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1Marisol estrella nina saalismaa pedrr workshop session 1[compatibility mode]


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1Marisol estrella nina saalismaa pedrr workshop session 1[compatibility mode]

  1. 1. Demonstrating the Role of Ecosystems- Ecosystems-based Management for Disaster Risk Reduction •Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disaster Risk Reduction Workshop Demonstrating the Role of •Bonn, 21-23 September Ecosystems-based Approaches for Disaster Risk Reduction Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disaster Risk Reduction Workshop 21- Bonn, 21-23 September 2010
  2. 2. Focus and scope • Literature review + case studies (14) • Focus on ecosystem services and ecosystems- based approaches, with emphasis on long- term planning and prevention • Provides a good overview but not exhaustive
  3. 3. Linkages between environment, disasters and development
  4. 4. Ecosystems and Environment • Ecosystem is a dynamic complex of living communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit in a given area. It is viewed as an integrated human-ecological system that provides goods and services necessary to support life and human well-being. • Environment refers to the physical and external conditions, including both natural and human-built elements, which surround and affect life, development and survival of organisms and communities.
  5. 5. Why do ecosystems matter in disaster risk reduction? • Two ways: reduce physical vulnerability (exposure) and socio-economic vulnerability • Potential and limits
  6. 6. The ecosystem approach to disaster risk reduction Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Mechanisms Early Emergency Livelihood Integrated for warning contingency recovery policies and coordination/ systems planning / planning platforms disaster response Principle 1. Build on the “Ecosystem Approach” Principle 2. Recognize potential and limits of ecosystem services. Principle 3. Combine with other effective DRR strategies Principle 4. Link with sustainable livelihoods and development. Principle 5. Recognize risks associated with climate change. Principle 6. Understand ecosystems-based DRR as a governance issue. Principle 7. Utilize existing environmental tools and instruments and adapt for DRR.
  7. 7. Ecosystems-based DRR Ecosystem management Ecosystem-based DRR Disaster Development management planning Climate change adaptation
  8. 8. Instruments and approaches Environmental assessments Risk and vulnerability assessments Protected area management Terrestrial and freshwater systems Coastal systems Community-based NRM
  9. 9. Influencing policies and decisions • Knowledge • Guidelines and practical tools • Governance
  10. 10. Looking ahead • Urbanization ↔ ecosystem services • Transboundary hazards ↔ solutions • Conflict over natural resources ↔peacebuilding