello. Fm Harry Miller. A. Are you American? B. Yes, I am. I'm from New Molinsky, Steven J., and Bliss, Bill. (1988). ExpressWays: English for Communication 1A. Prentice Hall Regents. Pág: 7 York. How about you? A. I'm Italian. I'm from Rome. B. Nice to meet you. A. Nice meeting you, too. Franco Rossi Italian Rome Harry Miller American New York C. Read the following questions and answers. They are some of the most common types of personal information. Questions Answers What’s your full name? My full name is…. What’s your name? My name is…. What’s your first name? My first name is….. What’s your middle name? My middle name is…. What’s your last name? My last name is…. How old are you? I’m years old…. Where do you live? I live in…. Where are you from? I from…. 14
  15. 15. How are you? Fine, thanks What´s your telephone number? My telephone number Is…. D. Matching. 1) How old are you? ( ) My name is 2) What’s your middle name? ( ) I’m years old 3) Where do you live? ( ) My first name is 4) What’s your full name? ( ) My full name is 5) How are you? ( ) My middle name is 6) What’s your first name? ( ) My last name is 7) Where are you from? ( ) I live in 8) What’s your name? ( ) I’m from 9) What’s your last name? ( ) Fine, thanks 15
  16. 16. E. Choose the alternative that best completes the dialogue. Situation: Diana and Yeimy meet at the Central Park in Alajuela Diana: Hi, Yeimy (1) ________________ Yeimy: Fine, Diana and you? Diana: fine, thanks Yeimy: (2) ________________ Diana: I am studying Social Planning and Promotion at the Universidad Nacional in Heredia and on Sundays I work in a store in downtown Alajuela. Yeimy (3) ______________, very good Diana: And what about you Yeimy? Yeimy: I am working at a private company and at night I go to the university. Diana: (4) _______________, I’m late for class, good bye. Yeimy: (5) _______________ Diana: That right Yeimy: Nice to meet you Diana: (6) ___________________ 1. A) Nice to see you again B) How old are you? C) How are you? D) See you later 2. A) Where are you from? B) I live in Buenos Aires Puntarenas C) Have a nice day D) What are you doing? 3. A) O.K. B) Sorry C) That’s right D) What’s up? 4. A) Good night B) What your name? C) Excellent D) Thank you 16
  17. 17. 5. A) My name is Carlos B) I’m 29 years old C) I’m from Honduras D) I see you later 6 A) Fine, thanks you B) What your last name? C) My middle name is Andrea? D) Nice to meet you too F. Put the following sentences in order. Example name/ is / my/ Francisco My name is Francisco 1) name/middle/is/my ________________________________ 2) name/your/what/is/full ________________________________ 3) is/name/Gerardo/first/my ________________________________ 4) what/name/is/first/your ________________________________ 5) Jose Aldemar Barrantes Bonilla/________________________________ my/is/full/name 6) name/what/your/is ________________________________ 7) in/live/i/Puntarenas ________________________________ 8) are/from/you/where ________________________________ 9) you/are/old/how ________________________________ 10) do/where/live/you ________________________________ G. Complete it with your personal information. 1) What’s your name? __________________________________ 2) What’s your middle name? __________________________________ 3) What’s your last name? __________________________________ 4) Where do you live? __________________________________ 5) Where are you from? __________________________________ 6) How old are you? __________________________________ 17
  18. 18. H. Unscramble the letters. 1) ym naen si __________________________________ 2) erhew od uoy ieil? __________________________________ 3) owh dlo era uoy? __________________________________ 4) fien sthkna __________________________________ 5) hwta si rouy rsfit eman __________________________________ 6) twah is ouyr amne? __________________________________ 7) I lvei ni __________________________________ 8) weher rar oyu mfor? __________________________________ I. Complete the conversation. 1 . Hi MRS. what is your_______? 2. _______name is Juan. 3. Ok Juan what’s your ______ name. 4. My last name ______ Guillermo. 5. Juan where do you ____ 6. l live ___ Sarchì. 18
  19. 19. J. Read and answer the questions. Hi, my name is Zulay, my middle name is María and my last name is Rodríguez, I am from Costa Rica and I live in San Jerónimo de Naranjo, I am sixty-six years old. Recuperado el 18 de febrero del 2010 de: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/sp anish/pubs/interstitialcystitis_ ez/images/HappyWoman.jpg 1. What is her name? _________________________________ 2. What is her middle name? _________________________________ 3. What is her last name? _________________________________ 4. Where is she from? _________________________________ 5. Where does she live? _________________________________ 6. How old is she? _________________________________ K. Complete these sentences. 1. My name ____ Emilce Martínez. Fin from Costa Rica____ family is in Perez Zeledón. My brother ____ a university student, _____ name is Abelino. 2. _____ name is Aracelly Barrantes Quesada. I'm 74 years old. My sister ____ a nurse _____ sons are in Mexico right now. 3. I'm Natalia, but everyone calls me Aty.____ last name is Romero, ____ a student at Universidad Nacional. My parents _____ working this week. ____ in Panamá. 4. Hi, my name is Carlos. _____ middle name is Luis. I am from Costa Rica. 19
  20. 20. L. Red the following information. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES Grammar focus Statements with be Contractions of be Possessive adjectives I'm = I am My you're = you are your he's = he is his s h e ' s = sh e i s her it's = it is its We' re in the store. we're = we are out They’re my friends. they're = they are their I'm from Perú. You' re from Chile. He' s from Cuba. She' s a new student. It' s a beautiful town . My, your, his, her, its, our, My; your; his; her; its; our; and their are the English & their are the possessive possessive adjectives in English. adjectives, used with nouns to show They are used before a possession or ownership. noun to show possession. 20
  21. 21. Example: That's my folder. (My is an adjective which shows that I am the owner of the folder. Grammar Focus: my, your, his, her. Richards, Jack C. (1994) New Interchange: INTRO. Cambridge University Press. Page: 3 What's your name? My name is Jennifer. What's his name? His name is Michael. What's her name? Her name is Nicole. What's = What Is M. Complete the following sentences according to possessive adjectives. What’s the word? I She My My 21 her
  22. 22. 2. ____name is Anna Rossi. 1. I 'm from New York. _____ is from Italy. My name is Michael. We Our He His 3. ____ are Miguel and Maria. 4. ____ name is Kenji. _____ father is Mr. Sanchez. _____’s from Osaka. Molinsky, Steven J., and Bliss, Bill. (1988). ExpressWays: Companion Workbook 1A. Prentice Hall Regents. Pág: 1. They You Their Your 5. ____ are Bob and Mary Peterson. 6. ____ are Mrs. Wilson. _____ address is 15 Howard Avenue. _____ first name is Doris. N. Red the following sentences. 1. Hello, my full name is Diana Romero Martinez, I was born in Perez Zeledón, I am 21 years old, I live in Alajuela, I am a student, and I like to study too much. 2. Hello, my name is Alejandro and my last name is Ramirez, I am 27 years old, I am a dentist I work in Guatuso in my private clinic, I help people with their teeth. I really enjoy doing that. 22
