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    Got dap wimba Got dap wimba Presentation Transcript

    • Got DAP?Developmentally Appropriate PracticeTraci DanielEC 100May 11, 2012
    • Why use DAP? • 1. Domains of childrens development physical, social, emotional, and cognitive are closely related. Development in one domain influences and is influenced by development in other domains.
    • • 2. Development occurs in a relatively orderly sequence, with later abilities, skills, and knowledge building on those already acquired.
    • • 3. Development proceeds at varying rates from child to child as well as unevenly within different areas of each childs functioning. –
    • • 4. Early experiences have both cumulative and delayed effects on individual childrens development; optimal periods exist for certain types of development and learning. –
    • • 5. Development proceeds in predictable directions toward greater complexity, organization, and internalization. –
    • • 6. Development and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts. –
    • • 7. Children are active learners, drawing on direct physical and social experience as well as cul-turally transmitted knowledge to construct their own understandings of the world around them.
    • • 8. Development and learning result from interaction of biological maturation and the environment, which includes both the physical and social worlds that children live in. –
    • • 9. Play is an important vehicle for childrens social, emotional, and cognitive development, as well as a reflection of their development. –
    • • 10. Development advances when children have opportunities to practice newly acquired skills as well as when they experience a challenge just beyond the level of their present mastery. –
    • • 11. Children demonstrate different modes of knowing and learning and different ways of representing what they know. –
    • • 12. Children develop and learn best in the context of a community where they are safe and valued, their physical needs are met, and they feel psychologically secure. –
    • Designing The LearningEnvironment  Well defined centers/areas  Materials for centers/areas Focus on literacy and fine motor skills and many print-rich opportunities!  Room Arrangement  Traffic Patterns  Aesthetic Appeal 
    • Centers/Areas Large Group and Circle Time C Music and Silly Sounds S Science and Math S Blocks/Trucks S Housekeeping S Art Remember. . . Literacy and fine motor skills abound!
    • Print Rich Environment• Model Correct Print• Labels, Labels, Labels• Name Recognition• Daily Schedule Pocket Chart• Meaningful Print• Books available in centers• Graphing, voting, writing• “What noise does a turtle make?”
    • Fine Motor Development • What - use of hand and finger muscles to increase dexterity • Why – to increase ability to perform self help skills and later increase writing skills • How. . .
    • Fine Motor• Puzzles• Beads• Snaps/Zippers/Buttons• Legos• Sensory: Beans, rice, Sand, shaving Cream, mud!
    • Large Group• Books• Circle Time• Discussions• Class Rules• Games• Music/Dance• Large Motor Activities• Social Skills
    • Science and Math• Sensory table/tub• Experiments• Bubbles• Food color• Shaving cream• Simple Recipes• Plants & Animals• Small toys for – Counting, sorting, classifying, measuring• Calendar and Weather
    • Blocks/Trucks• Unit Blocks• Brick blocks• Homemade blocks(juice cartons, foodboxes, etc.)• Large push trucks• Small cars/trucks• Road map rug• People, animals, characters• Materials to “make a scene”
    • Housekeeping • Kitchen set • Food/Dishes • Variety of dolls • Broom/Mop/Vacuum • Dress up clothes/Shoes/Hats • Change often to fit theme (Pizza Parlor, Barber Shop, Camping…)
    • Music• House hold items• Pots, pans, spoons• Bottle shakers• Blank CDs• Dance, clap, shake, sway, rock to rhythm• How does the music make you feel?• Close your eyes…What do you see?
    • “Process” Art• Tempera Paint• Finger Paint• Watercolors• Drawing• Easel• Collage• Stamps• NOT “PROJECT ART”• Limit “CRAFTS”
    • A quick DAP review. . . • What is it? • Why use it? • Where should we use it? • How do we use it? • Who? It’s all up to you! When? ALWAYS!