4 fabrice renaud pedrr workshop introductory session [compatibility mode]


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4 fabrice renaud pedrr workshop introductory session [compatibility mode]

  1. 1. “Advancing human security through knowledge-based approaches to reducing vulnerability and environmental risks” Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disaster Risk Reduction Workshop Bonn, Germany, 21-23 September 2010 Fabrice Renaud Director a.i. Head of Environmental Vulnerability & Energy Security Section Bonn, Germany 0
  2. 2. RATIONALE There are many linkages between ecosystems and disaster risk reduction: o Reduction of exposure o Reduction of vulnerability of exposed communities or systems o Increased resilience o Provision of livelihoods The above are often interlinked and we should not get bogged down in definitions here! However the links between ecosystems and DRR are sometimes not sufficiently understood 1
  3. 3. The interlinkages I ENVIRONMENT II III P Natural Phenomena New State ENVIRONMENT State “Now” Alternate State R P HAZARDS Hazard E R linked to anticipation of potential HAZARD Risk Often unfavourable for the P E changes Land Use Changes socio-natural events Natural events / intervention studiedV Reduction A e.g. system R E R Interactions Event E D N T R I COUPLING External shock N I I ADAPTATION E O S S Tipping point Tipping point S N K SOCIETY VULNERABILITY RISK S K Sub-system International↔National↔ Subnational scale M VULNERABILITY threshold D RI M e.g. Emission Environmental Sphere S E Vulnerability Environmental I T A Risk S EI 1a) EXPOSURE Control SUSCEPTIBILITY Exposed and LACK OF intervention A G N D and FRAGILITY RESILIENCE Subnational↔local scale vulnerable S A Social U A T T Sphere elements E Coping S Exposure Social Risk G Capacity to Capacity e.g. Early E I Warning Physical reduction C O R anticipate T E Ecological N Local scale Economic Economic M I M Temporal Social e.g. Sphere Social S E Capacity to Risk Susceptibility A T O E Insurances reduction Regime N R 1b) Economic cope A A N Spatial Shift N G N T Cultural FEEDBACK E S INTERVENTION SYSTEM E S Vulnerability Reduction (t=0) Capacity to Resilience M F Institutional recover improvement E E N R Preparedness T 2a) Regime Shift S E Vulnerability Reduction (t=1) Disaster / Emergency Management 2b) S E RISK GOVERNANCE RISK Organization / planning / implementation Renaud et al. 2010 EconomicUnderstanding multiple thresholds of coupled social-ecological systems exposed to natural hazards as (in press): / social / environmental potential impact external shocks. In Natural Hazards Source: Move Deliverable Source: Birkmann, 2006: Potential change orFramework BBC Vulnerability impact Turner II et al. 2003. A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. PNAS 100:8074-8079 2
  4. 4. OBJECTIVES To take stock of the latest scientific developments on the linkages between ecosystems and their role in DRR To take stock of good practices on ecosystem-based approaches for DRR To enhance the dialogue between the scientific and practitioner communities in order to improve knowledge and practice of ecosystem-based approaches for DRR. 3
  5. 5. FORMAT Four interlinked sessions: Session 1: Introduction of concepts Session 2: Scientific knowledge, tools and methods Session 3: Practitioners’ based knowledge, tools and methods Session 4: Integration of concepts The red-line is provided by the sessions and by a set of key questions We will have: a few oral presentations for setting the scene; the “work” will take place in breakout groups and plenary sessions; posters can be discussed over coffee breaks The entire workshop will be supported visually through graphic facilitation The types of hazards considered are those linked to coastal processes, as well as landslides and wildfires 4
  6. 6. Expected Outputs A roster of scientists, experts and practitioners working on ecosystems and DRR Roadmap for the future: o Research agenda o Capcity development activities Publications: o Edited book with original contributions from interested participants and capturing main conclusions of workshop o A policy note 5
  7. 7. For further information: UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 10 53113 Bonn, Germany Phone: ++ 49 (0) 228 815-0200 Fax: ++ 49 (0) 228 815-0299 E-Mail: info@ehs.unu.edu www.ehs.unu.edu 6