  23. 23. 3. Hi, my is Nelson my last name is Rodriguez, I am 26 years old, I am carpenter, I work in Sarchí, I build tables, chairs, and beds. This is a hard word but I like it too much. 4. Hello, my name is Kenneth, my middle name is Gerardo and my last name is Rodriguez, I am 24 years old, and I am an engineer. I work in San Jose. I have to work with computer all the day. 5. Hi, my name is Graciela and my last name is Romero, I am 29 years old, and I am geographer. My telephone number is 89907231. I work at the ICE in Perez Zeledón. I have to travel to Perez Zeledón every weed because I live in Alajuela. 6. Hello, my name is Antonio and my last name is Aguilera, I am 50 year old. I am a farmer. I work in my farm in Naranjo I grow coffee. 7. Hi. My name is Karla and my last name is Miranda. I am 21 years old. My middle name is Vanessa. I live in Puntarenas .I am a lawyer. I help people with their legal problems. I really like my work. 8. Hi, My name is Maikol and my last name is Cubero. I am 24 years old. I am publicist. I make ads in the newspaper, television and radio. This is a very nice work. 9. Hello, My name is Heidy and my last name is Segura. I am 36 years old. I am hairdresser. I from Costa Rica 10. My name is Jean and my last name is Solis. I am 23 years old. I am soccer player. I like to play soccer every day. I live in Palmares, Ñ. Choose the correct answer. 1. What’s Diana full name? a) Martinez b) Diana Andrea Romero Martínez c) Andrea 23
  24. 24. 2. Alejandro Ramírez is a: a) Bus driver b) Geographer c) Dentist 3. Nelson Rodríguez Works in: a) Puntarenas b) Pital, San Carlos c) Sarchí 4. Kenneth Rodriguez is a) 24 years old b) 29 years old c) 34 years old 5. Graciela Romero telephone number is a) 89907321 b) 89907231 c) 89802713 6. Antonio Aguilera is a: a) Taxi driver b) Farmer c) Welder 7. What’s Karla last name: a) Romero b) Miranda c) Perez 8. Maikol’s last name is: a) Cubero b) Chávez c) Brenes 9. Heidy is from: a) Perú b) Puerto Rico c) Costa Rica 10. Jean Solis live in: a) San Jose b) Palmares c) San Ramón 24
  25. 25. O. Read the previous information and write a T if the information is true and write a F if the information is false. It is false write the correct answer. Example __F__ Diana’s last name is Rodríguez. No, her last name is Romero __F__ Alejandro works in Puntarenas. No, he works in Guatuso 1.____ Nelson works in Sarchí. ___________________________ 2.____ Kenneth’s middle name is Gerardo. ___________________________ 3.____ Graciela works at MEP. ___________________________ 4.____ Antonio is 41 years old. ___________________________ 5.____ Karla lives in Puntarenas. ___________________________ 6.____ Maikol Cubero is a bus driver. ___________________________ 7.____ Heidy is from Colombia. ___________________________ 8.____ Jean lives in San José. ___________________________ 25
  26. 26. Numbers 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 Four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 Eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 Twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 Sixteen 19 nineteen 20 Twenty 21 twentyone 22 twenty tow 23 twentythree 24 twentyfour 29 twentynine 30 thirty 40 forty 50 Fifty 17 18 seventeen eighteen 25 twentyfive 26 twentysix 27 twentyseven 28 twentyeight 60 sixty 70 seventy 80 eighty 90 Ninety P. Add. 54+ 12=_____________________ 87+ 3= _____________________ 21+31=_____________________ 55+14=_____________________ 12+19=_____________________ 35+45= _____________________ 12+66=_____________________ 58+27= _____________________ 32+42=_____________________ 19+72= _____________________ 26
  27. 27. Q. Match the number. 7 ninety 46 fifty-five 90 eight-one 20 thirty-eight 16 twenty-nine 55 sixteen 73 forty-six 29 twenty 38 seven 81 seventy-three R. Write the missing letter. Example : sixteen 1) F_urt_en 2) Ei_h_y-t_o 3) _o_ty-e_gh_ 4) T_el_e 5) T_ir_y- fiv_ S. Unscramble the letters. Example: ourf four 1) fiytf________ 2) tewytn________ 3) tne________ 4)xsyit________ 5) vteysne________ 8) ytriht________ 6)orfty________ 7) tgeyhi________ 9)nyitne________ T. Write the number. Ejemplo: 9 nine A) 33_________ B) 84_________ C) 14_________ E) 78_________ 27 D) 51_________
  28. 28. U. Write the number. Example: 18 eighteen 1) Eight_________ 2) Twenty-six_________ 3) Four_________ 4) Ninety_________ 5) Fifteen_________ V. Numbers mixed – Crossword1. 1 2 Across Down 1) 3) 6) 9) 8) 10) 9) 11) 12) 5 4) 7) 4 2) 5) 3 1) 6 7 8 9 10 13) 14) 11 15) 12 13 14 15 1 Recuperado el 22 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/various/crossword_numbers4.htm 28
  29. 29. THIRD WEEK DICTIONARY: ORGANIZATION A. The dictionary is a helper. It gives important information. 1 Guide word 2 Entry words 3 Pronunciation 4 Part of speech 5 Definitions Knife edge blade with a sharp edge and point, as a dagger. 3 a sharp blade forming part of a tool or machine: the knives of a lawn mower. —v.t. 1 cut or stab with a knife. 2 SLANG . try to defeat in an underhand way. —v.i. move or pass through as if with a knife: The submarine knifed through the cold arctic waters. [Old English cnif] —knife'like', adj. knife edge, 1 edge of a knife. 2 anything very sharp. 3 wedge on the fine edge of which a scale, beam, pendulum, etc., is hung. Knight (nit), n. l (in the Middle Ages) a man raised to an honorable military rank and pledged to do good deeds. After serving as a page and squire, a man was made a knight by king or a lord. 2 (in modern times) a man raised to an honorable rank because of great achievement or service. A British knight ranks just below a baronet and uses the title Sir before his name, EXAMPLE : Sir John Smith or Sir John. 3 man devoted to the service or protection of a lady. 4 person in ancient history, mythology, etc., considered to hold a position similar to that of a medieval knight. 5 member or holder of a rank or degree in any order or society that bears the official title of Knights. 6 piece in the game of chess, usually having the figure of a horse's head. It moves two squares horizon-tally and one square vertically or two squares vertically and one square horizontally from the square it occupies, whether or not any of the intervening squares is occupied. —v.t. raise to the rank of knight. [Old English cniht boy] 1 Guide words 2 Entry words 568 Proposition-Protein propostion [prapozŝon]. s proposición, propuesta: (lóg. y mat.) proposición; (ret.) ex-posición, propósito; (mús.) tema. m. En lenguaje familiar se emplea a veces con alguna vaguedad en el sentido de "cosa," "asunto," "problema" "su jeto," etc.: the war was a serious proposiyion, la guerra fué cosa seria; the working of those mines was a complicated proposition. la explotación de esas minas era un problema complicado; that man seems to be a very tough proposition, ese hombre Grupo Térraba Inglés (2004), parece ser tipo muy difícil. Costa Rica: Editorial ICER. proposltional [-al], a. de carácter de proposición; relativo a la proposición. Pag: 44. propound [propáurtd]. va. proponer; presentar. propounder [-oe(r)], s. proponente, proponedor. propr(a)etor [proupríto(r)], s (hist. rom.) propretor. 3 Pronunciation 4 Part of speech 5 Translation 29
  30. 30. Guide words Entry Word Para encontrar "help" en este diccionario, localizo la página que inicia con la expresión "heir presumptive" y termina con "helpmeet", ya que la palabra que busco Grupo Térraba Inglés (2004), Costa Rica: Editorial ICER. Pag: apare ce entre esas 45. dos expresiones. 30
  31. 31. B. Look at the dictionary page2. C. Find the abbreviations for these words. ____n.______ noun ____________ indefinite article ____________verb ____________abbreviation ____________plural ____________adjective ____________preposition ____________adverb ____________conjunction 2 Bonilla, R; Sibaja, A and Villegas, M. (2001). Have Fun 1. San José, C.R., Ediciones FARBEN. Page 97. 31
  32. 32. D. Read the text The Best Source of Words There are many ways that a person can find out about words. The best known way to find out about a word is to use a dictionary. What are some of the things you find out when you use a dictionary? Why do we use a Dictionary?? Spelling. Yes! What if you don't know how to spell a word and you have to look it up?? That always made me mad. I ask how to spell a word, and the teacher or my mother says, "Look it up!!" Luckily words are listed in alphabetical order. So, if we go to the Reference Section of the library or the shelf where we keep our dictionary at home, we can find out how to spell it. 1) What is the best known way to find out about a word? A) A Magazine B) A dictionary C) A newspaper 2) The dictionary helps us to …. A) Know how to buy something B) Know how to find a telephone number C) Know how to spell a word 32 Recuperado el 29 de marzo del 2010 de: http://library.thinkque st.org/5585/dictionary .htm#What%20you% 20can%20find%20in %20a%20dictionary.
