Stockton Wed Am 102809


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  • The world has changed!! And the trends are obvious… Our climate is warming as evidenced by snowcap melting, receding glaciers, sea level rise, more evidence of extreme droughts and floods. Our population is growing and migrating to coasts and urban centers such as Las Vegas. This creates growing pressure for reliable water supplies. Existing water infrastructure is aging and sometimes breaking down or not performing as designed. We have postponed or neglected O&M. It shows and may be a public safety issue. Sedimentation is increasingly a problem in reservoirs, but we tend to ignore it. Discretionary funding is declining while entitlement programs are growing -- making less Federal funding available for water resources investments while the O&M backlog of authorized projects just grows Erosion is stealing our coastlines. Development has led to loss of wetlands with dangerous consequences. Water conflicts between states are proving intractable, as witness the inability of the Administration to find a resolution to the water wars between Georgia, Florida, ad Alabama. The future will not be like the past. The future is upon us.
  • Campaign Plan Goal 2 focus our talents in delivering enduring, sustainable and integrated solutions to our Nation through collaboration with stakeholders and playing a leading or supportive roles to meet today’s and tomorrows challenges. The challenges are complex and being able to face them requires a unified voice, join efforts and a talented and competent workforce. As you know, our success depends on how we well we play different roles and our ability to create a culture of cooperation with others. The federal role has evolve with time…
  • We have 4 aims for this meeting: Identify your needs. Elevate your needs. Build instrumental partnerships based on real results and tools that work. Leverage federal and other resources more effectively. Your presence here brings together the smarts and voice we need to begin with.
  • The Interagency Levee Task Force was started after the midwest flood event of 2008 as a way to help with the mitagation after the event. The group identified regional partners, facilitated cpmprehensive regional approach and created working relationships which furthered the goals fo the regions. The ILTF was chartered for one year. In August a new charter was initaited for a longer term Regional Flood Risk Management Team. There is a commitment to work for the long term solutions for flood risk management in the region.
  • The National committee on levee safety met last fall to come up with several recommendations. The committee sent it to OMB in May for consideration. OMB provided some informal positive feed back on the recommendations but they want additional work. The committee has met again in Septmeber to start refining some of the recommendations. Other speakers will follow who will be going into more details.
  • SUPPORT TO OTHER (NON-DEFENSE) GOVERNMENT AGENCIES: -- Number of Federal agencies supported: Over 70 -- Expenditures for FY06: $4.0 billion -- Biggest Customers: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA-DHS), $3.2 billion; Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), $287 million Border & Transportation Security (BTS-DHS), $181 million Department of Energy, $46.6 million National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) $31.4 million
  • Stockton Wed Am 102809

    1. 1. Flood Risk Management: A View to the Future US Army Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG ® Presentation to SAME 2009 California Water Conference Steven L. Stockton, P.E. Director of Civil Works U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 28 October 2009
    2. 2. Water Resources Challenges <ul><li>Demographic shifts </li></ul><ul><li>World population to increase 2.2 billion by 2025 </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. population to reach 440 million by 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>Population more urbanized, concentrated in coastal communities at risk from severe weather and lack of fresh water </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth leads to increased demand for scarce water, environmental degradation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>900 million people without access to clean water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>>2.5 billion without adequate sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Terrorist threat – need to protect infrastructure from attack </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. role to promote regional stability </li></ul>County Growth, 2000-05 Areas with significant water issues
    3. 3. Water Resources Challenges <ul><li>Aging Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>ASCE overall grade of U.S. infrastructure in 2009: “D” Would need $2.2 trillion to fix </li></ul><ul><li>Over half of Corps locks, many other facilities, beyond 50-year “design life, need extensive maintenance & rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Failure poses risk to populations, economy </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign trade is increasing share of U.S. economy – could reach 30% by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Inability of ports and inland waterways to handle greater cargoes could limit economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Development of hydropower as clean source </li></ul><ul><li>Role of waterways in transport of coal, petroleum and natural gas </li></ul><ul><li>Volumes of water needed for new sources </li></ul>
