Incarceration and Prison Society

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- History and Goals
- Prison Organization
- Correctional Officers
- Prison Society
- Women in Prison
- Prison Programs
- Violence
- Prisoner Rights

http://www.inmatecountyjail.com

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Incarceration and Prison Society

  1. 1. Incarceration and Prison Society • History and Goals • Prison Organization • Correctional Officers • Prison Society • Women in Prison • Prison Programs • Violence • Prisoner Rights
  2. 2. Prison History • Big Houses – South different • Traditional Prison Population • Changing Prison Population
  3. 3. GOALS OF I NCARCERATI ON Custodial Rehabilitation Reintegration
  4. 4. Governing Prisoners • Authority: Perception vs. Reality • Issues – Total Power? – Rewards and Punishment – Cooperation and Leadership
  5. 5. Correctional Officers • Role • Recruitment
  6. 6. Prison Society • Prisonization • InmateCode • AdaptiveRoles • Prison Economy
  7. 7. Women In Prison • 8% of new admissions. • 6% of total population. • Increase of 200% since 1980. 200% 100% 0% 1980..........................1995
  8. 8. Women in Prison • Social Relationships • Subculture • Programs • Children
  9. 9. Basic Prison Programs Diagnostic Services
  10. 10. Diagnostic Services Educational Programs elementary secondary college Basic Prison ProgramsPrison Programs
  11. 11. Diagnostic Services Educational Programs Vocational Programs carpentry plumbing electrical gardening printing keyboarding Basic Prison Programs elementary secondary college
  12. 12. Diagnostic Services Educational Programs Vocational Programs carpentry plumbing electrical gardening printing keyboarding Counseling Services Basic Prison Programs elementary secondary college
  13. 13. Diagnostic Services Educational Programs Vocational Programs carpentry plumbing electrical gardening printing keyboarding Counseling Services Recreation Services Basic Prison Programs elementary secondary college
  14. 14. Diagnostic Services Educational Programs Vocational Programs carpentry plumbing electrical gardening printing keyboarding Counseling Services Recreation Services Religious Services Basic Prison Programs elementary secondary college
  15. 15. Diagnostic Services Educational Programs Vocational Programs carpentry plumbing electrical gardening printing keyboarding Counseling Services Recreation Services Religious Services Medical Services Basic Prison ProgramsBasic Prison Programs elementary secondary college
  16. 16. • Established early on • Internal maintenance • Industry shops and contract work • Inefficient • Opposed by labor unions Prison Industries
  17. 17. Violence in prison • Explanat ions • Types • Cont ribut ing f act ors t hat can be cont rolled
  18. 18. Until the 1960s – Supreme Court “Hands Off” policy on prisons Cooper v. Pate (1964) - prisoners may challenge the conditions of their confinement under civil rights legislation.
  19. 19. First Amendment Rights Theriault v. Carson (1977) – no sham religious practices allowed Procunier v. Martinez (1974) – censorship of mail only to extent necessary to maintain security
  20. 20. Fourth Amendment Rights Hudson v. Palmer (1984) – officials can search cell and confiscate materials Bell v. Wolfish (1979) – body searches allowed if clear and legitimate purpose outweighs invasion of personal privacy
  21. 21. Eighth Amendment Rights Three principle tests – 1) shocks conscience 2) unnecessarily cruel 3)goes beyond legitimate penal aims Estelle v. Gamble (1976) – no deliberate indifference to medical needs
  22. 22. 14th Amendment Rights Wolff v. McDonnell (1974) – basic due process rights in disciplinary hearings Lee v. Washington (1968) – no racial segregation in prisons; only justified temporarily to restore order or prevent violence
  23. 23. Hello, is this microphone on? • _____ is the model of correctional institutions that emphasizes maintenance of the offender’s ties to family and community. • Reintegration Model • _____ are often used by prison officials as a communication source between officials and the inmate population. • Inmate leaders • _____ is the model of corrections that emphasizes security, discipline, and order. • Custodial Model • In ____ the Supreme Court said prisoners have basic due process rights in disciplinary hearings • Wolff v. McDonnell (1974) • _____ is the orientation that judges had toward prisoners’ rights prior to the 1960s. • Hands off policy • _____ is the system of barter and purchase based on cigarettes and other items that prisoners use to gain desired items • Prison economy

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