  33. 33. E. Red the following text and write in the sentences is true or false. What you can find in a dictionary3 There are numerous things a person can find in a dictionary. The first and obvious things in a dictionary that people think of are definitions. The words are all in alphabetic or A-B-C order. Words sometimes have more than one definition. There is also other information about words such as their function or part of speech, their pronunciation, as well as origins, or roots, of words. Webster Dictionary has examples of this information with their entries on the web. Other useful information can be found in the dictionary as well. Information such as English to metric conversion tables, maps, Presidents of the United States, explanations of common symbols, and most important "How to Use a Dictionary" can be found. Some of our favorite Dictionary Sites are listed below. A fun thing to do might be to open a dictionary and see what kind of information you can find. Did you know there are many kinds of dictionaries? Talk to your librarian. You could have a contest to see how many you can find. 1) ______In a dictionary we can find definitions. 2) _____ The words are all messy. 3) _____ Words only have one definition. 4) _____In a dictionary we can find other information about words such as their function or part of speech, their pronunciation, as well as origins, or roots, of words. 5) _____In a dictionary we can find information about Presidents of the United States. 3 Using a Dictionary. Recuperado el 26 de febrero http://library.thinkquest.org/5585/dictionary.htm#What%20you%20can%20find%20in%20a%20dictionary. 33 del 2010 de:
  34. 34. F. Read the following information. How to Use a Dictionary Part of Speech Definition First, think of the word to look up. Then Part of speech: any of the classes of open the dictionary to as close to the words of a given language to which a first letter or two of the word as word can be assigned: different kinds of possible. grammar Then either turn back or have different criteria for forward to find the word. To help the classifying words, as form, function or search, dictionaries have guide words to meaning, or combinations of these: in help. Guide words are at the top of each traditional English grammar, patterned page. The first guide word is the first after Latin grammar, the parts of speech word on a page, and the second guide are word at the top of the page is the last pronoun, preposition, conjunction, and word interjection. on the page. Using the It will be between the words. Using a Dictionary. Recuperado el 26 de febrero del 2010 de: http://library.thinkquest.org/5585/dictionary.htm#What%20you%20can%20find%20in%20a %20dictionary verb, adjective, adverb, Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2009 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc. guidewords, you should find the word you a looking for easily. noun, Your Dictionay: the last word in words Recuperado 26 de febrero del 2010 de: http://www.yourdictionary.com/part-of-speech . part of speech n. pl. parts of speech 1. One of a group of traditional classifications of words according to their functions in context, including the noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection, and sometimes the article. 2. A word considered as a part of speech. 34 Dictionary. Recueprado el 27 de febrero del 2010 de: http://dictiona ry.reference. com/browse/ part+of+spee ch
  35. 35. Noun 1. entry word - the form of a word that heads a lexical entry and is alphabetized in a dictionary Recuperado el 28 de febrero del 2010 de :http://www.thefree dictionary.com/entr y+word trans·la·tion (tr ns-l sh n, tr nz-) n. 1. a. The act or process of translating, especially from one language into another. b. The state of being translated. pro·nun·ci·a·tion (pr -n n s - sh n) n. 1. The act or manner of pronouncing words; utterance of speech. 2. A way of speaking a word, especially a way that is accepted or generally understood. 3. A graphic representation of the way a word is spoken, using phonetic symbols. Recuperado 28 de febrero del 2010 de: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/translation Recuperado el 28 de febrero del 2010 de: http://www.thefreediction ary.com/pronunciation guide word Hide links within definitionsShow links within definitions DefinitionOne or more words printed on the top of the page of a reference work to guide the reader in locating the word he or she is looking for. In some arrangements (as in pocket book dictionaries) the left-hand page repeats the first word on that page, and the right-hand page repeats the last word on that page. In other arrangements (such as large dictionaries with fine print) each page repeats the first and the last word(s) on that page. Also called catch word. 35 Recueperado el 1 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.busi nessdictionary. com/definition/ guideword.html
  36. 36. Dictionary example4 4 Recuperado el 19 de marzo del 2010 de:http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/spanishdictionary/english.pdf 36
  37. 37. Alphabet pronunciation The Word Alphabet5 it comes from the Greeks from the name of the two first letters of its Alphabet alpha and beta. The American Alphabet has 26 letters, ¡approximately 44 different sounds! (the pronunciation can vary according with the accent of each region.) La palabra Alfabeto es de origen griego formada a partir del nombre de las dos primeras letras de su abecedario (el griego) alpha y beta .El inglés Americano tiene 26 letras, ¡aproximadamente 44 sonidos diferentes! (la pronunciación puede variar con el acento de cada región) A. Read the following text. English6 English is a West Germanic language related to Dutch, Frisian and German with a significant amount of vocabulary from French, Latin, Greek and many other languages. 5 Recuperado el 19 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.mailxmail.com/curso-english-class-introduction/the-alphabet-pronunciation 6 Recuperado el 19 de marzo del 2010 de: Omniglot: writing systems & languages of the world, recuperado el 15 de Marzo del 2010 de: http://www.omniglot.com/writing/english.htm 37
  38. 38. English evolved from the Germanic languages brought to Britain by the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and other Germanic tribes, which are known collectively as Anglo-Saxon or Old English. Old English began to appear in writing during the early 8th century AD. Approximately 341 million people speak English as a native language and a further 267 million speak it as a second language in over 104 countries including the UK, Ireland, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, American Samoa, Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Botswana, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands and Denmark. B. Underline the words that you do not understand then look up them in your EnglishSpanish dictionary. Copy the word and the translation. Example: West: oeste __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 38
  39. 39. C. Ordene alfabeticamete las siguientes palablras house, chair, apple, zebra, book, pen, mouse, table, umbrella, computer, shoes, watch, time, woman, man, desk, father. ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ 39
  40. 40. FOURTH WEEK DICTIONARY: USE A. Visualize the dictionaries. Grupo Térraba Inglés (2004), Costa Rica: Editorial ICER. Pag: 55. 40
  41. 41. B. Read the dialogue. Grupo Térraba Inglés (2004), Costa Rica: Editorial ICER. Pag: 56. C. Read with the aid of a dictionary 7. Dictionaries come in different sizes. They are for different purposes. There are a great variety of needs and interests. The dictionaries help to meet these specific needs. The monolingual dictionaries are English-English (Spanish-Spanish) dictionaries. They include information about culture, literature, science, technology in addition to the definitions, pronunciation, parts of speech and synonyms. There are dictionaries for specific purposes. They are for the professional and technical fields. The vocabulary is selected to meet the needs of people working in these areas. 7 Grupo Térraba Inglés (2004), Costa Rica: Editorial ICER. Pag: 57. 41
  42. 42. Picture dictionaries, where the vocabulary is illustrate d, are helpful for beginners and young learners. In recent years electronic dictionaries and CD Roms appeared on the market. They provide all the technological advantages to access information. For this course you need a small bilingual dictionary (English-Spanish / Spanish-English). D. Match the type of dictionary with the user8. DICTIONARY USER A: Monolingual ( ) Doctor B: Picture ( ) Mechanic C: Bilingual ( ) Advanced Student D: Medical ( ) Beginner E: Technical ( ) 6 years old E. Study the organization of your dictionary. Write down the type of information that you observe9. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 8 9 Ídem. Ídem. 42
  43. 43. F. Read the headline and the text from «The Tico Times" 10. East-Side Bookstore Open for Biz11 A resident of San Francisco de Dos Ríos, At present, the bookstore has about 700 Sydney Glazer opens a new bookstore, used English books available to read. He Sydney's Books, on one side of his house, hopes to have a collection of at least 1000 in the eastern suburb of San José. He books on hand. Each book costs about is originally from New York, but he is living ¢950 ($2.40). The store is near El Bosque in Costa Rica now. Church, house number 559. For more information call 219-3530. Sydney's Books' owner says, "People are looking for something like this when they choose a place a place to live". Glazer says that the business is good Jon Gambrell because many English-speaking Costa Adapted from The Tico Times Rican neighbors stop to buy books. open (to sb/sth), open (for sth) available for people to enter, visit, use, etc.: not closed to the public: The bank isn't open till 9.30. - the new shopping centre will soon be open. • The hotel damaged by the bomb is now open for business again • The competition is open to everyone. • The gardens are open to the public in the summer. OPP closed or shut 3 not keeping feelings and thoughts hidden: Elena doesn't mind talking about her feelings - she's a very open person. • He looked at him with open dislike. 10 11 book store (buk / stôr / , buk / stōr / ), n. store where books are sold. for (fôr; unstressed fər), prep. with the object or purpose of taking, achieving, or obtaining: He went for a walk. Ídem, pág: 58. La única palabra que no puede encontrar en su diccionario es ubiz" por ser una forma coloquial de business. 43
  44. 44. G. Read "East-side Bookstore Open for Biz"12. Use your dictionary. Write down the words you don't understand or cannot predict the meaning. ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ H. Translate the following paragraph13. A resident of San Francisco de Dos Ríos,-Sydney Glazer, opens a new bookstore, Sydney's Books, on one side of his house, in the eastern suburb of San José. He is originally from New York, but he is living in Costa Rica now. TRANSLATION ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 12 13 Ídem, pág: 59. Ídem. 44
  45. 45. I. Write the following words in alphabetic order 14. how _______________ girl _______________ book _______________ box _______________ table _______________ chair _______________ flower _______________ cable _______________ shoes _______________ ship _______________ door _______________ clock _______________ child _______________ good _______________ Miss _______________ more _______________ Mister _______________ five _______________ thirty _______________ twelve _______________ twin _______________ afternoon _______________ nine _______________ night _______________ eight _______________ 14 Ídem, pág: 60. 45