    4. 4. Water Resources Challenges <ul><li>Environmental Values </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure from increased development impacts natural environment </li></ul><ul><li>Developing sustainable water resources will require cultural shift, lifestyle changes as well as technical innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier spring snowmelts, river pulses seen in western U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Potential to affect all aspects of water resource management </li></ul><ul><li>May exacerbate water scarcities, </li></ul><ul><li>lead to increased conflict over uses. </li></ul><ul><li>Declining Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>3 times as many freshwater species as land species lost to extinction </li></ul><ul><li>Need for habitat restoration </li></ul>
    5. 5. Increasing Demand for Water Water Resources Challenges
    6. 6. Water Resources Challenges <ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Determining proper roles for Federal, </li></ul><ul><li>State, local and non-government entities </li></ul><ul><li>Gaps in jurisdiction as watersheds </li></ul><ul><li>cross political boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived lack of national direction on </li></ul><ul><li>water resource issues </li></ul><ul><li>Continued Pressure on </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Budget </li></ul><ul><li>More older people = more entitlement spending, less available for discretionary programs </li></ul><ul><li>Rigorous analysis needed to ensure projects and programs are prioritized to ensure greatest value for taxpayer funds </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in legislation and appropriations have major effect on how soon goals can be achieved. Uncertainty requires flexibility. </li></ul>
    7. 7. The World Has Changed . . . . . . So Has our Thinking Global Climate Change  Energy  Environmental Values  Increasing Demand for Water  Declining Biodiversity Demographic Shifts  Aging Infrastructure  Persistent Conflict  Globalization Governance  Legislative changes  Disaster Preparedness and Response Continuing Pressure on Federal Budget, Partners, and / Stakeholders $ Plan / fund / monitor for full project life cycle Plan and build Life Cycle Leverage resources Save Federal $ Money Think creatively, consider risks, think systems Follow SOPs as recipes Style Share knowledge Knowledge is power Knowledge Seek horizontal integration Stay in your functional lane Work More balanced NED, RED, EQ, OSE benefits NED benefits 1st Criteria Comprehensive Plans Projects “ Success “ To From Focus
    8. 8. Delivering Enduring, Essential Water Resources Solutions Our Goals: <ul><li>Safe, Resilient Communities & Infrastructure </li></ul>Sustaining a Competent Team Effective, Reliable, Adaptive Life-Cycle Project Performance Sustainable Water Resources, Marine Transportation Systems & Healthy Aquatic Ecosystems
    9. 9. How We Achieve Our Goals <ul><li>Integrated Water Resource Management </li></ul><ul><li>Systems Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration & Partnering </li></ul><ul><li>Risk-Informed Decision Making & Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive Management </li></ul><ul><li>State-of-the Art Technology </li></ul>
    10. 10. Back to the Future Multiple Purpose Reservoir Hydropower Recreation Wastewater Treatment Agricultural Water Supply Navigation Re-Regulating Reservoir Municipal Water Supply Flood Risk Management Conservation
    11. 11. &quot;Finally, I urge the Congress to develop more satisfactory procedures for considering and authorizing basin-wide development programs. We area long way still, both in the Executive and Legislative Branches, from the kind of comprehensive planning and action that is required if we are to conserve, develop and use our natural resources so that they will be increasingly useful as the years go by. We need to make sure that each legislative authorization and each administrative action, takes us toward -- and not away from -- this goal.“ Harry S. Truman, 1950
    12. 12. Systems Approach <ul><li>Look at river basins, watersheds and coastal zones as a whole </li></ul><ul><li>Shift focus from individual projects to interdependent system </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from immediate to long-term solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize that any single action triggers one or more responses and reactions in other parts of the system </li></ul>
    13. 13. Collaboration & Partnering <ul><li>Allow multiple organizations </li></ul><ul><li>to contribute to problem-solving </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage funding, data & talent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiencies, given scarce resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sophisticated state and interstate organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribes, local governments, non-profit organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnering with profit-making organizations a next step </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Building Strong Relationships for a Sustainable Water Resources Future <ul><li>Identify & leverage opportunities for collaborate efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Identify roles and opportunities where roles can be leveraged </li></ul><ul><li>Create a joint national dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>for water priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage Federal resources to assist states in their water resources planning and management </li></ul>
