4 brian mc adoo pedrr workshop session 2

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4 brian mc adoo pedrr workshop session 2

  1. 1. What do Ecosystems have to do with Cyclones, Earthquakes and Tsunami? Brian G. McAdoo Department of Earth Science and Geography
  2. 2. Yala Village 5 cm in resort Yala National Park Sri Lanka Yala Safari 7 m tsunami 27 dead
  3. 3. Shut Up and Listen
  4. 4. Banda Aceh, January 2009 Batticaloa, January 2005 photo by Alexandra Marvar Samoa, October 2009 New Orleans, October 2005 photo by Alexandra Marvar
  5. 5. Risk (hazard x vulnerability / capacity) - mitigation frequency/magnitude coupled human / environment system engineering policy risk = (hazard x vulnerability / capacity) - mitigation
  6. 6. hazards geoscience, cee volcanic mass movements seismic climate human systems RISK engineering ecosystems policy resilience solutions ecology, anthropology, cee, public policy sociology, economics
  7. 7. Frequency Where was the coastline? Aceh 1907 AD 1350 AD 850 AD 2004 AD 1907 AD 1350 AD 850 AD K. Monecke et al. A 1,000-year sediment record of tsunami recurrence in northern Sumatra Nature 455, 2008
  8. 8. Syiahrial 2009 Banda Aceh photo by Alexandra Marvar
  9. 9. Failed mangrove planting Udjung Pancu, Banda Aceh NAD, Indonesia
  10. 10. Wetlands as buffers and/or evacuation hindrances Satitoa Padang Samoa Indonesia
  11. 11. Photograph courtesy NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
  12. 12. Erosion Route de Jacmel Haiti
  13. 13. Gonaives, Haiti 3 September 2008 REUTERS/Marco Dormino/Minustah
  14. 14. Enriquillo- Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault
  15. 15. Erosion and earthquake? kgerosion Enriquillo- Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault deposition T A
  16. 16. 3 m tsunami 7 dead Petit Paradis Haiti
  17. 17. Riviere Canot
  18. 18. Erosion potential Haiti
  19. 19. Bwa Carrefour Haiti
  20. 20. Flushing Petionville Haiti
  21. 21. Downstream Carrefour Haiti
  22. 22. Truitier Cite Soliel Haiti
  23. 23. The Tsunami Project Transdisciplinary Approaches to Tsunami Risk Reduction interdisciplinary findings agenda and needs academia NGOs/IOs public sector transdisciplinary constraining the problem data needs development agenda needs and agenda implementing solutions natural scientists engineers social scientists planners earth science civil (infrastructure) geography policy ecology fluid dynamics anthropology implementation disciplinary • past is key to present • predictive models • political structures • infrastructure • frequency-magnitude • structural effects • economies • regulations • hazard ID • solutions • culture • design life http://tsunamiproject.org
  24. 24. The Tsunami Project Transdisciplinary Approaches to Tsunami Risk Reduction When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the world. - John Muir www. t s u n a m i p r o j e c t . org

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