  46. 46. J. Encyclopedia15 This is a ten-volume encyclopedia. Study the entry words for each volume. K. Can you find these words? Write the volume of the encyclopedia where the word appears. WORD VOLUME WORD over zero life balloon accounting violet Islam quart death choose road word tomorrow union fiber x-ray jail sacred yellow month 15 health Geometry Ídem, pág: 61. 46 VOLUME
  47. 47. L. Read the title and text. Underline the words you recognize. Copy them. Fires Devour Forests16 Two forest fires that broke out near the Central Valley mountain coffee town of Copey de Dota and San Pedro Tarrazú destroyed over 250 hectares of primary forests, farmlands Lands and pastures over the weekend. The fires raged for five days before finally bein g suppressed Monday afternoon by firefighters, police, Red Cross workers, Environment Ministry personnel, and over 300 volunteers, reported the daily newspaper La Nación. The first fire began on Feb. 5 in El Cañón del Guarco in the province of Cartago and extended to the San José Cantón of Dota. Strong winds, high temperatures and hilly terrain made it difficult to put out the fire, which seemed to get stronger. The situation seemed hopeless when, during the weekend, flames grew and reached heights of up to 12 meters. The second blaze began on Feb. 6 near Tarrazú, and firefighters had the same difficulties fighting it. Director of the Firefighters' Brigade Héctor Monge and Public Security Ministry officials suspect both fires were unintentionally caused by careless hunters. "Hunters and farmers need to understand that they can't continua burning back the fields," he stressed. "This puts people and forests in great danger." Several of the people who helped fight the fires were treated for smoke inhalation. Two Cartago police officers were transferred to hospital s to be treated for injuries. Taken from The Tico Times p.3, Feb 14, 2003 ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________________ M :Look up the remaining words in your dictionary17. 16 Ídem, pág: 62. 17 Ídem, pág: 63. 47
  48. 48. N: Read the article. Ñ:These words appear in the article. Circle the best translation. smoke: humo fumar ahumar fíame: color llama rubor blaze: incendio echar chispa arder fire: disparar despedir fuego stress: Acento enfatizar tensión fight: Lucha empeño discusión treat: atendido placer negociar 48
  49. 49. How to Use a Dictionary?18 Online dictionaries are occasionally lacking in detail or otherwise faulty, so you will need to know how to look up a word in a dictionary. Yes, we are referring to a real-world dictionary which you can hold in your hands. Keep a good dictionary near where you study or read 1) Decide what word you wish to look up. Did you find it in something that you read or hear it in conversation? 2) Figure out what letter your target word starts with (i.e. PSYCHOTIC would start with a P; and GNOME would start with a G; and words like KNOCK, KNICKERS and KNOB would naturally begin with a K). For the purposes of this article, we will look up the word FUTILE. 3) Open the dictionary so that it lies flat on the table before you. In the upper corners of the pages, notice the 'GUIDE WORDS'. Find the section dealing with words beginning with the letter of your target word. If you see guide words beginning with the letter E, then move a few pages forward to the F section. 4 18 Wikihow: the how to manual that you can edit. Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.wikihow.com/Use-a-Dictionary 49
  50. 50. 4) Consider the second letter of your target word, in this case, U. You must move along until you find guide words beginning with FU. Perhaps you will see "furrow/futtock" in the upper left corner of the left page and "futtock plate/gaberlunzie" in the upper right corner of the right page. Now you know that FUTILE is going to be located on one of these two pages. 5 5) Scan down the list of entry words moving past FURRY and FUSE and FUSS. Since your word begins with FUT, you must go past all the FUR and all the FUS words alphabetically until you reach the FUT area of the page. In our example, you will need to move right down through FUT and FUTHARK and this is at last, where you will find FUTILE. 6 6) Read the entry word and notice any near neighbors that might be related, such as FUTILITY. 7 7) Read the information given about this word (entry). Depending on your dictionary, you might find many things. A) A definition of the word. B) One or more pronunciations. Look for a pronunciation key near the beginning of the dictionary to help you interpret the written pronunciation. C) Synonyms and antonyms. You can use these in your writing, or as further clues towards the word's meaning. D) An etymology, derivation, or history of the word. Even if you don't know Latin or Greek, you may find that this information helps you to remember or understand the word. E) Examples or citations of how the word is used. Use these to add context to the meaning of the word. F) Derived terms and inflections (I am, you are). G) Phrases or idioms associated with the word. 50
  51. 51. 8) Think about how this information relates to the word as you encountered it. If there are multiple definitions, decide which one matches your source or context for the word and notice how the different definitions are related to one another. 9) Try using your new word in a sentence. If it's difficult to spell, write it a few times to help yourself remember it. Tips A) Dictionaries vary in approach. The best way to learn how to use your particular dictionary effectively is to read the introductory section which explains how entries are arranged in your very own reference book. B) If you can't seem to locate your word, make sure you are spelling the word right. For example, you won't find ISOTOPE in the dictionary if you are looking in the A section, which you might be tempted to do if, for example, your chemistry teacher speaks with a bit of a southern accent C) If you're having trouble spelling a word, try the spell-checker in a word processor and see what it suggests. D) Don't forget to check online dictionaries, too. Many now include additional content, such as an audio pronunciation. E) In Google, typing define: futile will search only for definitions. 51
  52. 52. FIFTH WEEK THINGS WE USE 1 Demonstrative adjectives are those adjectives whose function is to point at something. In English, the singular demonstrative adjectives are "this" and "that," while the plural ones are "these" and "those." (Some grammarians refer to them as demonstrative determiners.) This and that We have to remember that we use this and that when talking in singular. The difference is that we use this when the object is near and we use that when the object is far. Example: This is a chair That is a chair this`s a chair that`s a chair When we want to make questions, if the object is near we use What is this? And when the object is far we use What is that ? And the answer to those questions is it is a. Example: What is this? It is a dictionary What is that? It is a pencil Another way to make questions by using the demonstrative is in this way. Is this a house? -Yes, it is -No, it is not 52
  53. 53. A. Read the conversations below19. David: Could you give me that book on the table over there? Frank: Do you mean this book here? David: Yes, that book. Frank: Here you are. Oh, could you give me those magazines on the table over there? David: These? Sure, here you are. David: Is there an apple on that table over there? Frank: Yes, there is. Here it is. David: Great, are there any oranges? Frank: No, there aren't. David: Oh, here they are, next to me on this table. 1) This is a house Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl=http://static.ho wstuffworks.com. 2) That is a house Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl=http://s tatic.howstuffworks.com. 3) This is a computer Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://allfunandgames.net/MyImages/comp uterDrawing.gif 19 English as a 2nd language. Recuperado http://esl.about.com/od/thebasics/a/this_that_these_those_determiners.htm 53 el 5 de marzo del 2010 de:
  54. 54. 4) That is car Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl=http://api.n ing.com/files/TCX23RkfT8lRTNulmA2XHM9i4ZpBGOgSFLnhEaE0NB9LZ19sEZf1T*q*HEj0OAFclCEeoczC9tC8IGSde31KwOPbq6ru1i/carro.jpg&img refurl 5) This is a backpack Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.clker.com/clipart-backpack-greenbrown.html 6) This is a school Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.accd.edu/pac/faculty/rhines/StudentProjects /2006/Boldtvolle/boldtv%20sch%20drawg.jpg 7) That is a door Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl= http://alexisravelo.canariblogs.com/files/pu erta.jpg&imgrefurl= 54
  55. 55. 8) This is a window Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.fondospantallagratis.com/fondos-deescritorio-wallpapers/varios/playa-vista-desde-laventana/1606 9) That is a butterfly Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl=http://gre ennature.com/images/nature/swallowtail.gif&imgref B. Complete the following sentences. Example That is a bed Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/9/949/4296/ how-to-draw-a-bed-step-5.jpg 1) __________ is a telephone Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.how-to-draw-funnycartoons.com/image-files/cartoon-telephone-6.gif 2) __________ is a chair Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.jasonstreff.com/drawings/camera.png 55
  56. 56. 3) __________ is a pant Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: diyfashion.about.com/.../ss/Panel_Pants.htm 4) __________is a bird Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://drawingthemotmot.files.wordpress.com/2 007/02/fruitpigeonsmall.jpg 5) __________ is a cow Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/how-to-drawanimals-140.jpg 6) __________ is a microwave oven Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://s3.images.com/huge.0.169.JPG 7) That is a cup Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approv e/3729332/2/istockphoto_3729332-cup-of-coffee.jpg 8) __________ is a ball Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.webdesign.org/img_articles/10140/f eather-poly.jpg 56
  57. 57. 9) __________ is a broom Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://mrana.typepad.com/bitbybit/images/20 07/12/12/176broom.jpg 10) __________ is a spoon Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://giraffian.com/pictionary-files/s/spoon.png C. Unscramble the words to make sentences. Example Is this tree a Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.inkart.com/images/LineArtUpdate/Olive_Tree _Drawing.jpg ____________________ 1) a that newspaper is Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/artroo m/Nicole/newspaper.gif ____________________ 57
  58. 58. 2) radio this is a Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://carrypoem.files.wordpress.com/200 9/12/radio_w640px.jpg ____________________ 3) a is that motorcycle Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/how-todraw-cars-46.jpg ____________________ 4) this USB memory a is Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://visionwidget.com/images/albums/12301/photoshop_illustrator_tutorials_68.jpg ____________________ 5) coin this a is Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.atoncer.com/coins/america/cost a-rica-el-salvador/costarica-100-colones1995.jpg ____________________ 58