    15. 15. “ Building Strong Relationships for a Sustainable Water Resources Future”: Project Goals <ul><li>Present critical national and regional water resources needs </li></ul><ul><li>Present opportunities for improving efficiency and effectiveness of Federal water programs </li></ul><ul><li>Raise awareness within the Administration of water resources challenges and opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the need for a National Water Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Recommend strategies for action </li></ul><ul><li>Move the Nation toward Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight tools that are in, or could be included in, a Federal Support Toolbox to assist States in IWRM </li></ul>
    16. 16. A Federal Family Toolbox <ul><li>Develop the Nation’s “will” to offer the States a more robust assistance through collaborative alliances and relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Work with States for more integrated and balanced water plans </li></ul><ul><li>Unify visions for Administration and Congress to determine that water resources planning and infrastructure are national priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage existing toolbox of current resources across Federal agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the Federal family toolbox with regional interstate organizations, NGOs and other Federal agencies </li></ul>W a t e r
    17. 17. <ul><li>Core Members: USACE, FEMA, ASFPM, NAFSMA leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Meet quarterly to discuss integration of programs and policies </li></ul><ul><li>Current Focus Areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interagency Cooperation/Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levee Inventory and Assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping, Certification, and Accreditation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative Impacts </li></ul></ul>Intergovernmental Flood Risk Management Committee
    18. 18. Interagency Levee Task Force: Regional Flood Risk Management <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of regional partners </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated comprehensive regional approach to flood risk management and recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of interagency partnerships (Federal / State) </li></ul><ul><li>Explore non-structural solutions and other flood risk management opportunities </li></ul>
    19. 19. Risk-Informed Decision Making & Communication <ul><li>Consequence analysis, </li></ul><ul><li>especially risks to </li></ul><ul><li>populations </li></ul><ul><li>Forestall possible failure </li></ul><ul><li>mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Quantify & communicate </li></ul><ul><li>residual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Ask which projects will </li></ul><ul><li>fail to perform as </li></ul><ul><li>designed, the likelihood </li></ul><ul><li>of failure, and the consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize limits in disaster prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize limits in protection provided by </li></ul><ul><li>structural means </li></ul>
    20. 20. Shared Flood Risk Management: Buying Down Risk Residual Risk
    21. 21. Adaptive Management <ul><li>Principle commonly used in ecosystem restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Measure responses to interventions within systems to adjust planning, construction and operations in response to changing conditions. </li></ul>
    22. 22. State-of-the Art Technology <ul><li>Research that improves </li></ul><ul><li>resiliency of structures </li></ul><ul><li>Updated design criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Improved approaches to </li></ul><ul><li>planning & design </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of </li></ul><ul><li>advances in communication, information access, remote sensing, GIS’s & nanotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal & River Information System </li></ul>
    23. 23. National Committee on Levee Safety Milestones Nov 07 Nov 08 Nov 09 May 08 May 09 NCLS OMB Review WRDA Title IX Levee Safety Act Passed Title IX Technical Correction NLSP Rpt Completed NCLS OMB Review NLSP Hearing NCLS NCLS Reconvenes
    24. 24. National Committee on Levee Safety <ul><li>Recommendations sent by ASA(CW) to OMB in May </li></ul><ul><li>OMB planning to submit formal response </li></ul>
    25. 25. Levee Vegetation <ul><li>System Wide PL84-99 Guidance issued in Jan 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Research and develop effort to be completed in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>ETL for Guidelines for Landscape Planting and Vegetation Management at Levees, Floodwalls, Embankment Dams and Appurtenant Structures issued in May </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate modification of guidance end of Fiscal Year 2010 </li></ul>
    26. 26. US Army Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG ® Thank You!
    27. 27. Levee Certification/Compliance <ul><li>Draft ETL of will be issued as an EC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comments have been resolved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Continue working with FEMA on mapping issues </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation Variance Process is being clarified </li></ul>
    28. 28. Civil Works Program Overview Non-Federal Cost Sharing Operation & Maintenance Construction Support for Others ( Reimbursable ) Expenses FUSRAP Flood Control Miss. R. & Tribs. Investigations Flood & Coastal Emergencies & Regulatory ARRA Funds
    29. 29. IHNC Surge Barrier
    30. 30. IHNC Surge Barrier