Historical Outline of Israel
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Historical Outline of Israel

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I remember when I first came to Israel and started learning its history. I was confused and perplexed. I just could...

I remember when I first came to Israel and started learning its history. I was confused and perplexed. I just could
not make it fit together. Until I was presented with a time line. Now I had a tool to refer back to and make events
fall into place.

This is also may experience as a guide. Many of my tourists get mixed up. After all Israel has quite a long and rich h
history with many events that have had impact on the world.

Because of this I have created a timeline with the most important events. I made it pictorial, only to make it more
colorful. It does not go into all the intricate details, but I have included the most important events for each time
period.

I made it as a slide show, as all my attempts to put it onto one page failed miserably. Here I have created a linear
time line without events, just the historical periods.

I hope you will find this useful and inspiring.

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Historical Outline of Israel Historical Outline of Israel Presentation Transcript

  • Pre-pottery Neolithic (stone age)
    - 6000 BCE
    Jericho, the oldest city in the world, in existence
    Modern Jericho, but what it may have looked like
    Pottery Neolithic
    6000-4300 BCE
    BeitShean is founded, among others
    Tel BeitShean, the hill in the back
    Calcolithic
    4300 – 3300 BCE
    Towns of Beer Sheva, Gezer, Arad founded,
    among others
    Entrance gate to ancient Beer Sheva
    BCE - before common era = BC - before Christ
    CE - common era = AD - anno domine
  • Early Bronze
    3300-2000 BCE
    Towns of Hazor, Megiddo, and Ai founded
    Aerial view of Tel Megiddo
    Middle Bronze
    2000-1550 BCE
    First written documents appear in
    Acadian cuneiform language
    Period of the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac,
    Jacob
    1900 BCE
    Abraham Sacrificing Isaac1650 - Laurent De La HireMusée Saint-Denis, Reims
  • Israelites enslaved in Egypt.
    Hittite empire established (Gen. 23:10)
    First mention of "Hebrews" in Land of Israel
    on Egyptian Stele (1220 BCE)
    Settlement of the Sea People (Philistines) on the coastal plain
    International marine trade established ;
    coastal cities of Ashdod and Ashkelon founded
    Late Bronze
    1550-1200 BCE
    Wall painting of workers, Egypt
    Iron Age I
    1200 - 1000 BCE
    Exodus from Egypt led by Moses (Book of Exodus) ;
    Conquest of the mountain regions of Canaan led by Joshua (Book of Joshua);
    Period of the Judges (Judges)
    Moses parting the waters
  • FIRST TEMPLE PERIOD orIron Age II
    1000 - 586 BCE
    United Kingdom
    (David and Solomon)
    David becomes king (II Samuel 5: 3),
    captures Jerusalem (II Samuel 5: 7)
    brings the Ark to Jerusalem (II Samuel 6: 12).
    1000 - 925 BCE
    David playing the harp
    Apethorpe Hall, England
    David slaying Goliath
    Solomon builds the First Temple in Jerusalem (I Kings 6: 1).
    Possible rendering of Solomon’s Temple
  • The Divided Kingdom
    Israel and Judah
    925 - 721 BCE
    The Kingdom divided (I Kings 12: 17).
    The fall of Israel to Assyrian king Shalmaneser
    (II Kings 17: 6)
    Loss of the Ten Tribes of Israel
    Map of Israel and Judah
    Kingdom of Judah
    925 - 586 BCE
    Jerusalem fortified by King Hezekiah
    (II Chronicles 32:4-5)
    Attack by Assyrian King Sennacherib
    (II Kings: 18:13; II Chron. 32: 1).
    702 BCE
    Kingdom of Judah conquered by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon (II Kings 25:1; II Chron. 36: 10).
    The First Temple destroyed (II Kings 25: 9).
    586 BCE
    Hezekiah burning pagan idols
    Henry VIII Bible, 1538
    End First Temple Period
  • Babylonian Exile
    586 - 538 BCE
    Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II, Stele inscription
    SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD
    538 BCE-70CE
    Persian Period
    Cyrus II, King of Persia, conquers Babylon and allows the Jews to return to Judea
    538-332 BCE
    Return to Zion (Ezra 1: 5);
    Rebuilding of the Temple (Ezra 3: 8)
    Walls of Jerusalem rebuilt (Nehamiah 6:15)
    Cyrus cylinder, disc. Early 20th C,
    Southern Iraq, Robert Koldeway
    British Museum, London
  • Hellenistic Period
    332-167 BCE
    Conquest by Alexander of Macedonia
    305 – 198 BCE
    Ptolemaic Rule from Egypt
    198 – 167 BCE
    Seleucid Rule from Antioch (modern Turkey)
    Statue and bust of Alexander the Great
    Found Pergamum
    Istanbul Archaeological Museum
    Hashmonean Period
    167-67 BCE
    Rebellion against Seleucids under Judah Maccabee
    Jerusalem and Temple freed and purified,
    Beginning of holiday of Hanukkah
    Sculpture of Judah Macabee with hanukkiah
  • Roman Period
    67 BCE-324 CE
    Conquest by the Romans under General Pompey
    following civil war between two Hashmonean
    brothers
    Bust of General Pompey
    37 – 4 BCE
    Rule of Herod the Great
    Massive building of Jerusalem, Temple Mount, Caesarea, Masada
    Head of Herod the Great
    1st Century, Florence
    Ministry of Jesus
    Last Supper,
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Milano
  • 66-70 CE
    Rebellion against Rome
    Conquest and destruction of Jerusalem and 2nd Temple
    by Roman General Titus, son of Emperor Vespasian
    Detail from Arch of Titus, Rome
    depicting capture of Temple treasures
    End Second Temple Period
    132-135
    Bar Kochba Rebellion against Rome
    Jerusalem rebuilt as Roman city AelinaCapitolina by Emperor Hadrian
    Coin minted during Bar Kochba rebellion
    The writing of the Mishnah (first Jewish commentary on Bible)
    200
  • Byzantine Period
    324-636
    Christianity legalized by Emperor Constantine the Great
    The writing of the Jerusalem Talmud in Tiberias
    400
    585
    Mohammad founds Islam in Mecca
    614
    Invasion by Persia, great destruction of buildings and towns
    Mosaic of Emperor Constantine
    Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, c. 1000
    Early Arab Period
    636-1099
    Conquest by Muslims
    Rule by Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties
    Umayyad palace in Jerusalem
  • Crusader Period
    1099-1291
    Conquest by European Crusaders
    Establishment of Kingdom of Jerusalem
    Battle at the Horns of Hittin, loss of Kingdom
    Establishment of 2nd Kingdom with Acco as capital
    1187
    Crusader Knight
    1291
    Final defeat to Mameluke Sultan Beybars
    Mameluke Period
    1291-1516
    Conquered by Mamelukes
    Mameluke Horseman
  • Ottoman Period
    1516-1917
    Conquered by Ottomans
    1536
    Walls of Jerusalem rebuilt by Suleiman the Magnificent
    19th Century
    First roads and railways built by Ottomans
    Extensive exploration of the Holy Land by European and American explorers
    1882
    First wave of Jewish Zionist immigration and the
    beginning of the rebuilding of the land
    Suleiman the Magnificent
    1897
    Establishment of World Jewish Congress by Theodore Herzl in Basel
    Theodore Herzl
    1914-1918
    First World War
  • British Mandate
    1917-1948
    Conquest by General Allenby for the British
    British Mandate of Palestine established through the League of Nations
    1920
    Allenby entering Jerusalem, Jaffa Gate
    December 11, 1917
    Map of full British Mandate in Palestine
    1933-1948
    Holocaust in Europe
    1939-1945
    Second World War
  • - 1948
    Jewish resistance against British policies in Palestine
    Blowing up of south wing of King David Hotel
    July 22, 1946
    November 29, 1947
    UN vote and acceptance of Palestine Partition Plan
    Map of partition plan
    State of Israel
    May 14, 1948
    Declaration of State of Israel
    May 15, 1948
    Final British withdrawal
    David Ben Gurion reading Declaration of Independence