  59. 59. 6) a this candy is Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.childrens-drawings.com/wpcontent/uploads/2009/10/candy-drawing.jpg ____________________ 7) is a that key Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.jmrichardson.net/images/key.png ____________________ 8) cap this is a Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de:http://thumb18.shutterstock.com.edgesuite.net/display _pic_with_logo/412462/412462,1254055944,4/stockvector-cap-drawing-37787728.jpg ____________________ 9) That is a hammer Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://elviran.com/images/martillo.gif ____________________ 59
  60. 60. 10) is hen a that Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de:http://drawinghowtodraw.com/drawinglessons/drawing-animals-creatureslessons/images/finished-cartoon-chicken-hendrawingtutorials.png ____________________ D. Write the sentences according to the drawing Example nail Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.minprom.gov.by/images/product s/41701.jpg That is a nail 1) Dictionary Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.websterdictionary.org/dict/103/058735delineation.gif ______________________ 2) Computer Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: https://tonkay.wikispaces.com/file/view/Com puter.JPG/42646461/Computer.JPG ______________________ 60
  61. 61. 3) Toothpaste Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/images?um=1&hl=es&rlz=1R2TSL A_esCR371&tbs=isch:1&q=PASTA+DENTAL&sa=N&start=0 &ndsp=20 ______________________ 4. Comb Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.timtim.com/public/images/ drawings/large/001554_Comb.gif ______________________ 5. Calculator Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.understandingmoney.gov.au/image /calculator.GIF ______________________ ¿Cómo hacer preguntas con this and that.? Para hacer preguntas usando estos adjetivos demostrativos se pueden realizar de dos maneras. Se usa: -What is this? Si el objeto por el cual estamos preguntando está cerca. - What is that? Si el objeto que estamos preguntando está lejos. Y la respuesta para ambas es it is a ……… y se escribe el nombre del objeto que se tiene. Ejemplo What is this? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl=htt p://msp106.photobucket.com/albums/m251/tf aught/Big-Fan.jpg&imgrefurl It is a fan Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl=htt p://msp106.photobucket.com/albums/m251/tf aught/Big-Fan.jpg&imgrefurl What is that? It is a fan 61
  62. 62. E. Answering the questions. Example A) What is this? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://i.ehow.com/images/a04/l9/8h/tires-car-truckother-vehicle-800X800.jpg It is a tire 1) What is this? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://dclips.fundraw.com/400dir/JicJac_Couch. gif ____________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl= http://images.clipartof.com/ 2) What is that? ____________________ 3) What is this? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2273/2241005678_aa1 6f21496.jpg ____________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de:http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/ 9/1501/6268/how-to-draw-a-winebottle-step-4.jpg 4) What is that? ____________________ 62
  63. 63. 5) What is this? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.scritchandscratch.com/img/scr atch/081009_watch.jpg ____________________ F. Make the questions. Example What is this? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.students.stedwards.edu/ahernanm/S occer_ball.png It is a ball Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.cksinfo.com/clipart/fashion/glass es/sunglasses-4.png 1) ____________________? It is a sunglass Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2239/2078976542_e53 bef172a.jpg 2) ____________________? It is a shoe Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://ronnietucker.co.uk/wpcontent/uploads/2009/12/eraser.jpg 3) ____________________? It is an eraser 63
  64. 64. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.stockphotopro.com/photothumbs-2/stockphotopro_5993557BRH_no_title.jpg 4) ____________________? It is a blender Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_nEDkV48SDok/SdV vklPd4XI/AAAAAAAAAhQ/97Dki2bsoZY/s400 /Picture+5.png 5) ____________________? It is a wallet Otra forma de hacer las preguntas usando los adjetivos demostrativos es de esta manera: cuando se tiene una oración en forma afirmativa, para que esta quede en forma de pregunta lo que se hace es invertir un poco el orden de esta oración para que esta quede en forma de pregunta. Es importante recordar que debemos colocar el signo de pregunta. En inglés es singo de pregunta se coloca únicamente al final. It Question? is a pencil Is Affirmative sentence it a pencil? Yes, it No, it is not Answers 64
  65. 65. G. Make these sentences into questions. Example: It is a window Is it a window? 1) It is a handbag ___________________? 2) It is a toothbrush ___________________? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/9/801/3659/ how-to-draw-a-coach-handbag-step-5.jpg Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://stuckattheairport.com/wpcontent/uploads/2009/08/toothbrush.gif 3) It is a pillow ___________________? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de:http://www.how-to-draw-funnycartoons.com/image-files/cartoon-pillow-3.gif 4) It is a sock ___________________? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de:http://www.how-to-draw-funnycartoons.com/image-files/cartoon-socks-5.gif Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: www.iruler.net/ruler_10_20.jpg 5) It is a ruler ___________________? 65
  66. 66. H. Answer the following questions in positive and negative way. Example: Is it a table? Yes, it is Is it a banquet? No, it is not, it is a pencil 1) Is it a refrigerator? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/9/1372/5872/ how-to-draw-a-table-step-4.jpg Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://wendyusuallywanders.files.wordpress.com/2009/08 /pencil.jpg Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://s3.images.com/huge.0.770.JPG ___________________ 2) Is it an umbrella? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.clker.com/clipart-11251.html 3) Is it a calendar? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/ b/be/WorldCalendar.png 66
  67. 67. 4) Is it an eraser? ___________________ 5) Is it a boy? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.freshpromotions.com.au/produ cts/mont-blanc-style-pen.jpg Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/13/3869/16835/ how-to-draw-a-anime-school-girl-step-6.jpg 6) Is it a sweater? ___________________ 7) Is it a liquid paper? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.penland.org/images/events/t-shirtsketch.gif Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_whcX6HFx00/SvyfafgOuFI/AAAAAAAAAg0/0wBMvmLwsGE/s400/liqui d_paper.jpg. ___________________ 8) Is it a calculator? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.compunoa.com/images/CelularNOKIA-6101-LIBRE.jpg ___________________ 9) Is it a newspaper? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://alt1040.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/pcmagazine.gif 67
  68. 68. 10) Is it a belt? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.hintonstudios.com/showimage/785997/Dustin-Hinton/Filters:Clothing-IV-(White-Shirt-and-Tie).jpg I. Match. 1) What is this? ( ) No, It is a pencil 2) It is a pen? ( ) it is an eraser 3) Is it a sharpener? ( ) Yes, it is 4) Is it a book? ( ) Yes, it is 68
  69. 69. J. Read and understand the following dialogue. Francisco: Hi. Emilce: Hi, How are you? Francisco: Fine and you? Emilce: Fine, thanks. Francisco: Excuse me. What is your name? Emilce: My name is Emilce. Emilce: What is your name? Francisco: My name is Francisco. Francisco: Where do you live? Emilce: I live in Alajuela. Emilce: And where do you live? Francisco: I live in Buenos Aires, Puntarenas Francisco: Excuse me. What is that? Emilce: It is a necklace. Francisco: Ohhh very nice Francisco: And what is that? Emilce: It is the Catholic Church 69
  70. 70. K. Classroom Objects20. 1 2 3 4 Across 1. Use it to add numbers 3. Write with this 5. You can write with this, too. 8. You read this. 9. White and blank 5 6 7 Down 1. A useful tool for almost anything 2. You measure with this. 4. It writes on the blackboard. 6. A view of the world. 7. Where you sit to write. 8 9 20 Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://iteslj.org/cw/2/mg-classroom.html 70
  71. 71. SIXTH WEEK THINGS WE USE 2 These and those Demonstrative adjectives are those adjectives whose function is to point at something. In English, the singular demonstrative adjectives are "this" and "that," while the plural ones are "these" and "those." (Some grammarians refer to them as demonstrative determiners.) We have to remember that we use theses and those when talking in plural. The difference is that we use these when the objects are near and we use those when the objects are far. Example These are tables Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/9/1372 /5872/how-to-draw-a-table-step-4.jpg Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tut s/pics/9/1372/5872/how-todraw-a-table-step-4.jpg Those are tables These are computers Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://allfunandgames.net/MyImages/comput erDrawing.gif 71
  72. 72. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl=htt p://api.ning.com/files/TCX23RkfT8lRTNulmA 2XHM9i4ZpBGOgSFLnhEaE0NB9LZ19sEZf1T*q*HEj 0OAFclCEeoczC9tC8IGSde31KwOPbq6ru1i/carro.j pg&imgrefurl Those are cars Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.clker.com/clipart-backpack-greenbrown.html These are backpacks Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.accd.edu/pac/faculty/rhines/StudentPro jects/2006/Boldtvolle/boldtv%20sch%20drawg.jpg These are schools Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?img url=http://alexisravelo.canariblogs.co m/files/puerta.jpg&imgrefurl= Those are doors Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.fondospantallagratis.com/fondosde-escritorio-wallpapers/varios/playa-vistadesde-la-ventana/1606 These are windows Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl =http://greennature.com/images/nature/s wallowtail.gif&imgrefurl=http://greennatur e.com Those are butterflies 72
  73. 73. A) Complete the following sentences Example Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/9/949/4 296/how-to-draw-a-bed-step-5.jpg Those are beds Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de:http://www.howto-draw-funny-cartoons.com/image-files/cartoontelephone-6.gif 1) __________ are telephones Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de:http://www.jasonstreff.com/drawings/camera.png 2) __________ are cameras Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: diyfashion.about.com/.../ss/Pane l_Pants.htm 3) __________ are pants Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://drawingthemotmot.f iles.wordpress.com/2007/ 02/fruitpigeonsmall.jpg 4) __________are birds Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://static.howstuffwor ks.com/gif/how-todraw-animals-140.jpg 5) __________ are cows Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://s3.images.com/huge.0. 169.JPG 6) __________ are microwave ovens 73
