EnergyEastern Europe and CISSome key challenges and opportunities New York, 3 October 2012 Martin Krause UNDP
Energy as a development issue in Central Asia Premises Category Temperature ⁰C Classroom: 1st degree 6,9 Classroom: Russian language # 1 6,4 Classroom: Russian language # 2 7,1 Staff room 7,7 Classroom: 3rd degree 7,8 Classroom: 4th degree 9,7 Classroom: English language 8,1 Classroom: 7th degree 5,1 Classroom: 2nd degree 5,7 Corridor 4,35Heat supply system and in-door temperature in a representative rural school in Central Asia Sources: UNDP-GEF Project report, Uzbekistan, 2010 1
Energy Efficiency in BuildingsBEFORE - Savings on electricity/ hot water bills - Increased living comfort - Reduction of GHG emissions - Employment opportunitiesAFTER - Reducing energy imports Source: UNDP/GEF Project Booklet, Bulgaria 2
Energy – Emissions – Vulnerabilities in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan • Karakalpakstan lost 20% of GDP during the drought of 2000 • Climate change increases frequency of droughts 1.0 Karakalpakstan 0.8 0.6• # of days with higher than 40oC more 0.4 than doubled in Karakalpakstan and 0.2 wider Aral region 0• Aridification = Stress on water 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2006 resources = falling yields and land productivity = already observed 3
UNDP-supported Energy Portfolio in ECISUNDP-GEF Sustainable Energy Por olio in $ Grant/ 600m $ Co-financing 63 programmes/ 166m Europe and CIS Energy efficiency andEnergy Efficiency Renewable Energy Sustainable Urban Transport conservation: $100m (GEF) + $371m in co-financing 11% Renewable energy (on- grid, off-grid, thermal): $52 m (GEF) + $133m in co-financing 25% 64% Sustainable urban and transport systems: $14 m (GEF) + $ 96m co- financing 4
Energy Challenges in context of SE4ALL Creating conditions Energy Inefficiency for public and private investments in energy Energy Security, Access and efficiency and Inefficiency renewable energy projects: - Removing Barriers Energy Security and Access related to legal, institutional, administrative, financial, professionalEnergy Use/Capita and Energy Intensity in Central Asia, 2008 skills Sources: Non-OECD and OECD Energy Balances 2009 5
Energy Efficient District Heating - Armenia- New legal and regulatory framework for rehabilitation of DH systems, including feed-in tariff for power generation- USD 10m direct foreign (private) investments leveraged into new DH system (Avan district of Yerevan, 213 Multi-apartment panel building with buildings, 30.000 residents) exhaust chimney from gas heater installed in one apartment- System features combined heat and electricity and introduced apartment level metering- 640 new contracts signed between customers and heat supply companies in the pilot areas Heat meter installed at the entrance to an apartment in Avan district of Yerevan 7 Source: UNDP-GEF Project Report, photos by Grant Ballard-Tremeer 7
Energy Efficient Buildings - Turkey Reduce energy consumption and GHG emissions in buildings by - raising building energy performance standards - improving energy enforcement of building codes- enhancing building energy management and- introducing EE integrated building design approach 8
Montenegro – Small Hydro Power Issue: 30% of electricity imported Only 17% of hydro potential used Action: Project intervention: Create conditions for sHPP by simplifying application procedures collecting basic data for investment decisions setting attractive but competitive business terms for investorsPreparation of pilot project municipalityAndrijevica Streamlining tendering process Results: Successful tender for 10 water streams Spatial planning guidelines Simplified admin. procedures >1MW power plants 23 sHPPs getting construction license and additional 12 sHPPs starting same procedure 11
In Summary… Energy is closely connected to human development Energy IN-efficiency deprives people, municipalities, governments of resources and causes damage (global warming) Opportunities for public and private investments in EE and RE are huge – but significant barriers exist SE4ALL is a chance to accelerate efforts, create a conducive environment for public and private investments in EE, RETajikistan, Armenia, Montenegro and Kyrgyzstan have already madeformal commitments to SE4ALL.UNDP-RBEC will continue to advocate for SE4ALL; support to countries to formulate national action plans; creating partnerships, in particular with the private sector; technical support for RE and EE action at country level. Photos: UNDP-GEF Projects in Armenia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Croatia 12
How can we support creation of conditions forinvestments in Energy Efficiency and RenewableEnergy in the context of SE4ALL??? Many Thanks Martin Krause Team Leader – Environment & Energy ECIS firstname.lastname@example.org 13
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