The geography ofcommunity resilienceto hazards & disastersDr Peter Hastings  School of Geography, Planning & Environmental...
The geography of communityresilience to hazards & disasters• Resilience – new direction in disaster  management• What make...
Community Resilience – what is it?Resilience – the ability to “spring back from” anincident or disaster (resist, absorb, a...
Community Resilience – what is it?The flip-side…Vulnerability“The conditions determined byphysical, social, economic and e...
Community Resilience – what is it?• Resilient Communities:   – Function well while under stress   – Can successfully adapt...
How resilient to hazardsis this place?How resilient to hazardsare these people/communities?               Place/community ...
Analysing disaster resilience facilitates good geography• Place/community based• Analyses of physical & cultural  landscap...
How Vulnerable/ Resilient is this Place?• You have been asked to make an “all hazards”  assessment…• What observable chara...
How Resilient is this Place?Landscape Element                      Vulnerability Indicators   Resilience IndicatorsPeople/...
How Resilient is this Place? – The Gap, Brisbane      Imagery: Google Earth  School of Geography, Planning & Environmental...
The Gap, Brisbane – Emergency ServicesImagery: Google Earth     School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
Source: http://www.ruralfire.qld.gov.au/Bushfire%20Planning/index.htmlRural Fire Service – Queensland Government          ...
Source: http://www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/community/community-safety/disasters-and-emergencies/types-of-disasters/flooding/un...
The Gap (suburb), 2006 Census, ABSSource: www.abs.gov.au Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census
Source: www.abs.gov.au Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census    School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Manag...
How Resilient is this Place? – Be careful!Imizamo Yethu, South Africa• Informal community• Abject poverty• At risk  School...
The geography of communityresilience to hazards & disasters• Resilience – new emphasis in disaster  management• What makes...
Some resources* The National Emergency Management Committee (NEMC) 2011, National Strategy for DisasterResilience, buildin...
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Geographies of Community Resilience, Response and Recovery to Natural Hazards, Dr. Iraphne Childs and Dr. Peter Hastings, University of Queensland

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The contemporary management of natural hazards promotes building community resilience through risk management and comprehensive attention to
prevention, preparedness, response and recovery. Achieving adequate planning for possible disasters requires identifying and understanding the
geographical attributes, both physical and social, that may contribute to the resilience and/or vulnerability of places to such events. Subsequent disaster and
community planning can then be strategically applied to enhance resilience. Referring to recent events, this session will workshop the geography of
community vulnerability and resilience to disasters, identify the links to strategic response and recovery, and discuss how resilience can be built during these operational phases.

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Geographies of Community Resilience, Response and Recovery to Natural Hazards, Dr. Iraphne Childs and Dr. Peter Hastings, University of Queensland

  1. 1. The geography ofcommunity resilienceto hazards & disastersDr Peter Hastings School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  2. 2. The geography of communityresilience to hazards & disasters• Resilience – new direction in disaster management• What makes a community resilient?• Applying a geographical perspective to investigate the resilience of places School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  3. 3. Community Resilience – what is it?Resilience – the ability to “spring back from” anincident or disaster (resist, absorb, accommodateto, recover & emerge stronger)Determined by the degree to which the communityhas the necessary resources and is capable oforganising itself both prior to & during times ofneed… (UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction; UNISDR) School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  4. 4. Community Resilience – what is it?The flip-side…Vulnerability“The conditions determined byphysical, social, economic and environmentalfactors or processes, which increase thesusceptibility of a community to the impact ofhazards.” (National Emergency Risk Assessment Guidelines) School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  5. 5. Community Resilience – what is it?• Resilient Communities: – Function well while under stress – Can successfully adapt (adaptive capacity) – Are self-sufficient – Have social capacity – Understand the risks – Plan for emergencies, coordinate & participate – Engage appropriate landuse planning (adapted from NEMC 2011) School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  6. 6. How resilient to hazardsis this place?How resilient to hazardsare these people/communities? Place/community imagery School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  7. 7. Analysing disaster resilience facilitates good geography• Place/community based• Analyses of physical & cultural landscape interaction• Spatial analysis (accessibility, networks, relative location, risk, landuse, regional contrasts, landscape change/ adaptation, relative disadvantage, social capital, sustainibility etc.) School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  8. 8. How Vulnerable/ Resilient is this Place?• You have been asked to make an “all hazards” assessment…• What observable characteristics of a place would you look at to indicate – (a) vulnerability & (b) resilience? School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  9. 9. How Resilient is this Place?Landscape Element Vulnerability Indicators Resilience IndicatorsPeople/ Demography e.g. high% aged ?Environment e.g. floodplain ?Economy ? ?Public Admin. ? e.g. DM planningSocial Setting ? ?Infrastructure ? ? School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  10. 10. How Resilient is this Place? – The Gap, Brisbane Imagery: Google Earth School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  11. 11. The Gap, Brisbane – Emergency ServicesImagery: Google Earth School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  12. 12. Source: http://www.ruralfire.qld.gov.au/Bushfire%20Planning/index.htmlRural Fire Service – Queensland Government School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  13. 13. Source: http://www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/community/community-safety/disasters-and-emergencies/types-of-disasters/flooding/understanding-your-flood-risk/flood-flag-map/index.htmBrisbane City Council School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  14. 14. The Gap (suburb), 2006 Census, ABSSource: www.abs.gov.au Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census
  15. 15. Source: www.abs.gov.au Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  16. 16. How Resilient is this Place? – Be careful!Imizamo Yethu, South Africa• Informal community• Abject poverty• At risk School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  17. 17. The geography of communityresilience to hazards & disasters• Resilience – new emphasis in disaster management• What makes a community resilient?• Applying a geographical perspective to investigate the resilience of places School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management
  18. 18. Some resources* The National Emergency Management Committee (NEMC) 2011, National Strategy for DisasterResilience, building our nation’s resilience to disasters.Available online: http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2011-02-13/docs/national_strategy_disaster_resilience.pdfHandmer, J 2003, ‘We are all vulnerable’, The Australian Journal of Emergency Management, vol. 18, no3, pp.55-60.Available online: http://www.em.gov.au/Documents/We%20are%20all%20Vulnerable.pdfHarte, EW, Childs, IRW and Hastings, PA 2009, ‘Imizamo Yethu: a case study of community resilience to firehazard in an informal settlement Cape Town, South Africa’, Geographical Research, vol.47 Issue 2, pp.142–154.Available online:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2008.00561.x/abstract;jsessionid=73163EF7B3AE4A0BA71C10D19B61F645.d02t01National Emergency Management Committee, 2010, National Emergency Risk AssessmentGuidelines, Tasmanian State Emergency Service, Hobart. (NERAG). Available online:http://www.em.gov.au/Publications/Program%20publications/Pages/NationalEmergencyRiskAssessmentGuidelines.aspxBrisbane Flood Mapping: http://www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/community/community-safety/disasters-and-emergencies/types-of-disasters/flooding/understanding-your-flood-risk/flood-flag-map/index.htmQueensland Rural Fire Service Mapping:http://www.ruralfire.qld.gov.au/Bushfire%20Planning/index.html School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management

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