  74. 74. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.istockphoto.com /file_thumbview_approve/3 729332/2/istockphoto_372 9332-cup-of-coffee.jpg 7) __________ are cups 8) __________ are balls Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.webdesign.org/img_articles/101 40/feather-poly.jpg Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://mrana.typepad.com/ bitbybit/images/2007/12/12 /176broom.jpg 9) __________ are brooms Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://giraffian.com/piction ary-files/s/spoon.png 10) __________ are spoons Questions with these and those When we want to make a question if the objects are near we use: Are these…..? And when the objects are far we use Are those….? and the answers to those questions are: yes, they are………..no, they are not……… 74
  75. 75. B) Read. Example Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.webster Are these dictionaries? dictionary.org/dict/103/058735delineation.gif Yes, they are Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/im gres?imgurl=http://greennatur e.com/images/nature/swallow tail.gif&imgrefurl=http://green nature.com What are those? They are butterflies Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://wendyusuallywanders.files.wordpres s.com/2009/08/pencil.jpg Are those pencils? Yes, they are C) Unscramble the words to make sentences. Example Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: 1) are trees these www.inkart.com/images/LineArtUpdate/Olive _Tree_Drawing.jpg These are trees 2) those newspapers are Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: _______________________ room/Nicole/newspaper.gif http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/art Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: 3) radios these are http://carrypoem.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/radio_w640p x.jpg _______________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://static.howstuffworks.com /gif/how-to-draw-cars-46.jpg 4) are those motorcycles _______________________ 75
  76. 76. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: 5) these USB memory drives are http://visionwidget.com/images/albums/12 301/photoshop_illustrator_tutorials_68.jpg _______________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: 6) coins these are http://www.atoncer.com/coins/america/c osta-rica-el-salvador/costarica100colones-1995.jpg _______________________ 7) these candies are Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.childrens-drawings.com/wpcontent/uploads/2009/10/candydrawing.jpg _______________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: 8) are those keys http://www.jmrichardso n.net/images/key.png _______________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://thumb18.shutterstock.com.edgesuite.net/d isplay_pic_with_logo/412462/412462,12540559 9) caps these are 44,4/stock-vector-cap-drawing-37787728.jpg _______________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.educima.com/escolorear-dibujos-imagenes-fotobotas-para-la-lluvia-p10380.jpg 10) are those boots _______________________ 76
  77. 77. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://elviran.com/images/martillo.gif 11) Those hammers are _______________________ D. Write the sentences according to the drawing, using these and those. Example Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.minprom.gov.by/images/prod Nails ucts/41701.jpg Those are nails 1) Dictionaries Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.webster dictionary.org/dict/103/058735delineation.gif _________________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de:https://tonkay.wikispaces.com/file/vi ew/Computer.JPG/42646461/Compute r.JPG 2) Computers _________________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/images?um=1&hl=e s&rlz=1R2TSLA_esCR371&tbs=isch:1&q=PAS TA+DENTAL&sa=N&start=0&ndsp=20 3) Toothpastes _________________________ 77
  78. 78. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.timtim.com/public/images/drawi ngs/large/001554_Comb.gif 4) Combs _________________________ 5) Calculators Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.understandingmoney.gov.au/image/calculator.GIF _________________________ Another way to make questions by using these and those. What are these? And the answers are. They are, they are not… E. Answer the following questions. Example What are these? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl=htt p://msp106.photobucket.com/albums/m251/tf aught/Big-Fan.jpg&imgrefurl They are fans What are these? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://i.ehow.com/images/a04/l9/8h/tires-car-truck-othervehicle-800X800.jpg They are tires 78
  79. 79. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://dclips.fundraw.com/400dir/JicJac_Couch.gif 1) What are these? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.google.co.cr/imgres?imgurl =http://images.clipartof.com/small/13005Big-Old-Oak-Tree-Clipart-GraphicIllustration.jpg 2) What are those? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2273/2241005678_aa16f 21496.jpg 3) What are these? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/9/1501 /6268/how-to-draw-a-wine-bottle-step4.jpg 4) What are those? ___________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.scritchandscratch.com/img/scratch/08100 9_watch.jpg 5) What are these? ___________________ F. According to the sentence make questions. Example What are those? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.students.stedwards.edu /ahernanm/Soccer_ball.png They are balls 79
  80. 80. 1) ____________________? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.cksinfo.com/clipart/fashio n/glasses/sunglasses-4.png They are sunglasses 2) ____________________? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2 239/2078976542_e53bef172a .jpg They are shoes 3) ____________________? They are erasers Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://ronnietucker.co.uk/wpcontent/uploads/2009/12/eraser.jpg 4) ____________________? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.stockphotopro.c om/photo-thumbs2/stockphotopro_5993557B RH_no_title.jpg They are blenders 5) ____________________? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_nEDkV48SDok/SdVvklPd4XI /AAAAAAAAAhQ/97Dki2bsoZY/s400/Picture+5.png They are wallets 80
  81. 81. G. Answer the following questions. Example. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics/1 3/3869/16835/how-to-draw-aanime-school-girl-step-6.jpg What are those? They are girls. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tu ts/pics/9/801/3659/how-todraw-a-coach-handbagstep-5.jpg 1) What are those? ____________________ 2) What are these? ____________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://stuckattheairport.com/wpcontent/uploads/2009/08/toothbrush.gif Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.how-todraw-funnycartoons.com/imagefiles/cartoon-pillow3.gif 3) What are those? ____________________ 4) What are these? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.how-to-draw-funnycartoons.com/image-files/cartoon-socks-5.gif ____________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: www.iruler.net/ruler_10_20.jpg 5) What are those? ____________________ 81
  82. 82. 6) What are those? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/t uts/pics/9/1372/5872/howto-draw-a-table-step-4.jpg ____________________ H. Answer the following questions. Example. Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://wendyusuallywanders.f iles.wordpress.com/2009/08/ pencil.jpg Are those banquets? No, they are not they are pencils 1) Are these refrigerators? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://s3.images.com/hu ge.0.770.JPG ____________________ 2) Are these umbrellas? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.clker.com/clipart11251.html ____________________ 3) Are those calendars? ____________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://upload.wikimedia.o rg/wikipedia/commons/b/ be/WorldCalendar.png 4) Are these erasers? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.freshpromotions.com.au/products/m ont-blanc-style-pen.jpg ____________________ 5) Are those boys? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.dragoart.com/tuts/pics /13/3869/16835/how-to-draw-aanime-school-girl-step-6.jpg ____________________ 82
  83. 83. 6) Are these sweaters? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.penland.org/images/events/t-shirtsketch.gif ____________________ Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_whcX6HFx00/SvyfafgOuFI/A AAAAAAAAg0/0wBMvmLws GE/s400/liquid_paper.jpg 7) Are those calculators? ____________________ 8) Are these calculators? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.compunoa.com/images/CelularNOKIA-6101-LIBRE.jpg ____________________ 9) Are those newspapers? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://alt1040.com/wpcontent/uploads/2008/11/pcmagazine.gif ____________________ 10) Are these belts? Recuperado el 12 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.hintonstudios.com/showimage/785997/Dustin-Hinton/Filters:-Clothing-IV(White-Shirt-and-Tie).jpg ____________________ 83
  84. 84. SEVENTH WEEK DIRECTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS Classroom actions A: Look at the pictures. Saslow, Joan and Collins, Tim. (2001). Workplace Plus: Living and working in English. Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. Pág:1. 84
  85. 85. B. Look and write. Write read listen point Saslow, Joan and Collins, Tim. (2001). Workplace Plus: Living and working in English. Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. Pág:2. 85
  86. 86. C. Look the followings drawings and sentences. Please raise your hand Please open your book. Recuperado el 18 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.cartoonstock.com/newscarto ons/cartoonists/jlv/lowres/jlvn304l.jpg Recuperado el 18 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.bookgrouplist.com/ OpenBook.jpg Work in pairs Sit down Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.easyvigour .net.nz/fitness/pilatess ketches/BadSit1.gif Recuperado el 20 de abril del 2010 de: http://portal.educ.ar/debates/e id/plastica/foto%204.JPG Do not smoke Don’t eat Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.wedosigns.co. uk/images/Sign0014.gif Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.wedosigns.co.uk/imag es/Sign0014.gif http://www.scubadiverinfo.com/i mages/dont_eat_watch.jpg Don´t cross Don´t touch 86
  87. 87. Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://z.about.com/d/chemistry /1/0/q/h/donottouch.jpg Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www1.istockphoto.com/file_t humbview_approve/987719/2/istoc kphoto_987719_do_not_cross.jpg Don´t feed the animals Stand up Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.catholicnewstt.net/joomla/images/imgs/visi on/dont%20feed%20the%20a nimals.jpg Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.easyvigour.n et.nz/fitness/pilatessket ches/BadSit1.gif Do note eat Silent please Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_4K689bhaAJw /SgBhEt330tI/AAAAAAAAAjk/tXTERWO 1f3k/s400/no_food_or_drink.jpg Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.stockphotopr o.com/photo-thumbs2/stockphotopro_459818 RWV_f001_3574.jpg 87
