united nations in africa
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united nations in africa united nations in africa Presentation Transcript

  • THE GENOCIDE ATTACKS United Nations In Rwanda “ When the killing began, it seemed sudden and spontaneous. Only later did the world at large become aware of the extensive planning and preparation that took place in advance of the genocide.” http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_1.php
  • Two Groups of People
    • “ the Tutsi minority was considered the aristocracy of Rwanda and dominated Hutu peasants for decades, especially while Rwanda was under Belgian colonial rule.”
    • “ Account for 90% of the population in the past
    Tutsi Hutu http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/Genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm
  • “ In April 1994, the Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi were both killed when their plane was shot down with a surface-to-air missile as it approached the airport in Kigali.” http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_1.php http://www.sfbayview.com/2009/critic-of-murderous-kagame-regime-in-rwanda-killed-in-crash-of-continental-flight-3407/
    • “ In response, the Presidential Guard in Kigali, the Rwandan Army and the Interahamwe militias began systematic and unrelenting attacks on Tutsi civilians.”
    http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_1.php http://www.tamilguardian.com/files/Image/genocide-in-rwanda_skulls.jpg
  • “ The genocide in Rwanda claimed between 500,000 and one million victims” http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko/co_mission/unamirFT.htm#HISTORICAL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rwandan_Genocide_Murambi_skulls.jpg
  • “ On December 23,2005, The General Assembly adopted resolution 60/225,on assistance to survivors of the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda.” Information and outreach programme entitled “The Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations” Report of the Secretary-General http://www.usafricaonline.com/genocide.rwanda11.jpg
  • Conflict curve applied to Rwanda. Scale in months. http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_2.php “ Still, many Tutsi felt safe in Rwanda due to the presence of United Nations peacekeepers.”
  • “ Most of the 2,500 UN peacekeepers in Rwanda at the time were withdrawn after the deaths of 10 Belgian soldiers.” “ The United Nations Security Council has explicitly accepted responsibility for failing to prevent the 1994 genocide in Rwanda” http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/714025.stm
  • The rebels unite
    • “The killings only ended after armed Tutsi rebels, invading from neighboring countries, managed to defeat the Hutus and halt the genocide in July 1994.”
    • by 2003 conducted over 6,000 trials
    • represents only a small percentage of the detainees awaiting trial.
    • An estimated 140,000 have been accused of participating in the genocide
    • incarcerated in hopelessly overcrowded, stockade-like prisons.
  • “ Rwanda genocide mastermind jailed” December 18, 2008 “ convicted of instigating Rwanda's 1994 genocide and sentenced to life in prison. ” http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7789039.stm   Former Rwandan army colonel Theoneste Bagosora (right) arrives in court along with his co-defendant Lt. Col. Anatole Nsengiyumva before the handing down of the verdict on charges of genocide. Rwanda expressed satisfaction after the UN-backed war crimes court sentenced Bagosora to life in prison for genocide. (AFP/Tony Karumba) www.commondreams.org/headline/2008/12/18
  • http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/worldsummit/index.html                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
  • Bibliography
    • www.commondreams.org/headline/2008/12/18
    • http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/worldsummit/index.html
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7789039.stm
    • http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_3.php
    • http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/Genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/714025.stm
    • http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_2.php
    • http://www.usafricaonline.com/genocide.rwanda11.jpg
    • http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko/co_mission/unamirFT.htm#HISTORICAL
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rwandan_Genocide_Murambi_skulls.jpg
    • http://www.tamilguardian.com/files/Image/genocide-in-rwanda_skulls.jpg
    • http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_1.php
    • http://www.sfbayview.com/2009/critic-of-murderous-kagame-regime-in-rwanda-killed-in-crash-of-continental-flight-3407/
    • http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_1.php
    • http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/Genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm
    • http://www.usip.org/training/online/analysis/3_3_1.php