Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
566
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 13
  • 2. Inmate Rights Inmates filed more and more lawsuits Prisoner Litigation Reform Act: 1995-limit recreational litigation
  • 3. Inmate Rights Retained:-full rights like citizen Lost:-wholly w/o rights-except those expressly outlined
  • 4. Inmate Rights US Constitution: Bill of rights-rights protectedWrit of Habeas Corpus:-judicial mandate-inmate brought before court-determine legality of confinementEx post facto laws: unconstitutional-retroactively change laws
  • 5. Inmate Rights 8th Amendment:-cruel and unusual punishment-define?-flexible-broadens as society changes
  • 6. Inmate Rights 14th Amendment: individual rights (1868)-theory of incorporation-due process clause-”no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law”-”equal protection under the law”
  • 7. Inmate Rights Wolff v. McDonnell: 1974-discipline-24 hour notice of hearings-written notice of evidence/facts-call witnesses/documentary evidence in defense-impartial/fair hearing*-no right to cross examine/have counsel
  • 8. Inmate Rights Equal Protection Clause:-used by inmates-government not required to treat everyone alike-forbids unjustified/malicious discrimination/classification-gender/race based decisions-religion freedom
  • 9. Inmate Rights Civil Rights Act of 1871:-personal/natural rights-protect vs-arbitrary/discriminatory treatment-some not mentioned in Constitution recognized by Supreme Court
  • 10. Inmate Rights Hands off Doctrine: 1960’s-rights-policy/statute-no outside scrutiny-1871 Virginia law-inmates “slaves of the state”-leave to experts-separation of powers-society apathetic
  • 11. Inmate Rights Intervention Doctrine: Mid 1960’s-Federal Courts looking at claims-rights-religion/privacy/communication/safety/due process-Cooper v. Pate (1964)Muslim inmateDenied access to Qur’an/readingsPrison officials has to explain actionsChristian inmates allowed access to bibleCourt: half for inmates/prisonEnd of hands off doctrine!!
  • 12. Inmate Rights Nominal Doctrine:-middle ground between hands off and full intervention of 1980’s-Bell v. Wolfish-Rehnquist: refers to “time not so long ago…hands off approach”-limit to:Violation of US Constitution or statute
  • 13. Inmate Rights Access to courts: basic right5. how approach7. Knowledge to make access effective
  • 14. Inmate Rights Prison Litigation Reform Act:->40,000 per year/taxpayer expense4. Limit ability to complain-conditions of confinement5. Give states more authority to run prisonsProvisions:8. Frequent flyer-Inmates pay full $150 fee9. 3 strikes-frivolous 3 times10.Exhausted remedies-exhaust all administrative remedies
  • 15. Inmate Rights Legal assistance:-law libraries-jailhouse lawyers-train inmates as writ writers/under lawyer supervision-computer programs
  • 16. Inmate Rights Religion: Fundamental right of Constitution:-”respecting establishment of religion”-”prohibiting the free exercise thereof”Federal Courts:-facilities/allow clergy-does state supply clergy? Violates establishment clause Reluctant to restrict religious freedom:-security of prison-prison authority/discretion-economic reasons