  88. 88. Do not smoke Go to the blackboad Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.picturesof.net/_imag es_300/A_Little_Boy_Writing_T he_Alphabet_On_A_Blackboard _Royalty_Free_Clipart_Picture_ 090622-014516-186042.jpg Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://elvanguardista.file s.wordpress.com/2008/ 07/no-fumar.gif Please read Please write Please write Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://a08.ngu.edu/li brary/images/writing .jpg Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_gr41FEs o034/SL3TtoTXDEI/AAAAAAAAIM o/0YaVSpn_zXc/s320/LEER+LIBR O.jpg Please listen Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.wisdomofthebody.net/images/gif/ear.gif 88
  89. 89. D. Write the following sentences in order. Example: hand/your/ please/ raise please raise your hand 1) your/book/ close _____________________________ 2) down / sit _____________________________ 3) individually/work/please _____________________________ 4) to/the/go/blackboard _____________________________ 5) in/not/class/eat/do _____________________________ 6) up / stand _____________________________ 7) write/the/on/board _____________________________ 8) book/open/your _____________________________ 9) to/listen/cassette/the _____________________________ 10) my/question/answer _____________________________ E. According to the drawing, write the instruction Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://us.123rf.com/400wm/ 400/400/tombaky/tombaky 0909/tombaky090900051/ 5538567.jpg 1.___________________________________ Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.wirralco uncil.co.uk/images /smoke.jpg 2.___________________________________ 89
  90. 90. 3.__________________________ _______ Recuperado el 18 de abril del 2010 de: http://tell.fll.purdue.edu/JapanProj/FLClip art/Verbs/dance.gif Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://activerain.com/image_store/upload s/8/9/2/2/8/ar12603208182298.jpg 4.___________________________________ 5.____________________________________ Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://crmtimes.aus.com.au/1002/p e01561_.jpg Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://topendsports.com/clipart/pics/al bums/people/man_at_desk.gif 6. __________________________________ Recuperado el 20 de marzo del 2010 de: http://images.clipartof.com/small/81604Royalty-Free-RF-Clipart-Illustration-Of-ACaucasian-Cleaning-Lady-Mopp 7.__________________________________ 90
  91. 91. Also known as the Imperative Form, commands are very easy to use. Begin the sentence with a verb and end with an object, a person or a thing. Tell someone to do something21. * Answer the phone, please * Drive to the post office * Help me find this information 21 Recuperado el 3 de marzo del 2020 de: http://www.learnamericanenglishonline.com/Red%20Level/R4%20Commands.html 91
  92. 92. The subject in each of these sentences is "you," but it doesn't sound correct to use the subject. * You answer the phone, please. * You drive to the post office. * You help me. Tell someone not to do something. * Don't do that. (The subject is "you.") * Don't hit him. * Don't drive a car without a seat belt. In each sentence above, the present tense is used and the subject is "you." The polite form of a command uses the word "please." * Please give that to me. * Pass the potatoes, please. (Use the word "pass" when you sit at a table with other people and eat food.) If someone doesn't do what you wanted him or her to do, use the word "tell." 92
  93. 93. EIGHTH WEEK GIVE AND FOLLOW DIRECTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS A. Read the following important information22 Every now and then someone may ask you instructions on how to do something. It may be something simple like how to operate a coin operated washing machine at a laundry mat or it may be something more difficult, like programming a remote control for a TV. Giving instructions may sound difficult, (especially detailed instructions) but if the instructions are broken into small steps and the steps are clearly identified, it becomes a more manageable task. To do this use sequence markers. These are words which guide the listener or reader through the instructions, by giving them the order of steps to follow. Common sequence markers are: first second third forth after that next before that then you begin by the last step is now finish There are several standard expressions that can be used when asking for instructions. Look at these examples. 22 Recuperado el 15 de marzo del 2020 de: http://www.yadayadaenglish.com/instructions.htm 93
  94. 94. English Expressions Expression Response How do you operate (...this can opener)? First, put the can under that sharp wheel and push that lever down. Can you show me how to (...use this After putting the paper under the cover, enter the copier)? Do you know how to (... use this rice number of copies needed and then press start. Sure, put 3 cups of dried rice in, add 2 cups of cooker)? How do I go about (... baking a cake)? water, and hit the start button. Buy a box of cake mix and follow the instructions on the back. It's likely to happen that when giving instructions the listener may become confused and need to have things repeated. This could also happen in any normal conversation between people- one person will not hear or understand what the other has said. Of course, other things hinder communication besides not hearing someone. Examples include unknown vocabulary words, or idiomatic expressions that the listener does not understand, or the speaker is just talking way too fast for the listener to comprehend. Fortunately there are expressions that can be used to cover these situations as well. English Expressions Expression Response I’m sorry, I didn’t catch that. First, fill in this form and take it to window 3. Could you repeat that, please? Certainly, the answer is no. What did you say? I said the answer is the planet Pluto. One more time. What is the chemical symbol for zinc? Once more. I said put the book in the refrigerator. 94
  95. 95. Come again. The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain. Could you run that by me again? After mixing the ingredients, stir vigorously until well blended, let it sit for one hour, and then put it in the oven. Huh? Do you have any money? Please speak more slowly. Of course, I'm sorry. I’m sorry; I don’t understand the It means to answer all the questions or supply the expression (... fill in this form). information on that piece of paper. What does (... ingredient) mean ? A ingredient is one thing of many that is in a dish or food. For example, flour is an ingredient in cakes. I'm sorry, I don't know what you I mean you should be very careful. mean. Can you give me an example? Things like necklaces, earrings, bracelets, etc. If someone is in the middle of something, say giving instructions, and you become confused, you may need to interrupt them so they can repeat what they said or make it clearer. Interruptions in a conversation can be made for different reasons, not only to have instructions repeated. For example, you may interrupt someone who is working at a desk and you enter the office to talk to them, or you may interrupt someone who has said something that you disagree with. There are several expressions that can be used to interrupt someone. Look at the examples below. 95
  96. 96. English Expressions Expression Response During a conversation Wait a second, (... could you repeat that)? I said a half past three. Excuse me, ( ... I didn’t catch that). I baked an apple pie. Now hold on, (... I totally disagree). You have that right. If I may interrupt? Yes. While someone is working I hate to bother you but ( ,,, could I speak to you for Yes, what is it? a minute)? Sorry for bothering you. No problem, what can I do for you? Sorry for interrupting, ( ...I just need a second). I’ll be with you in a moment. Excuse me, (... but could I have a minute of your I’m really busy now. How about in 30 minutes in my office? time)? B. Read the following dialogue. Note the expressions used in the dialogue and the progression of the conversation. The dialogue can be used as a model to have similar conversations23. Tommy: Hi David. You look busy? What are you doing? 23 ídem. 96
  97. 97. David: I’m trying to figure out how to make these cookies, but I lost the instructions that came with the box. Tommy: Making cookies from a box is easy. Want me to tell you? David: Yes, these have to be done in an hour. Tommy: Okay, first, pour the cookie mix from that bag into a large bowl. David: Is this bowl big enough? Tommy: No, you need a bigger one. You’re going to be adding more ingredients. Use that one. David: Okay, now what? Tommy: Next, add two eggs and a cup of milk to the bowl and beat until very creamy, with no lumps. David: Won’t the egg shells be hard to eat? Tommy: You have to break the eggs first, and just put in the whites and yolks. You throw the shells away. You’ve never cooked anything, have you? David: No, this is my first time. What should I mix it with, a fork or spoon? Tommy: You could use either, but if I were you, I’d use an electric mixer. David: You mean this? No wonder mom put it out. That’s done, what next? Tommy: Now, grease the cookie sheet with butter. Then put one tablespoon of cookie dough per cookie on the cookie sheet. You should space the dough evenly around the cookie sheet, leaving at least an inch between each cookie. David: Got it. Now they go in the oven, right? Tommy: Yes. David: Okay, they’re in. How long will it take before they’re done? Tommy: The way you did it, forever. You didn’t turn the oven on. David: Oh yea, I forgot. What temperature and for how long? 97
  98. 98. Tommy: Cook them at 3250 and for about 35 minutes. C. Give instructions on how to do or make the following items. Be sure to use sequence markers in your instructions and to use complete sentences. Also, try out some of the expressions for asking for repeats listed on the previous page, even if you do not need them. Making an omelet Change oil in a car Video taping a movie on TV Playing Tic Tac Toe Saving a file on a computer Setting an alarm clock Use a washing machine Getting a visa to a foreign country Using a camera 98
  99. 99. D. Place these sets of instructions in the correct order.24 INSTRUCTIONS A) B) C) D) press the PLAY button close the lid put the cassette in press EJECT_to open the lid First, Then Put the cassette in And Finally 24 Bonilla, R; Sibaja, A and Villegas, M. (2001). Have Fun 1. San José, C.R., Ediciones FARBEN. Page 103. 99
  100. 100. INSTRUCTIONS A) B) C) D) E) E. press the START button lift the cover put the original on the glass choose the number of copies close the cover First, Then And Choose the number of copies. Next, and finally, 100
  101. 101. Follow these instructions.25 INSTRUCTIONS 1. Decide who is student A and who is student B. 2. Read your set of instructions and fill in the spaces in the chart. 3. Take turns with your partner giving each other instructions to complete the chart. STUDENT A Write an "i" in number 8. Then write an "a" in number 6. Next, put a capital "I" in number 1. Write an "s" in number 4. Finally put a capital "R" in number 7. STUDENT B Write an "o" in number 3. Then put a "c" in number 9. Now draw a heart in number 11. Next, put a capital "C" in number 2. Now put a "t" m number 5. Finally put an "a" in number 10. 25 Ídem. Page: 104 101
  102. 102. F. Follow the instructions below to complete this picture26.  Make a bridge over the river on Main Street.  Draw a small boat to the east of the bridge.  To the north-east of the river, draw three houses, two small ones and a big one.  To the south of the river and east of Main Street, draw a park with trees, plants and animals.  To the south-west of the river draw a playground.  Draw whatever you want to the north-west. G. Let make a card. Read and follow the instructions below27 1. Cut a piece of card 20 cm long and 15 cm wide. 20 cm 15 cm 1. Fold the card in half. 26 Ídem. Page: 105 Ídem. Page: 109 27 102
  103. 103. 1. Write a birthday, Christmas or some other message inside the card. Happy Birthday 2) Send the card to a friend or relative. Here are some messages you can use. 1) Draw or stick a picture or photo on the front of the card. •Merry Christmas • Happy Birthday • Congratulations • Welcome back • Best wishes • Get well soon • Happy Anniversary • Have a nice trip • Be my Valentine • Well done • With deepest sympathy • H. At home, find out how to make coffee. Write very simple instructions, using information from one of these pictures. _____________________ _____________________ Water reservoir _____________________ fabric bag Wooden stand } _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ 103 Glass pitcher Filter
  104. 104. I. Read the information28. EARTHQUAKE A) First of all, calm down. B) Use your emergency plan. C) Act fast, and don't run. D) Look for a safe place and stay there. E) Check the condition of the building. F) Get help (if needed). LIGHTNING G) Unplug the appliances HURRIGCANE H) Don't touch broken electrical wires. I) Close water and electricity-outlet. J) Get help (if needed). J. Choose the alternative that best completes the dialogue29. Raul: I want you to show me how to make call in this cordless telephone. Wanda: O.K. In order to make phone calls, first_ _1____. Then, press TALK button and wait until TALK appears on the display. The display also shows the operation duration in hours, minutes and seconds____2____ The LINE lamp on the base unit lights up. If "CHANNEL SEARCHING" appears on the display, move closer to the unit. After this,____3____. When talking,___4___ or replace the handset on the base unit. The display and the LINE lamp on the base unit go off. 28 29 Ídem. Page: 110 Tulio, M y Villegas, S. (2004) Inglés: Prácticas para noveno año. San José, Costa Rica. Ediciones FARBEN.Pág: 26 104 you're done
  105. 105. 1._________________________________________ A. pick up the handset from the base unit. B. put the handset on the base unit. C. enter the numbers you want. D. finish your call. 2. _________________________________________ A. You will then hear a dial tone. B. Close the battery compartment. C. You can place the handset on the base unit. D. Insert the battery pack into the compartment. 3. _________________________________________ A. store the phone numbers. B. dial the phone number. C. connect the base unit. D. receive the call. 4. _________________________________________ A. raise the handset B. enter the 7 digits C. press the OFF button D. put the cord around the set K. Choose the alternative that best completes each situation30. 1. The teacher wants the students work together. She says: " ___________ , please." A. Come in B. Make a group C. Write it down D. Pass me a pencil 30 Ídem, pág: 32. 105
  106. 106. 2. A student is throwing paper on the floor. The teacher asks him: " _______ ." A. Draw a picture on a piece of paper B. Don't throw paper on the floor C. Write your name on the floor D. Come back to your seat 3. You are in class and it is very hot. You ask a partner: " _______ ." A. Please, open the window B. Take out your notebook C. Go to the board, please D. Close the door, please 4. Your partners are talking aloud. You want your classmates be silence. You ask them: " _____________________ ." A. Please, stand up B. Tell me your name C. Don't make any noise D. Give me your phone number M. Match the pictures and the sentences. Write the letter on the line31. 1. ___________________ a) Read the directions. b) Call Mr. Ruvo, please. 2. ___________________ His number is 555-2144. c) Turn the key. 3. ___________________ d) Press the button. e) Unplug the machine, please. 4. ___________________ 5. ___________________ 31 Op.cit. Pág: 37. 106
  107. 107. NINTH WEEK LOCATE PEOPLE AND OBJECTS A. Where is the circle?32 IN the box DENTRO DE la caja IN FRONT OF the box EN FRENTE DE DELANTE DE la caja SOBRE la caja ON the box ENTRE las dos cajas BETWEEN the two boxes UNDER the box 32 DEBAJO DE la caja Recuperado el 10 marzo del 2010 de: http://www.lingolex.com/prepositions/prepositionsen.htm 107
  108. 108. BEHIND the box DETRÁS DE la caja AMONG the boxes ENTRE las cajas OVER / ABOVE the box ENCIMA DE la caja BESIDE NEAR NEXT TO the box AL LADO DE CERCA DE JUNTO A la caja B. Read the followings information. Preposition of place33  In: We use in to specify that a noun (object, person etc) is inside. Examples: - Where is your father? He’s in the kitchen. - Who is in the room? - Brian was swimming in the ocean. - Bogota is in Colombia. 33 Recuperado el 10 marzo del 2010 de: http://www.inglestotal.com/prepositions-of-place-preposiciones-de-lugar-lesson-11/ 108
  109. 109. “IN” es usado para decir y explicar que un objeto, animal o persona se encuentra dentro de un lugar, objeto o sitio.  At: We use at to refer to a “general” location. Examples: - Maria is at the window talking on the phone. - Juan is at the table with his girlfriend. - Please read the paragraph at the top of the page. - The restaurant is at the end of German Avenue. “AT” es usado para explicar que un objeto animal o persona se encuentra en el sitio de forma general. Es decir, si uno quiere decir: “Mi padre está en la puerta” uno no puede utilizar “in” puesto que “in” es usado para decir que algo se encuentra dentro de otro y una persona no puede estar dentro de una puerta. Es por eso que en estos casos uno habla de forma general. Por ende seria de la forma siguiente: “My” father is at the door. 109
  110. 110.  Next to, between, in front of, behind (in back of), across from, by (beside), under, (below and above). Examples: - Adam is next to Bob. - Bob is between Don and Adam, -Don is in front of Bob and Carla. - Carla is behind (in back of) Don. Examples: - Anne is across from (opposite) Christa. 110
  111. 111. - The man is by (next to) the window. - The Cat is under the table. - The girl is under the tree. - A is above B and B is below A. ** Nota: Siempre se dice ON THE LEFT y ON THE RIGHT. 111
  112. 112. C. Answer the followings questions. 1) Where is Alan? ________________________________ ________________________________ 2) Where is Chris? ________________________________ ________________________________ 3) Where is Beth? ________________________________ ________________________________ 4) Where is Dot? ________________________________ ________________________________ 112
  113. 113. D. According to the draws, complete the sentences. 1) The cat is ________ the table 2) There’s a big tree ________ the house 3) The plane if flying _______ the clouds. 4) She’s standing __________ the piano. 5) The movie theater is _________ the right 6) He’s sitting _________ the phone. 7) The calendar is __________ the clock 8 ) The cabinet is ________ the sink. 9) There are some shoes _________ the bed. 10) The plant is _________ the piano. 11) Paul is sitting _________ Anna. 12) In Japan people drive ________ the left. 113
  114. 114. On: We use on when we want to say that an object or person is on the surface of another object. Examples: - Your books are on the shelf. - Don’t put your hands on my head. - There is an orange on the table. We always say: on a horse, on a bike (bicycle), on a motorcycle and we usually say on a plane. “ON”: Es usado para explicar que un objeto esta sobre la superficie de otro. 114
  115. 115. E. According to the draw complete the sentences. 115
  116. 116. Rules to use (at, in, on)34 at at home at work/ at school at university/ at college at the station/ at the airport at Jane`s (house)/ at my sister`s (house) 34 Recuperado el 25 de marzo del 2010 de: http://www.inglestotal.com/prepositions-of-place-on-in-at-preposiciones-de-lugar-en-ingles-on-inat-lesson-9/ 116
  117. 117. F. According to the draw complete the sentences. 117
  118. 118. G. Write the correct preposition (on in at). http://www.google.co.cr/images 118
  119. 119. TENTH WEEK BUILDINGS IN A CITY Giving Directions35 Not everyone knows where they are going and may need help with directions from time to time. Directions may be needed to get to a near by town, or directions to the newest mall in town or directions to the nearest rest room in a large building. Where ever you are going the expression below can be used when asking for directions. English Expressions Expression Could you tell me how to get to ( …the library)? How do I find ( … city hall)? Which way do I go to get to ( … the post office)? Pardon me, I'm lost, how do I get to the ( … museum)? Could you direct me to ( … I-10)? Which is the best route to ( …the stadium)? Response Go to the next light and turn right. Go two blocks, it’s on the left. Just go straight, it’s on this street, on the right, about a mile and a half. Drive to Jackson Street and turn right. The post office is in the middle of the block, across from the park. Go to the second light and turn left. Then go the third stop sign. The museum is on that corner. Take Pinal Avenue north about 8 miles You’ll run into it. Take Washington Street north to the Papago freeway and Head west. You can’t miss it. Suggestions for giving directions Giving street directions is really very easy when you remember to follow these points. When giving directions you are actually giving two sets of instructions. In the first set- "Go To" - you are telling the listener what street to go to or how far to go. 35 Recuperado el 12 marzo del 2010 de: http://www.yadayadaenglish.com/directions.htm 119
  120. 120. In the second set- "Then", you are telling the listener what to do when they get there. (turn right/left, go straight, on the left, etc.) Giving even very complicated directions is just a repetition of these two basic steps. Another good idea is to use easily identifiable landmarks; instead of the amount of time to get someplace (time is relative, after all). Easily identifiable landmarks are street lights, stop signs, parks, tall building standing alone, etc. Prepositions of location most commonly used when giving directions: go straight go to turn right cross on your right on your left next to behind across from caddy corner on the corner of (to be very specific NE, SE, NW, SW corners) turn left beside in front of A. Read the Dialogue. Students should work together in pairs and read the following dialogue, one student reading one part, the other student reading the other. Note the expressions used in the dialogue and the progression of the conversation. The dialogue can be used as a model to have similar conversations. Wally: Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the city hospital? Sally: Sure, the hospital is on Tenth Street, about 20 minutes away by foot. Go south on this street two blocks until you come to the stop light. Wally: Go south two blocks to the stop light. Sally: Correct, then, turn left and go three more blocks, until you come to the end of the road. A park will be in front of you. Wally: Turn left and go for three blocks to the park. Sally: Right, then turn right again and go seven blocks, to Lipton Avenue. Wally: Turn right and go seven blocks to Lipton Avenue. Sally: Next, turn left on Lipton Avenue and go two blocks. The hospital is on your left, across from the baseball stadium. 120

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